On 18/02/2018 19:20, Stefan Hajnoczi wrote:
> Paolo's patches have been getting us closer to multiqueue block layer
> support but there is a final set of changes required that has become
> clearer to me just recently. I'm curious if this matches Paolo's
> vision and whether anyone else has comments.
> We need to push the AioContext lock down into BlockDriverState so that
> thread-safety is not tied to a single AioContext but to the
> BlockDriverState itself. We also need to audit block layer code to
> identify places that assume everything is run from a single
This is mostly done already. Within BlockDriverState
dirty_bitmap_mutex, reqs_lock and the BQL is good enough in many cases.
Drivers already have their mutex.
> After this is done the final piece is to eliminate
> bdrv_set_aio_context(). BlockDriverStates should not be associated
> with an AioContext. Instead they should use whichever AioContext they
> are invoked under. The current thread's AioContext can be fetched
> using qemu_get_current_aio_context(). This is either the main loop
> AioContext or an IOThread AioContext.
> The .bdrv_attach/detach_aio_context() callbacks will no longer be
> necessary in a world where block driver code is thread-safe and any
> AioContext can be used.
This is not entirely possible. In particular, network drivers still
have a "home context" which is where the file descriptor callbacks are
attached to. They could still dispatch I/O from any thread in a
multiqueue setup. This is the remaining intermediate step between "no
AioContext lock" and "multiqueue".
> bdrv_drain_all() and friends do not require extensive modifications
> because the bdrv_wakeup() mechanism already works properly when there
> are multiple IOThreads involved.
Yes, this is already done indeed.
> Block jobs no longer need to be in the same AioContext as the
> BlockDriverState. For simplicity we may choose to always run them in
> the main loop AioContext by default. This may have a performance
> impact on tight loops like bdrv_is_allocated() and the initial
> mirroring phase, but maybe not.
> The upshot of all this is that bdrv_set_aio_context() goes away while
> all block driver code needs to be more aware of thread-safety. It can
> no longer assume that everything is called from one AioContext.
> We should optimize file-posix.c and qcow2.c for maximum parallelism
> using fine-grained locks and other techniques. The remaining block
> drivers can use one CoMutex per BlockDriverState.
Even better: there is one thread pool and linux-aio context per I/O
thread, file-posix.c should just submit I/O to the current thread with
no locking whatsoever. There is still reqs_lock, but that can be
optimized easily (see
that we have QemuLockable, reqs_lock could also just become a QemuSpin).
qcow2.c could be adjusted to use rwlocks.
> I'm excited that we're relatively close to multiqueue now. I don't
> want to jinx it by saying 2018 is the year of the multiqueue block
> layer, but I'll say it anyway :).
Heh. I have stopped pushing my patches (and scratched a few itches with
patchew instead) because I'm still a bit burned out from recent KVM
stuff, but this may be the injection of enthusiasm that I needed. :)
Actually, I'd be content with removing the AioContext lock in the first
half of 2018. 1/3rd of that is gone already---doh! But we're actually
pretty close, thanks to you and all the others who have helped reviewing
the past 100 or so patches!