QEMU model of the UART on the SiFive E300 and U500 series SOCs.
BBL supports the SiFive UART for early console access via the SBI
(Supervisor Binary Interface) and the linux kernel SBI console.

The SiFive UART implements the pre qom legacy interface consistent
with the 16550a UART in 'hw/char/serial.c'.

Acked-by: Richard Henderson <richard.hender...@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Stefan O'Rear <sore...@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Palmer Dabbelt <pal...@sifive.com>
Signed-off-by: Michael Clark <m...@sifive.com>
---
 hw/riscv/sifive_uart.c         | 176 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/hw/riscv/sifive_uart.h |  71 +++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 247 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 hw/riscv/sifive_uart.c
 create mode 100644 include/hw/riscv/sifive_uart.h

diff --git a/hw/riscv/sifive_uart.c b/hw/riscv/sifive_uart.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b0c3798
--- /dev/null
+++ b/hw/riscv/sifive_uart.c
@@ -0,0 +1,176 @@
+/*
+ * QEMU model of the UART on the SiFive E300 and U500 series SOCs.
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2016 Stefan O'Rear
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License,
+ * version 2 or later, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for
+ * more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
+ * this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#include "qemu/osdep.h"
+#include "qapi/error.h"
+#include "hw/sysbus.h"
+#include "chardev/char.h"
+#include "chardev/char-fe.h"
+#include "target/riscv/cpu.h"
+#include "hw/riscv/sifive_uart.h"
+
+/*
+ * Not yet implemented:
+ *
+ * Transmit FIFO using "qemu/fifo8.h"
+ * SIFIVE_UART_IE_TXWM interrupts
+ * SIFIVE_UART_IE_RXWM interrupts must honor fifo watermark
+ * Rx FIFO watermark interrupt trigger threshold
+ * Tx FIFO watermark interrupt trigger threshold.
+ */
+
+static void update_irq(SiFiveUARTState *s)
+{
+    int cond = 0;
+    if ((s->ie & SIFIVE_UART_IE_RXWM) && s->rx_fifo_len) {
+        cond = 1;
+    }
+    if (cond) {
+        qemu_irq_raise(s->irq);
+    } else {
+        qemu_irq_lower(s->irq);
+    }
+}
+
+static uint64_t
+uart_read(void *opaque, hwaddr addr, unsigned int size)
+{
+    SiFiveUARTState *s = opaque;
+    unsigned char r;
+    switch (addr) {
+    case SIFIVE_UART_RXFIFO:
+        if (s->rx_fifo_len) {
+            r = s->rx_fifo[0];
+            memmove(s->rx_fifo, s->rx_fifo + 1, s->rx_fifo_len - 1);
+            s->rx_fifo_len--;
+            qemu_chr_fe_accept_input(&s->chr);
+            update_irq(s);
+            return r;
+        }
+        return 0x80000000;
+
+    case SIFIVE_UART_TXFIFO:
+        return 0; /* Should check tx fifo */
+    case SIFIVE_UART_IE:
+        return s->ie;
+    case SIFIVE_UART_IP:
+        return s->rx_fifo_len ? SIFIVE_UART_IP_RXWM : 0;
+    case SIFIVE_UART_TXCTRL:
+        return s->txctrl;
+    case SIFIVE_UART_RXCTRL:
+        return s->rxctrl;
+    case SIFIVE_UART_DIV:
+        return s->div;
+    }
+
+    hw_error("%s: bad read: addr=0x%x\n",
+        __func__, (int)addr);
+    return 0;
+}
+
+static void
+uart_write(void *opaque, hwaddr addr,
+           uint64_t val64, unsigned int size)
+{
+    SiFiveUARTState *s = opaque;
+    uint32_t value = val64;
+    unsigned char ch = value;
+
+    switch (addr) {
+    case SIFIVE_UART_TXFIFO:
+        qemu_chr_fe_write(&s->chr, &ch, 1);
+        return;
+    case SIFIVE_UART_IE:
+        s->ie = val64;
+        update_irq(s);
+        return;
+    case SIFIVE_UART_TXCTRL:
+        s->txctrl = val64;
+        return;
+    case SIFIVE_UART_RXCTRL:
+        s->rxctrl = val64;
+        return;
+    case SIFIVE_UART_DIV:
+        s->div = val64;
+        return;
+    }
+    hw_error("%s: bad write: addr=0x%x v=0x%x\n",
+        __func__, (int)addr, (int)value);
+}
+
+static const MemoryRegionOps uart_ops = {
+    .read = uart_read,
+    .write = uart_write,
+    .endianness = DEVICE_NATIVE_ENDIAN,
+    .valid = {
+        .min_access_size = 4,
+        .max_access_size = 4
+    }
+};
+
+static void uart_rx(void *opaque, const uint8_t *buf, int size)
+{
+    SiFiveUARTState *s = opaque;
+
+    /* Got a byte.  */
+    if (s->rx_fifo_len >= sizeof(s->rx_fifo)) {
+        printf("WARNING: UART dropped char.\n");
+        return;
+    }
+    s->rx_fifo[s->rx_fifo_len++] = *buf;
+
+    update_irq(s);
+}
+
+static int uart_can_rx(void *opaque)
+{
+    SiFiveUARTState *s = opaque;
+
+    return s->rx_fifo_len < sizeof(s->rx_fifo);
+}
+
+static void uart_event(void *opaque, int event)
+{
+}
+
+static int uart_be_change(void *opaque)
+{
+    SiFiveUARTState *s = opaque;
+
+    qemu_chr_fe_set_handlers(&s->chr, uart_can_rx, uart_rx, uart_event,
+        uart_be_change, s, NULL, true);
+
+    return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Create UART device.
+ */
+SiFiveUARTState *sifive_uart_create(MemoryRegion *address_space, hwaddr base,
+    Chardev *chr, qemu_irq irq)
+{
+    SiFiveUARTState *s = g_malloc0(sizeof(SiFiveUARTState));
+    s->irq = irq;
+    qemu_chr_fe_init(&s->chr, chr, &error_abort);
+    qemu_chr_fe_set_handlers(&s->chr, uart_can_rx, uart_rx, uart_event,
+        uart_be_change, s, NULL, true);
+    memory_region_init_io(&s->mmio, NULL, &uart_ops, s,
+                          TYPE_SIFIVE_UART, SIFIVE_UART_MAX);
+    memory_region_add_subregion(address_space, base, &s->mmio);
+    return s;
+}
diff --git a/include/hw/riscv/sifive_uart.h b/include/hw/riscv/sifive_uart.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..504f18a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/hw/riscv/sifive_uart.h
@@ -0,0 +1,71 @@
+/*
+ * SiFive UART interface
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2016 Stefan O'Rear
+ * Copyright (c) 2017 SiFive, Inc.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License,
+ * version 2 or later, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for
+ * more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
+ * this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#ifndef HW_SIFIVE_UART_H
+#define HW_SIFIVE_UART_H
+
+enum {
+    SIFIVE_UART_TXFIFO        = 0,
+    SIFIVE_UART_RXFIFO        = 4,
+    SIFIVE_UART_TXCTRL        = 8,
+    SIFIVE_UART_TXMARK        = 10,
+    SIFIVE_UART_RXCTRL        = 12,
+    SIFIVE_UART_RXMARK        = 14,
+    SIFIVE_UART_IE            = 16,
+    SIFIVE_UART_IP            = 20,
+    SIFIVE_UART_DIV           = 24,
+    SIFIVE_UART_MAX           = 32
+};
+
+enum {
+    SIFIVE_UART_IE_TXWM       = 1, /* Transmit watermark interrupt enable */
+    SIFIVE_UART_IE_RXWM       = 2  /* Receive watermark interrupt enable */
+};
+
+enum {
+    SIFIVE_UART_IP_TXWM       = 1, /* Transmit watermark interrupt pending */
+    SIFIVE_UART_IP_RXWM       = 2  /* Receive watermark interrupt pending */
+};
+
+#define TYPE_SIFIVE_UART "riscv.sifive.uart"
+
+#define SIFIVE_UART(obj) \
+    OBJECT_CHECK(SiFiveUARTState, (obj), TYPE_SIFIVE_UART)
+
+typedef struct SiFiveUARTState {
+    /*< private >*/
+    SysBusDevice parent_obj;
+
+    /*< public >*/
+    qemu_irq irq;
+    MemoryRegion mmio;
+    CharBackend chr;
+    uint8_t rx_fifo[8];
+    unsigned int rx_fifo_len;
+    uint32_t ie;
+    uint32_t ip;
+    uint32_t txctrl;
+    uint32_t rxctrl;
+    uint32_t div;
+} SiFiveUARTState;
+
+SiFiveUARTState *sifive_uart_create(MemoryRegion *address_space, hwaddr base,
+    Chardev *chr, qemu_irq irq);
+
+#endif
-- 
2.7.0


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