On Thu, 17 Dec 2020 at 05:28, Bin Meng <bmeng...@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> From: Bin Meng <bin.m...@windriver.com>
>
> The endianness of data exchange between tx and rx fifo is incorrect.
> Earlier bytes are supposed to show up on MSB and later bytes on LSB,
> ie: in big endian. The manual does not explicitly say this, but the
> U-Boot and Linux driver codes have a swap on the data transferred
> to tx fifo and from rx fifo.

To check my understanding, if we have a burst length of 16 bits, say,
when we do the fifo32_pop() of a 32 bit word, where in that
word and which way round are the 2 bytes we are going to transfer ?

> With this change, U-Boot read from / write to SPI flash tests pass.
>
>   => sf test 1ff000 1000
>   SPI flash test:
>   0 erase: 0 ticks, 4096000 KiB/s 32768.000 Mbps
>   1 check: 3 ticks, 1333 KiB/s 10.664 Mbps
>   2 write: 235 ticks, 17 KiB/s 0.136 Mbps
>   3 read: 2 ticks, 2000 KiB/s 16.000 Mbps
>   Test passed
>   0 erase: 0 ticks, 4096000 KiB/s 32768.000 Mbps
>   1 check: 3 ticks, 1333 KiB/s 10.664 Mbps
>   2 write: 235 ticks, 17 KiB/s 0.136 Mbps
>   3 read: 2 ticks, 2000 KiB/s 16.000 Mbps
>
> Fixes: c906a3a01582 ("i.MX: Add the Freescale SPI Controller")
> Signed-off-by: Bin Meng <bin.m...@windriver.com>
>
> ---
>
>  hw/ssi/imx_spi.c | 16 ++++++++++++----
>  1 file changed, 12 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/hw/ssi/imx_spi.c b/hw/ssi/imx_spi.c
> index 509fb9f..71f0902 100644
> --- a/hw/ssi/imx_spi.c
> +++ b/hw/ssi/imx_spi.c
> @@ -156,13 +156,14 @@ static void imx_spi_flush_txfifo(IMXSPIState *s)
>  {
>      uint32_t tx;
>      uint32_t rx;
> +    uint32_t data;
> +    uint8_t byte;
>
>      DPRINTF("Begin: TX Fifo Size = %d, RX Fifo Size = %d\n",
>              fifo32_num_used(&s->tx_fifo), fifo32_num_used(&s->rx_fifo));
>
>      while (!fifo32_is_empty(&s->tx_fifo)) {
>          int tx_burst = 0;
> -        int index = 0;
>
>          if (s->burst_length <= 0) {
>              s->burst_length = imx_spi_burst_length(s);
> @@ -183,10 +184,18 @@ static void imx_spi_flush_txfifo(IMXSPIState *s)
>              tx_burst = 32;
>          }
>
> +        data = 0;
> +        for (int i = 0; i < tx_burst / 8; i++) {
> +            byte = tx & 0xff;
> +            tx = tx >> 8;
> +            data = (data << 8) | byte;
> +        }
> +        tx = data;
> +

Why carefully reverse the order of bytes in the word and then
take a byte at a time from the bottom of the word in the loop below,
when you could change the loop to take bytes from the top of the word
instead ?

>          rx = 0;
>
>          while (tx_burst > 0) {
> -            uint8_t byte = tx & 0xff;
> +            byte = tx & 0xff;
>
>              DPRINTF("writing 0x%02x\n", (uint32_t)byte);
>
> @@ -196,12 +205,11 @@ static void imx_spi_flush_txfifo(IMXSPIState *s)
>              DPRINTF("0x%02x read\n", (uint32_t)byte);
>
>              tx = tx >> 8;
> -            rx |= (byte << (index * 8));
> +            rx = (rx << 8) | byte;
>
>              /* Remove 8 bits from the actual burst */
>              tx_burst -= 8;
>              s->burst_length -= 8;
> -            index++;
>          }
>
>          DPRINTF("data rx:0x%08x\n", rx);
> --
> 2.7.4

thanks
-- PMM

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