I know I'm "Johnny-come-lately" on this topic, but I can explain the results 
you're seeing and have seen the same myself:

The QMT vpopmail default setup saves the hashed password, as well as the first 
16-characters of the clear-text password, in the MySQL database. That has 
already been established. What you probably don't know (or didn't think of) is 
how those fields are used!

Consider the following:
 - First, the length of the hashing algorithm is a fixed length. Different 
hashes, different lengths (for example: MD5 hashes are always 32 characters, 
SHA1 hashes have 40 characters, sha512 hashes 128, and so on...)
 - Second, ONLY the hashed password is used for validation. There is no NEED 
for the cleartext password in the database, it's there simply because the MySQL 
database was considered somewhat secure, and the original developers of the QMT 
realized that about 40% of user problems are caused by NOT KNOWING THEIR 
PASSWORDS, and being able to GIVE them their existing password was generally 
easier than resetting it (and hearing complaints that, although you "fixed" 
their desktop mail, now their phone's weren't getting email!)
 - Finally, the original designers of QMT assumed people would use long 
passwords -- it was suggested in the original documentation. Thus, saving only 
the first 16 characters of the password in cleartext meant you were only REALLY 
saving a "password hint" vs. the entire password.

So - when you enter a 75 character password (only slightly absurd these days), 
and if we assume a sha1 password hash, then the "set password" function hashes 
your 75 characters into a 40-character SHA1 hash and saves it into the database 
field that stores up to (magically) 40 characters. (FWIW: when you enter your 
2-character password of "ok", the sha1 algorithm ALSO generates a 40 character 
output!). After is stores the hashed password, it ALSO stores the first 16 
characters of the cleartext password -- because that's the length of the field 
in the database.

When you try to authenticate, the password you provided is re-hashed 
(regardless of its length -- although usually those fields have 64, 72, or 128 
character field limits - depending on the web-page designer/programmer), and 
those 40 characters (the output of the sha1 hash) are compared to your stored 
hash... there is no query of the cleartext password.

Unfortunately, when you attempt to restore your passwords using just the stored 
cleartext passwords, you will find (not surprisingly) that passwords that were 
longer than the 16 chars generate a totally different hash result! (Interesting 
side-note: you could have told your users that their passwords were unchanged, 
but that they had to stop after the 16th character -- and it would have worked!)

I hope this explains a few things!!

Dan


IT4SOHO, LLC
33 4th St N; STE 211
St. Petersburg, FL 33701
+1-877-IT4SOHO
+1-877-484-7646
For service requests, direct your email to serv...@it4soho.com



-----Original Message-----
From: Eric Broch <ebr...@whitehorsetc.com>
Sent: Friday, September 28, 2018 1:35 AM
To: qmailtoaster-list@qmailtoaster.com
Subject: Re: Fwd: Re: [qmailtoaster] centos 6

Thanks, Andy. Plain text password have been a part of qt for as long as I've 
been using it. I understand you're concern. I'm not sure about the password 
length issue, I don't remember ever changing (patching) vpopmail like that, but 
I'll look into it.


On 9/27/2018 11:28 PM, Andrew Swartz wrote:
> I recently did the backup/restore and I have one hiccup to report.
>
> A few of the account passwords did not work after backup from centos5
> and restore to centos7.
>
> Took some time to troubleshoot, but I poked around in the vpopmail
> database and figured it out.  It was due to the vpopmail database
> schema, which stores a 16 character password AND its hash.  It allowed
> [and worked with] passwords longer than 16 characters (I'm unsure how).
> But after the backup/restore, all passwords longer than 16 characters
> failed.  Problem was fixed by resetting all of these passwords to new
> ones with the proper length.  Luckily there were not many like this.
> But for a large system, this could be a major pain.
>
> This seems like a bug.  If the max password length is 16 characters,
> then the set-password webpage should reject passwords that are too long.
>
> Also, I'm not sure why it stores a plaintext password in addition to
> its hash.  The modern standard is to store only the hash.  This is
> potentially a major security problem.
>
> -Andy
>
>
> On 9/27/2018 8:57 PM, Tony White wrote:
>> Eric,
>>    I now have a working v6 COS qmt, thank you for you help an patience.
>> Now the backup and restore...
>>
>> best wishes
>>    Tony White
>>
>> On 28/09/18 14:43, Eric Broch wrote:
>>
>>> changed now
>>>
>>>
>>> On 9/27/2018 10:41 PM, Tony White wrote:
>>>> Eric,
>>>>    Yes I did run that command.
>>>>
>>>>    At stage 3 after manually starting qmail at the end of qt-install.
>>>>
>>>> Stage 3
>>>>
>>>> rpm -Uvh
>>>> ftp://ftp.qmailtoaster.com/pub/repo/qmt/CentOS/6/current/x86_64/qmt
>>>> -release-1-5.qt.el6.noarch.rpm
>>>> needs to be
>>>>
>>>> rpm -Uvh
>>>> ftp://ftp.qmailtoaster.com/pub/repo/qmt/CentOS/6/current/x86_64/qmt
>>>> -release-1-6.qt.el6.noarch.rpm
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> best wishes
>>>>    Tony White
>>>>
>>>>   .----------------.  .----------------.  .----------------.
>>>> | .--------------. || .--------------. || .--------------. |
>>>> | |  ____  ____  | || |     ______   | || |    _______   | |
>>>> | | |_  _||_  _| | || |   .' ___  |  | || |   /  ___  |  | |
>>>> | |   \ \  / /   | || |  / .'   \_|  | || |  |  (__ \_|  | |
>>>> | |    \ \/ /    | || |  | |         | || |   '.___`-.   | |
>>>> | |    _|  |_    | || |  \ `.___.'\  | || |  |`\____) |  | |
>>>> | |   |______|   | || |   `._____.'  | || |  |_______.'  | |
>>>> | |              | || |              | || |              | |
>>>> | '--------------' || '--------------' || '--------------' |
>>>>   '----------------'  '----------------'  '----------------'
>>>>
>>>> http://www.ycs.com.au
>>>> 4 The Crescent
>>>> Yea
>>>> Victoria
>>>> Australia 3717
>>>>
>>>> Telephone No's
>>>> VIC : 0418 515 717
>>>>
>>>> Please note: YCS records all calls to better serve you.
>>>>
>>>> IMPORTANT NOTICE
>>>>
>>>> This communication including any file attachments is intended
>>>> solely for the use of the individual or entity to whom it is
>>>> addressed. If you are not the intended recipient, or the person
>>>> responsible for delivering this communication to the intended
>>>> recipient, please immediately notify the sender by email and delete
>>>> the original transmission and its contents. Any unauthorised use,
>>>> dissemination, forwarding, printing or copying of this communication 
>>>> including file attachments is prohibited.
>>>> It is your responsibility to scan this communication including any
>>>> file attachments for viruses and other defects. To the extent
>>>> permitted by law, Yea Computing Services and its associates will
>>>> not be liable for any loss or damage arising in any way from this
>>>> communication including any file attachments.
>>>> You may not disclose this information to a third party without
>>>> written permission from the Author.
>>>> On 28/09/18 14:14, Eric Broch wrote:
>>>>> Excellent!!! Glad to hear it.
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> On 9/27/2018 10:03 PM, Tony White wrote:
>>>>>> Eric,
>>>>>>    Sorry I did not intend to email offlist.
>>>>>> I did a reply to sender not the list.
>>>>>> Apologies.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> I have reset the VM to give me a blank minimal install again.
>>>>>> It has just finished qt-bootstrp-2 without error.
>>>>>> So far so good.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> cheers.
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>> On 28/09/18 13:53, Eric Broch wrote:
>>>>>>> Tony, If you communicate off list you must whitelist my address
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Tony,
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> I think (not sure why) you're still using the wrong bootstrap
>>>>>>> scripts, my bootstrap's (below in red and green) do not use
>>>>>>> 'mirrors.qmailtoaster.com' but 'mirror2.qmailtoaster.com'
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Irritatingly, this is because all the mirror maintainers dropped
>>>>>>> the ball and didn't bother to let anyone know that they weren't
>>>>>>> supporting QMT anymore. If this is a pre-existing machine
>>>>>>> disable the qmailtoaster-current repo:
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> # yum install yum-utils && yum-config-manager --disable
>>>>>>> qmailtoaster-current qmailtoaster-current-nodist
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> <qt-bootstrap-1>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> #!/bin/bash
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> # Copyright (C) Eric Shubert <e...@datamatters.us> # # script to
>>>>>>> do initial bootstrap processing (disable selinux, update
>>>>>>> everything)
>>>>>>> ################################################################
>>>>>>> ######
>>>>>>> # Change Log
>>>>>>> # 12/26/13 written by Eric 'shubes' <e...@shubes.net>
>>>>>>> ################################################################
>>>>>>> ######
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> ################################################################
>>>>>>> ######
>>>>>>> # disable SELINUX
>>>>>>> #
>>>>>>> a2_disable_selinux(){
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> selinux_config=/etc/selinux/config
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> if [ ! -f "$selinux_config" ]; then
>>>>>>>    echo "$me - $seclinux_config not found"
>>>>>>>    exit 1
>>>>>>> fi
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> echo "$me - disabling SELINUX ..."
>>>>>>> sed -i$(date +%Y%m%d) -e "s|^SELINUX=.*$|SELINUX=disabled|"
>>>>>>> $selinux_config
>>>>>>> }
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> ################################################################
>>>>>>> ######
>>>>>>> # main routine begins here
>>>>>>> #
>>>>>>> me=${0##*/}
>>>>>>> myver=v1.0
>>>>>>> echo "$me - $myversion"
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> a2_disable_selinux
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> echo "$me - updating all packages (yum update) ..."
>>>>>>> yum clean all
>>>>>>> yum -y --nogpgcheck update
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> echo "$me - rebooting now..."
>>>>>>> shutdown -r now
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> echo "$me - completed"
>>>>>>> exit 0
>>>>>>> </qt-bootstrap-1>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> <qt-bootstrap-2>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> #!/bin/bash
>>>>>>> # Copyright (C) Eric Shubert <e...@datamatters.us> # # script to
>>>>>>> do secondary bootstrap processing (install yum priorities, QMT
>>>>>>> repo)
>>>>>>> ################################################################
>>>>>>> ######
>>>>>>> # Change Log
>>>>>>> # 12/26/13 written by Eric 'shubes' <e...@shubes.net>
>>>>>>> ################################################################
>>>>>>> ######
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> ################################################################
>>>>>>> ######
>>>>>>> # main routine begins here
>>>>>>> #
>>>>>>> me=${0##*/}
>>>>>>> myver=v1.0
>>>>>>> echo "$me - $myversion"
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> # install yum-priorities
>>>>>>> echo "$me - installing yum-priorities (plugin) ..."
>>>>>>> yum -y install yum-priorities
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> # install qmailtoaster-release
>>>>>>> qmt_release_pkg=qmailtoaster-release-2.0-2.qt.nodist.noarch.rpm
>>>>>>> echo "$me - installing $qmt_release_pkg (repo) ..."
>>>>>>> rpm -ivh
>>>>>>> http://mirror2.qmailtoaster.com/current/nodist/$qmt_release_pkg
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> # install qmailtoaster-util (scripts) echo "$me - installing
>>>>>>> qmailtoaster-util (scripts) ..."
>>>>>>> yum -y install --nogpgcheck qmailtoaster-util
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> echo "$me - completed"
>>>>>>> exit 0
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> </qt-bootstrap-2>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> On 9/27/2018 8:50 PM, Tony White wrote:
>>>>>>>> Eric,
>>>>>>>>    Step one failed on .org...
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> [root@cos6-10-base ~]# curl
>>>>>>>> https://www.qmailtoaster.org/qt-bootstrap-1 >qt-bootstrap-1 &&
>>>>>>>> curl https://www.qmailtoaster.org/qt-bootstrap-2
>>>>>>>> >qt-bootstrap-2
>>>>>>>>    % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time
>>>>>>>> Time  Current
>>>>>>>>                                   Dload  Upload   Total   Spent
>>>>>>>> Left  Speed
>>>>>>>> 105  1050  105  1050    0     0    931      0  0:00:01  0:00:01
>>>>>>>> --:--:--  4133
>>>>>>>>    % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time
>>>>>>>> Time  Current
>>>>>>>>                                   Dload  Upload   Total   Spent
>>>>>>>> Left  Speed
>>>>>>>> 100  1004  100  1004    0     0    890      0  0:00:01  0:00:01
>>>>>>>> --:--:--  3968
>>>>>>>> [root@cos6-10-base ~]# chmod 755 qt-bootstrap-*
>>>>>>>> [root@cos6-10-base ~]# ./qt-bootstrap-1
>>>>>>>> qt-bootstrap-1 -
>>>>>>>> qt-bootstrap-1 - disabling SELINUX ...
>>>>>>>> qt-bootstrap-1 - updating all packages (yum update) ...
>>>>>>>> Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, priorities Cleaning repos: base
>>>>>>>> extras qmailtoaster-current qmailtoaster-current-nodist updates
>>>>>>>> Cleaning up Everything Cleaning up list of fastest mirrors
>>>>>>>> Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, priorities Setting up Update
>>>>>>>> Process Determining fastest mirrors Could not retrieve
>>>>>>>> mirrorlist
>>>>>>>> http://mirrors.qmailtoaster.com/current/CentOS/mirror.list
>>>>>>>> error was
>>>>>>>> 14: PYCURL ERROR 51 - "SSL: certificate subject name
>>>>>>>> 'whitehorsetc.com' does not match target host name
>>>>>>>> 'mirrors.qmailtoaster.com'"
>>>>>>>> Error: Cannot find a valid baseurl for repo:
>>>>>>>> qmailtoaster-current
>>>>>>>> qt-bootstrap-1 - rebooting now...
>>>>>>>> qt-bootstrap-1 - completed
>>>>>>>> [root@cos6-10-base ~]#
>>>>>>>> Broadcast message from root@cos6-10-base
>>>>>>>>      (/dev/pts/0) at 12:49 ...
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> The system is going down for reboot NOW!
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> best wishes
>>>>>>>>    Tony White
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> On 28/09/18 12:37, Eric Broch wrote:
>>>>>>>>> Tony,
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> It is working, but...
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> I can tell by the download of
>>>>>>>>> 'qmailtoaster-release-2.0-1.qt.nodist.noarch.rpm' and the use
>>>>>>>>> of 'mirrors.qmailtoaster.com' in the scripts that you're not
>>>>>>>>> following the correct instructions.
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> I'm not sure whether the qmailtoaster.com website (mirrored)
>>>>>>>>> has completely propagated or not.
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Go to qmailtoaster.org and follow the instructions there.
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Eric
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> On 9/27/2018 7:56 PM, Tony White wrote:
>>>>>>>>>> Hi Eric,
>>>>>>>>>>    Sadly it is still not working...
>>>>>>>>>> The download of the
>>>>>>>>>> http://mirrors.qmailtoaster.com/current/nodist/qmailtoaster-r
>>>>>>>>>> elease-2.0-1.qt.nodist.noarch.rpm file will always fail due
>>>>>>>>>> to it kicking the connection up to https and not leaving it
>>>>>>>>>> as http.
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> Screen Dump...
>>>>>>>>>> --------------------------
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> [root@cos6-10-base ~]# sh qt-bootstrap-2
>>>>>>>>>> qt-bootstrap-2 -
>>>>>>>>>> qt-bootstrap-2 - installing yum-priorities (plugin) ...
>>>>>>>>>> Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Setting up Install Process
>>>>>>>>>> Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
>>>>>>>>>>   * base: centos.mirror.digitalpacific.com.au
>>>>>>>>>>   * extras: centos.mirror.digitalpacific.com.au
>>>>>>>>>>   * updates: mirror.as24220.net Resolving Dependencies
>>>>>>>>>> --> Running transaction check
>>>>>>>>>> ---> Package yum-plugin-priorities.noarch 0:1.1.30-42.el6_10
>>>>>>>>>> will be installed
>>>>>>>>>> --> Finished Dependency Resolution
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> Dependencies Resolved
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> =============================================================
>>>>>>>>>> ==================================================
>>>>>>>>>>   Package                           Arch Version                
>>>>>>>>>> Repository           Size
>>>>>>>>>> =============================================================
>>>>>>>>>> ==================================================
>>>>>>>>>> Installing:
>>>>>>>>>>   yum-plugin-priorities             noarch
>>>>>>>>>> 1.1.30-42.el6_10               updates              28 k
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> Transaction Summary
>>>>>>>>>> =============================================================
>>>>>>>>>> ==================================================
>>>>>>>>>> Install       1 Package(s)
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> Total download size: 28 k
>>>>>>>>>> Installed size: 28 k
>>>>>>>>>> Downloading Packages:
>>>>>>>>>> yum-plugin-priorities-1.1.30-42.el6_10.noarch.rpm
>>>>>>>>>> |  28 kB     00:00
>>>>>>>>>> Running rpm_check_debug
>>>>>>>>>> Running Transaction Test
>>>>>>>>>> Transaction Test Succeeded
>>>>>>>>>> Running Transaction
>>>>>>>>>>    Installing :
>>>>>>>>>> yum-plugin-priorities-1.1.30-42.el6_10.noarch
>>>>>>>>>> 1/1
>>>>>>>>>>    Verifying  :
>>>>>>>>>> yum-plugin-priorities-1.1.30-42.el6_10.noarch
>>>>>>>>>> 1/1
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> Installed:
>>>>>>>>>>    yum-plugin-priorities.noarch
>>>>>>>>>> 0:1.1.30-42.el6_10
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> Complete!
>>>>>>>>>> qt-bootstrap-2 - installing
>>>>>>>>>> qmailtoaster-release-2.0-1.qt.nodist.noarch.rpm (repo) ...
>>>>>>>>>> Retrieving
>>>>>>>>>> http://mirrors.qmailtoaster.com/current/nodist/qmailtoaster-r
>>>>>>>>>> elease-2.0-1.qt.nodist.noarch.rpm
>>>>>>>>>> curl: (51) SSL: certificate subject name 'monk13.stakehouse.io'
>>>>>>>>>> does not match target host name 'mirrors.qmailtoaster.com'
>>>>>>>>>> error: skipping
>>>>>>>>>> http://mirrors.qmailtoaster.com/current/nodist/qmailtoaster-r
>>>>>>>>>> elease-2.0-1.qt.nodist.noarch.rpm
>>>>>>>>>> - transfer failed
>>>>>>>>>> qt-bootstrap-2 - installing qmailtoaster-util (scripts) ...
>>>>>>>>>> Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, priorities Setting up Install
>>>>>>>>>> Process Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
>>>>>>>>>>   * base: centos.mirror.digitalpacific.com.au
>>>>>>>>>>   * extras: centos.mirror.digitalpacific.com.au
>>>>>>>>>>   * updates: mirror.as24220.net No package qmailtoaster-util
>>>>>>>>>> available.
>>>>>>>>>> Error: Nothing to do
>>>>>>>>>> qt-bootstrap-2 - completed
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> best wishes
>>>>>>>>>>    Tony White
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> On 27/09/18 10:24, Eric Broch wrote:
>>>>>>>>>>> List,
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>>> There were problems with the installation of QMT on CentOS 6
>>>>>>>>>>> as you'all well know since I tested last November (2017).
>>>>>>>>>>> The problems existed primarily due to mirrors not being
>>>>>>>>>>> maintained. I've fixed these problems...hopefully. If anyone
>>>>>>>>>>> has issue please let me know so that they can be fixed.
>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> --
>>>>>>>>> Eric Broch
>>>>>>>>> White Horse Technical Consulting (WHTC)
>>>>>>> --
>>>>>>> Eric Broch
>>>>>>> White Horse Technical Consulting (WHTC)
>>>>> --
>>>>> Eric Broch
>>>>> White Horse Technical Consulting (WHTC)
>>> --
>>> Eric Broch
>>> White Horse Technical Consulting (WHTC)

--
Eric Broch
White Horse Technical Consulting (WHTC)


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