"solved". Ugly, but works. Via a .desktop in ~/.config/autostart. The
trick was to not run xmodmap immediately, but to delay it: sleep 2;
xmodmap /home/user/...

For the record:
[Desktop Entry]

sleep 2; xmodmap /home/user/.config/xmodmap

remove Lock = Caps_Lock
keycode 9 = Caps_Lock
keycode 66 = Escape
add Lock = Caps_Lock

Also added to /etc/skel/ of the templates for future vms and dispvms.

On Mon, Apr 17, 2023 at 3:25 PM Gabriel Philippe
<gabri.phili...@gmail.com> wrote:
> Hi,
> I'm used to swapping CapsLock and Escape keys, but don't manage it to
> do it through vms. Any help?
> Basically what I need is not more complicated than running xmodmap
> config_file, where config_file is:
> remove Lock = Caps_Lock
> keycode 9 = Caps_Lock
> keycode 66 = Escape
> add Lock = Caps_Lock
> Several years ago I was using Qubes 3.2, and if I remember correctly I
> only had to do it in dom0, then it was propagated to vms. This does
> not work anymore in 4.1.
> Currently, when doing it in dom0 it works in dom0, but when starting a
> vm I get this weird situation:
> - CapsLock key does nothing,
> - Escape key sends both Escape and CapsLock.
> I can manually run xmodmap config_file in vms, then it is fine, but I
> can't automate it. At startup:
> - ~/.Xmodmap is not read
> - ~/.xsession is not executed
> - /rw/config/rc.local is executed, but adding "xmodmap
> /home/user/config_file" in it does nothing.
> - I tried adding a script in the template,
> /etc/X11/Xsession.d/99script, containing "xmodmap
> /home/user/config_file", but it does not work either (though the
> script is executed).
> I found this thread, but don't understand anything, and I can't figure
> such a simple thing could be that complicated.
> https://forum.qubes-os.org/t/remap-super-key-keyboard/4894
> --
> Gabriel


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