Thinking more about the functional context, a macro — say (define/pre-post
...) that cleanly defined the following functions would be pretty sweet
(continuing with the real-sqrt example):

## Advertising

- real-sqrt-unsafe
- real-sqrt-with-pre-conditions
- real-sqrt-with-pre-and-post-conditions
- real-sqrt (make-parameter one-of-the above)
and of course plugging into the contract system.
Example sketch of use and expansion below ...
Dan
*Example ...*
(define/pre-post (real-sqrt x)
#:pre ([(real? x) "real argument expected"]
[(>= x 0) "non-negative argument expected"])
#:implementation (sqrt x)
#:post ([(implies (= x 0) (= result 0)) "The sqrt of zero should be zero"]
[(implies (> x 0) (> result 0)) "Positive numbers have positive
square-roots"]
[(implies (> x 0) (<= (abs (- x (* result result))) 0.0000001))
"result * result = x (to within error)"]))
*Expansion (not yet using the contract system): *
(define (real-sqrt-unsafe x)
(sqrt x))
(define (real-sqrt-with-pre-conditions x)
(pre [(real? x) "real argument expected"]
[(>= x 0) "non-negative argument expected"])
(real-sqrt-unsafe x))
(define (real-sqrt-with-pre-and-post-conditions x)
(define result (real-sqrt-with-pre-conditions x))
(post [(implies (= x 0) (= result 0)) "The sqrt of zero should be zero"]
[(implies (> x 0) (> result 0)) "Positive numbers have positive
square-roots"]
[(implies (> x 0) (<= (abs (- x (* result result))) 0.0000001))
"result * result = x (to within error)"])
result)
(define real-sqrt (make-parameter real-sqrt-with-pre-and-post-conditions))
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