Free-Reprint Article Written by: Erin Shaughnessy 
See Terms of Reprint Below.

* This email is being delivered directly to members of the group:

We have moved our TERMS OF REPRINT to the end of the article.
Be certain to read our TERMS OF REPRINT and honor our TERMS 
OF REPRINT when you use this article. Thank you.

This article has been distributed by:

Helpful Link: 
  The Digital Millennium Copyright Act - Overview


Article Title:
Health Care Eligibility For Unauthorized Migrants - Moral & Practical 

Article Description:
Various organizations and government officials have cited 
estimates for the number of illegal immigrants at between eight 
and twenty million.  With rising health care costs as a major 
issue for most Americans, this article considers the moral and 
practical issues of providing medical care for uninsured 

Additional Article Information:
823 Words; formatted to 65 Characters per Line
Distribution Date and Time: Wed May  3 00:17:53 EDT 2006

Written By:     Erin Shaughnessy
Copyright:      2006
Contact Email:  mailto:[EMAIL PROTECTED]

Article URL:

For more free-reprint articles by this Author, please visit:


Health Care Eligibility For Unauthorized Migrants - Moral & Practical 
Copyright © 2006 Erin Shaughnessy
Health Insurance Sort

Various organizations and government officials have cited 
estimates for the number of illegal immigrants at between eight 
and twenty million.  With rising health care costs as a major 
issue for most Americans, this article considers the moral and 
practical issues of providing medical care for uninsured 

According to a research report entitled "The Size and 
Characteristics of the Unauthorized Migrant Population in the 
U.S." {© [2006] Pew Hispanic Center, a Pew Research Center 
Project}, there are an estimated 11.5 to 12 million unauthorized 
migrants currently residing within The United States.  The report 
was based on Census 2000 data, as well as the Current Population 
Survey of March 2005, and the monthly Current Population Surveys 
through January of 2006.  The Pew Hispanic Center uses the term: 
'Unauthorized Migrants'.  This term refers to persons residing 
in The United States who are not U.S. citizens, have not been 
admitted for permanent residence, and do not have specific 
authorized temporary status that permits extended residence 
and work within the United States.

The Pew Hispanic Center report found that the unauthorized 
population consisted of 5.4 million adult males, 3.9 million 
adult females, and 1.8 million children.  Adult males are in the 
majority, making up 58% of the unauthorized adult migrants, while 
females account for 42%.  

When discussing the percentage of unauthorized migrants, it is 
important to consider their labor force participation.  Thirty-
one percent of unauthorized migrants are employed in service 
industry jobs, while only sixteen percent of natives work in 
service.  Native workers make up the great majority of white-
collar jobs, while unauthorized migrants are underrepresented. 
Certain occupations have proportionately high concentrations of 
unauthorized migrant workers: Farming (24%), Cleaning (17%), 
Construction (14%), Food Preparation (12%), Production (9%), 
and Transport (7%).  This is relevant to the issue of health 
insurance because the cited industries do not typically provide 
health insurance coverage.

The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation 
Act of 1996 (PRWORA) addressed eligibility requirements for 
non-citizens to receive Federal means-tested public benefits.  
The Act resulted in significant restrictions on immigrants' 
eligibility.  Such benefits include Medicaid and the State 
Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP).  Certain immigrants 
are not eligible for Medicaid or SCHIP for five years from the 
date they enter the United States in a qualified-alien status.

Generally, only "qualified aliens" are eligible for coverage. 
Who is considered a qualified alien?  There are nine basic types 
of qualified aliens: Aliens lawfully admitted for permanent 
residence under the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), 8 USC 
1101 et seq.; Refugees admitted under §207 of the INA; Aliens 
granted asylum under §208 of the INA; Cuban and Haitian Entrants, 
as defined in §501(e) of the Refugee Education Assistance Act 
of 1980; Aliens granted parole for at least one year under 
§212(d)(5) of the INA; Aliens whose deportation is being withheld 
under (1) §243(h) of the INA as in effect prior to April 1, 1997, 
or, (2) §241(b)(3) of the INA, as amended; Aliens granted 
conditional entry under §203(a)(7) of the INA in effect before 
April 1, 1980; Battered aliens, who meet the conditions set forth 
in §431(c) of PRWORA, as added by §501 of the Illegal Immigration 
Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996, P.L. 104-208 
(IIRIRA), and amended by §5571 of the Balanced Budget Act of 
1997, P.L. 105-33 (BBA), and §1508 of the Violence Against Women 
Act of 2000, P.L. 106-386.  Section 431(c) of PRWORA, as amended 
is codified at 8 USC 1641(c).1; Victims of a severe form of 
trafficking, in accordance with §107(b)(1) of the Trafficking 
Victims Protection Act of 2000, P.L. 106-386.2.  

Unauthorized migrants will be denied health care with the 
exception of emergency situations.  This policy creates a problem 
for paramedics and other medical professionals, who will be 
forced to determine whether the individual's life is at risk and 
what constitutes a medical emergency.  How emergency health care 
workers are expected to enforce this policy is unclear.  The 
Department of Health and Human Services is currently working on 
the terms, with the start date set for less than three months 
from now.  

To receive health care, individuals will be required to provide 
proof of citizenship or proof that they are eligible as qualified 
aliens.  This requirement creates potential problems for United 
States citizens, as well as immigrants.  The homeless are perhaps 
the most obvious example of individuals who are eligible for care 
but may not have the proper documentation.  Another, lesser 
known, example may be African-American senior citizens.  African-
Americans from the South were not allowed to be born in hospitals 
and therefore do not have proper birth certificates.

Another issue that needs to be addressed is the potential spread 
of disease.  Testing for Tuberculosis, for example, is something 
that Americans take for granted.  Those initiating and enforcing 
these policies should consider whether basic medical testing will 
be provided.  Regardless of the apparent moral implications, 
denying health care services to individuals residing within the 
United States can easily result in more tangible problems.

Erin Shaughnessy is an accomplished freelance writer 
of articles about timely consumer advocacy and political 
issues.  Look for future insurance related articles covering 
<a href="";>individual health insurance</a> 
as well as news from carriers 
such as <a 



TERMS OF REPRINT - Publication Rules 
(Last Updated:  April 7, 2005)

Our TERMS OF REPRINT are fully enforcable under the terms of:

  The Digital Millennium Copyright Act


*** Digital Reprint Rights ***

* If you publish this article in a website/forum/blog, 
  You Must Set All URL's or Mailto Addresses in the body 
  of the article AND in the Author's Resource Box as
  Hyperlinks (clickable links).

* Links must remain in the form that we published them.
  Clean links should point to the Author's links without
  redirects having been inserted into the copy.

* You are not allowed to Change or Delete any Words or 
  Links in the Article or Resource Box. Paragraph breaks 
  must be retained with articles. You can change where
  the paragraph breaks fall, but you cannot eliminate all
  paragraph breaks as some have chosen to do.

* Email Distribution of this article Must be done through
  Opt-in Email Only. No Unsolicited Commercial Email.

* You Are Allowed to format the layout of the article for 
  proper display of the article in your website or in your 
  ezine, so long as you can maintain the author's interests 
  within the article.

*** Author Notification ***

  We ask that you notify the author of publication of his
  or her work. Erin Shaughnessy can be reached at:

*** Print Publication Reprint Rights ***

  If you desire to publish this article in a PRINT 
  publication, you must contact the author directly 
  for Print Permission at:  


If you need help converting this text article for proper 
hyperlinked placement in your webpage, please use this 
free tool:


ABOUT THIS ARTICLE SUBMISSION is a paid article distribution 
service. and 
are owned and operated by Bill Platt of Enid, Oklahoma USA.

The content of this article is solely the property 
and opinion of its author, Erin Shaughnessy



1. Print the article in its entirety. Don't make any changes in the article . 
2. Print the resource box with all articles in their entirety.
3. Send the Author a copy of the reprinted article or the URL 
  where the articles was posted.

Anything short of following these three rules is a violation 
of the Authors Copyright. 
Yahoo! Groups Links

<*> To visit your group on the web, go to:

<*> To unsubscribe from this group, send an email to:

<*> Your use of Yahoo! Groups is subject to:

Reply via email to