On 04/08/2017 23:47, Alexander Bezzubikov wrote:
2017-08-04 23:28 GMT+03:00 Laszlo Ersek <ler...@redhat.com>:
On 08/04/17 20:59, Alexander Bezzubikov wrote:
2017-08-01 20:28 GMT+03:00 Alexander Bezzubikov <zuban...@gmail.com>:
2017-08-01 16:38 GMT+03:00 Marcel Apfelbaum <mar...@redhat.com>:
On 31/07/2017 22:01, Alexander Bezzubikov wrote:

2017-07-31 21:57 GMT+03:00 Michael S. Tsirkin <m...@redhat.com>:

On Mon, Jul 31, 2017 at 09:54:55PM +0300, Alexander Bezzubikov wrote:

2017-07-31 17:09 GMT+03:00 Marcel Apfelbaum <mar...@redhat.com>:

On 31/07/2017 17:00, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:

On Sat, Jul 29, 2017 at 02:34:31AM +0300, Aleksandr Bezzubikov wrote:

On PCI init PCI bridge devices may need some
extra info about bus number to reserve, IO, memory and
prefetchable memory limits. QEMU can provide this
with special vendor-specific PCI capability.

This capability is intended to be used only
for Red Hat PCI bridges, i.e. QEMU cooperation.

Signed-off-by: Aleksandr Bezzubikov <zuban...@gmail.com>
    src/fw/dev-pci.h | 62
    1 file changed, 62 insertions(+)
    create mode 100644 src/fw/dev-pci.h

diff --git a/src/fw/dev-pci.h b/src/fw/dev-pci.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..fbd49ed
--- /dev/null
+++ b/src/fw/dev-pci.h
@@ -0,0 +1,62 @@
+#ifndef _PCI_CAP_H
+#define _PCI_CAP_H
+#include "types.h"
+QEMU-specific vendor(Red Hat)-specific capability.
+It's intended to provide some hints for firmware to init PCI
+Its is shown below:
+u8 id;       Standard PCI Capability Header field
+u8 next;     Standard PCI Capability Header field
+u8 len;      Standard PCI Capability Header field
+u8 type;     Red Hat vendor-specific capability type:
+               now only REDHAT_QEMU_CAP 1 exists
+u16 non_prefetchable_16;     non-prefetchable memory limit
+u8 bus_res;  minimum bus number to reserve;
+             this is necessary for PCI Express Root Ports
+             to support PCIE-to-PCI bridge hotplug
+u8 io_8;     IO limit in case of 8-bit limit value
+u32 io_32;   IO limit in case of 16-bit limit value
+             io_8 and io_16 are mutually exclusive, in other words,
+             they can't be non-zero simultaneously
+u32 prefetchable_32;         non-prefetchable memory limit
+                             in case of 32-bit limit value
+u64 prefetchable_64;         non-prefetchable memory limit
+                             in case of 64-bit limit value
+                             prefetachable_32 and prefetchable_64
+                             mutually exclusive, in other words,
+                             they can't be non-zero simultaneously
+If any field in Data section is 0,
+it means that such kind of reservation
+is not needed.

I really don't like this 'mutually exclusive' fields approach because
IMHO it increases confusion level when undertanding this capability
But - if we came to consensus on that, then IO fields should be used
in the same way,
because as I understand, this 'mutual exclusivity' serves to distinguish
when we employ only *_LIMIT register and both *_LIMIT an UPPER_*_LIMIT
And this is how both IO and PREFETCHABLE works, isn't it?

I would just use simeple 64 bit registers. PCI spec has an ugly format
with fields spread all over the place but that is because of
compatibility concerns. It makes not sense to spend cycles just
to be similarly messy.

Then I suggest to use exactly one field of a maximum possible size
for each reserving object, and get rid of mutually exclusive fields.
Then it can be something like that (order and names can be changed):
u8 bus;
u16 non_pref;
u32 io;
u64 pref;

I think Michael suggested:

     u64 bus_res;
     u64 mem_res;
     u64 io_res;
     u64 mem_pref_res;

     u32 bus_res;
     u32 mem_res;
     u32 io_res;
     u64 mem_pref_res;

We can use 0XFFF..F as "not-set" value "merging" Gerd's and Michael's

Let's dwell on the second option (with -1 as 'ignore' sign), if no new

BTW, talking about limit values provided in the capability - do we
want to completely override
existing PCI resources allocation mechanism being used in SeaBIOS, I
mean, to assign capability
values hardly, not taking into consideration any existing checks,
or somehow make this process soft (not an obvious way, can lead to
another big discussion)?

In other words, how do we plan to use IO/MEM/PREF limits provided in
this capability
in application to the PCIE Root Port, what result is this supposed to achieve?

I think Gerd spoke about this earlier: when determining a given kind of
aperture for a given bridge, pick the maximum of:
- the actual cumulative need of the devices behind the bridge, and
- the hint for the given kind of aperture.

So basically, do the same thing as before, but if the hint is larger,
grow the aperture to that.

Looks like current SeaBIOS resource allocation implementation is incorrect.
E.g. let's look at IO for pcie-root-port (and ioh3420 too) - we have 2 different
pci_region_entry objects, where one of them have bar = -1 (that
respresent a bridge
region as it as in the comment there) and size = 0. This leads to the
next situation after
the whole BIOS init: root port's IO has base=0x5000,size=0x4FFF.
And then Linux reconfigures this values itself.
Should the size of the pci_region be checked for emptiness before creation or
this isn't an error for some reason?

I am not aware of such issue, however there is a patch that
prevents SeaBIOS to allocate IO range for PCIe Root Ports
if the device attached to it does not require IO ports.
(or if a Root Port is empty)

Can you provide more info? (a debug log) Or a patch that could fix the
issue you see? So we can better understand the problem.


This is how I recall the discussion anyway.


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