Re: Auto blacklist ssh connections ...

2008-09-17 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Wed, 17 Sep 2008 20:15:45 -0300
Marc G. Fournier [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 -BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-
 Hash: SHA1
 
 
 Does anyone know of a utility that I can use with sshd to
 auto-block by IP if there are more then N failed attempts in a row?
 
 ie:
 
 # grep Invalid user /var/log/auth.log| awk '{print $10}' | sort |
 uniq -c | sort -nr
 5268 140.113.210.174 
 
 4863 72.52.225.116 
 
 3586 116.14.255.141 
 
 2918 193.205.186.67 
 
 2033 219.76.75.6 
 
 1308 216.14.127.67 
 
 1059 61.72.106.71 
 
  983 93.123.14.9 
 
  691 202.75.221.197 
 
  649 59.77.33.139 
 
  381 201.80.15.207 
 
  269 190.10.255.73 
 
  212 81.252.254.189 
 
  181 123.151.32.12 
 
  150 211.21.47.50 
 
  139 196.219.63.3 
 
  128 200.111.64.171 
 
 
 
 This is for one day ... I'd like to be able to throttle so that
 after X Invalid user attempts, the IP gets blocked ...
 
 Possible?

security/sshguard
security/blocksshd
security/denyhosts
security/bruteforceblocker


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Re: LDAP and xscreensaver

2007-04-26 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Thu, 26 Apr 2007 11:21:46 -0400
Lowell Gilbert [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Vulpes Velox [EMAIL PROTECTED] writes:
 
  xscreensaver: couldn't get password of kitsune
  xscreensaver: 13:54:14: locking is disabled (error getting
  password). xscreensaver: 13:54:14: does xscreensaver need to be
  setuid?  consult the manual.
 
  Is what I am getting on the console when I run it. It is setuid.
  The passwords and userinfo is stored in LDAP.
 
 I haven't used LDAP for passwords, so I can't test this, but my
 guess would be that you are missing a pam configuration for
 xscreensaver. Something like auth sufficient pam_ldap.so, perhaps?

Just submitted a patch for this... it is currently compiled without
LDAP support.
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Re: LDAP and xscreensaver

2007-04-26 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Thu, 26 Apr 2007 11:21:46 -0400
Lowell Gilbert [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Vulpes Velox [EMAIL PROTECTED] writes:
 
  xscreensaver: couldn't get password of kitsune
  xscreensaver: 13:54:14: locking is disabled (error getting
  password). xscreensaver: 13:54:14: does xscreensaver need to be
  setuid?  consult the manual.
 
  Is what I am getting on the console when I run it. It is setuid.
  The passwords and userinfo is stored in LDAP.
 
 I haven't used LDAP for passwords, so I can't test this, but my
 guess would be that you are missing a pam configuration for
 xscreensaver. Something like auth sufficient pam_ldap.so, perhaps?

Yeah, it is there. I did get curious and checked the make file...

CONFIGURE_ARGS= --without-pam --with-gl --with-gle --with-xpm --with-xml \
--with-hackdir=${PREFIX}/bin/xscreensaver-hacks/ \
--with-configdir=${PREFIX}/share/xscreensaver/config/ \
--with-jpeg=${LOCALBASE} --without-gnome --without-kerberos \
--without-motif --mandir=${PREFIX}/man

It looks like that is the issue right there. Just removed --without-pam
and am seeing what happens now.

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LDAP and xscreensaver

2007-04-25 Thread Vulpes Velox
xscreensaver: couldn't get password of kitsune
xscreensaver: 13:54:14: locking is disabled (error getting password).
xscreensaver: 13:54:14: does xscreensaver need to be setuid?  consult
the manual.

Is what I am getting on the console when I run it. It is setuid. The
passwords and userinfo is stored in LDAP.

Any ideas?
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username and groupname question

2007-04-15 Thread Vulpes Velox
Just looking at implementing some ACL stuff and just got wondering,
what is the max length of those?
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Re: koffice ports fails to compile kspread

2007-04-15 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Sun, 15 Apr 2007 13:04:43 +
Vittorio De Martino [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 On a 6.2 i386 box I'm unable to compile koffice 1.6.2 kspread
 because a cryptic errors Error code 2  pops up.
 See the attached log and ...
  please help.
 
 Ciao
 Vittorio

You may wish to try contacting the maintainer of the port, which is
[EMAIL PROTECTED]
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Re: Howmany CPU Does FreeBSD Support ?

2007-03-11 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Sat, 10 Mar 2007 22:40:47 +0100 (CET)
Wojciech Puchar [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

  I have heard it does not scale well above 4
 
 to be clear.
 
 kernel task (disk I/O, network etc.) is always on first processor, 
 everything else on any CPU.
 
 so as long as disk I/O network and other kernel tasks are able to
 fit on one processor that's OK.
 
 for machines doing mostly pure computing 8-16 CPU may work fine,
 for machines doing mostly fileserving and routing even 2 CPUs may
 be not well utilized

That is only true if the process is giant locked. When look at dmesg,
look for things that say GIANT-LOCKED and those will be ones confined
to one processor. There has been a massive push since 5 to get ride
of those.
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Re: acd0, error=0x00

2007-01-08 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Tue, 9 Jan 2007 04:11:47 +0200 (EET)
dima [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Hello.
 
 Can anybody tell me why that may happens?:
 acd0: READ_BIG - MEDIUM ERROR asc=0x02 ascq=0x00 error=0x00
 acd0: READ_BIG - MEDIUM ERROR asc=0x02 ascq=0x00 error=0x00
 acd0: READ_BIG - MEDIUM ERROR asc=0x02 ascq=0x00 error=0x00
 acd0: READ_BIG - MEDIUM ERROR asc=0x02 ascq=0x00 error=0x00
 acd0: READ_BIG - MEDIUM ERROR asc=0x02 ascq=0x00 error=0x00
 
 P.S. FreeBSD 4.11-RELEASE-p13, acd0 - TEAC CD-RW.

It is most likely a bad disk, but can also mean you have a issue with
the CD drive, cable, or controller.
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Re: EVGA e-Geforce 7300GT

2006-12-14 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Thu, 14 Dec 2006 11:12:02 -0500
Dan Sikorsky [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Hey, Im planning on installing this card tonite
 
 freebsd 6.1 i386
 
 Im using a crappy radeon x300se right now, which has the Radeon
 choice in xorgconfig, however theres no geforce choice.
 Now, I've read that nvidia is the way to go for freebsd as they
 have Drivers!
 
 so how do I go about this, I can pkg_add these drivers? and then
 how do I tune X
 to use them

Pkg_add should be perfectly fine. Do a man on X and look at the
-configure option. From there you can easily tweak that file to your
liking.
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Re: skype and other *phones

2006-12-11 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Sun, 10 Dec 2006 14:09:03 -0500
Tsu-Fan Cheng [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Hi people,
   hapy holiday! i have a question about the internet phone apps,
 what is the major difference between skype and other *phone system?
 and I know that bsd has limited support of sound card that works
 with skype in the past, I wonder if the support is getting better
 these days? and also how is the driver support for other *phone
 apps? thank you for your time!!

Been using it here with out a problem. :)

Including calling out to regular phones.
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Re: Raid card for FreeBSD

2006-07-01 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Fri, 30 Jun 2006 10:27:48 +0900
Steve Lee [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 
  
  Sam Wun wrote:
   Hi,
   
   I will host a mail server in FreeBSD 6.x. Since we are going to
   use Raid for mirroing, can anyone please recommend a RAID CARD
   that is fully compatible with FreeBSD? I found the following 
  RAIDCARD sounds 
   good, what is your opinon about it?
   
   http://www.cwol.com/serial-ata/rocketraid-2320-pci-express.htm
   
  
  I currently use Promise IDE and SATA cards on 4.x, 5.x and 
  6.x without problems.  They are cheap RAID cards, but they 
  have decent performance, and support is pretty good.
  
 
 Anyone succeeded with Silicon Image's 3124 chipset SATA Raid card
 on 6.1? It's cheap and good as well..

If that is the one I am thinking of, the last I have seen the chipset
had massive problems with time outs.
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Re: SIIG Card Support

2006-06-18 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Sun, 18 Jun 2006 16:55:37 -0400
Gerard Seibert [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Could anyone tell me if the SIIG Ultra ATA Ultra 100 Controller
 Card, mfg.# SC-PE4A12 is supported in FBSD 6.1 or not? According to
 the manufacturer, it only supports Windows; however, that is what
 most manufacturers claim anyway.

No clue. I am happy with my Promise PDC20268 UDMA100 though. It is
nice and cheap as well.
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Re: Can't make wi0: work on Toshiba notebook with mini-PCI network card.

2006-06-02 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Fri, 02 Jun 2006 00:08:12 -0600
Lorin Lund [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 I have a Toshiba Satelite Pro 6100 with a Toshiba mini-PCI wireless 
 network card.
 The wireless stuff seems to be there (for as much as I know)
 This is a dual boot machine.  When booted as Windows XP it connects
 and works
 just fine.
 
 I see that ifconfig -a shows the right IP address.  But there is a
 lot more info there
 and I don't know what values are supposed to be there.
 
 The wireless access point is 192.168.0.1
 
 
 
   dmesg  +
 wi0: TOSHIBA Wireless LAN Card at port 0xd000-0xd03f irq 11
 function 0 config 1 on pccard0
 wi0: using Lucent Embedded WaveLAN/IEEE
 wi0: Lucent Firmware: Station (8.10.1)
 wi0: Ethernet address: 00:02:2d:57:72:77
 
  from /etc/rc.conf  +
 ifconfig_wi0=inet 192.168.0.20 netmask 255.255.255.0 ssid
 TBJTRUCKING wepmode on wepkey 0xzz

You need to tell it what key to use. Add this in... weptxkey 1. I
remember coming across the same thing after moving my laptop from
releng_5 to 6.
 
 +  ifconfig -a  +
 
 fxp0: flags=8802BROADCAST,SIMPLEX,MULTICAST mtu 1500
 options=8VLAN_MTU
 ether 00:00:39:9e:58:d0
 media: Ethernet autoselect (none)
 status: no carrier
 lo0: flags=8049UP,LOOPBACK,RUNNING,MULTICAST mtu 16384
 inet6 ::1 prefixlen 128
 inet6 fe80::1%lo0 prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x2
 inet 127.0.0.1 netmask 0xff00
 wi0: flags=8843UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,SIMPLEX,MULTICAST mtu 1500
 inet6 fe80::202:2dff:fe57:7277%wi0 prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x3
 inet 192.168.0.20 netmask 0xff00 broadcast 192.168.0.255
 ether 00:02:2d:57:72:77
 media: IEEE 802.11 Wireless Ethernet autoselect (DS/11Mbps)
 status: associated
 ssid TBJTRUCKING channel 1 bssid 00:15:05:12:74:43
 stationname FreeBSD WaveLAN/IEEE node
 authmode OPEN privacy MIXED deftxkey UNDEF wepkey 1:104-bit
 txpowmax 100 bintval 100
 
   ping  ++
 
 PING 192.168.0.1 (192.168.0.1): 56 data bytes
 
 --- 192.168.0.1 ping statistics ---
 4 packets transmitted, 0 packets received, 100% packet los
 
 
 -
 when I try to kldload if_wi it seems to already be loaded.
 when I do kldstat it doesn't show as a loaded module.
 So I think the wi stuff is compiled into the kernel.  That is why
 I've commented out the if_wi load.
   I'm using 6.1 RELEASE generic kernel
 + /boot/loader.conf  +
 #if_wi_load=YES
 wlan_wep_load=YES
 
 
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Re: intel pro wireless 2200bg support

2006-05-30 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Tue, 30 May 2006 17:27:38 +
Josh Stephenson [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 I'm trying to get my toshiba laptop's wireless connection
 configured on freebsd 6.0 stable.  It's got an intel pro wireless
 2200bg card.  I'm trying to connect to a dhcp wireless network with
 64 bit wep.  Here's what I've done:
 
 I installed iwi-firmware-2.4_2.tbz as a package
 
 [EMAIL PROTECTED] dmesg | grep iwi
 iwi0: Inter(R) PRO/Wireless 2200BG mem 0xb8006000-0xb8006fff irq
 22 at device 2.0 on pci6
 iwi0: Ethernet address: ethernet_address
 
 [EMAIL PROTECTED] kldload wlan_wep
 [EMAIL PROTECTED] iwicontrol -i iwi0 -d /boot/firmware -m bss
 [EMAIL PROTECTED] ifconfig iwi0 10.1.10.109 netmask 255.255.255.0 ssid
 my_ssid wepmode on wepkey my_webkey
 iwi0: fatal [EMAIL PROTECTED] 
 iwi0: device configuration failed

You are not telling it which weptxkey to you. Put 'weptxkey 1' in
there and it should work.
 
 if I do 'ifconfig iwi0', i get:
 ---snip--
 inet 10.1.10.109 netmask 0xff00 broadcast 10.1.10.255
 ether my_ethernet_address
 media: IEEE 802.11 Wireless Ethernet autoselect
 status: no carrier
 ssid my_ssid channel 1
 authmode OPEN privacy ON deftxkey UNDEF wepkey 1:104-bit txpowmax
 100 protmode CTS


You may also want to checking out the iwiNG driver as well. Check the
freebsd net mailing list for more info on that.
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Re: Script to organize passwd and group

2006-05-28 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Sat, 27 May 2006 11:10:18 +0200
Kyrre Nygard [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 
 Hello!
 
 I was wondering if anybody out there share the same need as I do
 to better organize /etc/passwd and /etc/group.
 
 I would like to see chronologic ordering of UIDs and GIDs, instead
 of having them sorted by what ports their corresponding daemons run
 on.
 
 Look below how much more flow it all gets.
 
 Then, if possible, it would be cool to make 3 distinct classes:
 
 01 Necessities, with 1 to 2 digit IDs
 
 (maybe keep nobody seperate)
 
 02 Servers, with 3 digit IDs
 03 Users, with 4 digit IDs
 
 I'm aware that when adding new users, one would manually have to
 rearrange, but this is not because you shouldn't, it's because
 adduser and pw doesn't yet support this kind of order.
 
 Here is my ideal setup:
 
 --
 
 # cat /etc/.passwd
 
 root:*:0:0::0:0:Core:/root:/usr/local/bin/zsh
 daemon:*:1:1::0:0:System Processes:/root:/usr/sbin/nologin
 operator:*:2:2::0:0:Operator:/:/usr/sbin/nologin
 kmem:*:3:65533::0:0:KMem:/:/usr/sbin/nologin
 bin:*:4:4::0:0:Binaries:/:/usr/sbin/nologin
 tty:*:5:65533::0:0:Titty:/:/usr/sbin/nologin
 news:*:6:6::0:0:News:/:/usr/sbin/nologin
 man:*:7:7::0:0:Manuals:/usr/share/man:/usr/sbin/nologin
 
 nobody:*:5:5::0:0:Unprivileged:/nonexistent:/usr/sbin/nologin
 
 sshd:*:101:101::0:0:Secure Shell:/var/empty:/usr/sbin/nologin
 www:*:102:102::0:0:World Wide Web:/usr/local/www:/usr/sbin/nologin
 ftp:*:103:103::0:0:File Transfer
 Protocol:/home/websites:/usr/sbin/nologin
 mysql:*:104:104::0:0:MySQL:/var/db/mysql:/sbin/nologin
 proxy:*:105:105::0:0:Packet Filter:/nonexistent:/usr/sbin/nologin
 smmsp:*:106:106::0:0:Sendmail
 Submission:/var/spool/clientmqueue:/usr/sbin/nologin
 mailnull:*:107:107::0:0:Sendmail
 Default:/var/spool/mqueue:/usr/sbin/nologin
 postfix:*:108:108::0:0:Postfix:/var/spool/postfix:/usr/sbin/nologin
 cyrus:*:109:109::874400:0:Cyrus:/nonexistent:/usr/sbin/nologin
 spamd:*:110:110::0:0:SpamAssassin:/var/spool/spamd:/sbin/nologin
 vscan:*:111:111::0:0:Scanner:/var/amavis:/bin/sh
 clamav:*:112:112::0:0:ClamAV:/nonexistent:/usr/sbin/nologin
 
 kyrre:*:1001:0::0:0:Kyrre:/home/kyrre:/usr/local/bin/zsh
 nomad:*:1002:1002::0:0:Hednod:/home/nomad:/usr/local/bin/zsh
 polvott:*:1003:1003::0:0:Thomas:/home/polvott:/usr/local/bin/zsh
 nughaud:*:1004:1004::0:0:King:/home/nughaud:/usr/local/bin/zsh
 
 --
 
 # cat /etc/group
 
 wheel:*:0:root
 daemon:*:1:
 operator:*:2:root
 kmem:*:3:
 bin:*:4:
 tty:*:5:
 news:*:6:
 man:*:7:
 
 nobody:*:5:
 
 sshd:*:101:
 www:*:102:
 ftp:*:103:
 mysql:*:104:
 proxy:*:105:
 smmsp:*:106:
 mailnull:*:107:
 postfix:*:108:
 cyrus:*:119:
 spamd:*:110:
 vscan:*:111:
 clamav:*:112:
 
 nomad:*:1002:
 polvott:*:1003:
 nughaud:*:1004:
 
 --
 
 The script would rearrange passwd and group into classes, based on a
 predefined list maybe. Then it should renumber the UIDs and GIDs.

For keeping stuff like this organized on a small system, I've all
ways found keeping IDs with in certain ranges based on what they do
to be useful. Like 1000 to 1999 is for users, 2000 to 2999 is for
special non-login users, and etc.

Or if you are using LDAP you can have something like this for a  few
OUs.

ou=generalUsers,ou=userGroups,ou=usersANDgroups,dc=foo,dc=bar
ou=services,ou=userGroups,ou=usersANDgroups,dc=foo,dc=bar
ou=whatever,ou=userGroups,ou=usersANDgroups,dc=foo,dc=bar

And then just set the nss and pam module to look for to look for
users recursively under ou=userGroups,ou=usersANDgroups,dc=foo,dc=bar.

I just throw them all under the same ou myself.

 Then it should do something like:
 
 find -s / -uid foo | xargs chown bar
 find -s / -gid foo | xargs chgrp bar

Why not just rename the user/group foo to bar? That way name is
changed and there is no need to change any thing on the file system
because the IDs are the same.
 
 And before you know it :)
 
 Your system will be looking tighter than ever!
 
 I hope somebody can help me with this. It will take me at least a
 year, I've estimated, until I master Ruby well enough to do stuff
 like this.
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Re: Disk Compression

2006-05-28 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Sun, 28 May 2006 13:15:17 -0500
Nikolas Britton [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 On 5/28/06, Iantcho Vassilev [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:
  I am not aware of this feature..
 
 
 That's what I thought... What compression methods are there for
 *NIX? I need to backup about 1.33TB of data to a 1TB array.

If it is just backing up, tar works nicely.
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Re: difference between mbox and maildir?

2006-05-28 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Sun, 28 May 2006 14:50:05 -0800
Noah [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 
 Hi there,
 
 might somebody send me to a website that explains the differnce
 between mbox and maildir?  Or maybe you can just explain the
 differences in a response.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mbox
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maildir

Maildir is your friend. Mbox likes to blow up. The only nice thing
about mbox is it only uses a single inode.
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Re: Trouble with nss|pam|openldap

2006-05-25 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Wed, 24 May 2006 07:40:37 -0700
Atom Powers [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 On 5/24/06, Jason Lixfeld
 [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:
  On 23-May-06, at 8:48 PM, Atom Powers wrote:
 
  I have no all.log currently.  The only thing showing up in
  messages though is:
 
 
 You have to enable all.log in syslog.conf, and then touch
 /var/log/all.log. I always turn this on because it can catch
 messages that are not configured to go to another log file, and
 sometimes it's nice to have all your logs in one place. But if you
 have a noisy service it can fill your file system.
 
  May 23 18:48:00 ricky slapd[7745]: nss_ldap: could not search LDAP
  server - Server is unavailable
 
  That error seems to creep up only when I restart slapd though.
 
  
   I searched through the bugs and it seems there is a bug in
   nss_ldap with regards to getpwuid, but that seems to be more
   if an indicator about why finger doesn't work, not why ssh
   does't work
  
   # id testuser seems to work, finger doesn't.  Curious.
   Anyway, it still appears as though at least some portions of
   the system are using LDAP, which is good.
   $ id testuser
   uid=2000(testuser) gid=2000(testuser) groups=2000(testuser)
   $ finger testuser
   finger: testuser: no such user
   $
  
   id works because it's using the name service to look up the
   user (you added ldap to your nsswitch.conf, right?)
  
   finger doesn't work because you don't have a /etc/pam.d/finger
   file. Either create one or add pam_ldap to
   your /etc/pam.d/system file. (I always create a new conf file
   for my ldap enabled apps)
 
 On reflection I may be way off base with this. finger doesn't run
 *as* another user, and you don't log into finger. So it shouldn't
 need a pam.d file.
 
 Finger doesn't work for ldap accounts on my systems.
 
  Interesting.  Finger *did* work during some of my first attempts
  at getting this working.  I changed something (I don't recall
  what) and then finger stopped working.
 
  This seems to all work now with built-in ssh.  How strange.
 
  Now, I seem to have hit another snag and a bug (Both of which I
  remember reading about this in my travels:)
 
  $id testuser
  id: testuser: no such user
  # sudo su
  Password:
  # id testuser
  uid=2000(testuser) gid=2000(testuser) groups=2000(testuser)
  # cd ~testuser
  # pwd
  /usr/home/testuser
  #ssh [EMAIL PROTECTED]
  %id testuser
  id: testuser: no such user
  %pwd
  /usr/home/testuser
  %ls -al
  Assertion failed: (cfg-ldc_uris[__session.ls_current_uri] !=
  NULL), function do_init, file ldap-nss.c, line 1193.
  Abort (core dumped)
  %
 
 
 I don't seem to have this problem:
 
 [EMAIL PROTECTED]:~$finger apowers
 finger: apowers: no such user
 [EMAIL PROTECTED]:~$id apowers
 uid=1133(apowers) gid=1133(apowers) groups=1133(apowers), 0(wheel)
 [EMAIL PROTECTED]:~$ssh localhost
 Password:
 
 FreeBSD 6.1-RELEASE (SMP) #0: Sun May  7 04:42:56 UTC 2006
 [EMAIL PROTECTED]:~$id apowers
 uid=1133(apowers) gid=1133(apowers) groups=1133(apowers), 0(wheel)
 [EMAIL PROTECTED]:~$pwd
 /home/apowers
 [EMAIL PROTECTED]:~$ls -al
 total 53216
 snip
 
 What does your nsswitch.conf look like?
 I have:
 #nsswitch.conf
 group: files ldap
 hosts: files dns
 networks: files
 passwd: files ldap
 shells: files

On this note you may want to do something like this. I found this
helps things along nicer at startup.

group: files [success=return notfound=continue unavail=continue 
tryagain=continue] ldap
passwd: files [success=return notfound=continue unavail=continue 
tryagain=continue] ldap

I though that was the default, but startup goes a bit quicker with it like that.
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Re: e-mail server farm question

2006-05-23 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Tue, 23 May 2006 10:35:51 +0300
Evren Yurtesen [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Vulpes Velox wrote:
 
  On Mon, 22 May 2006 11:54:02 -0500
  Kevin Kinsey [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:
  
  
 At 07:17 AM 5/22/2006, Evren Yurtesen wrote:
 
 Hello,
 
 I was wondering how does services like yahoo mail is storing
 e-mails. Somehow the smtp server should know where to deliver
 the mail inside the system and webmail should know from which
 server to read it from.
 
 Does anybody have any practical ideas about how it is done?
 
 
 Derek Ragona wrote:
   If you are using sendmail, as most FreeBSD users are, you can
   check the sendmail.org site for information on mail handling.
   There are a number of methods that depend on your setup.
  
 
 Well, it's pretty obvious that they aren't using a stock
 SendMail:
 
 # telnet mx2.mail.yahoo.com 25
 Trying 67.28.113.72...
 Connected to mx2.mail.yahoo.com.
 Escape character is '^]'.
 220 mta309.mail.re4.yahoo.com ESMTP YSmtp service ready
 
 Short of finding an article written by someone 'in the know',
 or an answer for someone like that, we can only guess.  I'd
 probably start with guessing a big DB on a large SAN;
 which pretty much negates the which server to read from
 question (up to a point).  Everything else is pretty
 academic.  SMTP, IMAP, POP.
  
  
  Maildir makes it easy to distribute it across multiple machines as
  well.
 
 What do you mean exactly? distributing 1 user's mails into seperate
 machines? I didnt understand how Maildir helps to this actually.

Maildir is nfs safe and does not require locking. Thus multiple
programs can safely use it.
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Re: changing kern.ngroups

2006-05-23 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Tue, 23 May 2006 09:20:18 -0400
Chuck Swiger [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Vulpes Velox wrote:
  I am really running across the need to change this to something
  higher than 16.
 
  I was just wondering if there is any specific reason it is set so
  low and any thing to worry about when bumping it up?
 
 The limit is historical, but various protocols like NFS have the #
 of groups limit embedded into their specifications.  Trying to
 change this limit may result in odd behavior, such as user accounts
 not being recognized as being in their primary group, ie the one
 listed in /etc/passwd

Cool. Any suggestion on what to do if I do want to change it?
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Re: e-mail server farm question

2006-05-23 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Tue, 23 May 2006 11:26:36 +0300
Evren Yurtesen [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Chad Leigh -- Shire.Net LLC wrote:
 
  
  On May 23, 2006, at 1:35 AM, Evren Yurtesen wrote:
  
  Vulpes Velox wrote:
 
  On Mon, 22 May 2006 11:54:02 -0500
  Kevin Kinsey [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:
 
  At 07:17 AM 5/22/2006, Evren Yurtesen wrote:
 
  Hello,
 
  I was wondering how does services like yahoo mail is storing
  e-mails. Somehow the smtp server should know where to deliver
  the mail inside the system and webmail should know from which
  server to read it from.
 
  Does anybody have any practical ideas about how it is done?
 
 
  Derek Ragona wrote:
   If you are using sendmail, as most FreeBSD users are, you can
   check the sendmail.org site for information on mail handling.
   There are a number of methods that depend on your setup.
  
 
  Well, it's pretty obvious that they aren't using a stock
  SendMail:
 
  # telnet mx2.mail.yahoo.com 25
  Trying 67.28.113.72...
  Connected to mx2.mail.yahoo.com.
  Escape character is '^]'.
  220 mta309.mail.re4.yahoo.com ESMTP YSmtp service ready
 
  Short of finding an article written by someone 'in the know',
  or an answer for someone like that, we can only guess.  I'd
  probably start with guessing a big DB on a large SAN;
  which pretty much negates the which server to read from
  question (up to a point).  Everything else is pretty
  academic.  SMTP, IMAP, POP.
 
  Maildir makes it easy to distribute it across multiple machines
  as well.
 
 
  What do you mean exactly? distributing 1 user's mails into
  seperate machines? I didnt understand how Maildir helps to this
  actually.
 
  
  I am not sure anyone was talking about distributing 1 person's
  mail across separate machines.  The discussion seemed to be how
  to handle large amounts of mail spread out across machines, which
  maildir helps with as you can have one or more file servers and
  lots of consumers (imap/pop) and deliverers (mta) accessing those
  maildirs on your file servers.  Combine with a backend database
  of some sort (we use an  ldap db that includes the path for a
  specific accounts mail) and voilá.
  
  Chad
  
 
 Ah sorry, I didnt think it that way for a moment. I thought you
 meant Maildir stores mails in seperate files compred to mbox format
 used by sendmail so...anyhow my mistake :) But it is possible to
 make changes to sendmail so that it will store to different folders
 also.

Maildir does store mail in serperate files. Each email is a file.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maildir
 
 I think the conclusion is a database, multiple smtp servers
 querying database to see where to forward received e-mails,
 multiple pop3/imap servers querying database to see from where to
 read the e-mails and multiple storage machines. This way it can
 scale to an unlimited size.
 
 So it requires a lot of coding :)

Nah, once you get everything installed and configured it is easy.
Dovecot and qmail are both easy to set up. Then just a bit of shell
scripting for a user adding and removing script.
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changing kern.ngroups

2006-05-22 Thread Vulpes Velox
I am really running across the need to change this to something
higher than 16.

I was just wondering if there is any specific reason it is set so low
and any thing to worry about when bumping it up?
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Re: e-mail server farm question

2006-05-22 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Mon, 22 May 2006 11:54:02 -0500
Kevin Kinsey [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

  At 07:17 AM 5/22/2006, Evren Yurtesen wrote:
  Hello,
 
  I was wondering how does services like yahoo mail is storing
  e-mails. Somehow the smtp server should know where to deliver
  the mail inside the system and webmail should know from which
  server to read it from.
 
  Does anybody have any practical ideas about how it is done?
 
 Derek Ragona wrote:
   If you are using sendmail, as most FreeBSD users are, you can
   check the sendmail.org site for information on mail handling.
   There are a number of methods that depend on your setup.
  
 
 Well, it's pretty obvious that they aren't using a stock
 SendMail:
 
 # telnet mx2.mail.yahoo.com 25
 Trying 67.28.113.72...
 Connected to mx2.mail.yahoo.com.
 Escape character is '^]'.
 220 mta309.mail.re4.yahoo.com ESMTP YSmtp service ready
 
 Short of finding an article written by someone 'in the know',
 or an answer for someone like that, we can only guess.  I'd
 probably start with guessing a big DB on a large SAN;
 which pretty much negates the which server to read from
 question (up to a point).  Everything else is pretty
 academic.  SMTP, IMAP, POP.

Maildir makes it easy to distribute it across multiple machines as
well.
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Re: Is there a daemon/program for FreeBSD that accepts Microsoft RDP connections?

2006-05-13 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Sat, 13 May 2006 18:40:55 -0400
Tom Norris [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Hello everyone,
 
 I'm trying to convince my boss to let me set up a FreeBSD system as
 file server.  He said he would allow it if he could use Microsoft's
 RDP client (not VNC or SSH :( ) to connect and monitor the machine
 at his whim.  Are there any daemons that will take incoming RDP
 connections?

Since he wants RDP, I doubt it would go by, but you may want to check
out xming. I use that for connecting to my FBSD workstation at work
from my windows workstation when I do not have my FBSD laptop with me.
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Re: Fedora/Sun Directory Service on FreeBSD?

2006-05-01 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Mon, 1 May 2006 17:07:49 -0700
Atom Powers [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Has anybody tried running the Fedora or Sun Directory Service on
 FreeBSD?

I remember looking at that awhile back. The features list looked a
lot like OpenLDAP 2.3.something. Check it out. It is in the ports.
The only thing I remember standing out about it was the ability to
configure the schema and and the LDAP server through LDAP. That can
be done on both.
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Re: PCI Express

2006-05-01 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Mon,  1 May 2006 09:30:11 +0200
marco\.borsatino [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 After a succesful installation on an AMD64, I started configuring X
 environment; I use an ATI Radeon X700Super PCI Express, which is
 not listed by xorgconfig; I got help from an italian FreeBSD
 user, and I modified xorg.conf. When I startx I get this error:
 
 (WW) RADEON: No matching device section for instance (BusID
 PCI:1:0:1) found (EE) No device detected
 Fatal server error:
 no screens found
 
 
 This is a part of my xorg.conf, modified according to the
 suggestions of the italian user.
 
 
 Section Device
   Identifier ATI
   Driver  radeon
   #ChipID Ox5549
   VendorName ATI Technologies Inc
   BoardName RV410 [Radeon X700 (PCIE)]
   #Option EnablePageFlip true
   #Option AccelMethod EXA
   #Option AGPFastWrite true
   #Option AGPMode 8
   #VideoRam 524288
   BusID PCI:1:0:0
 EndSection
 
 Section Device
   Identifier ATI2
   Driver radeon
   #ChipID 0x5549
   VendorName ATI Technologies Inc
   BoardName RV410 [Radeon X700 (PCIE)]
   Option BusType PCIE
   #Option MonitorLayout TMDS
   BusID PCI:1:0:1
 EndSection
 
 Section Screen
 Identifier  Screen 1
 Device  ATI
 Monitor m
 DefaultDepth 24
 
 Subsection Display
 Depth   8
 Modes   1280x1024 1024x768 800x600 640x480
 ViewPort0 0
 EndSubsection
 Subsection Display
 Depth   16
 Modes   1280x1024 1024x768 800x600 640x480
 ViewPort0 0
 EndSubsection
 Subsection Display
 Depth   24
 Modes   1280x1024 1024x768 800x600 640x480
 ViewPort0 0
 EndSubsection
 EndSection
 ---
 
 BusID definitions comes from /var/log/Xorg.0.log.
 Any idea?


I would see what X -configure kicks out and base it off of that.
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Re: NIS

2006-04-07 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Fri, 7 Apr 2006 20:15:15 -0600 (MDT)
[EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 I have nis setup and working great. I made a copy of master.passwd
 in /var/yp and removed the system accounts. The manual says that
 when I add a user to the primary server and issue make
 nisdomainname(in /var/yp) the new user should be added to the nis
 maps. Am I missing something, as I have to copy over master.passwd
 and remove all system accounts everytime I add an account. I know
 there has to be an easier way.
 
 I am running FreeBSD 6.1(Current Branch)

pw can be pointed at where you are storing the files for NIS. Look at
the man page for it.
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Re: installs fine, but won't boot.

2006-03-13 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Mon, 13 Mar 2006 06:25:32 -0800 (PST)
NevTide [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 I've been trying to get FreeBSD to run on my Toshiba
 Satellite (m45 359). I tried a couple of times with
 version 6.0 and the install went fine, but the
 computer doesn't seem to recognize the drive as being
 bootable. (So I experimented with a couple different
 options: standard boot manager, bsd boot manager,
 setting the partition (yes, it's a primary) to
 bootable, even erasing the whole drive and allocating
 it to FreeBSD. Regardless of what I've tried, the boot
 sequence doesn't see a hardrive and skips it.
 
 Also tried 5.4, but that freezes on booting the
 install cd (probably just need to disable acpi) but I
 really don't want 5.4 anyways.
 
 Currently I'm writing this from ubuntu dapper (as a
 test) - install went smooth and grub loaded with no
 problem but I'd really prefer to get back to bsd.
 
 Thanks for anyway help or feedback.

This is probally not the case, but when you got it would it boot
windows properly and if not will it boot properly if you hit
ctl+alt+del?

I've seen hard drives get skipped over before because of some what
slow spin up times.
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Re: ATAPICAM?

2006-02-26 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Thu, 23 Feb 2006 22:06:22 -0800
Chris Maness [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 How do I load atapicam at boot time?  I can load it with no
 problems after the system has started, but I if I ad the line
 atapicam_load=YES in /*boot*/loader.conf, the kernel turns to
 fried chicken at boot time. Is there a secrete recipe ;o) to get
 this to work correctly.

I have found there are some chipsets atapicam does not like. Not
tried it recently, but I have seen similar problems with a Promise
PDC20268 card under a old relen_5.
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Re: FreeBsd Help

2006-02-19 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Sun, 19 Feb 2006 21:23:09 -0600
Kris Wieschhaus [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 
I am a college student at HLG college. I am a Computer
 Information Systems major and I have chosen to present FreeBSD to
 my class as a final project. I downloaded version 6.0 from the
 freeBSD Site. I made a bootable CD-ROM from the ISO image disc one.
 The installation seemed to have went ok, but when I go to put a
 password in for the root user nothing happens. When I type letters
 the insertion point (cursor) just stays in the same place as if no
 letters are being typed. When I turn it on now it seems to boot up
 fine. After I type in my login name and password I am unsure of how
 to install or run an application, which I am required to do for the
 project. I have tried finding a basic tutorial on the internet, but
 have been unable to do so. Please Help!!!

Check out the documentation on freebsd.org. You want to specifically
pay lots of attention to the handbook.

The password part is suppose to work that way. It does not show what
is being typed nor does it show how many characters are present. This
feature makes it in possible to guess the number of characters by
watching the screen.
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Problems with createing a tap interface.

2006-02-18 Thread Vulpes Velox
#ifconfig tap create
ifconfig: SIOCIFCREATE: Invalid argument

The if_tap module is loaded, but I can't seem to get around this. Any
suggestions?
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Re: email cluster ?

2006-01-31 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Tue, 31 Jan 2006 12:13:25 +0100
Frank Bonnet [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Hello
 
 I'm thinking to setup a FreeBSD based load balancing cluster
 email hub.
 
 Actually it is a all in one machine that runs 
 SMTP,IMAP,IMAPS,POP3,POP3S,antivirus,antispam,Webmail.
 
 I would like to split load on several machines
 but have no experience of that kind of architecture.
 Infos, links, very welcome.

Not sure about how to get that working nicely with webmail, but the
rest is simple.

You need to have the storage space exported by nfs to every server
machine. Using maildir helps massively as well. This is truely great
for this sort of enviroments.

I have been happy with qmail+spamcontrol, bincimap, spamassassin,
procmail, and clamassassin at work. It all runs nicely over nfs as
well.

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Re: Screen Capture

2006-01-30 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Mon, 30 Jan 2006 10:51:00 -0800
ross [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 I can't seem to figure out how to make a screen capture. Is there
 an ability hidden in X11 or do I need to install a port? I'm
 running 6.0 and also fluxbox as my window manager.

If you have gimp installed, just goto file and then aquire and it
will be right there.

 -- 
 What time is it?
 
 Dodgeball Time!

hehe, nice sig
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Re: VPN / Bridge

2006-01-28 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Tue, 24 Jan 2006 16:01:11 +0100
Bob Kersten [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Hello,
 
 I've been trying to create a tunnel/bridge between two networks
 which both reside behind a FreeBSD router using NAT. I've achieved
 it using the handbook example in chapter 14.10. Clients on network
 A are able to ping clients on network B and clients on network A
 are able to map samba shares on the NAT box/gateway of network B.
 The example however uses two different subnets to route traffic
 between both networks. Unfortunately broadcasts will not travel
 through the tunnel which causes Apple's bonjour (called rendezvous
 earlier) not being able to discover clients on the other network.
 
 What I want to achieve is what I believe a bridge between both  
 networks. The entire network A should be on the same subnet as  
 network B:
 
 network A
 range 192.168.100.100 - 192.168.100.199 / 255.255.255.0
|
 FreeBSD gateway A
 en1: IP: 192.168.100.101 / 255.255.255.0
 en0: public IP: 25.25.25.1
|
 Internet
|
 FreeBSD gateway B
 en0: public IP: 25.25.25.2
 en1: IP: 192.168.100.1 / 255.255.255.0
|
 Network B
 range 192.168.100.1 - 192.168.100.99 / 255.255.255.0
 
 Using the example from the handbook there was no additional  
 configuration necessary on the clients on both networks, the
 FreeBSD gateways handled all the necessary routing. It would be
 great if this new setup should also not require any additional
 settings on the clients aswell.
 
 Can anyone give me an example or the necessary steps to create
 this kind of VPN?

I would use openvpn. You need to select one to be a vpn server and
another to be a vpn client. You just create a basic vpn connection
that connect the two together. Then on each one add a route for that
points at the vpn address as the gateway for that subnet.

BTW the addressing is wrong there. You can't one one be
192.168.100.1-192.168.100.99 and the other be
192.168.100.100-192.168.100.199. The That netmask is not possible.
You can do a 28 bit netmask, which will give 126 address to play with
on both networks.
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Re: Wireless ISP

2006-01-28 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Wed, 25 Jan 2006 17:36:47 +0100
Erik Norgaard [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 FootballCALL wrote:
  Hi,
  
  I am based in the UK and wish to set up a wireless community
  broadband service to residents and businesses in my community.
  From my access point, I would like other users to 'share' my
  connection through wireless technology and therefore they will
  pay a nominal amount for their internet access.
  
  I therefore require a home page/login page so only registered
  users can use the connection, and also need to manage bandwidth
  of these users.
  
  Is this something you can help with?
 
 This depends on what kind of access you want to offer and the need
 for security:
 
 A web only? Then set up a proxy with authentication. Create a
 website for initial registration and maybe allow any connection to
 a service like paypal to receive payments.
 
 If you want to offer more than web-only, then it becomes
 complicated. You can require registered users to authenticate using
 putty - each user is given an account with authpf as shell.
 
 Depending on setup, this may not limit the number of connections to
 one, so you risk that people share their credentials.
 
 I have created a simple setup that relies on mac addresses. IP is 
 assigned statically and I maintain a static arp table. All other 
 web-address is directed to a default page that shows they don't
 have access.
 
 The advantage is that users are not bothered with authentication,
 the disadvantage is that mac addresses can be spoofed.
 
 The bad thing is that to make new users aware of the AP it is open
 and unencrypted, so you can get a lease and reach the access-denied
 page. But, this also means that any one can start sniffing for
 valid mac/ip address pair and spoof their way to access.

I though nearly every aviable radio all ready did this as well as
frequency hoping?
 
 For my single AP with only a few users, I think I should be able to 
 catch abuses and if so implement stronger checks.
 
 For security, the proper way would be to issue encryption keys and 
 require registered users to open a VPN to the gateway. This will:
 
 - force authentication
 - encrypt traffic
 - prevent spoofing of traffic
 - allow the AP to announce itself and be open
 
 and likely some more goodies. The disadvantage is the complex
 setup, in particular for the novice users, and when people get on
 other networks they might have to reconfigure their computer.
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Re: Wireless ISP

2006-01-28 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Wed, 25 Jan 2006 14:56:29 -
FootballCALL [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Hi,
 
 I am based in the UK and wish to set up a wireless community
 broadband service to residents and businesses in my community. From
 my access point, I would like other users to 'share' my connection
 through wireless technology and therefore they will pay a nominal
 amount for their internet access.
 
 I therefore require a home page/login page so only registered users
 can use the connection, and also need to manage bandwidth of these
 users.
 
 Is this something you can help with?

The Motorola Canopy hardware appears is nice, from my experience
with them at work. Airspan works and is cheap, but does not appear to
scale as well as the docs say they should.

I would honestly suggest going static DHCP. PPPoE is a pita.

You can do a login page like this... every unregistered MAC gets a
IP# on a dead end network with a DHCP lease of a minute. When they
browse the net, they are directed to a login page for the first time.
They input the username and password. The CGI script grabs the MAC
and rebuilds the config for the dhcp server, unlocks the IP#, and
sets the mac statically.
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Re: Building a FreeBSD system.

2006-01-28 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Wed, 25 Jan 2006 15:12:13 -0500
Anthony Dematteo [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 I am interested in building a new computer, with the intention of
 running FreeBSD AMD/64.
 
 I am, however haveing trouble finding a mother board with support
 listed in the hardware database.  (Mostly for onboard audio)  Is it
 reasonable to belive that these audio devices will follow a normal
 spec, and the FreeBSD will run them? Is there a good possiblity that
 if they are not listed in the hardware.txt that they will not work
 at all?  What about onboard ethernet?

Not messed any AMD 64bit chips yet, but with the k7 my experience has
been positive for VIA and NVidia chipsets. They have all worked out
of the box nicely. If you want more than stereo, I suggest looking at
OSS.
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Re: FreeBSD vs Linux

2006-01-18 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Wed, 18 Jan 2006 14:00:59 +
Dick Davies [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 [Let me first point out I've seen about 4 different 'unix/windows is
 teh gayz0r' threads on completely unrelated mailing lists in the
 last 24 hours.
 If I sound bored rigid with the whole subject that might be why.]
 
 Can we please stop comparing *NIX to windows. They're nothing
 like each other. Like all software, they bothsuck in their own
 unique ways, it's just that BSD sucks in areas I mainly don't care
 about, and windows sucks at most of the things I do care about.
 
 On 18/01/06, Martin Tournoy [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:
   Windows almost runs everything
 
  Quite the opposite, try running some application from a few years
  back on windows 200 or XP, big chance it won't work.
 
 So what? That's exactly the same for FreeBSD, even it's core apps.
 And vendors rush to support MS' new OSes.

And stuff is updated on other OSes as well. This part all around
seems over blown... better APIs come and old ones slowly go away.

   Microsoft pays hardware manufacturers to
  make drivers for their OS,
 
 I seriously doubt it. They don't need to with their market share.
 
  Upgrading is a pain on windows, upgrading from 98 to 2000 more or
  less needs a format and clean install, while on FreeBSD you have
  much more flexibility, so you can upgrade much easy er.
 
 Have you ever brought 4.x up to 6.x? It doesn't sound like it.

My vote is to backup and reinstall, on major version bumps. I feel
the same regardless of the OS.

 There are tools to solve this for windows, and there has been
 for a long time.
 Try updating 200 FreeBSD boxes, then try the same with a decent
 imaging system for windows.

man 1 dd

  Unix is for the masses, the only problem it has is a proper user
  friendly GUI.
 
 Then it isn't for the masses. Deal with it.

It is not a problem with the interface, but one of a problem with the
users. Unix is what ever you want it to be and most people don't know
what they want.

If some one does not know what they want or what they are doing,
they are pretty much screwed regardless of the interface.
 
  With Windows on the other hand, you *HAVE* to do things as the
  Microsoft programmers envisioned and liked things, and lacks a
  lot of flexibility that FreeBSD does have
 
 Can you justify that at all? If what you're saying boils down to
 'you have the source' then I don't think that applies to 99% of
 users.

I feel focusing on what the average moron would do and following in
line in ones hardware/software/etc decisions in all around a bad move.

Use what works and what you like.

  Say whatever you want, but the Unix permission system is better
  than Window's, it much more simple
 
 It's also very outdated and has been reinvented several times.
 RBAC, SeLinux and MAC would indicate it's not flexible enough for
 most people.

Nah, it just proves it has been updated in multiple ways. I do agree,
what we have currently works nicely.

  The same goes for window's configuration, the registry, it's not
  a bad idea, but horribly failed, now you have a huge file with a
  lot of data, half of it redundant, and the worst is that it's
  undocumented. FreeBSD simply has a set of configuration files,
  mostly in /etc and /usr/local/etc most of them have a man page,
  and an example file in /usr/share/examples/etc
 
 That's not in itself a good thing. As I understand it, the registry
 is a central place for storing configuration details. /etc has
 nothing like that.
 
 Think of something simple like a webserver docroot. Apache
 obviously needs to know about that, so might your ftp server, your
 backup/mirror scripts and so on. If you ever change that
 directories location, you'll have to update everything
 that references that path. That's a pain in the arse, and it's only
 one of dozens
 of annoyances with /etc.
 
 The arguments you're making above equally
 apply to 4.x /etc, and I don't think you'd argue that rcNG is a vast
 improvement.
 Have a look at things like Solaris SMF and you realise that rcNG
 isn't as good as it could be either.

The only problem with rcNG is it can't currently handle a dynamic
config.

I honestly feel this problem of /etc and /usr/local/etc is vastly
over stated.
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Re: FreeBSD vs Linux

2006-01-18 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Wed, 18 Jan 2006 21:15:15 +
Tim Greening-Jackson [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 On Tue, 2006-01-17 at 18:15 +0100, [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:
  What is the essential difference
  between FreeBSD and Linux (Fedora for instance)?
 
 I have been following this thread (and similar ones over the past
 few weeks) and would like to offer my perspective on the FreeBSD
 versus Linux discussion. FWIW, this isn't a troll, so my apologies
 if it upsets some of the more precious people on this list (and
 having read the list for the past couple of months you are
 definitely out there).
 
 To explain some background, I used/administered/programmed under
 Unix throughout the 1980s and 1990s (SysVR3, BSD4.2, Ultrix...),
 and I have been using Linux (RedHat/Fedora) for the past couple of
 years. I have recently been using/evaluating FreeBSD. I have no
 particular axe to grind in favour of either system.

Nearly entirely FreeBSD since I started using unix a 5 years ago. I
work with Redhat and Fedora a nice bit at work though.

 It's reasonable to assume that the sorts of people asking a question
 like what's the difference... or which is better... aren't
 designing brand-new top-end data centres. They are a lot more likely
 to be contemplating a move from MS Windows or perhaps have dabbled
 with Linux and are curious. I would also suggest that a better
 question than what's better is what is more appropriate.
 
 So, that preamble out of the way, my $0.02 is this. The distinction
 Linux is a kernel; FreeBSD is an O/S is - frankly - the sort of
 jesuitical sophistry that gets UseNet a bad name. The important
 things are:
 
 
 EASE OF USE AND INSTALLATION
 
 Linux is a much, much easier system to install and configure. No
 contest. Stick the disks in, it'll pretty much recognise any
 sound-card and video interface and will work out of the box without
 pissing about configuring X-windows or recompiling the kernel. I'm
 sure if you persevere for long enough with FreeBSD it's possible to
 get a quite usable desktop, with most of the applications that come
 bundled with a release of Linux. The FreeBSD installation process is
 like some sort of time-warp back to the 1980s.
 
 The argument that most FreeBSD installations are server, so don't
 require mice etc. is a circular/self-fulfilling one. People -
 frankly
 - aren't going to be bothered messing around getting FreeBSD
 working. Get used to it.

Any time you need to start a X server to run the install, you have
something drastically wrong with the installer.

Nothing happens during the install that requires graphics... does not
make a difference if it is FreeBSD or Fedora.

Any one who is serious about using unix as a desktop, really needs to
be able to configure X for them selves.

BTW FreeBSD recognizes the sound card on all my hardware upon a fresh
install.

 
 COMMUNITY
 
 The Linux community is much larger than the FreeBSD one. I have
 noted certain comments in this mailing list about wanting to stay
 select, like some sort of digital Albania. To be honest, it's
 highly likely that your wish will come true.

Not been paying to close of attention, but I missed this part...
other than the ranting of one or two idiots back there.

 Fortunately there is this mailing list. And a couple of books,
 although when I went to my local bookstores (large ones, with big
 sections on computing) each had an entire shelf of Linux books, but
 none on FreeBSD. Thank goodness for Amazon, so I could get Lehey -
 which is excellent.
 
 The relative size of the communities means two things: there's much
 more support for Linux and also more applications are ready for
 Linux. Just like if I compare Linux with Windows. This list relies
 on a small number of dedicated experts who are generous enough with
 their time to answer a lot of questions over and over again.
 However, the FreeBSD community resembles some sort of religious
 cult at times. If FreeBSD wants to be anything other than a small
 footnote in the history of computing then it needs to engage a bit
 more with the 99.99% of the world who neither know - nor care -
 what it is; and who regard re-compiling a kernel as less of a
 God-given right and more of a tedious chore.

BAH! If one does not bother to be bloody selective one will find
brain dead cult like mentality around all OSes.

Yeah, that is what kernel modules are for...

Crap like this pisses me off... why the hell should FreeBSD be the OS
the does it all for you... what do you get when you want something to
do that? crap...

If enough FreeBSD users feel the need for this or want it, they will
fix it. Hence open source.

It is designed to provide a base system to build upon. This is what
most people forget when they start demanding it do everything for
them. That is not it's job, that would properly be the job of either
a port or a seperate distribution that uses FreeBSD as the base.

 
 HARDWARE SUPPORT
 
 I'd have to say that the hardware support in FreeBSD is probably
 better 

Re: freebsd 6.0 rc.conf

2006-01-18 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Wed, 18 Jan 2006 09:33:48 -0800 (PST)
ann kok [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Hi all
 
 I have 2 questons about rc.conf
 
 1/ I want to stop sendmail running in the box. in the
 man page in rc.sendmail. it said to put the following
 in rc.conf. to completely prevent any snedmail(8)
 daemons from starting. but my sendmail is still
 running in the box!
 
 sendmail_enable=NO
 sendmail_submit_enable=NO
 sendmail_outbound_enable=NO
 sendmail_msp_queue_enable=NO
 
 2/ When I put quagga_flags=start in rc.conf, the box
 is in boot process and seems to not in logon prompt.

Probally because quagga is hanging for some reason and rc.d is
waiting for it to exit, so it can continue. Generally this can be
bypassed by hitting control-C.

 but I remove quagga_flags=start in rc.conf, the box
 is in the logon prompt
 
 Why?
 
 Thank you for your help
 
 defaultrouter=NO
 quagga_enable=YES
 quagga_daemons=zebra bgpd
 quagga_flags=start
 router_enable=NO

Just look at the rcNG startup script for it. I don't think
quagga_flags is used. It is a little late here, so I may be wrong on
that.
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Re: Multiple install

2006-01-18 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Wed, 18 Jan 2006 09:57:58 -0800
Eric Smith [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Do you know of a drive clone that will work well with distributing
 freebsd installations to multiple servers via network.

nfs+dd+a bootable cd
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Re: FreeBSD vs Linux

2006-01-17 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Tue, 17 Jan 2006 17:00:26 -0500
Tamouh H. [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 
 
  Just get a different sound card.  There are lotsof
  inexpensive sounds cards that are probably supported by
  FreeBSD for just a few (10-30) $
 
  Btw, this problem happens with Windows, Mac OS X, etc as
  well.  I have been trying to put an extra USB/Firewire card
  in my G5, and they work, but with weird side effects like
  hanging IO.  My dad had some sound card issues on Windows
  with supported cards.
 
  Chad
 
 
 Oh come on, I've been working with all Linux, FreeBSD and Windows.
 
 Getting a different card is not the solution. It is actually an
 absurd suggestion which goes to prove further that Unix has not
 matured yet to compete with Microsoft.

It is easily good enought to compete with Microsoft. Most hardware
out there is generally crappy and low end and that does not change
regardless of OS. I say it is a good suggestion if they bought the
hardware, without checking what is supported.

 If you are looking for compatibility, Windows is the answer.
 
 You are looking for security and stable releases, FreeBSD is the
 answer
 
 If you are seeking *free* OS with largest compatibility, Linux is
 the answer

With the list that FreeBSD supports I've rarely found it a problem
to find hardware that works nicely.

 If you are seeking performance, FreeBSD is the answer.
 
 Windows almost runs everything, FreeBSD is stable, good performance
 but it is behind Linux when it comes to releasing drivers (example,
 zero-channel RAID cards weren't supported until very recently and
 still not quite official). The Linux OS has a much larger community
 than FreeBSD and hence has more development in it.

Larger, but I am not really seeing any thing that interesting going
on it.

 In my opinion, I think the Unix world had missed the boat on trying
 to take over MSFT. The new Windows coming out are as stable as the
 Unix servers. With the Vista Windows, and a dramatic reduction of
 GUI, you can expect much better OS.

When was FreeBSD trying to take over MSFT? That really seems more
likely something assorted linux projects were trying to do by making
those OS idiot proof.

 Unix community simply did not get their act together and try to
 build an OS for the masses. The main argument for Unix is it is
 Free, but compatibility and upgrade paths are different issues.

I've never had any compatibility problems or problems with upgrade
paths with FreeBSD.


Any one that bases hardware decisions on what what has most support
is going to screw themselves, if they think they can go that route so
they can buy any thing. Yes, you can run nearly any thing with XP,
but if you don't pay close attention to what you buy, it is still
going to majorly suck.


Open source unix is not a OS for the masses, but one for those who
need it and want it. I use it because all around it is more
economical for me.
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Re: wirless ap detection utility

2006-01-11 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Fri, 06 Jan 2006 20:04:34 +
Chris Whitehouse [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Imran Imtiaz wrote:
  which is the best wireless ap detection and signal strength
  utility cause i have installed bsd-aitool and used its utility
  dstumber which gives me the following error error: unable to
  ioctl device socket: Operation now in progress so is there any
  other utility for this??
  
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 I think net-mgmt/kismet and net/wistumbler2 do this.

Well if you have the option of upgrading to releng_6, I would suggest
that.

ifconfig interface scan and ifconfig interface list scan are
handy.
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Re: Dual Display

2005-12-05 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Mon, 5 Dec 2005 13:15:35 +
Benjamin Sobotta [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 On Saturday 03 December 2005 03:51, Darren Terry wrote:
  I was wondering if any of you had a dual-head setup and if so
  what video card were you using?
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 Hello!
 
 I'm using two 19 TFTs with a GeForce 6600GT with Xinerama. Turns
 out to be _very_ nice, I wouldn't want to miss it...

Did you have to do any thing special to get Xinerama to behave
nicely? From my experience it has been really slow. Not tried it on
the 6600GT I currently have, but on fx5700 and fx5200, it has been
really slow. Dual head works nicely though.
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Re: Sharing filesystems between FreeBSD and Windows ...

2005-11-22 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Tue, 22 Nov 2005 10:13:48 -0500
Gerry Freymann [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 On Tue, 22 Nov 2005 15:59:49 +0100
 Kiffin Gish [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:
 
 I have a home network running 3 desktop machines with Windows XP
 Pro, and a webserver, fileserver and laptop with FreeBSD 5.x.
 
 What's the best way to be able to exchange files and directory
 shares between the two environments?
 
 It would also be nice to share the printer which is connected to
 one of the Windows boxes via USB.
 
 I hear that Samba is the way to go, but also have heard about such
 client-based utilities like Sharity-light which also do the trick.
 
  I would install Samba on your FreeBSD box, which would allow the XP
 machines to access the resources there.
 
  I've used sharity-light to go the other way (freebsd - XP) but
 found it even siimpler to use the built in mount support
 
  mount_smbfs
 
  The printer is doable too, although it can be more complicated
 depending on what you have. Samba will assist in making that
 happen, and you'll likely want apsfilter in there too.

Any ways... I've seen samba mentioned a few times... from my
experience you will need to turn on encryption for 3rd party smb
servers. Under the NT branches you can get this by going to control
panel, administrative tools, and then look for what ever it is used
for editing local security policies. It will be in there.
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Re: Antivir for mail server

2005-11-11 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Mon, 7 Nov 2005 09:19:24 +0100
Fatman [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 I'm doubting about to install CLAM or DR.WEB antivir in the mail
 server.
 
 What do you advise to me?

Up at work I have the system setup to use clamav. Using the
clamassassin interface for it.
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Re: Installation problem with Freebsd 5.4

2005-11-08 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Tue, 25 Oct 2005 15:58:01 +0200
Roland Smith [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 On Tue, Oct 25, 2005 at 07:09:05PM +0530, Jayesh Jayan wrote:
  an update to the issue.
  
  the error what i get is
  
  panic : page fault
  Cannnot Dump. No dump device defined.
  Automatic reboot in 15 seconds - press a key on the console to
  abort
  
 Without knowing which program produces the fault, it's hard to
 diagnose the problem. 
 
 One thing you could try is to burn a 6.0-RC1 CD and try that. Test
 your memory with memtest86 (http://www.memtest86.com/).

Memtest86 does not tell you if you have bad ram. It just indicates
that something some where is wrong with that system there. I've seen
it hit errors with bad motherboards as well.
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Re: Installation problem with Freebsd 5.4

2005-11-08 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Tue, 25 Oct 2005 22:17:02 +0530
Jayesh Jayan [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Hi,
 
 If i install FreeBSD on to a HDD with a good machine where i have
 already installed freebsd before and then move the HDD to that
 machine.
 
 Will it work ??

Provided that it has everything it needs in the kernel or set to load
at boot time, it will work. You will also need to edit /etc/fstab if
you are moving the location of the disk as well.
 
 This is what happens when I try to install freebsd on the machine
 
 I can go till the step of Choosing distribution
 
 After I choose the distribution it starts the installation
 
 it shows transffering .. in a blue screen with a progress bar.

 it then transfers 32 of 33 chunks
 
 and then it comes up with the error mentioned before.

Well if it errors out during that, I would be sure to try a different
cable and test the drive in another box using smartmontools. I would
also make sure I could successfully run a livecd to make sure it is
not the cd drve. 
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Re: cannot get IP working between associated ath0 AP, what to do?

2005-11-08 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Mon, 31 Oct 2005 19:25:39 +0100
Stijn Hoop [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Hi,
 
 I have an SMC PCMCIA wireless adapter, model SMCWCB-G, based on an
 Atheros 5212 chipset, in a laptop running a fresh install of FreeBSD
 6.0-RC1.
 
 The card associates fine, but then fails to send any IP packets in
 the air, or at least that's what I presume is going on. I cannot
 ping the AP, I cannot get a lease using DHCP, basically the only
 thing I can do is associate. I think it does associate because when
 I set an invalid wep key, the status changes back to 'no carrier'.
 Setting a static IP address does not help.
 
 Any hints on where I might go from here to debug this? I know the
 setup should work because in a previous life [1] it Worked With
 Windows[TM] (and on the same AP).

If it is using wep, set the weptxkey. I had the same problem when
moving from a laptop with releng_5 to a laptop with releng_6.
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Re: interesting past 4 hours...

2005-10-15 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Sat, 15 Oct 2005 12:06:30 +0400
Andrew P. [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Many FreeBSD users came to love Fluxbox. It's
 a windowmaker-based manager, very nice, very
 lightweight. It's not an environment, so there are
 no file managers, viewers, keyrings, etc. included.
 But it has some support for both KDE and Gnome
 programs, so you can easily install any Gnome-
 based tool (it'll also install some parts of Gnome,
 but not all of it). It has no conflicts with Gnome/
 KDE, so you can install and see if you like it.

Actually Fluxbox is blackbox based.
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Re: interesting past 4 hours...

2005-10-15 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Sat, 15 Oct 2005 00:57:10 -0700
Gary Kline [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

   I'll give xfce a try.  Again.  I  played with it months ago
   but gave up on it after a few days.  Can I run all KDE-ware 
   and Gnome suites too?

Yeah, it will work. Gnome and KDE just use plain old X for graphics.
Meaning you can easily mix and match it to your needs.

The difference between them is toolkits used to achieve the same
thing.
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Re: interesting past 4 hours...

2005-10-15 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Wed, 12 Oct 2005 14:36:32 -0700
Gary Kline [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

   This is to anybody with Gnome or KDE insights,
 
   First, both environments do work on my 400Mhz ThinkPad
   (with almost 300M/SDRAM).  KDE has a nicer feel for my
 tastes but the response in beyond crummy even with nearly all
   eye-candy.  Gnome has slightly better response, but still
   slow.
 
   Two questions: is there a way I can add KSayIt to run
 under Gnome?  Like, what file do I hand edit?  I'm rebuilding our
   own mozilla right now so the screen is very slow with KDE.
 I don't even know if KSayIt is there.
 
   Second question: as its default, firefox uses mplayer for 
   both real and windows audio streams.  Why and can I chance
 at least the Real Audio to use /usr/local/bin/realplay?  Both
   players sound terrible.  At least they play, but in windows 
   audio mode, the stream hiccups about every 1.5 seconds;
 when it plays in real mode, the audio is garbled;  it sounds like
   two or three people talking over one another.  ((If anybody
   know what's going n, please clue me in!!   ...but I think 
   this is just one of those cosmic mysteries))
 
   Oh: I brought up linux-mozilla under Gnome, pointed 
   audio/x-pn-realaudio at realplay; it works except that the
   audio quivers.  With ctwm, I can nice apps down; with 
   user-friendly window mangers, things are hidden away.
 
   Anyway. If anybody knows how to add other KDE apps to the
   default, and how I can fix firefox to point to realplay, 
   I would appreciate it.

BTW what version of FreeBSD are you running on it? Mine had problems
till a update done some time after 5.4. Had something to do with cpu
cx states, acpi, or something like that, that my audio worked nicely.
Previously it had to be on at cx 1 to work properly. It works
properly at others now.
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Re: interesting past 4 hours...

2005-10-15 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Sat, 15 Oct 2005 13:57:05 -0700
Gary Kline [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 On Sat, Oct 15, 2005 at 02:23:58PM -0500, Vulpes Velox wrote:
  On Wed, 12 Oct 2005 14:36:32 -0700
  Gary Kline [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:
  
 This is to anybody with Gnome or KDE insights,
   
 Oh: I brought up linux-mozilla under Gnome, pointed 
 audio/x-pn-realaudio at realplay; it works except that
   the audio quivers.  With ctwm, I can nice apps down; with 
 user-friendly window mangers, things are hidden away.
   
 Anyway. If anybody knows how to add other KDE apps to
   the default, and how I can fix firefox to point to realplay, 
 I would appreciate it.
  
  BTW what version of FreeBSD are you running on it? Mine had
  problems till a update done some time after 5.4. Had something to
  do with cpu cx states, acpi, or something like that, that my
  audio worked nicely. Previously it had to be on at cx 1 to work
  properly. It works properly at others now.
 
   I'm running 5.3 everywhere except for my Ubuntu server.
   No need/reason to move to v 6.X as far as I'm concerned.
   I may not have moved over the new linuxpluginwrapper file 
   to /etc. I can't think of any other  reason that mplayer 
   would hang after every 1+ sec or that realplay would 
   sound off/quiver/echo.  
 
   But:  before I go  and change wm's and wind up with
 something that just doesn't work, there's lots of testing to do.  

I would suggest cvsuping to the newest 5.x. I had problems with one
of the older versions of 5.x on my laptop till it was fixed in one of
the commits.
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Re: X Windows on Toshiba Tecra M1

2005-10-05 Thread Vulpes Velox
I would make sure that it is set to that native resolution of the LCD.

On Tue, 04 Oct 2005 07:37:34 -0700
jmulkerin [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Just installed Freebsd 5.4 on a Toshiba Tecra M1.   Anyone know the 
 right parameters for the Video?All I get is lines and then
 fades to mostly dark gray.   I've searched the FAQ and the internet
 and haven't found anything that gives me a clue yet.
 
 Thanks
 
 John
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Re: Question about freeBSD OS

2005-09-10 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Fri, 9 Sep 2005 23:01:56 -0700 (PDT)
rolan herreria [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 1. Can I run .exe files in this OS?

Not with out some sort of emulator like dosbox, qemu, or wine.

 2. Can I run 3D Games in freeBSD OS like Half-life 
 Doom3?

Doom 3 will run... if it is any thing like Q3, just grab the linux
version and copy the game files over from the win32 version.

/me plays UT2004 on freebsd and is rather happy with how it runs

 3. Can I share my files to a PC using Microsoft XP?

Yeah, check out Samba.

 4. Can you give me some OS running 3D games except
 Microsoft?

Huh? I don't understand what you are asking here.
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Re: and the winner is...

2005-09-01 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Thu, 1 Sep 2005 18:19:15 -0300
Mario Carugno [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 I there, i was trying freebsd for a while, and comparing it against 
 debian/linux.
 The winner was Debian by far... Freebsd could be stable, but it is
 not faster... and Debian is far much more 'usable'.
  Freebsd package installation is very laborious compared with
 Debian's apt system. I have to search in each CD, know
 dependences,... X configuration is hard too when the autodetected
 configuration doesn't works...
  I think fbsd is good, but needs some user facilities.

I am bored, so I bite ^_^

Use pkg_add -r. Make cvsup and portupgrade the first installed, use
them.

I only ever grab the boot only CD.

The autodetected one does not work? Odd, out side of crappy hardware
I've not seen this before. X -configure has all ways worked nicely
for me except for one system with a weird video chip.

As far as speed goes, I've honestly have never had a problem with it.
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Re: IMAP Server suggestions

2005-08-20 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Sat, 20 Aug 2005 02:27:54 -0400
Tim Holmes [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 
 It's been a while since I've set up an IMAP server, but I would
 like to do so again.  Can anybody recommend which IMAP server to
 install?  Any suggestions on the matter would be greatly
 appreciated.  Thank you!

If you use Maildir, BincIMAP is insanely easy to get up and running.
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Re: Browser ?

2005-08-11 Thread Vulpes Velox
Choosing something that uses MH or Maildir is nice as well.

On Thu, 11 Aug 2005 15:52:25 -0400
nawcom [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 theres lots of solutions. i personally would just use plain ol mail
 with sendmail and fetchmail to manage the sending and retrieval.
 
 
 Björn König wrote:
 
  Carstea Catalin wrote:
 
  I don't want x server and kde but i want a good browser to
  downlod my email from mail box (gmail). Can u help me how ( ori
  what browser to use)?
 
 
  If you're looking for a text mode browser then try 'w3m' and
  'links', but I would use an email program like 'mutt' for reading
  mails. You can fetch mails from several mail accounts with
  'fetchmail'.
 
  Björn
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Re: FreeBSD file system example and question

2005-07-27 Thread Vulpes Velox
Don't know the answers, but the fs mailing list would probally be a
better one to ask on.

On Wed, 27 Jul 2005 20:38:22 +0200
Marcin [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 
 Hello, where can i find information or examples of how to write a
 file system for FreeBSD, apart from /usr/src/sys/*
 and /usr/share/man/*?
 
 What is vnode_if.h for? Why is it generated for every fs module if
 it is the same every time? I tried to google for the answer but
 found nothing. Only a note on Darwin's dev site.
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Re: question FreeBSD

2005-07-23 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Sat, 23 Jul 2005 14:56:04 +0200
Norbert Koch [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Norbert Koch [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:
  
   FreeBSD Disklabel Editor

Disk: ad0 Partition name: ad0S2 Free: 0 blocks (0Mb)
Part   Mount SizeNewfs
   - -
ad0s1  none20002   DOS

ad0s2a / 128 UFS Y
ad0s2b swap  503 swap
ad0s2e /var  256 UFS+S   Y
ad0s2f /tmp  256 UFS+S   Y
ad0s2g /usr  6919UFS+S   Y




How to mount ad0s1?

   
   After you have finished your installation do this:
 # mkdir /dos
 # mount_msdosfs /dev/ad0s1 /dos
   To make that permanent you may add an
   entry in /etc/fstab(5).
  
  I've had problems with it on 5stable with putting it in fstab. I
  tend to have to manual fsck it every time on boot if I put it in
  there.
  
  I've found it to be better to write a quick little rc.d script to
  mount and unmount it.
 
 
 What kind of problems, because my mixed-os computers are just
 configured this way?

I it comes up telling me I have to manually fsck the it after
rebooting. I don't have to fsck it, but if I just exit that, with out
doing any thing, it is fine.

fstab line...
/dev/ad0s3/gamesmsdos   rw  2   2

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Re: question FreeBSD

2005-07-22 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Fri, 22 Jul 2005 13:25:55 +0200
Norbert Koch [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 FreeBSD Disklabel Editor
  
  Disk: ad0 Partition name: ad0S2 Free: 0 blocks (0Mb)
  Part   Mount SizeNewfs
     - -
  ad0s1  none20002   DOS
  
  ad0s2a / 128 UFS Y
  ad0s2b swap  503 swap
  ad0s2e /var  256 UFS+S   Y
  ad0s2f /tmp  256 UFS+S   Y
  ad0s2g /usr  6919UFS+S   Y
  
  
  
  
  How to mount ad0s1?
  
 
 After you have finished your installation do this:
   # mkdir /dos
   # mount_msdosfs /dev/ad0s1 /dos
 To make that permanent you may add an
 entry in /etc/fstab(5).

I've had problems with it on 5stable with putting it in fstab. I tend
to have to manual fsck it every time on boot if I put it in there.

I've found it to be better to write a quick little rc.d script to
mount and unmount it.
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Re: Explaining FreeBSD features

2005-06-22 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Wed, 22 Jun 2005 12:36:48 +0800
Erich Dollansky [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Hi,
 
 Vulpes Velox wrote:
 
  Ignorant useless users should be supported by commercial ventures,
  not community ones. They will just drag the community down with
  their weight if they don't help out.
 
 This would be the real tough one.
 
 There should also be a way to write some kind of descripton for the 
 people between.
 
  I found the handbook to be useful in this area.
 
 Yes, if you understand it. It is written be serious IT
 professionals for serious IT professionals. Even a serious none IT
 professional has problems understanding it.
 
 Our problem is that we all do not know the people who would speak
 the language none IT professionals understand.
 
 The original writer sounds like being skilled enough to have
 serious try on this one if he gets the information he needs for
 this.

I also had too read up on various unix tutorials as well.

I feel the handbook could be made clearer in some areas, but I
believe it is good in general.
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Re: Explaining FreeBSD features

2005-06-21 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Tue, 21 Jun 2005 01:05:32 -0700
Ted Mittelstaedt [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 
 
 -Original Message-
 From: [EMAIL PROTECTED]
 [mailto:[EMAIL PROTECTED] Behalf Of Fafa Hafiz
 Krantz
 Sent: Monday, June 20, 2005 12:56 PM
 To: [EMAIL PROTECTED]; [EMAIL PROTECTED]
 Subject: Re: Explaining FreeBSD features
 
 
 
 Hello.
 
 Thank you all for everything so far.
 
 But I am not looking for comparisons.
 
 I am looking for stuff that has been written so that people can 
 understand.
 
 Let's say this:
 
 Multi-threaded SMP architecture capable of executing the kernel 
 in parallel on multiple processors, and with kernel preemption, 
 allowing high priority kernel tasks to preempt other kernel 
 activity, reducing latency. This includes a multi-threaded 
 network stack and a multi-threaded virtual memory subsystem. 
 With FreeBSD 6.x, support for a fully parallel VFS allows the 
 UFS file system to run on multiple processors simultaneously, 
 permitting load sharing of CPU-intensive I/O optimization.
 
 In the real world, that ought to sound more like:
 
 FreeBSD includes support for symmetric multiprocessing and 
 multithreading. This makes the kernel lock down levels of 
 interfaces and buffers, minimizing the chance of threads on 
 different processors blocking each other, to give maximum 
 performance on multiprocessor systems.
 
 
 Fafa, I've seen these kinds of efforts before and they are all
 generally doomed to failure.
 
 You see, the problem is that FreeBSD is not a general computer
 operating system product.  It is a very specific product in fact.
 
 Now, the USES that FreeBSD can be put to are VERY general.  BUT,
 do NOT make the mistake of confusing the fact that just because
 FreeBSD can be put to general use, that somehow it is a general
 product.  It is not.
 
 FreeBSD is targeted at 2 main groups of people:
 
 1) Very knowledgeable people who are using it for personal, or
 in-house corporate projects.
 
 2) Very knowledgeable people who are using it to construct
 turnkey systems for customers who couldn't care less what is
 under the hood.
 
 By contrast, Windows and Linux are in fact, general computer
 operating system products.  They are targeted at groups #1 and
 #2, but they are also targeted at group #3 which are:
 
 3) People who barely know how to push a button who have a problem
 they need to fix with a computer operating system, and they
 really don't care if they understand how the fix works as long
 as it works.
 
 
 This gives rise to a rather serious Catch-22 with FreeBSD:
 
 You need to really understand intimately how FreeBSD works
 and how computer software that runs on it works in order to
 get it to work well enough for you to learn intimately how it
 works.

Nah, you can be willing to learn as well. FreeBSD was my first
venture in to the world of UNIX.

My choice was I found finding info on it easier than Linux and I had
some one willing to teach me.

 Windows and Linux solved this Catch-22 by dumbing-down the
 interface to their operating systems.  Thus, an ignoramus
 can get up and running with both of these systems, and that
 person can remain fat, dumb, and happy, completely ignorant
 of what he is doing, and those systems will still work enough
 to get the job done.  It may be a half-assed fix, but it is
 better than nothing.

Not in the case of FreeBSD. In the case of FreeBSD, it would be a bad
idea. It would result in a lot of badly supported users.

It can be done, but with a system based on FreeBSD, with a something
layed over it to help those people out.

Ignorant useless users should be supported by commercial ventures,
not community ones. They will just drag the community down with their
weight if they don't help out.

 FreeBSD by contrast, long ago decided not to do this.  For
 starters, if you dumbed-down the FreeBSD interface, then to
 most people FreeBSD wouldn't be any different than Linux
 or Windows, so why mess with it?  But, most importantly, a
 dumbed-down interface gets in the way of a knowledgeable person,
 and over time becomes a tremendous liability.
 
 With FreeBSD, the only way that a newbie can break the Catch-22 is
 old-fashioned mental elbow grease.  In short, by learning a bit
 at a time, expanding on that, and repeating the process.  It is a
 long slow way to get to know anything, but once you get there, you
 really do know everything in intimate detail.

I found the handbook to be useful in this area.
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Re: Trackball and graphics tablet recommendations

2005-06-10 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Fri, 10 Jun 2005 13:57:56 +0100 (BST)
Jon Mercer [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 
 On Fri, June 10, 2005 12:14, Mario Hoerich said:
  # Vulpes Velox:
  Jon Mercer [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:
 
  [ graphics tablet and FreeBSD? ]
   Only restriction is that it has to be relatively recent (i.e.
   still in the shops) and most of the functionality should work.
   PS2 or USB doen't matter.
  [...]
  Not sure about tablets. You may want to check on the USB list to
  see what the status of the Wacom ones are.
 
  USB tablets won't work, I think (see
  URL:http://linuxwacom.sourceforge.net/index.php/howto/all).
  |
  | I recognize that FreeBSD and similar systems have USB support;
  | however, until someone can bridge the gap between the FreeBSD
  | kernel and the XFree86 driver, the problem is largely unsolved.
 
  I've googled quite extensively for that a while back and came up
  with pretty much nothing (except for some posters whose questions
  about tablets remained unanswered).
 
  I'd actually love to be proved wrong here. ;)

I remember doing the same several months back. From what I remember
finding is that it was fixed in netbsd. No clue if it ever got copied
over.

  Cheers,
  Mario
  --
   Für Gegner der Reform wird ein Wagen, der an die Wand gefahren
wurde, nicht dadurch wieder flott, dass man zwei seiner Räder
für intakt erklärt.
 -- Hermann Unterstöger, SZ, über die Rechtschraipreform
 
 
 Well I've done a bit of research now and decided on a Logitech
 Optical Trackman and given up on the idea of a tablet, the serial
 ones cost around £400 and that's too much for the use it'd get.
 Shame, I'd have enjoyed a new toy...

See if you can find a old Acecad Acecat Flair. It is serial but works
pretty decent.y
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Re: Trackball and graphics tablet recommendations

2005-06-10 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Sat, 11 Jun 2005 02:00:06 +0100
Jon Mercer [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 On Fri, 2005-06-10 at 19:05 -0500, Vulpes Velox wrote:
  On Fri, 10 Jun 2005 13:57:56 +0100 (BST)
  Jon Mercer [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:
  
   
   On Fri, June 10, 2005 12:14, Mario Hoerich said:
# Vulpes Velox:
Jon Mercer [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:
   
[ graphics tablet and FreeBSD? ]
 Only restriction is that it has to be relatively recent
 (i.e. still in the shops) and most of the functionality
 should work. PS2 or USB doen't matter.
[...]
Not sure about tablets. You may want to check on the USB
list to see what the status of the Wacom ones are.
   
USB tablets won't work, I think (see
URL:http://linuxwacom.sourceforge.net/index.php/howto/all).
|
| I recognize that FreeBSD and similar systems have USB
support; | however, until someone can bridge the gap between
the FreeBSD | kernel and the XFree86 driver, the problem is
largely unsolved.
   
I've googled quite extensively for that a while back and came
up with pretty much nothing (except for some posters whose
questions about tablets remained unanswered).
   
I'd actually love to be proved wrong here. ;)
  
  I remember doing the same several months back. From what I
  remember finding is that it was fixed in netbsd. No clue if it
  ever got copied over.
  
Cheers,
Mario
--
 Für Gegner der Reform wird ein Wagen, der an die Wand
gefahren wurde, nicht dadurch wieder flott, dass man zwei
seiner Räder für intakt erklärt.
   -- Hermann Unterstöger, SZ, über die
Rechtschraipreform
   
   
   Well I've done a bit of research now and decided on a Logitech
   Optical Trackman and given up on the idea of a tablet, the
   serial ones cost around £400 and that's too much for the use
   it'd get. Shame, I'd have enjoyed a new toy...
  
  See if you can find a old Acecad Acecat Flair. It is serial but
  works pretty decent.y
 
 I'll keep an eye out. Shame about the Wacom USB ones (albeit
 they're not cheap), they look pretty good. A case of the more you
 see the more you want...
 
 On a really positive note I have to retrain myself to use a scroll
 wheel with the trackman optical cordless now I got it working. I'm
 still going to the right every time I want to move down.
 
 In fact the documentation or getting odd rodents working under X is
 not well documented in the handbook. Anyone wanna take me up on
 that in the doc list?

I just plugged my mouse in and it worked. AFAIK you don't have to do
any thing moused if it is started at boot time. You will have to mess
with X to get the scroll wheel working.


Section InputDevice
Identifier  Mouse0
Driver  mouse
Option  Protocol auto
Option  Device /dev/sysmouse
Option  ZAxisMapping 4 5
EndSection



Hmm... I wonder if that is in the handbook...
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Re: Trackball and graphics tablet recommendations

2005-06-09 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Thu, 9 Jun 2005 15:44:44 +0100 (BST)
Jon Mercer [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Can anyone here recommend a trackball and/or graphics tablet for
 FBSD?
 
 Gotta get away from the Synaptics touchpad, it's too slow for me, so
 looking to get a trackball for general use, and as I dabble on Gimp
 I'd like to get hold of a tablet as well.
 
 Only restriction is that it has to be relatively recent (i.e. still
 in the shops) and most of the functionality should work. PS2 or USB
 doen't matter.

Any trackball shout work nicely. That is because they are just a
upside down mouse. I recently picked up a old Microsoft trackball and
am currently enjoying using it in UT2004.

Not sure about tablets. You may want to check on the USB list to see
what the status of the Wacom ones are. IIRC those have show up as
multiple USB devices on a single device... or something like that...
and that use to cause problems at one time. I have a old serial
Acecad one I use. It works nicely.
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Re: A beautiful dmesg! Maybe one day?

2005-05-07 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Sat, 07 May 2005 06:05:56 -0500
Fafa Hafiz Krantz [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 
 Hey!
 
  I personally find the old methode a lot easier to read, compared
  to the new one. If a change is wanted, why not make such a thing
  like this a kernel option?
 
 Are you referring to the indenting?
 Yeah your eyes would have to jump. A sacrifice necessary for order.

This has nothing to do with order. It is in the same order as before,
just in a less readable form. The extra line returns are nice thought.

 But the changes were not only in the indenting.
 They were logical changes to areas that seemed neglected.
 
 You should do a diff!
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Re: A beautiful dmesg! Maybe one day?

2005-05-06 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Fri, 06 May 2005 14:20:22 -0500
Fafa Hafiz Krantz [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 
 Hello Mr. Nelson and Mr. Losh!
 
  It's easy enough to change the format string in
  subr_bus.c:device_print_prettyname() to pad out the devicename.
 
 I am not qualified to do this. I wish I were.
 How about you guys? :)
  
  However, you may prefer to just put up a splash screen (see the 
  splash manpage), so the user doesn't even see the kernel messages
  at all.
 
 We can't just forget about it and pray for it to go away.
 
 This is an aesthetic violation to FreeBSD's professional image,
 that is considered to be more important now than ever.
 
 Now that we have logo and website design competitions going to
 completely revamp of the FreeBSD of the 70s, perhaps it's also time
 to update the ASCII design of this system?

I personally find the old methode a lot easier to read, compared to
the new one. If a change is wanted, why not make such a thing like
this a kernel option?

  Many of his suggestions are subtle changes to the probe messages
  in addition to the format string.
  
  Warner
 
 Indeed they are subtle.
 But it's more like removing zits. With laser or whatever.
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Re: Digital Cameras

2005-04-08 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Tue, 5 Apr 2005 04:28:30 + (UTC)
Sergei Gnezdov [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Is there a chance to get digital camers working with FreeBSD?  All I
 need is load images from camera using USB port.

My suggestion is to get one that uses a flash card and get a flash
card reader. Flash cards are just formated with fat, so they work with
out problems under FreeBSD. :)
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Re: Freebsd vs. linux

2005-02-13 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Sat, 12 Feb 2005 10:56:44 +0100
Anthony Atkielski [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

  Could you please either explain, why Freebsd is superior to Linux,
  (I am asking this as I would like to understand, in more depth,
  why it is  better) or direct me to a source that might give me
  some further  reading on the subject.
 
 The main reason why I consider Linux inferior to FreeBSD is that
 Linux is only a kernel, whereas FreeBSD is a complete OS.
 
 Linus Torvalds originally wrote only the kernel portion of an
 operating system.  He wrote it from scratch and patterned it after
 the behavior of the well-established UNIX operating system.  This
 kernel became Linux.
 
 Unfortunately, a kernel alone doesn't make an operating system.  So
 people began adding programs to the kernel in order to provide
 something complete enough to actually run as an OS.  Different
 organizations added a different mix of programs, and each mix today
 is called a distribution.  No two distributions are alike.  The
 set of programs you get in your Linux OS from Red Hat isn't the same
 as the set of programs you get in your OS from Debian, and so on.
 
 The Linux situation is pretty unusual.  Most operating systems,
 including FreeBSD, are supplied as complete operating systems from
 the start, including not only a kernel but also a comprehensive,
 coherent, and consistent set of system programs to run under that
 kernel.  You don't need a distribution; the OS already contains
 everything you need to run the system.  In my view, this greatly
 improves reliability, stability, and coherent of the OS, as there is
 only one version of the OS for each release, and it is complete in
 itself.
 
 Another reason why I prefer FreeBSD is that the BSD UNIX systems
 have a much longer history that is much more closely linked to UNIX
 as a concept than does Linux.  New code is usually buggy code, and
 so I prefer an OS that has time-proven code, or at least is
 patterned after time-proven OS concepts.  I find it very hard to
 believe that a university student is going to write a kernel that is
 superior to kernels that have been established and tweaked little by
 little by many programmers over a period of decades.
 
 For example, I learned only yesterday that Linux does asynchronous
 disk I/O by default.  That means that disk I/O is buffered within
 the kernel, such that data written to disk doesn't immediately get
 actually recorded on disk--instead, the OS actually writes to disk
 when it deems it best from a performance standpoint.  While this
 improves performance enormously, it does so at a very high potential
 cost: because if the system crashes before the disk is written, the
 entire file system may be destroyed (key blocks on disk within the
 file system may not be updated correctly, causing corruption so
 serious that the file system must be recreated and restored
 completely from backup).
 
 FreeBSD, on the other hand, uses a type of buffered I/O that
 guarantees that the file system structure on disk is always
 coherent.  Disk writes are buffered, but they are written out to
 disk in such a way that, at any given instant, the file structure is
 clean and coherent.  If a power failure occurs, you may lose the
 last few seconds of data you wrote to a file, but the structure of
 your system and directories will not be corrupted.
 
 Still another reason why I prefer FreeBSD is that it places far less
 emphasis on the desktop.  Linux has been moving more and more
 towards a desktop because that's where the hype and money is
 perceived to be. It's a losing proposition because Windows and the
 Mac are so dramatically superior to Linux that it will probably
 never catch up. But all the emphasis on pretty graphics and
 Windows-like desktop behavior are made at the expense of server
 performance.  You can't have an OS that is both a good server AND a
 good desktop.  Linux is wasting time aiming at the desktop, while
 most other versions of UNIX (including FreeBSD) are aiming at
 servers.  I run a server, so I use FreeBSD.

I think the problem there is ppl make largely pointless differences
between the two... the only difference between a server and desktop,
is a desktop needs support sound cards and a the kernel level stuff
for GL.

 (Ironically, Mac OS X uses elements of BSD as its foundation and is
 a UNIX system underneath the hood.  But Apple has hugely modified
 the upper layers of the OS and has done so in a coherent, controlled
 way, producing a desktop that is dramatically superior to anything
 Linux will ever produce.)
 
 Finally, I know from some years of experience with FreeBSD that it
 is a rock stable operating system that makes very efficient use of
 whatever hardware you give it and never crashes.  I have thus come
 to trust it for my production server, which must run 24 hours per
 day (350,000 unique visitors per month on my Web site, or about 12
 million hits, plus all of my DNS resolution, e-mail services, time
 synchronization, 

Re: window managers don't work over ssh

2005-01-19 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Mon, 17 Jan 2005 23:43:27 +
Xian [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 I cant seem to make any window manager work over ssh, but they all
 work locally. I am using Xorg now, and i didn't have this problem
 with XFree86.
 
 I start X with just xterm for testing:
 
  startx /usr/X11R6/bin/xterm
 
 and then type
 
  ssh -CXf my.home.machine twm
 
 in the xterm and it tells me it cant find any unmanaged screens.
 
 Ive no idea whats doing wrong because other X apps work over ssh and
 window managers work locally.
 
 Any help much appreciated.

Not sure of what it would be, but the freebsd x11 mailing list would
probally be useful. Also trying a xorg specific list may be useful.

Best of luck.
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Re: Software mirgration from Windows for my friend

2005-01-17 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Mon, 17 Jan 2005 03:00:25 -0800
Sandy Rutherford [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

  On Sat, 15 Jan 2005 15:20:58 -0600, 
  Vulpes Velox [EMAIL PROTECTED] said:
 
   Virtual CD is a program to mount iso images if I'm correct (
  just like alcohol or deamontools ) you can just mount .iso files
  with FreeBSD : man mount_cd9660
 
   Last I checked, it required a bit more... you have to use
   mdconfig to create a device entry in /dev for the file so you can
   point mount at it.
 
 Yes, this is true.
 
 Sergei, this should do the job for you and your friend.  I have only
 used this up to FreeBSD 4.10.  Therefore, if vnode support is
 different in 5.x, it may need some updating.

http://www.freebsd.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/creating-cds.html

Look at 16.6.2, for info on mounting a file and a example of both.
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Re: Software mirgration from Windows for my friend

2005-01-15 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Fri, 14 Jan 2005 19:50:03 -0800
Sergei Gnezdov [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Hi,
 
 I need to consider if my friend can migrate from windows.  Do you
 know of a good user friendly alternatives (may be not as powerful)? 
 I might be able to answer most of the items, but I'd like to make
 sure that I know about the options:
 
 Alternatives for:
 
 - MS Office XP.  I don't think he has very complex documents.

Texmacs, OpenOffice, KOffice, or AbiWord should all work nicely.

 - ACDSE 5.0, Photoshop.  I am not convinced that he edits or creates
 images.

GIMP.

 - WinRAR and WinZIP

Several choices under ports/archivers.

 - WinAMP

XMMS or one of the many one in the ports.

 - Virtual CD

 - Some kind of CD Burner

I suggest a combo of burncd, mkisofs, and mc. It is not really
intuitive or whatever at first, but it works rather nice after reading
the related mans. If you want something with a more traditional GUI,
there are a few in the ports.

 - Some DVD Player
 - AC3filter

Both MPlayer and Xine should handle AC3 with out problems.

 - Decoding DVD to AVI (I have no idea why anybody would need this)

MPlayer is great for this and there are a few DVD ripping programs in
the portstree. Now if there only a nice front end to the win32 port.
^_^


http://www.freebsd.org/ports/index.html
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Re: Software mirgration from Windows for my friend

2005-01-15 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Sat, 15 Jan 2005 10:58:41 +
Xian [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 On Saturday 15 January 2005 03:50, Sergei Gnezdov wrote:
snip
  - WinAMP
 Xmms (only under FeeSBIE), it even looks and feels like WinAMP

I am confused by this comment, I thought it looked like winamp and
worked a lot like it under any system it ran on?

snip
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Re: Software mirgration from Windows for my friend

2005-01-15 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Sat, 15 Jan 2005 12:32:00 +
Frank Staals [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Karol Kwiatkowski wrote:
 
 
   
 
 - Virtual CD
 
 
 
 don't know this software
 
   
 
 Virtual CD is a program to mount iso images if I'm correct ( just
 like alcohol or deamontools ) you can just mount .iso files with
 FreeBSD : man mount_cd9660

Last I checked, it required a bit more... you have to use mdconfig to
create a device entry in /dev for the file so you can point mount at
it.
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Re:

2005-01-14 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Fri, 14 Jan 2005 13:05:07 +0100
Erik Norgaard [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Emon wrote:
  But now some of the packages were complaining that an older
  version is installed  I had no idea how to upgrade these
  packages.
  
  So in my blind rage I did pkg_add -vf on all packages
  including mc.
  
  Now mc works but I cannot uninstall it or any of the packages. I
  will show you an example.
  
  
  # pkg_add mc-4.6.0_13.tgz
  pkg_add: package 'mc-4.6.0_13' or its older version already
  installed
  # pkg_delete mc-4.6.0_13.tgz
  pkg_delete: no such package 'mc-4.6.0_13.tgz' installed
  #
  
  Now how on earth is that possible?? First it says older version
  already installed  than it says no such package
  'mc-4.6.0_13.tgz' installed.
 
 Yeah, maybe it is not completely clear. When you use pkg_add you
 give it a tgz file containing the package. When you want to delete
 it, you must give the package name, usually the same but without the
 tgz extension.
 
 Some tricks: It is often helpfull to search for what version of a 
 package is installed when you get that kind of error:
 
 # pkg_info -x mc
 
 the -x is regular expresion, so all packages containing mc will
 match, in this case mc-4 is probably better. You can also use
 pkg_delete with -x option, but be carefull!
 
 When using packages, make sure you download packages for the same 
 release, this way you should not get such errors as older version 
 installed.

A tool you may find handy is portupgrade. It will take care of a nice
amount of stuff automatically.
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Re: file roo large !!

2005-01-10 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Mon, 10 Jan 2005 23:14:57 +1030
Malcolm Kay [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 On Sun, 9 Jan 2005 07:37 pm, mess-mate wrote:
  On Sun, 9 Jan 2005 11:46:51 +1030
 
  Malcolm Kay [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:
   On Sun, 9 Jan 2005 01:07 am, mess-mate wrote:
Hi list,
this is not new I think, but it is for me.
I've searching the net without concrete results.
So, I've copied from an ext3fs a backup file ( home.tar.bz2)
in my home dir. So long it's ok.
But now I've to cp or mv this file to a new ext3fs partition.
And I've an error message  File too large and stops the
transfer. This file is about 24GB and 21GB are copied before
the stop. This data is very important for me.
  
   Are you sure you are posting to the correct mailing list.
   Ext3fs is basically a linux file system, while this is a FreeBSD
   list.
  
   Malcolm
 
  I do :)
  It's a FreeBSD problem.
  I've  installed 5.3 and had to get data from a linux box.
  This data must be returned from the FBSD box.
 
 It really is not very clear what you are trying to do.
 My impression is that you are trying to transfer a backup file from
 a linux system to a FBSD system, but later want to return it to the
 linux system.
 
 But why do you wish to store it under an ext3fs on FBSD rather than
 a ufs or ufs2 system?
 
 Does your FBSD ext3fs partition have enough space?
 Is it really possible to have a ext3fs mount under FBSD 5.3? I know
 you can mount an ext2fs file system and an existing linux ext3fs
 will probably mount successfully (without journaling) as an ext2fs;
 but is this what are you trying to do?

Unless I missed something resently, writing to ext3fs is not good.
FreeBSD does not support the journaling on it, so it is only used as
ext2fs.

 How are you transfering the file from the linux box to the FBSD box?
 
 You provide very little information on what you are really trying to
 do?
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Re: Hardware or OS problem? System Crashing...

2005-01-06 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Thu, 06 Jan 2005 13:33:41 -0600
Joseph Koenig (jWeb) [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

  On 1/5/2005 at 09:14 Joseph Koenig (jWeb) wrote:
  
  Hi,
  
  We have a system that is currently giving us some trouble. The
 system is
  FreeBSD 4.9. It's a 2 GHz system with 1MB RAM and (here's the
 kicker) 73GB
  RAID 1 ATA drives. The system serves as a web/database server
  dedicated to
  1
  site. Daily the system goes out and downloads real estate
 listings (via
  shell scripts and cURL) and processes them (via PHP into MySQL).
 Also, nightly the system downloads a zipped set of images
 (probably around 400-500) and processes them into thumbnails (PHP
 scripts calling ImageMagick). Over the last week or two, the
 system is crashing and rebooting into single user mode. It's not
 consistently during updates, or
  resizing of images, or anything like that. Yesterday, it crashed
 with 99%
  processor idle and load averages of 0.00 0.00 0.00 -- I was
 watching a 'top'
  when the machine died. When it boots into single user mode, an
 fsck must be
  run, which identified a few corrupt JPEG files -- however, the
  sysadmin who
  reboots it never tells me which files they are. The sysadmin is
  convinced
  it
  is a FreeBSD problem and says that Linux will not crash because
 of a corrupt
  file and if it does, will not boot into single user mode and he
 will be
  able
  to access it remotely to do the fsck. About 3-4 weeks ago, one
 of the drives
  in the mirror set crashed and had to be replaced. I'm not
 convinced that
  drives are not to blame for these issues. Is there any way to
 verify that?
  Is it possible a corrupt JPEG on the drive could cause the
 system to crash
  randomly? What can I do to correctly identify the problem so
 that we can
  fix
  it and not change the OS? Thanks,
  
  The sysadmin has no clue about either linux or freebsd!
  
  A corrupt JPEG cannot cause a crash of the OS, for any real OS. 
 (If it does, it is a bug in the OS, but I doubt one exists)  Real
 OS includes Windows XP, linux, and FreeBSD.
  
  However, an OS crash can cause a corrupt JPEG!
  
  Either linux or FreeBSD may boot into single user mode when the
  filesystem is corrupt.What your sysadmin means is that with
 one of the newer filesystems Linux uses journeling, which is much
 less likely to enter this situation, but it still can happen.  
 With soft updates FreeBSD is in the same situation as linux, but
 softupdates is (generally, there are exceptions) better than
 journeling.   There is softupdates in Freebsd 4.9, but I'm not
 sure how to enable it, or how good it is.  (in 5.3 it is awesome!)
  
  I suspect hardware.
  
  I'd burn memtest to a CD, and run that for a few hours to see if
  something is identified.   Memtest won't catch everything, but it
 does a pretty good job.
  
  Also look at other factors.  Does the HVAC kick in when this
 happens? Is someone hitting the panic stop switch?  Situations
 like that have happened, and they can take a while to debug.  They
 are not likely, but don't rule them out.
  
  FreeBSD 4.9 is fairly old at this point.   You should seriously
  consider upgrading to 4.11 (due out in a few weeks), or 5.3 (my
  recommendation, but a much more involved upgrade).
  
  
  In addition, to the original problem stated above, we are seeing a
  number of problems like ...in free(): warning: modified (page-)
  pointer and ...in free(): warning: chunk is already free. I
  have them admin running a memtest today, but wanted to make sure
  these errors were not indicative of something else going on.
  Thanks,
  
 
 Well, the sysadmin tells me that memtest passed. Any one have any
 suggestions as to what could be causing the crashes? Thanks,

Don't trust memtest. I've seen it fail to identify faulty hardware in
this area.

FreeBSD does not crash because of bad files and I would be seriously
suspect of the admin that is trying to feed you this. That and he does
appear to be not concerned with it what so ever.

Yeah, in 4x a major file system  problem is a lot more likely to need
fsck manually ran than on 5x. 5x will boot and run a back ground fsck.
So you will still have network and ect.

The best way to test drive is this... run lots of transactions across
all parts of the disk for a rather nice amount of time. Smartmontools
is also aviable in the ports.
http://www.freebsd.org/cgi/url.cgi?ports/sysutils/smartmontools/pkg-descr

I would be suspect of nearly any possible chuck of the hardware in
that box. Since you've not listed any thing that would allow any piece
of hardware to be ruled out as a problem regardless of the OS being
used.

The places I would focus my attentions are the PSU, RAM, CPU, mother
board, cables, any PCI card or the like, and the drives them self.

BTW you may want to check this out...
http://www.freshports.org/graphics/ImageMagick/
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Re: xorg and xfree86

2005-01-06 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Thu, 06 Jan 2005 10:54:13 -0500
Duane Winner [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Hi all,
 
 I was wondering if anybody could provide me with a brief explanation
 of why FreeBSD has made Xorg the default X11 implementation over
 XFree86.
 
 It doesn't really matter to me, I've tried it, it seems to work
 fine, and almost exactly the same.
 
 The only problem I've run into so far is is that my old XF86Config
 file with the refresh rates for my external monitor connected to my
 laptop didn't quite take (kept going to 800x600). After some minor
 fiddling, I managed to get it working (I still need to do it again a
 few times so I make sure I understand fully what I'm doing).
 
 I've read a bunch of docs, but can't seem to find an answer on why 
 FreeBSD has moved to Xorg. Is it just a political/licensing issue?
 Like I said, it's not a big deal, but I manage the internal 'Howto'
 document for our organization, and since we're in the process of
 moving from 5.2.1 to 5.3, it would be nice to have a little mention
 of why we're going to Xorg after my entire section for installing X
 is going to change from Xfree86 instructions.

Xorg beat XFree86 out in regards of features in the newest release.
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slow sendmail starting on a lan

2005-01-06 Thread Vulpes Velox
Here I am running into is this... sendmail is taking for ever to start
on a box. My main server has no problem, but this box takes a long
time starting sendmail.

Here are the related config files and ect for the box it is slow on.
The only difference is a this one has a few less services enabled on
it than server and the server has actual nameservers configured. This
box uses a dns proxy/cache on the server for dns.

Any ideas?

/etc/hosts
::1 localhost localhost.
127.0.0.1   localhost localhost.

/etc/nsswitch.conf
group: nis files
hosts: nis files dns
networks: files
passwd: nis [unavail=continue] files
shells: nis files

ypcat of hosts
192.168.0.3 fennec fennec.
192.168.0.2 vixen42 vixen42.

/etc/resolve.conf
nameserver  192.168.0.2


/etc/rc.conf
defaultrouter=192.168.0.1
hostname=fennec
ifconfig_xl0=inet 192.168.0.3  netmask 255.255.255.0
inetd_enable=YES
linux_enable=YES
moused_enable=YES
nfs_client_enable=YES
nfs_server_enable=YES
sshd_enable=YES
usbd_enable=NO
nis_client_enable=YES
rpcbind_enable=YES
nisdomainname=Vulpes
inetd_enable=YES
#lpd_enable=YES

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Re: Pioneer DVR-108 can burn DVDs, can't mount them!

2005-01-03 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Mon, 3 Jan 2005 10:28:19 -0500
David Vincelli [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 This post is a follow-up to the problem I discovered a few weeks
 ago: I can burn DVDs but I can't mount DVDs (originals or the ones I
 burnt). The burnt DVDs work on other OSes (with the same and
 different drives).  My DVD burner is a DVR-108. See the attached
 dmesg for details.
 
 Here is what gets pumped into /var/log/messages when I try to mount
 the DVD (I also get mount: /dev/cd0 Input/output error at the
 prompt) using /dev/cd0
 
 Jan  3 09:39:54 files kernel: (cd0:ata1:0:0:0): READ(10). CDB: 28 0
 0 0 0 28 0 0 1 0
 Jan  3 09:39:54 files kernel: (cd0:ata1:0:0:0): CAM Status: SCSI
 Status Error Jan  3 09:39:54 files kernel: (cd0:ata1:0:0:0): SCSI
 Status: Check Condition Jan  3 09:39:54 files kernel:
 (cd0:ata1:0:0:0): HARDWARE FAILURE asc:8,3 Jan  3 09:39:54 files
 kernel: (cd0:ata1:0:0:0): Logical unit communication crc error
 (ultra-dma/32) Jan  3 09:39:54 files kernel: (cd0:ata1:0:0:0):
 Retrying Command (per Sense Data)
 Jan  3 09:39:54 files kernel: (cd0:ata1:0:0:0): READ(10). CDB: 28 0
 0 0 0 28 0 0 1 0
 Jan  3 09:39:54 files kernel: (cd0:ata1:0:0:0): CAM Status: SCSI
 Status Error Jan  3 09:39:54 files kernel: (cd0:ata1:0:0:0): SCSI
 Status: Check Condition Jan  3 09:39:54 files kernel:
 (cd0:ata1:0:0:0): HARDWARE FAILURE asc:8,3 Jan  3 09:39:54 files
 kernel: (cd0:ata1:0:0:0): Logical unit communication crc error
 (ultra-dma/32) Jan  3 09:39:54 files kernel: (cd0:ata1:0:0:0):
 Retrying Command (per Sense Data)
 Jan  3 09:39:54 files kernel: (cd0:ata1:0:0:0): READ(10). CDB: 28 0
 0 0 0 28 0 0 1 0
 Jan  3 09:39:54 files kernel: (cd0:ata1:0:0:0): CAM Status: SCSI
 Status Error Jan  3 09:39:54 files kernel: (cd0:ata1:0:0:0): SCSI
 Status: Check Condition Jan  3 09:39:54 files kernel:
 (cd0:ata1:0:0:0): HARDWARE FAILURE asc:8,3 Jan  3 09:39:54 files
 kernel: (cd0:ata1:0:0:0): Logical unit communication crc error
 (ultra-dma/32) Jan  3 09:39:54 files kernel: (cd0:ata1:0:0:0):
 Retrying Command (per Sense Data)
 Jan  3 09:39:54 files kernel: (cd0:ata1:0:0:0): READ(10). CDB: 28 0
 0 0 0 28 0 0 1 0
 Jan  3 09:39:54 files kernel: (cd0:ata1:0:0:0): CAM Status: SCSI
 Status Error Jan  3 09:39:54 files kernel: (cd0:ata1:0:0:0): SCSI
 Status: Check Condition Jan  3 09:39:54 files kernel:
 (cd0:ata1:0:0:0): HARDWARE FAILURE asc:8,3 Jan  3 09:39:54 files
 kernel: (cd0:ata1:0:0:0): Logical unit communication crc error
 (ultra-dma/32) Jan  3 09:39:54 files kernel: (cd0:ata1:0:0:0):
 Retrying Command (per Sense Data)
 Jan  3 09:39:54 files kernel: (cd0:ata1:0:0:0): READ(10). CDB: 28 0
 0 0 0 28 0 0 1 0
 Jan  3 09:39:54 files kernel: (cd0:ata1:0:0:0): CAM Status: SCSI
 Status Error Jan  3 09:39:54 files kernel: (cd0:ata1:0:0:0): SCSI
 Status: Check Condition Jan  3 09:39:54 files kernel:
 (cd0:ata1:0:0:0): HARDWARE FAILURE asc:8,3 Jan  3 09:39:54 files
 kernel: (cd0:ata1:0:0:0): Logical unit communication crc error
 (ultra-dma/32) Jan  3 09:39:54 files kernel: (cd0:ata1:0:0:0):
 Retries Exhausted Jan  3 09:39:54 files kernel: (cd0:ata1:0:0:0):
 cddone: got error 0x5 back
 
 Using /dev/acd0, put the follwing in /var/log/messages:
 
 Jan  3 10:23:50 files kernel: acd0: FAILURE - READ_BIG HARDWARE
 ERROR asc=0x08 ascq=0x03 error=0
 
 It also produces the same mount: /dev/acd0 Input/output error
 message on the tty.

two things to possibly take into consideration
http://lists.freebsd.org/pipermail/freebsd-questions/2004-November/063721.html
http://forums.devshed.com/t210043/s.html


IIRC you mentioned some where something about a interupt storm in
regards to this... if so I would possibly suspect atapicam. I have a
Promise PDC20268 UDMA100 controller card that runs into massive
problems with atapicam if a CD/DVD drive is attached to it.

 I've also attached my dmesg, because I believe it could be related
 to some unsupported chipset.

That is most likely the usb 2.0 controller... so nothing to worry
about...
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Re: Programming with Bourne or C shell

2005-01-01 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Fri, 31 Dec 2004 21:20:22 -0600
Michael Madden [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 I have most of my interactive shell experience using bash on Linux
 and shell programing on Unix-like systems with Bourne shell.  Since
 FreeBSD's default shell is csh/tcsh, I was wondering if it's still
 considered an atrocity to develop shell scripts with C shell:
 
 http://www.faqs.org/faqs/unix-faq/shell/csh-whynot/
 
 Are most FreeBSD users still using csh or tcsh has their interactive
 shell and sh for programming?  I think it would be nice to use the
 same interactive and programming shell for consistency.

Unless you want something with interactive features and want something
in the base, I really don't see much of a reason to choose tcsh.

It can make a nice tuner control script using hotkeys and ect, but not
much else.

Tcsh if you ever try scripting in it will become a PITA with the lack
of functions and a few other things.
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Re: triple monitor hardware setup on FBSD - suggestions needed...

2005-01-01 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Sat, 25 Dec 2004 17:45:49 -0800 (PST)
Joe Schmoe [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 
 I am currently running a triple-monitor setup under
 winXP, with an extended desktop that stretches across
 all three monitors.  I like it.
 
 I would, however, like to use FreeBSD.
 
 So, first off, what hardware (video card) comes to
 mind for doing triple screens with FreeBSD ?  A matrox
 P750 comes to mind, but when you run it with three
 screens, they downgrade to 1280x1024, which is bad.  I
 am happy to consider multiple video cards to
 accomplish this ... at the very least I need 1600x1200
 out of each card, preferably 1920x1200 ...

You can run as many as the motherboard and powersupply will allow for
^_^
 
 Second, what is the support for something like this in
 XFree86, or x.org ?

Really nice for cards that support it. I personally would suggest
looking at nvidia cards.

 What I am really looking for is
 the ability to create virtually sized screens - so
 instead of having three total (physical) screens that
 I can maximize windows inside of, I want to split each
 physical screen in half for a total of 6 virtual
 screens - so there are six total areas within which I
 can maximize a window in ... this is something I am
 really trying to accomplish.

I am a little lost on what you mean by virtual screen. But what you
want is xinerama and a window manager that nicely supports it. Fluxbox
last I checked did it nicely. Any ways, window placement and
maximization and the like are a job of the window manager, not the X
server.

I eventually got annoyed with the xinerama part and went back to just
letting them act like three seperate screens.
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Re: Supported CDRW listing for 5.3

2004-12-24 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Thu, 23 Dec 2004 20:11:04 -0600
Chris [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 I'm going to be in the market for a new CDRW soon - I thought there
 was a list of supported devices. There certainly isnt a mention in
 the 5.3 Hardware Notes.

Nearly any CDRW drive should work. My only suggestions is to advoid
liteon. I've seen many problems with liteon drives having problems
spining up to speed.

I have a DVD+CDRW combo that works nicely. It will flake occasionally
if hw.ata.atapi_dma=1. Forget what type and dmesg just shows it as
CDRW ATAPI COMBO48XMAX/VER 1.10, but it is nice.

I also have a nice Toshiba DVDR drive. In dmesg it shows up as DVDR
TOSHIBA ODD-DVD SD-R5272/1030.  It great. Not had any problem with
it what so ever. I would really suggest in looking into a drive like
this. More room, fast, and pretty cheap now.
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Re: Text Filter

2004-12-24 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Fri, 24 Dec 2004 15:46:48 -0500
Leon [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Hi,
 
 Where can I get advanced   Text Filter for printer Dell AIO A960

Check out the apsfilter port.
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Re: FreeBSD just won't boot!

2004-12-21 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Tue, 21 Dec 2004 10:20:25 +0100
jsha [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 
 Hello.
 
 I'm trying to install FreeBSD 5.3 on a HP Compaq DC7100 but it
 doesn't want to boot after the installation. I've tried a few things
 here:
 
 1) Installing with/without ACPI
 2) Installing with BootMgr as well as Standard MBR
 3) Entered the BIOS setup (F10) to look for solving options
 
 And I've also tried Google.
 
 No luck though. I'd appreciate any help I'd get. Thanks.

How is it failing?
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Re: FreeBSD just won't boot!

2004-12-21 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Tue, 21 Dec 2004 18:12:38 +0100
jsha [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 
 Hello.
 
  How is it failing?
 
 It reboots in an infinite loop.
 I've tried almost every option the BIOS can offer me, like disabling
 ACPI/APIC and DMA ... but to no good. I do not see any UNIX option
 in it, even though it at one point told me that I would.

Hiya!

More info would really be useful here. Like how is it failing... yes
it is rebooting, but what do see before it reboots and ect... when is
it rebooting... what hardware...

It rebooting like it can be caused by many things.
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Re: AMD Athlon XP 3200+ and reboots under load...

2004-12-13 Thread Vulpes Velox
Hmm... dude, you need to do the testing on your own...

read through my last email and you will find the path that will most
likely find the problem


On Mon, 13 Dec 2004 23:14:58 -0200
Alexandre Biancalana [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 I tested with FreeBSD 4.10 and 5.3. The same problem ocurs, when the
 the machine not reboot, varios coredumps in as/gcc hapens during
 make buildworld.
 
 Hardware:
 
 Asus A7V600-X
 AMD Sempron 2400+
 512MB DDR 400
 
 any ideas ??
 
 
 
 On Sat, 11 Dec 2004 23:28:17 -0600, Vulpes Velox
 [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:
  On Fri, 10 Dec 2004 19:36:34 -0800 (PST)
  
  
  Minnesota Slinky [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:
  
   Hello list.
  
   I am in the process of doing a major upgrade to my
   home server.  I purchased an Asus A7V600-X
   motherboard, an AMD Athlon XP 3200+ processor, and
   installed 1GB of DDR 400 memory.  If it matters, I've
   got two 120 GB Maxtor HDDs in a RAID 1 array.  The
   problem I'm having is that the system reboots half-way
   through a make buildworld.  I'm guessing this has to
   do with heat, but I'm not sure.
  
   Does anyone have any insight?  I've tried telling the
   BIOS to ignore the proc/mobo temp.  Not sure yet if
   that's working.
  
  For checking temp just ssh in and use mbmon while it is going...
  
  I would suspect ram problems. Heat problems from my experience
  generally cause some errors before failing and freezing. Never
  seen a heat problem result in a reboot yet.
  
  The way to check for this is to swap the ram out, after checking
  heat using ssh, mbmon, and a `cd /usr/src/ make buildworld/ cd
  /usr/ports/math/atlas make`. This command series you will also
  use each time as it provides a very good method for taking a
  system down since I've seen problems where just one of those would
  not take it down before.
  
  If you still get it, continue swap out the power supply next.
  Possiblility of not liking extra stress from active hard drive.
  Had this a bit on one old P2 gateway at one time.
  
  If it is still there do the same with proc. By now we should be
  able to safely rule out heat, provided that the sensor is
  functioning properly.
  
  If it still goes down, it is the mother board getting flaky under
  heavy load. This can happen. I had a Abit NF7-S2 that happened
  with lately. Swapped it out and it went away.
  
  
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Re: AMD Athlon XP 3200+ and reboots under load...

2004-12-13 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Mon, 13 Dec 2004 17:43:18 -0800
Derrick Ryalls [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

  On Mon, 13 Dec 2004 19:19:25 -0600 (CST), draconius
  [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:
   what are your temperatures inside the case? what kind of cooling
   / airflow do you have in the case? I have had heat problems
   before due to bad airflow in the case where all the hot air
   concentraded around the processor(s)
  
   -drac
  
  
  
  
I tested with FreeBSD 4.10 and 5.3. The same problem ocurs,
when the the machine not reboot, varios coredumps in as/gcc
hapens during make buildworld.
   
Hardware:
   
Asus A7V600-X
AMD Sempron 2400+
512MB DDR 400
   
any ideas ??
   
 
 I think I am running AV7600 (no X), and when I was thinking about
 upgrading the ram, I saw a note saying to check Asus' website to
 make sure they have tested the ram first.  With lower speed ram, you
 can probably run anything, but for the highest speed stuff, you
 should check to make sure they work well with it.

This is only true if is a ram problem or the like, if it is a mother
board problem this does not make much of a difference from my
experience.
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Re: NIS and non-NIS question

2004-12-11 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Sat, 11 Dec 2004 01:33:43 -0500
Chuck Swiger [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Vulpes Velox wrote:
  I have a box I want to rework to allow it to operate outside a NIS
  enviroment when outside my LAN and use NIS and NFS when it is not.
  Any suggestions on how to go about this?
 
 Set up a cron job to invoke a shell script which rsync's your YP
 master's password file (and /etc/group, and anything else you might
 care about) when you are on your LAN, and not if you are not, every
 X minutes.  Have it run pwd_mkdb too.  Maybe add a little awk or
 perl magic spice to add or screen out a range of userid's.  Then
 disable NIS and rely on plain old flatfiles.
 
 If you use rsync-via-ssh (which is now the default behavior), the
 process above will transmit sensitive password data with
 considerably more security than you get when using plain NIS.  On
 the other hand, if you are running NFS, you risk profile against
 someone who can sniff your local subnet isn't significantly altered,
 so don't worry too much about this, but the issue of security is
 worth considering at least a little.
 
 For NFS, you might give the automounter (see man amd) a try.  So
 long as you don't descend into a mount point deliberately (or
 accidentally via recursion using find, grep, etc), the machine will
 not actually attempt to NFS-mount the remote filesystem.
 
 For that matter, you might even consider switching models of
 operation to using CIFS/samba instead of NFS.  Oddly enough, even
 though NFS is a stateless remote filesharing system by design, it's
 pretty easy to wedge a lot of important processes if an NFS share
 becomes not available.  MacOS X seems to tolerate CIFS shares going
 away better than it handles NFS going away, and FreeBSD might well
 be similar.  (I haven't exhaustively tested either problem case
 *deliberately*, mind you...! :-)

Not using fstab becuase of that :)

What I am doing is I run a small program to fingerprint my server and
then dump it all to a file. I then hash that file. When it starts up
it reruns that trying to grab info for that IP and then it is hashed
and compare it to what the hash is suppose to be. If they don't match
it mounts 127.0.0.1:/usr/localhome to /usr/home. If it does match, it
runs a different script that mounts the stuff that should be mounted
for being on the LAN.



Any ways, got my big problem with it sorted out... was forgeting to
rebuild the password database.


BTW any one know of any way to change the timeout time for getting a
NIS password?
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Re: AMD Athlon XP 3200+ and reboots under load...

2004-12-11 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Fri, 10 Dec 2004 19:36:34 -0800 (PST)
Minnesota Slinky [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Hello list.
 
 I am in the process of doing a major upgrade to my
 home server.  I purchased an Asus A7V600-X
 motherboard, an AMD Athlon XP 3200+ processor, and
 installed 1GB of DDR 400 memory.  If it matters, I've
 got two 120 GB Maxtor HDDs in a RAID 1 array.  The
 problem I'm having is that the system reboots half-way
 through a make buildworld.  I'm guessing this has to
 do with heat, but I'm not sure.
 
 Does anyone have any insight?  I've tried telling the
 BIOS to ignore the proc/mobo temp.  Not sure yet if
 that's working.

For checking temp just ssh in and use mbmon while it is going...

I would suspect ram problems. Heat problems from my experience
generally cause some errors before failing and freezing. Never seen a
heat problem result in a reboot yet.


The way to check for this is to swap the ram out, after checking heat
using ssh, mbmon, and a `cd /usr/src/ make buildworld/ cd
/usr/ports/math/atlas make`. This command series you will also use
each time as it provides a very good method for taking a system down
since I've seen problems where just one of those would not take it
down before.

If you still get it, continue swap out the power supply next.
Possiblility of not liking extra stress from active hard drive. Had
this a bit on one old P2 gateway at one time.

If it is still there do the same with proc. By now we should be able
to safely rule out heat, provided that the sensor is functioning
properly.

If it still goes down, it is the mother board getting flaky under
heavy load. This can happen. I had a Abit NF7-S2 that happened with
lately. Swapped it out and it went away.
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NIS and non-NIS question

2004-12-10 Thread Vulpes Velox
I have a box I want to rework to allow it to operate outside a NIS
enviroment when outside my LAN and use NIS and NFS when it is not. Any
suggestions on how to go about this?

I've got the file syncing and ect for ~/ figured out, but not figured
out how to get the NIS issue resolved.

So 

Any suggestions on how I would go about this?

So far I have been trying to get it to work using /etc/nsswitch.conf
with out any luck.
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Re: mkisofs and large files

2004-12-08 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Wed, 8 Dec 2004 04:08:12 +
RW [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 I've been trying to burn a single large file (a 4.2 GB encrypted
 gbde filesystem within a file) to a DVD, but mkisofs tells me the
 file is too large. 
 
 I looked on Google and found that mkisofs had a filesize  limit of 2
 GB, but this was increased to 4 GB, so I dropped the filesize to
 4095 MB, but it still failed, so I guess the version in ports still
 has the 2 GB limits.
 
 Does the development version of cdrtools in ports have the 4 GB
 limit? If so, how can  I get sysutils/dvd+rw-tools to use the newer
 version, is it just a matter of deinstalling them both and  changing
 the dependence in pkgtools.conf? 

What steps are you taking to burn it to dvd?

I have not had any problems burning DVDs over 2GB in size, so I am
pretty sure it is not that.
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Re: moving ports to another file system

2004-11-29 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Mon, 29 Nov 2004 00:03:33 -0600
Dan Nelson [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 In the last episode (Nov 28), Kevin Smith said:
  After installation and setting up of my BSD system for a while,
  I've come to realize that I probably should have organized my disk
  a bit differently and I have a smaller root file system then I
  would have liked. I may have also created a separate /usr file
  system, but I have /usr in the root file system.
  
  The /usr/ports can take up a lot of space and I'm wondering if
  there are limitations to having ports live in a another files
  system with a symbolic link from /usr/ports to a ports directory
  in another file system.
 
 No limitations at all.  You can even symlink it over NFS to another
 machine if you want (set WRKDIRPREFIX to a local path in
 /etc/make.conf though, to speed up builds).

If one is going to be using NFS for it, I don't see any reason not to
just mount it right to /usr/ports instead of messing with symbolic
linking.
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Re: sata and IDE working in the same machine

2004-11-29 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Tue, 30 Nov 2004 00:55:45 +
Marta Resende [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Can i conciliate two hdd, one SATA and one IDE, to work in the same
 machine with freebsd ??
 
 my IDE is my old 40gb disk, and i would like to put a new hdd ... or
 should i put another IDE?

Yeah, freebsd can use multiple drives easily...

if you want raid, just man geom
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Re: Is this a sign of memory going bad?

2004-11-26 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Fri, 26 Nov 2004 03:46:20 +
Jonathon McKitrick [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 On Thu, Nov 25, 2004 at 04:05:53PM -0500, Lowell Gilbert wrote:
 : Jonathon McKitrick [EMAIL PROTECTED] writes:
 : 
 :  This is what I get from make buildworld.  I've gotten signal 10,
 11, and now:  5.
 :  
 :  Is this bad memory?
 : 
 : That's a reasonable guess, but the only way to tell for sure is to
 : test it.
 
 Is there a port to do this, or do I have to take it out and take it
 somewhere else to get it tested?

Look for memtest86. You can now even get it as a iso :)
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Re: Is this a sign of memory going bad?

2004-11-26 Thread Vulpes Velox
Not seen this exact error before, but I recently had a mobo go bad
that would produce errors with compiles and ect before it would
hardlock. It would go flaky under heavy I/O.

I tested for it by swapping out the proc and ram.

On Thu, 25 Nov 2004 20:16:23 +
Jonathon McKitrick [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 
 This is what I get from make buildworld.  I've gotten signal 10, 11,
 and now 5.
 
 Is this bad memory?
 
 
 S -DYP  -c /usr/src/lib/libc/../libc/net/res_debug.c -o res_debug.o
 cc -O -pipe  -DLIBC_RCS -DSYSLIBC_RCS -I/usr/src/lib/libc/include
 -D__DBINTERFACE_PRIVATE -DINET6 -DPOSIX_MISTAKE
 -I/usr/src/lib/libc/../libc/locale -DBROKEN_DES -DYP  -c
 /usr/src/lib/libc/../libc/net/res_init.c -o res_init.o
 cc: Internal compiler error: program cc1 got fatal signal 5
 *** Error code 1
 
 Stop in /usr/src/lib/libc.
 *** Error code 1
 
 Stop in /usr/src/lib.
 *** Error code 1
 
 Stop in /usr/src.
 *** Error code 1
 
 Stop in /usr/src.
 *** Error code 1
 
 Stop in /usr/src.
 *** Error code 1
 
 Stop in /usr/src.
 neptune# 
 
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Re: Why can't I mount a Video CD in FreeBSD??

2004-11-25 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Wed, 24 Nov 2004 17:40:09 -0800 (PST)
Mark Jayson Alvarez [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 Good day!
I'm getting an error whenever I mount a video cd. I
 can't remember the error right now because I already
 brought it back to the rental shop (its already
 overdue). I was also told by my friend that he too
 can't mount a video cd in his linux box. Do you happen
 to know why?

What command are you using?
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Re: Trouble with X

2004-11-07 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Sun, 07 Nov 2004 14:10:03 -0900
Damien Hull [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 I'm reinstalling 4.10. I think I broke something trying to get X
 working. As soon as I get data in the X logs I'll check them. 

What exact steps did you go through. I doubt what ever you did would
result in the need for a reinstall.


 
 I'm going to give frambuffer a try. Don't know if this will work but
 I've seen it work well under Linux. 

Ehh, frame buffers are over rated...

any ways, do this as root...

X -configure
cp ~/what ever the new file is /etc/X11/XF86Config
xf86cfg -textmode
tweak the settings and ect
startx or xdm or whatever...
 
 On Sun, 2004-11-07 at 15:03 -0800, gabriel wrote:
  Try looking at the XFree86 logs. Under linux it works cause it'll
  soon be a copy of M$. But yes, look at the logs, they are always
  useful./var/log/X*
  
  
  On Sun, 07 Nov 2004 13:55:49 -0900, Damien Hull
  [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:
   I installed 4.10 and got the system up and running. I've tried
   to setup X but I'm not having any luck. I even followed the
   instructions in the hand book.
   
   Here's what I have.
   1. Onboard video
   2. Works ok but only at 800x600
   3. Text is bad
   
   Can someone tell me how to setup X in freebsd? Under Linux it
   just works.
   
   --
   Damien Hull [EMAIL PROTECTED]
   
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 -- 
 Damien Hull [EMAIL PROTECTED]
 
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Re: FBSD 5.3 + Nvidia drivers

2004-11-07 Thread Vulpes Velox
On Mon, 8 Nov 2004 00:56:07 -0200
Luís Vitório Cargnini [EMAIL PROTECTED] wrote:

 -BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-
 Hash: SHA1
 
 Someone knows if the driver is working on 5.3 release ?
 I must apply all the patchs like in 5.2.1, in 5.3 ??
 Or it is not more necessary ???

Not applied here and am not having any problems.
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