POSTING RULES & NOTES #1 YOU MUST clip all extraneous text when replying to a message. #2 This mail-list, like most, is publicly & permanently archived. #3 Subscribe and post under an alias if #2 is a concern. * http://lis-isl.org/en/2020/06/27/ucrania-detengamos-la-ofensiva-del-gobierno-contra-los-derechos-laborales-de-los-ciudadanos/ Ukraine: We Must Stop the Government´s Offensive Against People´s Labor Rights By Oleg Vernik, Vitali Dudin. Labor Defense Union This article is being written while a great scandal has just broken out in Ukraine. The chairperson of the Parliamentary Commission for Social Policy, Galina Tretyakova, author of the anti-union bill No. 2681, has publicly stated that “poor quality” children are born to poor Ukrainian families in need of state social assistance. In addition, she has said that she is impressed by Singapore’s experience with its forced sterilization of mothers who cannot raise their children without state support. In this context of sad analogies with eugenics, Hitler’s pseudoscience, the attack by the presidential party “Servant of the People” against the labor rights of Ukrainian citizens seems absolutely expected. Over the past 15 years, successive bourgeois authorities in Ukraine have been trying to “modernize” Ukraine’s labor legislation and, first of all, decree the invalidity of the rules of the Labor Code that has been in force since 1971. Of course, the 1971 Labor Code has already been updated many times and, step by step, it has been losing its functions of protecting workers’ labor rights. However, at this time, the Code remains our outpost in the fight against liberalization of industrial relations in Ukraine exclusively in favor of employers. What anti-union innovations does the Servant of the People party offer in its draft of Law No. 2681? 1. The powers of union committees (elected union bodies) to require company owners to terminate the employment contract with the head of the company if the latter violates labor laws are revoked; 2. An absolutely senseless restriction is introduced on the formation of more than two unions in one company. Currently, many major Ukrainian companies may even have over 10 different union organizations. In other words, the bosses will create 2 “yellow” unions, while other militant unions will no longer be able to organize in the company; 3. Union committees will lose their right to coordinate the application of disciplinary sanctions (reprimands) to members of union committees; 4. The dismissal of the members of the union committees will be carried out without the agreement of the superior organism of the union; 5. To create a primary union organization, it will take at least ten members, and not three like today. This will result in the impossibility of founding unions in small companies and in autonomous subdivisions of companies. 6. Unions will no longer control the activities of canteens, residences, kindergartens and other social facilities belonging to the company; 7. Unions will not be allowed to require employers to submit documents on workers’ working conditions; 8. Unions will no longer control payroll and state social security accounts; 9. Obligatory deductions of companies to the primary union organizations for the organization of cultural, sports and recreational activities will cease; 10. The ban on bosses from firing former union committee members for 1 year will be removed. 11. The employer will no longer pay union committee members for 6 days a year that are assigned for union training. Not all the anti-labor innovations in the draft of the criminal law number 2681 promoted by the parliamentary group of the presidential party are listedhere. Today, union rights are under constant attack. Due to irrelevant cases of breach of guarantees and even persecution of trade unions, Ukraine, along with Belarus, occupy the lowest positions in Europe in the ranking of the Global Rights Index of the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC Global Rights Index – 2019). A wave of neoliberal reforms by the Zelensky government suffocates Ukraine. However, every day the resistance to this offensive against the popular masses is being strengthened. Both the post-Soviet Ukrainian Federation of Trade Unions and the new independent unions have come together to counter the government’s plans. The International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) and its leader Sharan Burrow have clearly declared to the whole world: “Any successive promotion of the project of Law No. 2681 without a real and significant participation of the unions, as well as its inconsistency with labor standards and the Constitution of Ukraine, will undermine Ukraine’s reputation as a trusted international and trade partner.” Workers and unions face decisive battles for the preservation of
[Marxism] Ukraine: Forest Fires Near the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant - a verdict on Ukrainian capitalism
POSTING RULES & NOTES #1 YOU MUST clip all extraneous text when replying to a message. #2 This mail-list, like most, is publicly & permanently archived. #3 Subscribe and post under an alias if #2 is a concern. * https://zahist.wordpress.com/2020/04/21/ukraine-forest-fires-near-the-chernobyl-nuclear-power-plant/ By Oleg Vernik, President of the Independent Union of Ukraine “Zahist Pracі” (“Labor Protection”) For two weeks, a true ecological tragedy unfolded in Ukraine with massive forest fires in the Chernobyl exclusion zone. The fires swept huge wooded areas and closely surrounded the nuclear power plant that was destroyed in 1986. The riskiest thing now is a large deposit of radioactive waste, which will represent a danger not only for our country, but also for the whole of Europe, if the fires reach it . For two weeks, nationally mobilized fire brigades fought the fire desperately, but only the rain and snow that fell on April 14 were able to stop it. On that same date, in the evening, President Volodímir Zelensky spoke on television, reported on the end of the incident and thanked the weather for the great help in extinguishing the fire. But on April 15, the fire resumed and more than 500 firefighters are still fighting it heroically. The Chernobyl fire revealed all the direct failures and crimes of Ukraine’s capitalist authorities. First, it must be taken into account that the real causes of these fires are associated with illegal deforestation in the exclusion zone: forests are radioactive and their use is strictly prohibited. However, several Ukrainian companies involved in the timber trade have indiscriminately cut down the trees and used them in construction, including using false documents to export radioactive wood to countries of the European Union as firewood or building material. In order to avoid getting caught for deforesting illegally, these “businessmen” cover up their crimes year after year with large fires that hide their extreme action under water. Of course, there is a strong corruption actively involved here that has been neutralizing the oversight of police and prosecutors for many years. This winter there was practically no snow, the dryness in the forests became very dangerous and facilitated the spread of fires, but this did not stop the Ukrainian bourgeoisie of the forest industry. The arson caused a terrible ecological disaster, and to think about what might happen in the near future is terrifying. Second, firefighters do not have adequate technical equipment to deal with the fire. Ukraine lacks extinction helicopters. The entrances to the affected areas do not even have roads, so water pumping vehicles often cannot enter. The fireproof clothing is very old, it does not resist high temperatures. Fire trucks are very old, some no longer have job utility and should have been scrapped long ago. Even so, they continue in activity, since there is no budget in the most corrupt and poorest country in Europe to buy new, more modern units. But the authorities always have money to raise the salaries of high officials and buy expensive foreign cars. The fire in the vicinity of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant and the evident inability of the Ukrainian bourgeois government to cope with the Coronavirus pandemic, place the task of socialist transformation before the Ukrainian people. The peripheral model of Ukrainian capitalism leads to a further aggravation of the situation, to the total impoverishment of the workers and to the strengthening of foreign governance. Russia’s military aggression against Ukraine was compounded by the financial dictates of the International Monetary Fund. A growing number of Ukrainian workers, youth and union activists understand the need for a decisive rejection of capitalism. The disaster caused by the fires, with the threat over Chernobyl, has strengthened and confirmed this understanding, as well as our determination. _ Full posting guidelines at: http://www.marxmail.org/sub.htm Set your options at: https://lists.csbs.utah.edu/options/marxism/archive%40mail-archive.com
POSTING RULES & NOTES #1 YOU MUST clip all extraneous text when replying to a message. #2 This mail-list, like most, is publicly & permanently archived. #3 Subscribe and post under an alias if #2 is a concern. * Russia - this is not a deformed workers' state now? --- Исходное сообщение --- От кого: "Richard Modiano via Marxism" Дата: 16 января 2020, 23:22:53 POSTING RULES & NOTES #1 YOU MUST clip all extraneous text when replying to a message. #2 This mail-list, like most, is publicly & permanently archived. #3 Subscribe and post under an alias if #2 is a concern. * What Putin sees today as a tool to suppress a potential movement of the working class is not the [far right] National Liberation Movement (NLM), but the National Guard (Rosguard) [an internal military force that reports directly to the President due to his powers as Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Security Council]. His regime is more similar to that of von Schleicher than a fascist one. The mass movement of the working class has not yet raised the issue of power, and Putin can still fully rely on the machinery of the bourgeois state. https://www.marxist.com/russia-the-nature-of-the-putin-regime.htm _ Full posting guidelines at: http://www.marxmail.org/sub.htm Set your options at: https://lists.csbs.utah.edu/options/marxism/zpratsy%40ukr.net _ Full posting guidelines at: http://www.marxmail.org/sub.htm Set your options at: https://lists.csbs.utah.edu/options/marxism/archive%40mail-archive.com
POSTING RULES & NOTES #1 YOU MUST clip all extraneous text when replying to a message. #2 This mail-list, like most, is publicly & permanently archived. #3 Subscribe and post under an alias if #2 is a concern. * http://anticapitalistasenred.org/2019/04/26/ucrania-zelenski-es-una-condena-a-poroshenko-y-a-su-sistema-de-un-corrupto-capitalismo-oligarquico/?fbclid=IwAR2wU3vkE2buPlFvF1IROTE1MA6jcTZAFT-Dydfucv89mueUddrxQ3FVy_k Ucrania: Zelenski es una condena a Poroshenko y a su sistema de un corrupto capitalismo oligárquico El pasado 21 de abril de 2019, en la segunda ronda de las elecciones presidenciales en Ucrania, el comediante Volodimir Zelenski, conocido muy lejos de Ucrania, obtuvo una victoria aplastante. Sacó un 75% de los votos y dejó muy atrás al actual presidente de Ucrania, Petro Poroshenko (con un 25%). Sin embargo, esta victoria sensacional no ha sido inesperada para los ciudadanos de Ucrania. Cinco años de gobernación de Petro Poroshenko, con sus reformas neoliberales absolutamente fallidas que pusieron a los ciudadanos de Ucrania y, sobre todo, a su clase trabajadora al borde de la miseria, lógicamente llevaron a las autoridades actuales al fracaso en las elecciones presidenciales. En los debates públicos de Zelenski y Poroshenko, que por primera vez en la historia de Ucrania se llevaron a cabo en el estadio ¨Olimpiyski¨, que es el mayor del país, Volodimir Zelenski afirmó acertadamente que no era oponente a Poroshenko, sino una sentencia a Poroshenko y a su sistema. Por supuesto, el nuevo presidente de Ucrania, Volodimir Zelenski, no fue promovido por los trabajadores o militantes sociales. Es un exitoso hombre de negocios en el campo de televisión y cinematografía, y el componente social de su programa electoral fue extremadamente inexpresivo y mal distinguido. Sin embargo, el ardor crítico de Zelenski contra el actual gobierno burgués que es extremadamente corrupto fue activamente respaldado por las masas de los trabajadores ucranianos. El proyecto satírico Kvartal-95, que sale en la tele y es dirigido desde hace muchos años por Volodimir Zelenski, ha estado a la vanguardia de la crítica de las autoridades actuales y es el programa de televisión favorito para millones de ucranianos. Y la tercera temporada de la telenovela Servidor del Pueblo, que apareció en vísperas de las elecciones, donde Zelenski desempeñó el papel de Vasily Goloborodko, un modesto maestro que por casualidad se hizo Presidente de Ucrania y logró un éxito significativo, produjo un efecto desbordante sobre los votantes. Además, cabe señalar que en estas elecciones Zelenski recibió un serio apoyo mediático del canal de televisión más popular de Ucrania, «1+1» que pertenece a Ihor Kolomoiski, oligarca de oposición que ahora reside en Israel. Esto les dio a los críticos de Zelenski la razón para afirmar que no era un candidato independiente, sino que en estas elecciones era nada más que una criatura de uno de los grupos oligárquicos competidores. Sin embargo, esta tesis no supo dominar la conciencia de las masas de los votantes ucranianos, ya que el presidente actual Poroshenko es públicamente conocido como un oligarca y una de las personas más ricas de Ucrania, quien, mientras estaba en su cargo, ha aumentado muchísimo sus activos y sus beneficios. El golpe decisivo a las posiciones electorales del presidente Poroshenko lo dieron las audaces investigaciones periodísticas sobre la corrupción dentro de la corporación pública Ukroboronprom que involucró a los amigos más íntimos y socios comerciales de Poroshenko. En el contexto de un conflicto real con Rusia, estos comerciantes se amañaban para comprar para el ejército ucraniano las piezas de repuesto defectuosas y usadas para varias armas en la propia Rusia y las revendían a un precio exorbitante usando el dinero del presupuesto. El presidente de Ucrania, Petro Poroshenko, no sólo es un magnate del sector de confitería y transporte, sino, además, el mayor propietario mediático. De hecho, le pertenecen dos canales de televisión influyentes en Ucrania: el «5 Kanal» y el «Pryamiy Kanal». Durante la campaña electoral Poroshenko mantuvo activos varios miles de «bots» en la red social Facebook que fueron concordados con las órdenes informativas del presidente actual y por su actividad se creaba una ilusión de un apoyo masivo del presidente actual. Sin embargo, este engaño terminó sin gloria y la cifra de un 25% del apoyo de los votantes sepultó final e irrevocablemente a Poroshenko como presidente de Ucrania. Al igual que en el caso de Zelenski, el programa electoral de Poroshenko prácticamente no contenía pautas sociales. La demagogia sobre su guerra exitosa contra Putin y sobre la obtención de autocefalia para una de las muchas iglesias ortodoxas de Ucrania (Iglesia Ortodoxa Ucraniana – Patriarcado de Kiev) no
[Marxism] Ukraine: «Zakhyst Pratsy» («Labor defence») indicates multiple violations of labor rights of workers!
POSTING RULES & NOTES #1 YOU MUST clip all extraneous text when replying to a message. #2 This mail-list, like most, is publicly & permanently archived. #3 Subscribe and post under an alias if #2 is a concern. * On February 20, 2019 Oleg Vernyk, Chairman of the All-Ukrainian Independent Trade Union «Zakhyst Pratsy» («Labor defence»), took part in a meeting of the Working Group-4 of the Ukrainian side of the Ukraine-EU Civil Society Platform, where a discussion of the Report on the violation of trade union and labor rights in Ukraine was held. During the stormy discussion and discussion of the proposals of its participants, the representative of «Zakhyst Pratsy» was able to update the following problems of the modern trade union movement to include them in the latest version. Reports: Violation of the rights of newly created trade unions to join existing collective agreements in enterprises and to participate in the process of adopting new collective agreements.The impossibility of the legal organizing of the strikes in Ukraine through the existing legislative regulation, which actually makes it impossible to conduct them.Strengthening the rough practice of employer’s civil lawsuits against trade unions in order to prohibit trade unions from using in their names the name of the enterprise where they are created.Strengthening by the judiciary the practice of gross disregard for the current labor legislation of Ukraine in the field of guarantees to members of elected trade union bodies from dismissal and the imposition by employers of other disciplinary penalties.We inform that the work of WG-4 on the final version of the document should end within a few days. Press service All-Ukrainian Independent Trade Union «Zakhyst Pratsi» https://zahist.wordpress.com/2019/02/24/ukraine-zakhyst-pratsy-labor-defence-indicates-multiple-violations-of-labor-rights-of-workers/ _ Full posting guidelines at: http://www.marxmail.org/sub.htm Set your options at: https://lists.csbs.utah.edu/options/marxism/archive%40mail-archive.com
POSTING RULES & NOTES #1 YOU MUST clip all extraneous text when replying to a message. #2 This mail-list, like most, is publicly & permanently archived. #3 Subscribe and post under an alias if #2 is a concern. * https://zahist.wordpress.com/2018/03/11/zahist-pratzi-labour-defense-at-the-assembly-of-resistance-in-budapest/ A regional European Assembly of Resistance (AoR) was held in Budapest (Hungary) on March 2-4, 2018, a delegation of the All-Ukrainian Independent Trade Union “Zahist pratzi” (“Labourdefense”) consisting of the coordinator of the all-Ukrainian independent trade union “Zahist pratzi” Andrii Ishchenko and a member of the feminine department of the all-Ukrainian independent trade union “Zahist pratzi” Inna Valeshkovskaya took part in its work from Ukraine. Among the participants there were representatives of the left and social organizations of Austria, Hungary, Slovenia, Spain, Czech Republic, Germany, Russia, Croatia, Serbia, France, Sweden. As it was expected, the most heated discussion was on the “Ukrainian issue”. The representative of the pro-Russian party “The Union of Left Forces” (Sergei Markin), living outside Ukraine and claiming that the fascist regime is already established in Ukraine and their party is being persecuted and works underground, tried to add to the text of the final resolution paragraphs which would shift the emphases of the final resolutions from social-class priorities to civilizational ones. On the contrary, the representative of the All-Ukrainian Independent Trade Union “Zahist pratzi” (Andrii Ishchenko), who came to Budapest from Ukraine, focused on the fact that the right regime in Ukraine, although slipping increasingly into authoritarianism and carrying out ultra-capitalist reforms, tries to preserve democratic decorations and at this time isn’t distinguished by its nature from right-wing authoritarian regimes in the surrounding Ukraine Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and there are no sufficient grounds to believe that the regime in Ukraine has already turned into the regime of an open terrorist dictatorship since left and trade union activists operate in Ukraine by legal methods of work; they consider suicidal to drive themselves into the underground and will make maximum use of the remaining opportunities for legal struggle for the rights of Ukrainian workers in spite of the growing pressure of an authoritarian anti-democratic regime and persecution of trade union activists in different parts of Ukraine. As a result of an acute open controversy and a lengthy discussion of practically all participants of the meeting the final text of the General Resolution of the Assembly of Resistance retained its class-social orientations and accents of genuine proletarian internationalism and was not led into seeking of “progressive” imperialism and the struggle of civilizations. Based on the results of the three-days work, the text of the Final Declaration of the General Meeting of the Assembly of Resistance was adopted, in which the participants stated the crisis of the political and parliamentary left wing practically in all countries of the world, the ubiquitous reduction of the social state (even in Sweden) and the need for joint international actions in which the “overthrow” of authoritarian systems can begin socially only with a broad, mass movement of public self-defense. Participants in a representative regional international meeting in Budapest adopted four main directions of joint actions: 1) In the economy – the fight against the oligarchic economy and its replacement by a mixed multi-sector economy, creating of a pluralistic ownership structure for broader groups of society, in other words the necessity of freedom in organizing cooperatives in all spheres of economy; 2) In social policy – the struggle to improve the living conditions of the social groups which are below. Instead of various forms of bourgeois nationalism, racism, ethnic folly, the persecution of Roma and migrants, the most important public task of the left wing – regardless of politics – is to ensure the cultural growth of the population, the establishment of civilian “people’s” educational structures and self-education groups; 3) In the political field – the concept of political democracy needs to be supplemented with concepts of economic and cultural democracy, so that everyone could be involved in “democracy”, and not just “elected” ones. Authoritarian regimes and their excluding constitutions must be rejected. Social rights should be fixed in the constitutions and they must be implemented; 4) In the field of social base – the main reliance of the anticapitalist left wing are trade unions and public organizations. If the left forces do not act as a spokesman of the interests of people living on wages or labor
POSTING RULES & NOTES #1 YOU MUST clip all extraneous text when replying to a message. #2 This mail-list, like most, is publicly & permanently archived. #3 Subscribe and post under an alias if #2 is a concern. * https://zahist.wordpress.com/2016/12/16/trade-union-conference-in-kyiv-modernization-of-ukrainian-labour-legislation-view-of-trade-union-and-labour-law-specialists/ Trade Union Conference in Kyiv: “Modernization of Ukrainian labour legislation: view of trade union and labour law specialists” 3 December 2016 All-Ukrainian trade union “Zakhyst Pratsi” (“Defense of Labour”) conducted its conference in in Kyiv “ Modernization of Ukrainian labour legislation: view of trade union and labour law specialists ”. The activists of following Ukrainian trade unions, civil unions and left-wing parties, participated in the conference work: AUITU “Zakhyst Pratsi” (trade union branches at PJSC “Ukrsybbank”(BNP Paribas) (Kyiv), Living-Exploitation Company # 109 (Kyiv), “Metro Cash and Carry “(Kyiv), “Pivdenmash (Dnipro) ATU “People Solidarity” (trade union branch of converter shop of PJSC “Metallurgic Company “Azovstal” (Mariupol). Independent trade union at PJSC “Mondelis Ukraine” (Trostianets, Сумська область) Independent miners trade union (city organization, Kryvyi Rig) All-Ukrainian Trade Union Confederation (Kyiv) Trade union of Ukrainian land relations industry (Kyiv) National Trade Union Confederation of Ukraine (Dnipro, Kyiv) All-Ukrainian trade union of attested police workers (regional organization, Mykolaiv) Trade union of aircraft builders of Ukraine (FTUU, Kyiv) Independent trade union “Solidarity” of Black Sea ship-building plant (Mykolaiiv) Independent trade union of Mariupol sea port (Mariupol) Independent trade union Mykolaiiv sea port (Mykolaiiv) Strike committee of “Khersonelektrotrans” plant (Kherson) Civil council of the Ministry of Social Policy of Ukraine Workers Party (Kyiv, Mykolaiiv, Dnipro) Social-Democratic Party (Kyiv) Organizational committee of Social Movement party (Kyiv, Kryvyi Rig). The following persons had spoken at the conference: Dmytro Filipchuk – the Chairman of Trade union of Ukrainian land relations industry Petro Petrychenko – the Chairman of National Trade Union Confederation of Ukraine and Grygorii Kabanchenko – the Chairman of Civil council of the Ministry of Social Policy of Ukraine. We’d received comradely greetings from following fraternal organizations: independent workers trade union of Kazakhstan “Zhanartu” (Mukhtar Umbetov and Ainur Kurmanov) general national French trade union l’Union syndicale Solidaires (from the name of trade union its Chairman Verveine Angeli) left-wing parliament party Red Green Alliance, Denmark (from the name of party’s international secretariat – Mikael Hertoft) The Ukraine Solidarity Campaign (Great Britain) (from the name of organization its founder Marco Bojcun). Main reports at the conference was done by the researchers: Natalia Agnyshchenko – the Chairman of Women Bureau of AUITU “Zakhyst Pratsi” (“Gender aspect in new Labour Code draft: remarks and propositions of social active and trade union activists ” and Vitalii Dudin – the lawyer of the Center of social and labour researches (“Selective adoption of European experience as the way of labour rights shortening” ). Third report was done by the Chairman of the Central Coordination Committee of all-Ukrainian trade union “People Solidarity” Oleksii Kliashtornyi (“Persoectives and dangers of new Labour Code”) . The panel discussion on the topic “Modern problems of Ukrainian labour legislation reforming: general Ukrainian and regional aspects” with attraction with regional conference participants was made under the moderation of lawyer – human rights defender Oleksandr Palii . Undoubtedly, the conference has shown high ability of the activists of Ukrainian independent trade unions in the direction of further struggle against anti-worker and anti-union new Labour Code draft. The connections between activists of different Ukrainian trade unions considerable improved during 2016. The problems of analysis of new Labour Code draft indeed was very important and actual for integration of the activists of Ukrainian independent trade unions on all-Ukrainian level. Both newly established and quite experienced trade unions form different regions of Ukraine at the first time received real possibility to coordinate its efforts for widening among working class masses real and true information regarding this predator and anti-worker new Labour Code draft. Independent Ukrainian trade unions, left-wing activists as well as professional and honest scientists – law researchers succeed during very short period of time to create the coalition of trade union organizations, civil unions and even political forces,
POSTING RULES & NOTES #1 YOU MUST clip all extraneous text when replying to a message. #2 This mail-list, like most, is publicly & permanently archived. #3 Subscribe and post under an alias if #2 is a concern. * http://royallib.com/book/sobolev_leonid/zeleniy_luch.html DOWNLOAD by Russian --- Исходное сообщение --- От кого: "Ken Hiebert via Marxism"
Дата: 7 октября 2016, 19:24:04 POSTING RULES & NOTES #1 YOU MUST clip all extraneous text when replying to a message. #2 This mail-list, like most, is publicly & permanently archived. #3 Subscribe and post under an alias if #2 is a concern. * I have acquired a copy of The Green Light by L. Sobolev. It seems to be widely available on line, but I could pass it along to Soviet Studies somewhere. ken h _ Full posting guidelines at: http://www.marxmail.org/sub.htm Set your options at: http://lists.csbs.utah.edu/options/marxism/zpratsy%40ukr.net _ Full posting guidelines at: http://www.marxmail.org/sub.htm Set your options at: http://lists.csbs.utah.edu/options/marxism/archive%40mail-archive.com
POSTING RULES & NOTES #1 YOU MUST clip all extraneous text when replying to a message. #2 This mail-list, like most, is publicly & permanently archived. #3 Subscribe and post under an alias if #2 is a concern. * https://zahist.wordpress.com/2016/09/18/resolution_odesa_eng/ RESOLUTION of the Roundtable of trade union and left - wing activists in Odesa, 10 September 2016 5 November 2015 the Parliament of Ukraine has adopted in the first reading the draft of new Labour Code . As it became clear later , parliament speaker of that time Mr . Volodymyr Groisman has fooled MPs insisting that adoption of the Labour Code is EU demand for visa - free regime for the citizens of Ukraine . Ukrainian trade union and left-wing activists immediately correctly declared this draft of new Labour Code as predator and anti-worker one. Also we adopted the decision that independent trade unions should immediately take part in the work of the Working group of Parliament committee on the issues of social policy employment and pension provision for making impossible sharp worsening of the freedoms and rights of workers and trade unions via adoption of this draft of new Labour Code. Unfortunately, real picture was completely different and very unpleasant. The job of the Working group was absolutely hidden and opaque for Ukrainian society and independent trade unions, where the representatives of employers and sub-controlled to oligarchic influences “official” Federation of Trade Unions of Ukraine (FTUU) in fact, betrayed the interests of wide layers of Ukrainian workers. Because of extreme cloudiness of the Labour Code preparation for the second reading Ukrainian society still doesn’t know, which propositions from the trade unions were taken into account by the profile committee headed by Mrs. Liudmyla Denysova. At the present time we have the information that the most blatant and shameful norms of the Labour Code weren’t change and are being prepared for the voting in the second reading. Even its brief list is very impressive: Article 86 of the draft allows the possibility of outrageous mass firing of the employees under the employer’s wish without any possibilities of their defense свавільних масових скорочень працівників по волі роботодавця без жодних варіантів їх захисту. Article 92 of the draft lets employers to fire workers, which serve financial and material values “because of losing the confidence”, even if it’s not connected with the job. Article 92 of the draft lets employers to fire the worker, employed in the educational area for making “immoral deed”, even if this deed took place not at the work. It’s clear that “morality” and “immorality” will be decided exclusively by employer. Article 158 of the draft allows attraction of some categories of the workers to the job in holiday and festive days without their agreement. The same Article 158 of the draft deprives the employees of the double-paying for job on holidays. Article 65 of the draft lets the employers to move the workers to other workplace (even to other city) without their agreement. Article 30 of the draft lets the employers to conduct the video and audio surveillance over the workers during the whole working day, roughly ignoring the basic human right for private life. Article 108 of the draft deprives single mothers of presently existing defense and lets the employers to roughly fire them because of any reason. Article 291 of the draft lets attract women with children to night works, the works on holiday and festive days and attract them to overtime works, depriving women with children from the guarantees of defense acting at the present time. Article 58 of the draft sets the fact that labour contract is provided to the employee during 7 days since beginning of the work, i.e. it provokes the employers to using “fraud” schemes, where the employees will work 6 days for free and then will not be adopted for the work because “they’re not good enough for this job”. One of the most blatant points is the norm of Article 12 of the draft, where all legislation volume of labour regulation, which falls outside the limits of the Labour Code, is transferred to so-called “employer normative acts”, which are adopted exclusively by the employer and should not be coordinated with trade unions. Generally trade unions rights are considerably limited in this draft; and it could lead to immediate destruction of whole trade union movement in Ukraine because of impossibility of court and trade union defense from illegal firing. In particular, it’ll be possible to fire the employee without preliminary agreement of trade union committee. As many as 52 article of the Labour Code draft determine the coordination of particular employer’s action with “trade union committee”, in