### Re: [Qgis-user] Problem georeferencing images in UTM

```
The UTM Easting and Northing are the following:

X = a*L ,
Y = a * tan^-1(sin(F)) - a*e * tan^-1(e*sin(F))

For the Web Mercator the same equations are:

X = a*L,
Y = a * tan^-1(sin(F))

What's going on here?  The Web Mercator as a projection is treating the
Earth as being a perfect sphere.  On the other hand, the UTM is making
use of the Earth's flattening value "e".  As you can see at the Web
Mercator Northing equation, the flattening is zero (e=0) and thus, only
the first part of the Northing equation produces a value.

[Sources: "Implementation Practice Web Mercator Map Projection"
http://earth-info.nga.mil/GandG/wgs84/web_mercator
/(U)%20NGA_SIG_0011_1.0.0_WEBMERC.pdf]

On 5/19/2018 3:32 AM, Andre Joost wrote:

Am 18.05.18 um 22:30 schrieb Nicolas Cadieux:

Hi,

NAD27 does touch the northern part of South America but you are correct
in saying that it does not extend in Brazil.

which do not even cover Central America.

See
for a visualization.

Greetings,
Andre Joost

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### Re: [Qgis-user] Problem georeferencing images in UTM

```
Am 18.05.18 um 22:30 schrieb Nicolas Cadieux:

Hi,

NAD27 does touch the northern part of South America but you are correct
in saying that it does not extend in Brazil.

which do not even cover Central America.

See
for a visualization.

Greetings,
Andre Joost

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### Re: [Qgis-user] Problem georeferencing images in UTM

```
Hi,

NAD27 does touch the northern part of South America but you are correct
in saying that it does not extend in Brazil.  I wrote the comments when
I was still trying to figure out where the maps were in the world.  I
been printed with the errors in NAD27 military grid reference system.
In those cases, error in much bigger than the standard 30 to 100 metres
error so that was my working hypotheses.   People assume that adjoining
maps use the same CRS and that is often not the case in remote areas.

I was reprojecting the Google map image to the local CRS in order to
figure out the distortion and not using the  WGS 84 Pseudo Merc
coordinates. It's important, like to say to know that there are
differences between the web merc and the various  WGS 84 realizations.
I would like to see the numbers out of curiosity if you have them. I
often wonder why these projections were invented.

BTW, the problem was solved when we used the TPS transformation and not
the linear transformation.

Cheers,

Nicolas

On 2018-05-18 3:52 PM, Nicolas Cadieux wrote:

Le 18 mai 2018 à 00:28, >
> a écrit :

I haven't been able to open the dataset but going through the
discussion I would like to offer some assistance since I believe
there are some misconceptions here:

First, the data has nothing to do with the NAD27 / NAD83 datum's
since these are North American datum's and they don't apply I believe
about 100m. I think Carlos mention something like being 400m off.

Google is using a Web Mercator projection based on a perfect sphere.
This has nothing to do with the UTM that has already incorporate the
Earth Flattening values into the Northing and Easting equations.

If I find some time tomorrow, I will come back and give the proper
equations showing the difference between Google's projection and UTM.

-0x906

On 2018-05-17 19:53, Carlos Henrique Grohmann de Carvalho wrote:

Thanks for the input Nicolas
These are official maps so the utm grid is ok. I figured that I was
using a linear transformation, with the option to just create the
world file, which works for control points at the corners
(lat/long), since the boundaries of the map is defined by
latitude/longitude. With UTM, this simple transformation won't work,
but TPS will give the correct results.

Carlos

On Thu, May 17, 2018 at 7:28 PM, Nicolas Cadieux
>
wrote:

Hi,
The utm grid is way off or we have the wrong epsg code.  If you
geofence using 2 points (linear algo)  using a service like
google earth, you will see the distortion.  The long lat
coordinate are probably ok but I did not test them.
You can either use the long lat or use more points.  With 4
points and using the thin plate spline, I got good results.
Nicolas

Le 17 mai 2018 à 12:42, Carlos Henrique Grohmann de Carvalho
> a
écrit :

Thanks Nicolas, but the misalignment still persists. OTF is
off, project has same CRS as data (epsg 29192). There is a
~400m difference in the N-S direction.
Carlos

On Thu, May 17, 2018 at 1:28 PM, Nicolas Cadieux
> wrote:

Hi,
Disable projection on the fly.  Make sure the project is in
the same CRS as your maps.
Nicolas

Le 17 mai 2018 à 12:14, Carlos Henrique Grohmann de
Carvalho > a écrit :

Hello all
I have two pngs of topographic maps from southeastern
Brazil (a zip file with images and points is available
here:
https://www.dropbox.com/s/mexeh4be46pgsk6/images_georef.zip?dl=0
)
I'm trying to georeference them, but with partial success
only. In this image
(https://www.dropbox.com/s/37xxqp4fkwpdyqh/utm_error.png?dl=0
)
you can see that the X coordinate is fine, but the Y
coordinate of the two maps won't match.
Both maps use South American Datum 1969. I selected points
near the edges, and used the UTM values.
Interestingly, if I use Lat/Long, and place the points at
the corners, using decimal degrees, the maps align perfectly.
Any help is appreciated

--
Prof. Carlos Henrique Grohmann

Institute of Energy and Environment - Univ. of São Paulo,
Brazil
- Digital ```

### Re: [Qgis-user] Problem georeferencing images in UTM

```

> Le 18 mai 2018 à 00:28,   a écrit :
>
> I haven't been able to open the dataset but going through the discussion I
> would like to offer some assistance since I believe there are some
> misconceptions here:
>
> First, the data has nothing to do with the NAD27 / NAD83 datum's since these
> are North American datum's and they don't apply I believe in South America.
> mention something like being 400m off.
>
> using a Web Mercator projection based on a perfect sphere. This has nothing
> to do with the UTM that has already incorporate the Earth Flattening values
> into the Northing and Easting equations.
>
> If I find some time tomorrow, I will come back and give the proper equations
> showing the difference between Google's projection and UTM.
>
> -0x906
>
>
>
>> On 2018-05-17 19:53, Carlos Henrique Grohmann de Carvalho wrote:
>>
>> Thanks for the input Nicolas
>>
>> These are official maps so the utm grid is ok. I figured that I was using a
>> linear transformation, with the option to just create the world file, which
>> works for control points at the corners (lat/long), since the boundaries of
>> the map is defined by latitude/longitude. With UTM, this simple
>> transformation won't work, but TPS will give the correct results.
>>
>> Carlos
>>
>>
>>> On Thu, May 17, 2018 at 7:28 PM, Nicolas Cadieux
>>>  wrote:
>>>
>>> Hi,
>>> The utm grid is way off or we have the wrong epsg code.  If you geofence
>>> using 2 points (linear algo)  using a service like google earth, you will
>>> see the distortion.  The long lat coordinate are probably ok but I did not
>>> test them.
>>>
>>> You can either use the long lat or use more points.  With 4 points and
>>> using the thin plate spline, I got good results.
>>> Nicolas
>>>
Le 17 mai 2018 à 12:42, Carlos Henrique Grohmann de Carvalho
a écrit :

Thanks Nicolas, but the misalignment still persists. OTF is off, project
has same CRS as data (epsg 29192). There is a ~400m difference in the N-S
direction.

Carlos

> On Thu, May 17, 2018 at 1:28 PM, Nicolas Cadieux
>  wrote:
>
> Hi,
> Disable projection on the fly.  Make sure the project is in the same CRS
> Nicolas
>
>> Le 17 mai 2018 à 12:14, Carlos Henrique Grohmann de Carvalho
>>  a écrit :
>>
>> Hello all
>>
>> I have two pngs of topographic maps from southeastern Brazil (a zip file
>> with images and points is available here:
>> https://www.dropbox.com/s/mexeh4be46pgsk6/images_georef.zip?dl=0)
>>
>> I'm trying to georeference them, but with partial success only. In this
>> image (https://www.dropbox.com/s/37xxqp4fkwpdyqh/utm_error.png?dl=0) you
>> can see that the X coordinate is fine, but the Y coordinate of the two
>> maps won't match.
>>
>> Both maps use South American Datum 1969. I selected points near the
>> edges, and used the UTM values.
>>
>> Interestingly, if I use Lat/Long, and place the points at the corners,
>> using decimal degrees, the maps align perfectly.
>>
>>
>> Any help is appreciated
>>
>>
>> --
>> Prof. Carlos Henrique Grohmann
>> Institute of Energy and Environment - Univ. of São Paulo, Brazil
>> - Digital Terrain Analysis | GIS | Remote Sensing -
>>
>> http://carlosgrohmann.com
>> http://orcid.org/-0001-5073-5572
>>
>> Can't stop the signal.
>> ___
>> Qgis-user mailing list
>> Qgis-user@lists.osgeo.org
>> List info: https://lists.osgeo.org/mailman/listinfo/qgis-user
>> Unsubscribe: https://lists.osgeo.org/mailman/listinfo/qgis-user

--
Prof. Carlos Henrique Grohmann
Institute of Energy and Environment - Univ. of São Paulo, Brazil
- Digital Terrain Analysis | GIS | Remote Sensing -

http://carlosgrohmann.com
http://orcid.org/-0001-5073-5572

Can't stop the signal.
>>
>>
>>
>> --
>> Prof. Carlos Henrique Grohmann
>> Institute of Energy and Environment - Univ. of São Paulo, Brazil
>> - Digital Terrain Analysis | GIS | Remote Sensing -
>>
>> http://carlosgrohmann.com
>> http://orcid.org/-0001-5073-5572
>>
>> Can't stop the signal.
>>
>> ___
>> Qgis-user mailing list
>> Qgis-user@lists.osgeo.org
>> List info: https://lists.osgeo.org/mailman/listinfo/qgis-user
>> Unsubscribe: https://lists.osgeo.org/mailman/listinfo/qgis-user
>
```

### Re: [Qgis-user] Problem georeferencing images in UTM

```
Hi Carlos:

I georeferenced 2 screen shots of your maps and obtained good results.
I would have a close look at the coordinates of your ground control
points and make sure you selected the utm grid intersection as a control
point versus the corner of the mapsheet which is a lat/long grid. It is
easy to make a simple mistake

Kirk

On 5/17/2018 8:53 PM, Carlos Henrique Grohmann de Carvalho wrote:

Thanks for the input Nicolas

These are official maps so the utm grid is ok. I figured that I was
using a linear transformation, with the option to just create the
world file, which works for control points at the corners (lat/long),
since the boundaries of the map is defined by latitude/longitude. With
UTM, this simple transformation won't work, but TPS will give the
correct results.

Carlos

On Thu, May 17, 2018 at 7:28 PM, Nicolas Cadieux
>
wrote:

Hi,
The utm grid is way off or we have the wrong epsg code.  If you
geofence using 2 points (linear algo)  using a service like google
earth, you will see the distortion.  The long lat coordinate are
probably ok but I did not test them.

You can either use the long lat or use more points. With 4 points
and using the thin plate spline, I got good results.
Nicolas

Le 17 mai 2018 à 12:42, Carlos Henrique Grohmann de Carvalho
> a
écrit :

Thanks Nicolas, but the misalignment still persists. OTF is off,
project has same CRS as data (epsg 29192). There is a ~400m
difference in the N-S direction.

Carlos

On Thu, May 17, 2018 at 1:28 PM, Nicolas Cadieux
> wrote:

Hi,
Disable projection on the fly. Make sure the project is in
the same CRS as your maps.
Nicolas

Le 17 mai 2018 à 12:14, Carlos Henrique Grohmann de Carvalho
> a écrit :

Hello all

I have two pngs of topographic maps from southeastern Brazil
(a zip file with images and points is available here:
https://www.dropbox.com/s/mexeh4be46pgsk6/images_georef.zip?dl=0
)

I'm trying to georeference them, but with partial success
only. In this image
(https://www.dropbox.com/s/37xxqp4fkwpdyqh/utm_error.png?dl=0
)
you can see that the X coordinate is fine, but the Y
coordinate of the two maps won't match.

Both maps use South American Datum 1969. I selected points
near the edges, and used the UTM values.

Interestingly, if I use Lat/Long, and place the points at
the corners, using decimal degrees, the maps align perfectly.

Any help is appreciated

--
Prof. Carlos Henrique Grohmann

Institute of Energy and Environment - Univ. of São Paulo,
Brazil
- Digital Terrain Analysis | GIS | Remote Sensing -

http://carlosgrohmann.com
http://orcid.org/-0001-5073-5572

Can’t stop the signal.
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--
Prof. Carlos Henrique Grohmann

Institute of Energy and Environment - Univ. of São Paulo, Brazil
- Digital Terrain Analysis | GIS | Remote Sensing -

http://carlosgrohmann.com
http://orcid.org/-0001-5073-5572

Can’t stop the signal.

--
Prof. Carlos Henrique Grohmann
Institute of Energy and Environment - Univ. of São Paulo, Brazil
- Digital Terrain Analysis | GIS | Remote Sensing -

http://carlosgrohmann.com
http://orcid.org/-0001-5073-5572

Can’t stop the signal.

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Thorburn, NS
B0K 1W0
Tel (902) 922.3607
Email: k...@nortekresources.com
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___
```

### Re: [Qgis-user] Problem georeferencing images in UTM

```I haven't been able to open the dataset but going through the discussion
I would like to offer some assistance since I believe there are some
misconceptions here:

First, the data has nothing to do with the NAD27 / NAD83 datum's since
these are North American datum's and they don't apply I believe in South
I think Carlos mention something like being 400m off.

Google is using a Web Mercator projection based on a perfect sphere.
This has nothing to do with the UTM that has already incorporate the
Earth Flattening values into the Northing and Easting equations.

If I find some time tomorrow, I will come back and give the proper
equations showing the difference between Google's projection and UTM.

-0x906

On 2018-05-17 19:53, Carlos Henrique Grohmann de Carvalho wrote:

> Thanks for the input Nicolas
>
> These are official maps so the utm grid is ok. I figured that I was using a
> linear transformation, with the option to just create the world file, which
> works for control points at the corners (lat/long), since the boundaries of
> the map is defined by latitude/longitude. With UTM, this simple
> transformation won't work, but TPS will give the correct results.
>
> Carlos
>
> On Thu, May 17, 2018 at 7:28 PM, Nicolas Cadieux
>  wrote:
>
> Hi,
> The utm grid is way off or we have the wrong epsg code.  If you geofence
> using 2 points (linear algo)  using a service like google earth, you will see
> the distortion.  The long lat coordinate are probably ok but I did not test
> them.
>
> You can either use the long lat or use more points.  With 4 points and using
> the thin plate spline, I got good results.
> Nicolas
>
> Le 17 mai 2018 à 12:42, Carlos Henrique Grohmann de Carvalho
>  a écrit :
>
> Thanks Nicolas, but the misalignment still persists. OTF is off, project has
> same CRS as data (epsg 29192). There is a ~400m difference in the N-S
> direction.
>
> Carlos
>
> On Thu, May 17, 2018 at 1:28 PM, Nicolas Cadieux
>  wrote:
>
> Hi,
> Disable projection on the fly.  Make sure the project is in the same CRS as
> Nicolas
>
> Le 17 mai 2018 à 12:14, Carlos Henrique Grohmann de Carvalho
>  a écrit :
>
> Hello all
>
> I have two pngs of topographic maps from southeastern Brazil (a zip file with
> images and points is available here:
> https://www.dropbox.com/s/mexeh4be46pgsk6/images_georef.zip?dl=0 [1])
>
> I'm trying to georeference them, but with partial success only. In this image
> (https://www.dropbox.com/s/37xxqp4fkwpdyqh/utm_error.png?dl=0 [2]) you can
> see that the X coordinate is fine, but the Y coordinate of the two maps won't
> match.
>
> Both maps use South American Datum 1969. I selected points near the edges,
> and used the UTM values.
>
> Interestingly, if I use Lat/Long, and place the points at the corners, using
> decimal degrees, the maps align perfectly.
>
> Any help is appreciated
> --
>
> Prof. Carlos Henrique Grohmann
> Institute of Energy and Environment - Univ. of São Paulo, Brazil
> - Digital Terrain Analysis | GIS | Remote Sensing -
>
> http://carlosgrohmann.com [3]
> http://orcid.org/-0001-5073-5572 [4]
>
> Can't stop the signal.
> ___
> Qgis-user mailing list
> Qgis-user@lists.osgeo.org
> List info: https://lists.osgeo.org/mailman/listinfo/qgis-user [5]
> Unsubscribe: https://lists.osgeo.org/mailman/listinfo/qgis-user [5]

--

Prof. Carlos Henrique Grohmann
Institute of Energy and Environment - Univ. of São Paulo, Brazil
- Digital Terrain Analysis | GIS | Remote Sensing -

http://carlosgrohmann.com [3]
http://orcid.org/-0001-5073-5572 [4]

Can't stop the signal.

--

Prof. Carlos Henrique Grohmann
Institute of Energy and Environment - Univ. of São Paulo, Brazil
- Digital Terrain Analysis | GIS | Remote Sensing -

http://carlosgrohmann.com [3]
http://orcid.org/-0001-5073-5572

Can't stop the signal.
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--
[1] https://www.dropbox.com/s/mexeh4be46pgsk6/images_georef.zip?dl=0
[2] https://www.dropbox.com/s/37xxqp4fkwpdyqh/utm_error.png?dl=0
[3] http://carlosgrohmann.com/
[4] http://orcid.org/-0001-5073-5572
[5] https://lists.osgeo.org/mailman/listinfo/qgis-user___
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### Re: [Qgis-user] Problem georeferencing images in UTM

```Thanks for the input Nicolas

These are official maps so the utm grid is ok. I figured that I was using a
linear transformation, with the option to just create the world file, which
works for control points at the corners (lat/long), since the boundaries of
the map is defined by latitude/longitude. With UTM, this simple
transformation won't work, but TPS will give the correct results.

Carlos

On Thu, May 17, 2018 at 7:28 PM, Nicolas Cadieux <

> Hi,
> The utm grid is way off or we have the wrong epsg code.  If you geofence
> using 2 points (linear algo)  using a service like google earth, you will
> see the distortion.  The long lat coordinate are probably ok but I did not
> test them.
>
> You can either use the long lat or use more points.  With 4 points and
> using the thin plate spline, I got good results.
> Nicolas
>
> Le 17 mai 2018 à 12:42, Carlos Henrique Grohmann de Carvalho <
> carlos.grohm...@gmail.com> a écrit :
>
> Thanks Nicolas, but the misalignment still persists. OTF is off, project
> has same CRS as data (epsg 29192). There is a ~400m difference in the N-S
> direction.
>
> Carlos
>
> On Thu, May 17, 2018 at 1:28 PM, Nicolas Cadieux <
>
>> Hi,
>> Disable projection on the fly.  Make sure the project is in the same CRS
>> Nicolas
>>
>> Le 17 mai 2018 à 12:14, Carlos Henrique Grohmann de Carvalho <
>> carlos.grohm...@gmail.com> a écrit :
>>
>> Hello all
>>
>> I have two pngs of topographic maps from southeastern Brazil (a zip file
>> with images and points is available here: https://www.dropbox.com/
>> s/mexeh4be46pgsk6/images_georef.zip?dl=0)
>>
>> I'm trying to georeference them, but with partial success only. In this
>> image (https://www.dropbox.com/s/37xxqp4fkwpdyqh/utm_error.png?dl=0) you
>> can see that the X coordinate is fine, but the Y coordinate of the two maps
>> won't match.
>>
>> Both maps use South American Datum 1969. I selected points near the
>> edges, and used the UTM values.
>>
>> Interestingly, if I use Lat/Long, and place the points at the corners,
>> using decimal degrees, the maps align perfectly.
>>
>>
>> Any help is appreciated
>>
>>
>> --
>> Prof. Carlos Henrique Grohmann
>> Institute of Energy and Environment - Univ. of São Paulo, Brazil
>> - Digital Terrain Analysis | GIS | Remote Sensing -
>>
>> http://carlosgrohmann.com
>> http://orcid.org/-0001-5073-5572
>>
>> Can’t stop the signal.
>>
>> ___
>> Qgis-user mailing list
>> Qgis-user@lists.osgeo.org
>> List info: https://lists.osgeo.org/mailman/listinfo/qgis-user
>> Unsubscribe: https://lists.osgeo.org/mailman/listinfo/qgis-user
>>
>>
>
>
> --
> Prof. Carlos Henrique Grohmann
> Institute of Energy and Environment - Univ. of São Paulo, Brazil
> - Digital Terrain Analysis | GIS | Remote Sensing -
>
> http://carlosgrohmann.com
> http://orcid.org/-0001-5073-5572
>
> Can’t stop the signal.
>
>

--
Prof. Carlos Henrique Grohmann
Institute of Energy and Environment - Univ. of São Paulo, Brazil
- Digital Terrain Analysis | GIS | Remote Sensing -

http://carlosgrohmann.com
http://orcid.org/-0001-5073-5572

Can’t stop the signal.
___
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List info: https://lists.osgeo.org/mailman/listinfo/qgis-user
Unsubscribe: https://lists.osgeo.org/mailman/listinfo/qgis-user
```

### Re: [Qgis-user] Problem georeferencing images in UTM

```Hi,
The utm grid is way off or we have the wrong epsg code.  If you geofence using
2 points (linear algo)  using a service like google earth, you will see the
distortion.  The long lat coordinate are probably ok but I did not test them.

You can either use the long lat or use more points.  With 4 points and using
the thin plate spline, I got good results.
Nicolas

> Le 17 mai 2018 à 12:42, Carlos Henrique Grohmann de Carvalho
>  a écrit :
>
> Thanks Nicolas, but the misalignment still persists. OTF is off, project has
> same CRS as data (epsg 29192). There is a ~400m difference in the N-S
> direction.
>
> Carlos
>
>> On Thu, May 17, 2018 at 1:28 PM, Nicolas Cadieux
>>  wrote:
>> Hi,
>> Disable projection on the fly.  Make sure the project is in the same CRS as
>> Nicolas
>>
>>> Le 17 mai 2018 à 12:14, Carlos Henrique Grohmann de Carvalho
>>>  a écrit :
>>>
>>> Hello all
>>>
>>> I have two pngs of topographic maps from southeastern Brazil (a zip file
>>> with images and points is available here:
>>> https://www.dropbox.com/s/mexeh4be46pgsk6/images_georef.zip?dl=0)
>>>
>>> I'm trying to georeference them, but with partial success only. In this
>>> image (https://www.dropbox.com/s/37xxqp4fkwpdyqh/utm_error.png?dl=0) you
>>> can see that the X coordinate is fine, but the Y coordinate of the two maps
>>> won't match.
>>>
>>> Both maps use South American Datum 1969. I selected points near the edges,
>>> and used the UTM values.
>>>
>>> Interestingly, if I use Lat/Long, and place the points at the corners,
>>> using decimal degrees, the maps align perfectly.
>>>
>>>
>>> Any help is appreciated
>>>
>>>
>>> --
>>> Prof. Carlos Henrique Grohmann
>>> Institute of Energy and Environment - Univ. of São Paulo, Brazil
>>> - Digital Terrain Analysis | GIS | Remote Sensing -
>>>
>>> http://carlosgrohmann.com
>>> http://orcid.org/-0001-5073-5572
>>>
>>> Can’t stop the signal.
>>> ___
>>> Qgis-user mailing list
>>> Qgis-user@lists.osgeo.org
>>> List info: https://lists.osgeo.org/mailman/listinfo/qgis-user
>>> Unsubscribe: https://lists.osgeo.org/mailman/listinfo/qgis-user
>
>
>
> --
> Prof. Carlos Henrique Grohmann
> Institute of Energy and Environment - Univ. of São Paulo, Brazil
> - Digital Terrain Analysis | GIS | Remote Sensing -
>
> http://carlosgrohmann.com
> http://orcid.org/-0001-5073-5572
>
> Can’t stop the signal.
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### Re: [Qgis-user] Problem georeferencing images in UTM

```Hi,

I am looking at your maps now. If I understand, it works with lat long but not
the UTM Coordinates.  It could be a mistake in the utm grid.  Perhaps one utm
grid is in NAD27 and the other in NAD83.  That could explain the shift.
I will look at it.

Nicolas

> Le 17 mai 2018 à 12:42, Carlos Henrique Grohmann de Carvalho
>  a écrit :
>
> Thanks Nicolas, but the misalignment still persists. OTF is off, project has
> same CRS as data (epsg 29192). There is a ~400m difference in the N-S
> direction.
>
> Carlos
>
>> On Thu, May 17, 2018 at 1:28 PM, Nicolas Cadieux
>>  wrote:
>> Hi,
>> Disable projection on the fly.  Make sure the project is in the same CRS as
>> Nicolas
>>
>>> Le 17 mai 2018 à 12:14, Carlos Henrique Grohmann de Carvalho
>>>  a écrit :
>>>
>>> Hello all
>>>
>>> I have two pngs of topographic maps from southeastern Brazil (a zip file
>>> with images and points is available here:
>>> https://www.dropbox.com/s/mexeh4be46pgsk6/images_georef.zip?dl=0)
>>>
>>> I'm trying to georeference them, but with partial success only. In this
>>> image (https://www.dropbox.com/s/37xxqp4fkwpdyqh/utm_error.png?dl=0) you
>>> can see that the X coordinate is fine, but the Y coordinate of the two maps
>>> won't match.
>>>
>>> Both maps use South American Datum 1969. I selected points near the edges,
>>> and used the UTM values.
>>>
>>> Interestingly, if I use Lat/Long, and place the points at the corners,
>>> using decimal degrees, the maps align perfectly.
>>>
>>>
>>> Any help is appreciated
>>>
>>>
>>> --
>>> Prof. Carlos Henrique Grohmann
>>> Institute of Energy and Environment - Univ. of São Paulo, Brazil
>>> - Digital Terrain Analysis | GIS | Remote Sensing -
>>>
>>> http://carlosgrohmann.com
>>> http://orcid.org/-0001-5073-5572
>>>
>>> Can’t stop the signal.
>>> ___
>>> Qgis-user mailing list
>>> Qgis-user@lists.osgeo.org
>>> List info: https://lists.osgeo.org/mailman/listinfo/qgis-user
>>> Unsubscribe: https://lists.osgeo.org/mailman/listinfo/qgis-user
>
>
>
> --
> Prof. Carlos Henrique Grohmann
> Institute of Energy and Environment - Univ. of São Paulo, Brazil
> - Digital Terrain Analysis | GIS | Remote Sensing -
>
> http://carlosgrohmann.com
> http://orcid.org/-0001-5073-5572
>
> Can’t stop the signal.
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### Re: [Qgis-user] Problem georeferencing images in UTM

```When using the georeferencer some of the methods require at least 3 points,
even though you might think it not necessary. Otherwise you can get unusual
results.
Steve

--
Sent from: http://osgeo-org.1560.x6.nabble.com/QGIS-User-f4125267.html
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### Re: [Qgis-user] Problem georeferencing images in UTM

```Thanks Nicolas, but the misalignment still persists. OTF is off, project
has same CRS as data (epsg 29192). There is a ~400m difference in the N-S
direction.

Carlos

On Thu, May 17, 2018 at 1:28 PM, Nicolas Cadieux <

> Hi,
> Disable projection on the fly.  Make sure the project is in the same CRS
> Nicolas
>
> Le 17 mai 2018 à 12:14, Carlos Henrique Grohmann de Carvalho <
> carlos.grohm...@gmail.com> a écrit :
>
> Hello all
>
> I have two pngs of topographic maps from southeastern Brazil (a zip file
> with images and points is available here: https://www.dropbox.com/
> s/mexeh4be46pgsk6/images_georef.zip?dl=0)
>
> I'm trying to georeference them, but with partial success only. In this
> image (https://www.dropbox.com/s/37xxqp4fkwpdyqh/utm_error.png?dl=0) you
> can see that the X coordinate is fine, but the Y coordinate of the two maps
> won't match.
>
> Both maps use South American Datum 1969. I selected points near the edges,
> and used the UTM values.
>
> Interestingly, if I use Lat/Long, and place the points at the corners,
> using decimal degrees, the maps align perfectly.
>
>
> Any help is appreciated
>
>
> --
> Prof. Carlos Henrique Grohmann
> Institute of Energy and Environment - Univ. of São Paulo, Brazil
> - Digital Terrain Analysis | GIS | Remote Sensing -
>
> http://carlosgrohmann.com
> http://orcid.org/-0001-5073-5572
>
> Can’t stop the signal.
>
> ___
> Qgis-user mailing list
> Qgis-user@lists.osgeo.org
> List info: https://lists.osgeo.org/mailman/listinfo/qgis-user
> Unsubscribe: https://lists.osgeo.org/mailman/listinfo/qgis-user
>
>

--
Prof. Carlos Henrique Grohmann
Institute of Energy and Environment - Univ. of São Paulo, Brazil
- Digital Terrain Analysis | GIS | Remote Sensing -

http://carlosgrohmann.com
http://orcid.org/-0001-5073-5572

Can’t stop the signal.
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### Re: [Qgis-user] Problem georeferencing images in UTM

```Hi,
Disable projection on the fly.  Make sure the project is in the same CRS as
Nicolas

> Le 17 mai 2018 à 12:14, Carlos Henrique Grohmann de Carvalho
>  a écrit :
>
> Hello all
>
> I have two pngs of topographic maps from southeastern Brazil (a zip file with
> images and points is available here:
> https://www.dropbox.com/s/mexeh4be46pgsk6/images_georef.zip?dl=0)
>
> I'm trying to georeference them, but with partial success only. In this image
> (https://www.dropbox.com/s/37xxqp4fkwpdyqh/utm_error.png?dl=0) you can see
> that the X coordinate is fine, but the Y coordinate of the two maps won't
> match.
>
> Both maps use South American Datum 1969. I selected points near the edges,
> and used the UTM values.
>
> Interestingly, if I use Lat/Long, and place the points at the corners, using
> decimal degrees, the maps align perfectly.
>
>
> Any help is appreciated
>
>
> --
> Prof. Carlos Henrique Grohmann
> Institute of Energy and Environment - Univ. of São Paulo, Brazil
> - Digital Terrain Analysis | GIS | Remote Sensing -
>
> http://carlosgrohmann.com
> http://orcid.org/-0001-5073-5572
>
> Can’t stop the signal.
> ___
> Qgis-user mailing list
> Qgis-user@lists.osgeo.org
> List info: https://lists.osgeo.org/mailman/listinfo/qgis-user
> Unsubscribe: https://lists.osgeo.org/mailman/listinfo/qgis-user
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### [Qgis-user] Problem georeferencing images in UTM

```Hello all

I have two pngs of topographic maps from southeastern Brazil (a zip file
with images and points is available here: https://www.dropbox.com/
s/mexeh4be46pgsk6/images_georef.zip?dl=0)

I'm trying to georeference them, but with partial success only. In this
image (https://www.dropbox.com/s/37xxqp4fkwpdyqh/utm_error.png?dl=0) you
can see that the X coordinate is fine, but the Y coordinate of the two maps
won't match.

Both maps use South American Datum 1969. I selected points near the edges,
and used the UTM values.

Interestingly, if I use Lat/Long, and place the points at the corners,
using decimal degrees, the maps align perfectly.

Any help is appreciated

--
Prof. Carlos Henrique Grohmann
Institute of Energy and Environment - Univ. of São Paulo, Brazil
- Digital Terrain Analysis | GIS | Remote Sensing -

http://carlosgrohmann.com
http://orcid.org/-0001-5073-5572

Can’t stop the signal.
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