At 12:49 AM 1/6/01 +, Steve Alexander wrote:
WHEN OBJECT ADDED, CHANGED CALL self.ensure_conditions_hold()
I write the ensure_conditions_hold method so that it returns None if
everything is ok, but raises an exception if there is a problem with the
new state of the object.
That's all fine. However, I want to catch this exception in my
application, and handle it in a friendly way. However, I've tried using
dtml-try blocks and try: except: blocks from Python Scripts, and either
way, I cannot catch the exception. It still causes Zope to return the
I can only speculate that this is all due to the way that triggers get
executed at the end of transaction. I guess I'll have to validate the
data twice if I want to provide helpful feedback to the user.
How do I catch an error raised by a Trigger?
What Ty and I usually do is raise user-friendly error messages (in HTML) to
begin with, so there's no need to trap them in an except block; Zope's
normal handling works okay then. This is the "as designed/intended"
solution to your overall problem. (We often use dtml-raise for this, as it
makes it easier to create a full-screen HTML error page.)
But to answer the question you asked, you can do it by performing a
subtransaction commit, wrapped in a try or dtml-try block. This will fire
the triggers in a context where you can trap the exception. We suggest you
only use this trick when you really need it, however, and in your situation
as described I don't think you really need it. Even if
"ensure_conditions_hold" can't be changed to raise friendly exceptions, you
can always put a wrapper routine around it that catches and re-raises them.
The key idea here is that it's perfectly okay to let an exception propagate
to the user, if formatted properly. You probably *want* it to happen, to
ensure that *everything* gets rolled back. Even if you do the
subtransaction trick and trap the error, you still want to make sure the
transaction as a whole aborts, since SQL (for example) might already have
been sent to a database.
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