Experts Campaign For South Sudan To be Placed Under The UN-AU Trusteeship
for 10-15 Years.
[image: Kate Ambquist Knopf, the Director of Africa Center For Strategic
Studies and U.S. Department of Defense(Photo: supplied)]
Kate Ambquist Knopf, the Director of Africa Center For Strategic Studies
and U.S. Department of Defense(Photo: supplied)
*Sept 21, 2016(Nyamilepedia)* —– Briefing the United States Senate
Committee on Foreign Affairs on Sept 20th in Washington DC, experts on
South Sudan, call for South Sudan to be placed under the UN Trusteeship for
a period of 10 to 15 years.
The experts, which include Dr. Luka Biong Deng Kuol, Dr. Jok Madut Jok and
Kate Almquist Knopf unanimously agreed that South Sudan is no longer on the
brink of state failure or economic collapse but a complete failed state
that should be immediately placed under life support for a period of 10 to
“South Sudan is not on the brink of state failure. South Sudan is not in
the process of failing. South Sudan has failed, at great cost to its people
and with increasingly grave implications for regional security, including
the stability of important U.S. partners in the Horn of Africa.” Said Kate
Ambquist Knopf, the Director of Africa Center For Strategic Studies and
U.S. Department of Defense.
The Honorable Kate Almquist Knopf vividly explains how she has worked with
President Salva Kiir during the Compressive Peace Agreement and within the
last 5 years of South Sudan independent.
According to her independent observations, Kate has seen South Sudan on the
brink of failure as its leaders struggle for power and control of resources
to a failed extend where the incumbent regime ceased to perform even the
minimal functions and responsibilities of a sovereign state.
Although Salva Kiir regime may speak for the country and its sovereignty,
Kate reiterates that South Sudan’s domestic sovereignty is contested and
discredited by the warring factions under Kiir and Machar.
“South Sudan has ceased to perform even the minimal functions and
responsibilities of a sovereign state. The government exercises no monopoly
over coercive power, and its ability to deliver public services, provide
basic security, and administer justice is virtually nonexistent. While the
Kiir regime may2claim legal sovereignty, in practice domestic sovereignty
is entirely contested and discredited.” Kate said.
According to the experts, placing South Sudan under UN and AU Trusteeship
will protect South Sudan’s sovereignty, its territorial integrity and
empows the citizens of South Sudan to take ownership of their country and
their future from liberators-turned-oppressors.
Kate explains that Trusteeship has worked in sovereign states such as
Cambodia, Kosovo and East Timor, and therefore South Sudan should not use
“sovereignty” as a shield to pursue violent and war crimes at the expenses
of its own people.
“Though seemingly radical, international administration is not
unprecedented and has been previously employed to guide other countries,
including sovereign states, out of conflict. Cambodia, Kosovo, and East
Timor are some of the most prominent examples. While it will realistically
take at least ten to fifteen years for South Sudanese to develop a new
vision for their state as well as the institutions to manage politics
nonviolently, it is more sensible to plan for this duration at the outset
than drift into an accumulation of one-year peacekeeping mandates over
decades, as has been done in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo,
Darfur, and elsewhere.” Kate said.
“Like a patient in critical condition, restoring South Sudan to viability
can only be done by putting the country on external “life support” and
gradually withdrawing assistance over time.” Kate explains
Under a UN and AU transitional administration, however, the World Bank
could manage South Sudan’s oil revenues in a transparent and accountable
manner to partially fund service delivery to South Sudanese. Major donors
and international financial institutions such as the IMF would be reassured
by the accountability and transparency mechanisms governing the delivery of
non- humanitarian assistance under the transitional administration.
“This would in turn bolster confidence that donor resources are supporting
national strategies to meet the needs of South Sudan’s citizens and unblock
generous aid packages that provide additional incentives to South Sudanese
constituencies to support the transition. Any services the people of South
Sudan receive today are already being provided by the international
community. A UN and AU transitional administration would remove the
political and security impediments to these operations.” Kate further
She reiterates that even more critically, a transitional administration
would provide space for the kind of genuine national dialogue process
prescribed by the AU Commission of Inquiry, “to provide a forum for
dialogue, inquiry, and to record the multiple, often competing narratives
about South Sudan’s history and conflicts; to construct a common narrative
around which a new South Sudan can orient its future; to uncover and
document the history of victimization and to recommend appropriate
responses,” including through a truth and reconciliation commission. It
would also allow for an internal discussion on the structure of the state.
Although UN and AU transitional administration could be tried in South
Sudan, Kate do not have better options other than a use of force and
dialogue to mitigate outbreak of violence while trying to isolate both
Machar and Kiir from South Sudan’s politics.
With some backing from the United States and the region, Salva Kiir
government has tried to isolate Machar from the Transitional Government and
subsequently from South Sudan, however, the experts argue that both Machar
and Kiir cannot be isolated from South Sudan politics.
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