Biggest risk to transitional govt is S Sudan's own leaders, confidential UN
report says
NEW YORK (22 Sep.)

A confidential United Nations report obtained by Radio Tamazuj says that
the largest security threats to South Sudan’s transitional government are
the country’s own leaders.

"The continued belligerence of the parties, their commitment to military
rather than political means to achieve their aims, and the lack of
political will to implement the Agreement pose the most significant
security threats to the TGNU,” the UN panel of experts wrote.

The panel is made up of political, humanitarian, weapons, and economic
experts, and the report obtained by Radio Tamazuj was to the UN Security
Council. The report offers a damning indictment of rebel leader Riek
Machar, but particularly also President Salva Kiir.

The report says that the UN Security Council should place an arms embargo
on South Sudan because the biggest threat to the country is internal,
rather than external. It alleges that parties in the agreement have made
worse tribal tensions in the country.

"Arming of communities based on tribal affiliation continues to fuel
widespread violence, and neither party has demonstrated a willingness to
maintain basic law and order in areas under their respective control,” the
panel said.

It also accused the Jieng Council of Elders, a group which has significant
influence with Presidnet Kiir, of being instrumental in mobilizing violence
against the UN and a regional protection force mandated by the Security
Council.

While the rebel army under Riek Machar has received weapons and ammunition
from Sudan, according to the report, the government has spent large amounts
of money on new weapons.

The government has acquired two fighter jets that may have been used during
fighting in July, according to the report.

During the fighting in July, the report said that Kiir and Army Chief of
Staff Paul Malong commanded the government operations, using authority only
they had to deploy attack helicopters in the capital.

“Weapons are continuing to be procured, with the civilian population of
South Sudan bearing the brunt of the resulting harm,” the panel wrote.

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