Author: bapt
Date: Sat Oct 15 12:41:11 2016
New Revision: 307361
URL: https://svnweb.freebsd.org/changeset/base/307361

Log:
  MFC r306853
  
  Import tzdata 2016g

Modified:
  stable/11/contrib/tzdata/africa
  stable/11/contrib/tzdata/antarctica
  stable/11/contrib/tzdata/asia
  stable/11/contrib/tzdata/australasia
  stable/11/contrib/tzdata/backward
  stable/11/contrib/tzdata/etcetera
  stable/11/contrib/tzdata/europe
  stable/11/contrib/tzdata/factory
  stable/11/contrib/tzdata/leap-seconds.list
  stable/11/contrib/tzdata/leapseconds
  stable/11/contrib/tzdata/northamerica
  stable/11/contrib/tzdata/southamerica
  stable/11/contrib/tzdata/zone.tab
  stable/11/contrib/tzdata/zone1970.tab
Directory Properties:
  stable/11/   (props changed)

Modified: stable/11/contrib/tzdata/africa
==============================================================================
--- stable/11/contrib/tzdata/africa     Sat Oct 15 12:38:50 2016        
(r307360)
+++ stable/11/contrib/tzdata/africa     Sat Oct 15 12:41:11 2016        
(r307361)
@@ -343,6 +343,12 @@ Rule       Egypt   2007    only    -       Sep     Thu>=1  
24:00   
 # decision to abandon DST permanently.  See Ahram Online 2015-04-24.
 # 
http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/128509/Egypt/Politics-/Sisi-cancels-daylight-saving-time-in-Egypt.aspx
 
+# From Steffen Thorsen (2016-04-29):
+# Egypt will have DST from July 7 until the end of October....
+# 
http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContentP/1/204655/Egypt/Daylight-savings-time-returning-to-Egypt-on--July.aspx
+# From Mina Samuel (2016-07-04):
+# Egyptian government took the decision to cancel the DST,
+
 Rule   Egypt   2008    only    -       Aug     lastThu 24:00   0       -
 Rule   Egypt   2009    only    -       Aug     20      24:00   0       -
 Rule   Egypt   2010    only    -       Aug     10      24:00   0       -
@@ -458,7 +464,7 @@ Zone        Africa/Monrovia -0:43:08 -      LMT     1882
 # http://www.libyaherald.com/2013/10/24/correction-no-time-change-tomorrow/
 #
 # From Paul Eggert (2013-10-25):
-# For now, assume they're reverting to the pre-2012 rules of permanent UTC+2.
+# For now, assume they're reverting to the pre-2012 rules of permanent UT +02.
 
 # Rule NAME    FROM    TO      TYPE    IN      ON      AT      SAVE    LETTER/S
 Rule   Libya   1951    only    -       Oct     14      2:00    1:00    S
@@ -858,11 +864,11 @@ Rule      Morocco 2009    only    -       Aug     21      
 0:00   0       
 Rule   Morocco 2010    only    -       May      2       0:00   1:00    S
 Rule   Morocco 2010    only    -       Aug      8       0:00   0       -
 Rule   Morocco 2011    only    -       Apr      3       0:00   1:00    S
-Rule   Morocco 2011    only    -       Jul     31       0      0       -
+Rule   Morocco 2011    only    -       Jul     31       0:00   0       -
 Rule   Morocco 2012    2013    -       Apr     lastSun  2:00   1:00    S
-Rule   Morocco 2012    only    -       Sep     30       3:00   0       -
 Rule   Morocco 2012    only    -       Jul     20       3:00   0       -
 Rule   Morocco 2012    only    -       Aug     20       2:00   1:00    S
+Rule   Morocco 2012    only    -       Sep     30       3:00   0       -
 Rule   Morocco 2013    only    -       Jul      7       3:00   0       -
 Rule   Morocco 2013    only    -       Aug     10       2:00   1:00    S
 Rule   Morocco 2013    max     -       Oct     lastSun  3:00   0       -

Modified: stable/11/contrib/tzdata/antarctica
==============================================================================
--- stable/11/contrib/tzdata/antarctica Sat Oct 15 12:38:50 2016        
(r307360)
+++ stable/11/contrib/tzdata/antarctica Sat Oct 15 12:41:11 2016        
(r307361)
@@ -10,10 +10,8 @@
 # http://www.spri.cam.ac.uk/bob/periant.htm
 # for information.
 # Unless otherwise specified, we have no time zone information.
-#
-# Except for the French entries,
-# I made up all time zone abbreviations mentioned here; corrections welcome!
-# FORMAT is 'zzz' and GMTOFF is 0 for locations while uninhabited.
+
+# FORMAT is '-00' and GMTOFF is 0 for locations while uninhabited.
 
 # Argentina - year-round bases
 # Belgrano II, Confin Coast, -770227-0343737, since 1972-02-05
@@ -29,7 +27,7 @@
 #      previously sealers and scientific personnel wintered
 #      Margaret Turner reports
 #      
http://web.archive.org/web/20021204222245/http://www.dstc.qut.edu.au/DST/marg/daylight.html
-#      (1999-09-30) that they're UTC+5, with no DST;
+#      (1999-09-30) that they're UT +05, with no DST;
 #      presumably this is when they have visitors.
 #
 # year-round bases
@@ -67,24 +65,23 @@
 # http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/antartica-time-changes-2010.html
 
 # Zone NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
-Zone Antarctica/Casey  0       -       zzz     1969
-                       8:00    -       AWST    2009 Oct 18  2:00
-                                               # Australian Western Std Time
-                       11:00   -       CAST    2010 Mar  5  2:00  # Casey Time
-                       8:00    -       AWST    2011 Oct 28  2:00
-                       11:00   -       CAST    2012 Feb 21 17:00u
-                       8:00    -       AWST
-Zone Antarctica/Davis  0       -       zzz     1957 Jan 13
-                       7:00    -       DAVT    1964 Nov    # Davis Time
-                       0       -       zzz     1969 Feb
-                       7:00    -       DAVT    2009 Oct 18  2:00
-                       5:00    -       DAVT    2010 Mar 10 20:00u
-                       7:00    -       DAVT    2011 Oct 28  2:00
-                       5:00    -       DAVT    2012 Feb 21 20:00u
-                       7:00    -       DAVT
-Zone Antarctica/Mawson 0       -       zzz     1954 Feb 13
-                       6:00    -       MAWT    2009 Oct 18  2:00 # Mawson Time
-                       5:00    -       MAWT
+Zone Antarctica/Casey  0       -       -00     1969
+                       8:00    -       +08     2009 Oct 18  2:00
+                       11:00   -       +11     2010 Mar  5  2:00
+                       8:00    -       +08     2011 Oct 28  2:00
+                       11:00   -       +11     2012 Feb 21 17:00u
+                       8:00    -       +08
+Zone Antarctica/Davis  0       -       -00     1957 Jan 13
+                       7:00    -       +07     1964 Nov
+                       0       -       -00     1969 Feb
+                       7:00    -       +07     2009 Oct 18  2:00
+                       5:00    -       +05     2010 Mar 10 20:00u
+                       7:00    -       +07     2011 Oct 28  2:00
+                       5:00    -       +05     2012 Feb 21 20:00u
+                       7:00    -       +07
+Zone Antarctica/Mawson 0       -       -00     1954 Feb 13
+                       6:00    -       +06     2009 Oct 18  2:00
+                       5:00    -       +05
 # References:
 # Casey Weather (1998-02-26)
 # http://www.antdiv.gov.au/aad/exop/sfo/casey/casey_aws.html
@@ -137,8 +134,8 @@ Zone Antarctica/Mawson      0       -       zzz     1954 
Feb 
 #      fishing stations operated variously 1819/1931
 #
 # Zone NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
-Zone Indian/Kerguelen  0       -       zzz     1950 # Port-aux-Français
-                       5:00    -       TFT     # ISO code TF Time
+Zone Indian/Kerguelen  0       -       -00     1950 # Port-aux-Français
+                       5:00    -       +05
 #
 # year-round base in the main continent
 # Dumont d'Urville, Île des Pétrels, -6640+14001, since 1956-11
@@ -148,10 +145,10 @@ Zone Indian/Kerguelen     0       -       zzz     1950 # 
Por
 # It was destroyed by fire on 1952-01-14.
 #
 # Zone NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
-Zone Antarctica/DumontDUrville 0 -     zzz     1947
-                       10:00   -       PMT     1952 Jan 14 # Port-Martin Time
-                       0       -       zzz     1956 Nov
-                       10:00   -       DDUT    # Dumont-d'Urville Time
+Zone Antarctica/DumontDUrville 0 -     -00     1947
+                       10:00   -       +10     1952 Jan 14
+                       0       -       -00     1956 Nov
+                       10:00   -       +10
 
 # France & Italy - year-round base
 # Concordia, -750600+1232000, since 2005
@@ -176,8 +173,8 @@ Zone Antarctica/DumontDUrville 0 -  zzz     1
 # was established on 1957-01-29.  Since Syowa station is still the main
 # station of Japan, it's appropriate for the principal location.
 # Zone NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
-Zone Antarctica/Syowa  0       -       zzz     1957 Jan 29
-                       3:00    -       SYOT    # Syowa Time
+Zone Antarctica/Syowa  0       -       -00     1957 Jan 29
+                       3:00    -       +03
 # See:
 # NIPR Antarctic Research Activities (1999-08-17)
 # http://www.nipr.ac.jp/english/ara01.html
@@ -214,19 +211,19 @@ Zone Antarctica/Syowa     0       -       zzz     1957 
Jan 2
 # correct, but they should be quite close to the actual dates.
 #
 # From Paul Eggert (2014-03-21):
-# The CET-switching Troll rules require zic from tzcode 2014b or later, so as
+# The CET-switching Troll rules require zic from tz 2014b or later, so as
 # suggested by Bengt-Inge Larsson comment them out for now, and approximate
 # with only UTC and CEST.  Uncomment them when 2014b is more prevalent.
 #
 # Rule NAME    FROM    TO      TYPE    IN      ON      AT      SAVE    LETTER/S
-#Rule  Troll   2005    max     -       Mar      1      1:00u   1:00    CET
-Rule   Troll   2005    max     -       Mar     lastSun 1:00u   2:00    CEST
-#Rule  Troll   2005    max     -       Oct     lastSun 1:00u   1:00    CET
-#Rule  Troll   2004    max     -       Nov      7      1:00u   0:00    UTC
+#Rule  Troll   2005    max     -       Mar      1      1:00u   1:00    +01
+Rule   Troll   2005    max     -       Mar     lastSun 1:00u   2:00    +02
+#Rule  Troll   2005    max     -       Oct     lastSun 1:00u   1:00    +01
+#Rule  Troll   2004    max     -       Nov      7      1:00u   0:00    +00
 # Remove the following line when uncommenting the above '#Rule' lines.
-Rule   Troll   2004    max     -       Oct     lastSun 1:00u   0:00    UTC
+Rule   Troll   2004    max     -       Oct     lastSun 1:00u   0:00    +00
 # Zone NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
-Zone Antarctica/Troll  0       -       zzz     2005 Feb 12
+Zone Antarctica/Troll  0       -       -00     2005 Feb 12
                        0:00    Troll   %s
 
 # Poland - year-round base
@@ -265,10 +262,10 @@ Zone Antarctica/Troll     0       -       zzz     2005 
Feb 1
 # changes during the year and does not necessarily correspond to mean
 # solar noon.  So the Vostok time might have been whatever the clocks
 # happened to be during their visit.  So we still don't really know what time
-# it is at Vostok.  But we'll guess UTC+6.
+# it is at Vostok.  But we'll guess +06.
 #
-Zone Antarctica/Vostok 0       -       zzz     1957 Dec 16
-                       6:00    -       VOST    # Vostok time
+Zone Antarctica/Vostok 0       -       -00     1957 Dec 16
+                       6:00    -       +06
 
 # S Africa - year-round bases
 # Marion Island, -4653+03752
@@ -300,8 +297,8 @@ Zone Antarctica/Vostok      0       -       zzz     1957 
Dec 
 # <http://webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/g.html> says Rothera is -03 all year.
 #
 # Zone NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
-Zone Antarctica/Rothera        0       -       zzz     1976 Dec  1
-                       -3:00   -       ROTT    # Rothera time
+Zone Antarctica/Rothera        0       -       -00     1976 Dec  1
+                       -3:00   -       -03
 
 # Uruguay - year round base
 # Artigas, King George Island, -621104-0585107

Modified: stable/11/contrib/tzdata/asia
==============================================================================
--- stable/11/contrib/tzdata/asia       Sat Oct 15 12:38:50 2016        
(r307360)
+++ stable/11/contrib/tzdata/asia       Sat Oct 15 12:41:11 2016        
(r307361)
@@ -79,13 +79,9 @@ Rule E-EurAsia       1979    1995    -       Sep     lastSun 
 
 Rule E-EurAsia 1996    max     -       Oct     lastSun  0:00   0       -
 Rule RussiaAsia        1981    1984    -       Apr     1        0:00   1:00    
S
 Rule RussiaAsia        1981    1983    -       Oct     1        0:00   0       
-
-Rule RussiaAsia        1984    1991    -       Sep     lastSun  2:00s  0       
-
-Rule RussiaAsia        1985    1991    -       Mar     lastSun  2:00s  1:00    
S
-Rule RussiaAsia        1992    only    -       Mar     lastSat 23:00   1:00    
S
-Rule RussiaAsia        1992    only    -       Sep     lastSat 23:00   0       
-
-Rule RussiaAsia        1993    max     -       Mar     lastSun  2:00s  1:00    
S
-Rule RussiaAsia        1993    1995    -       Sep     lastSun  2:00s  0       
-
-Rule RussiaAsia        1996    max     -       Oct     lastSun  2:00s  0       
-
+Rule RussiaAsia        1984    1995    -       Sep     lastSun  2:00s  0       
-
+Rule RussiaAsia        1985    2011    -       Mar     lastSun  2:00s  1:00    
S
+Rule RussiaAsia        1996    2011    -       Oct     lastSun  2:00s  0       
-
 
 # Afghanistan
 # Zone NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
@@ -120,31 +116,37 @@ Zone      Asia/Kabul      4:36:48 -       LMT     1890
 # http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_armenia03.html
 # Zone NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 Zone   Asia/Yerevan    2:58:00 -       LMT     1924 May  2
-                       3:00    -       YERT    1957 Mar    # Yerevan Time
-                       4:00 RussiaAsia YER%sT  1991 Mar 31  2:00s
-                       3:00    1:00    YERST   1991 Sep 23 # independence
-                       3:00 RussiaAsia AM%sT   1995 Sep 24  2:00s
-                       4:00    -       AMT     1997
-                       4:00 RussiaAsia AM%sT   2012 Mar 25  2:00s
-                       4:00    -       AMT
+                       3:00    -       +03     1957 Mar
+                       4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1991 Mar 31  2:00s
+                       3:00 RussiaAsia +03/+04 1995 Sep 24  2:00s
+                       4:00    -       +04     1997
+                       4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05
 
 # Azerbaijan
+
 # From Rustam Aliyev of the Azerbaijan Internet Forum (2005-10-23):
 # According to the resolution of Cabinet of Ministers, 1997
 # From Paul Eggert (2015-09-17): It was Resolution No. 21 (1997-03-17).
 # http://code.az/files/daylight_res.pdf
+
+# From Steffen Thorsen (2016-03-17):
+# ... the Azerbaijani Cabinet of Ministers has cancelled switching to
+# daylight saving time....
+# http://www.azernews.az/azerbaijan/94137.html
+# 
http://vestnikkavkaza.net/news/Azerbaijani-Cabinet-of-Ministers-cancels-daylight-saving-time.html
+# http://en.apa.az/xeber_azerbaijan_abolishes_daylight_savings_ti_240862.html
+
 # Rule NAME    FROM    TO      TYPE    IN      ON      AT      SAVE    LETTER/S
-Rule   Azer    1997    max     -       Mar     lastSun  4:00   1:00    S
-Rule   Azer    1997    max     -       Oct     lastSun  5:00   0       -
+Rule   Azer    1997    2015    -       Mar     lastSun  4:00   1:00    S
+Rule   Azer    1997    2015    -       Oct     lastSun  5:00   0       -
 # Zone NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 Zone   Asia/Baku       3:19:24 -       LMT     1924 May  2
-                       3:00    -       BAKT    1957 Mar    # Baku Time
-                       4:00 RussiaAsia BAK%sT  1991 Mar 31  2:00s
-                       3:00    1:00    BAKST   1991 Aug 30 # independence
-                       3:00 RussiaAsia AZ%sT   1992 Sep lastSat 23:00
-                       4:00    -       AZT     1996     # Azerbaijan Time
-                       4:00    EUAsia  AZ%sT   1997
-                       4:00    Azer    AZ%sT
+                       3:00    -       +03     1957 Mar
+                       4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1991 Mar 31  2:00s
+                       3:00 RussiaAsia +03/+04 1992 Sep lastSun  2:00s
+                       4:00    -       +04     1996
+                       4:00    EUAsia  +04/+05 1997
+                       4:00    Azer    +04/+05
 
 # Bahrain
 # See Asia/Qatar.
@@ -263,7 +265,7 @@ Zone        Asia/Brunei     7:39:40 -       LMT     1926 
Mar 
 # Milne says 6:24:40 was the meridian of the time ball observatory at Rangoon.
 
 # Zone NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
-Zone   Asia/Rangoon    6:24:40 -       LMT     1880        # or Yangon
+Zone   Asia/Yangon     6:24:40 -       LMT     1880        # or Rangoon
                        6:24:40 -       RMT     1920        # Rangoon Mean Time?
                        6:30    -       BURT    1942 May    # Burma Time
                        9:00    -       JST     1945 May  3
@@ -378,7 +380,7 @@ Rule        PRC     1987    1991    -       Apr     Sun>=10 
0:00    1:
 # Lewiston (ME) Daily Sun (1939-05-29), p 17, said "Even the time is
 # different - the occupied districts going by Tokyo time, an hour
 # ahead of that prevailing in the rest of Shanghai."  Guess that the
-# Xujiahui Observatory was under French control and stuck with UT+8.
+# Xujiahui Observatory was under French control and stuck with UT +08.
 #
 # In earlier versions of this file, China had many separate Zone entries, but
 # this was based on what were apparently incorrect data in Shanks & Pottenger.
@@ -387,26 +389,26 @@ Rule      PRC     1987    1991    -       Apr     Sun>=10 
0:00    1:
 # Proposed in 1918 and theoretically in effect until 1949 (although in practice
 # mainly observed in coastal areas), the five zones were:
 #
-# Changbai Time ("Long-white Time", Long-white = Heilongjiang area) UT+8.5
+# Changbai Time ("Long-white Time", Long-white = Heilongjiang area) UT +08:30
 # Asia/Harbin (currently a link to Asia/Shanghai)
 # Heilongjiang (except Mohe county), Jilin
 #
-# Zhongyuan Time ("Central plain Time") UT+8
+# Zhongyuan Time ("Central plain Time") UT +08
 # Asia/Shanghai
 # most of China
 # This currently represents most other zones as well,
 # as apparently these regions have been the same since 1970.
 # Milne gives 8:05:43.2 for Xujiahui Observatory time; round to nearest.
-# Guo says Shanghai switched to UT+8 "from the end of the 19th century".
+# Guo says Shanghai switched to UT +08 "from the end of the 19th century".
 #
-# Long-shu Time (probably due to Long and Shu being two names of that area) 
UT+7
+# Long-shu Time (probably due to Long and Shu being two names of the area) UT 
+07
 # Asia/Chongqing (currently a link to Asia/Shanghai)
 # Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Ningxia, Sichuan, Shaanxi, and Yunnan;
 # most of Gansu; west Inner Mongolia; west Qinghai; and the Guangdong
 # counties Deqing, Enping, Kaiping, Luoding, Taishan, Xinxing,
 # Yangchun, Yangjiang, Yu'nan, and Yunfu.
 #
-# Xin-zang Time ("Xinjiang-Tibet Time") UT+6
+# Xin-zang Time ("Xinjiang-Tibet Time") UT +06
 # Asia/Urumqi
 # This currently represents Kunlun Time as well,
 # as apparently the two regions have been the same since 1970.
@@ -419,7 +421,7 @@ Rule        PRC     1987    1991    -       Apr     Sun>=10 
0:00    1:
 # Shihezi, Changji, Yanqi, Heshuo, Tuokexun, Tulufan, Shanshan, Hami,
 # Fukang, Kuitun, Kumukuli, Miquan, Qitai, and Turfan.
 #
-# Kunlun Time UT+5.5
+# Kunlun Time UT +05:30
 # Asia/Kashgar (currently a link to Asia/Urumqi)
 # West Tibet, including Pulan, Aheqi, Shufu, Shule;
 # West Xinjiang, including Aksu, Atushi, Yining, Hetian, Cele, Luopu, Nileke,
@@ -435,7 +437,7 @@ Rule        PRC     1987    1991    -       Apr     Sun>=10 
0:00    1:
 #
 # On the other hand, ethnic Uyghurs, who make up about half the
 # population of Xinjiang, typically use "Xinjiang time" which is two
-# hours behind Beijing time, or UTC +0600. The government of the Xinjiang
+# hours behind Beijing time, or UT +06. The government of the Xinjiang
 # Uyghur Autonomous Region, (XAUR, or just Xinjiang for short) as well as
 # local governments such as the Ürümqi city government use both times in
 # publications, referring to what is popularly called Xinjiang time as
@@ -491,8 +493,8 @@ Rule        PRC     1987    1991    -       Apr     Sun>=10 
0:00    1:
 # having the same time as Beijing.
 
 # From Paul Eggert (2014-06-30):
-# In the early days of the PRC, Tibet was given its own time zone (UT+6) but
-# this was withdrawn in 1959 and never reinstated; see Tubten Khétsun,
+# In the early days of the PRC, Tibet was given its own time zone (UT +06)
+# but this was withdrawn in 1959 and never reinstated; see Tubten Khétsun,
 # Memories of life in Lhasa under Chinese Rule, Columbia U Press, ISBN
 # 978-0231142861 (2008), translator's introduction by Matthew Akester, p x.
 # As this is before our 1970 cutoff, Tibet doesn't need a separate zone.
@@ -506,12 +508,12 @@ Rule      PRC     1987    1991    -       Apr     Sun>=10 
0:00    1:
 # Republics, the Soviet Union, the Kuomintang, and the People's Republic of
 # China, and tracking down all these organizations' timekeeping rules would be
 # quite a trick.  Approximate this lost history by a transition from LMT to
-# XJT at the start of 1928, the year of accession of the warlord Jin Shuren,
+# UT +06 at the start of 1928, the year of accession of the warlord Jin Shuren,
 # which happens to be the date given by Shanks & Pottenger (no doubt as a
-# guess) as the transition from LMT.  Ignore the usage of UT+8 before
-# 1986-02-01 under the theory that the transition date to UT+8 is unknown and
+# guess) as the transition from LMT.  Ignore the usage of +08 before
+# 1986-02-01 under the theory that the transition date to +08 is unknown and
 # that the sort of users who prefer Asia/Urumqi now typically ignored the
-# UT+8 mandate back then.
+# +08 mandate back then.
 
 # Zone NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 # Beijing time, used throughout China; represented by Shanghai.
@@ -716,7 +718,7 @@ Zone        Asia/Hong_Kong  7:36:42 -       LMT     1904 O
 # be found from historical government announcement database.
 
 # From Paul Eggert (2014-07-03):
-# As per Yu-Cheng Chuang, say that Taiwan was at UT+9 from 1937-10-01
+# As per Yu-Cheng Chuang, say that Taiwan was at UT +09 from 1937-10-01
 # until 1945-09-21 at 01:00, overriding Shanks & Pottenger.
 # Likewise, use Yu-Cheng Chuang's data for DST in Taiwan.
 
@@ -830,16 +832,15 @@ Link      Asia/Nicosia    Europe/Nicosia
 # Zone NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 Zone   Asia/Tbilisi    2:59:11 -       LMT     1880
                        2:59:11 -       TBMT    1924 May  2 # Tbilisi Mean Time
-                       3:00    -       TBIT    1957 Mar    # Tbilisi Time
-                       4:00 RussiaAsia TBI%sT  1991 Mar 31  2:00s
-                       3:00    1:00    TBIST   1991 Apr  9 # independence
-                       3:00 RussiaAsia GE%sT   1992        # Georgia Time
-                       3:00 E-EurAsia  GE%sT   1994 Sep lastSun
-                       4:00 E-EurAsia  GE%sT   1996 Oct lastSun
-                       4:00    1:00    GEST    1997 Mar lastSun
-                       4:00 E-EurAsia  GE%sT   2004 Jun 27
-                       3:00 RussiaAsia GE%sT   2005 Mar lastSun  2:00
-                       4:00    -       GET
+                       3:00    -       +03     1957 Mar
+                       4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1991 Mar 31  2:00s
+                       3:00 RussiaAsia +03/+04 1992
+                       3:00 E-EurAsia  +03/+04 1994 Sep lastSun
+                       4:00 E-EurAsia  +04/+05 1996 Oct lastSun
+                       4:00    1:00    +05     1997 Mar lastSun
+                       4:00 E-EurAsia  +04/+05 2004 Jun 27
+                       3:00 RussiaAsia +03/+04 2005 Mar lastSun  2:00
+                       4:00    -       +04
 
 # East Timor
 
@@ -874,6 +875,15 @@ Zone       Asia/Dili       8:22:20 -       LMT     1912 
Jan  1
                        9:00    -       TLT
 
 # India
+
+# From Ian P. Beacock, in "A brief history of (modern) time", The Atlantic
+# 
http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2015/12/the-creation-of-modern-time/421419/
+# (2015-12-22):
+# In January 1906, several thousand cotton-mill workers rioted on the
+# outskirts of Bombay....  They were protesting the proposed abolition of
+# local time in favor of Indian Standard Time....  Journalists called this
+# dispute the "Battle of the Clocks."  It lasted nearly half a century.
+
 # Zone NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 Zone   Asia/Kolkata    5:53:28 -       LMT     1880        # Kolkata
                        5:53:20 -       HMT     1941 Oct    # Howrah Mean Time?
@@ -907,7 +917,7 @@ Zone        Asia/Kolkata    5:53:28 -       LMT     1880    
 # These would be the earliest possible times for a change.
 # Régimes horaires pour le monde entier, by Henri Le Corre, (Éditions
 # Traditionnelles, 1987, Paris) says that Java and Madura switched
-# from JST to UTC+07:30 on 1945-09-23, and gives 1944-09-01 for Jayapura
+# from UT +09 to +07:30 on 1945-09-23, and gives 1944-09-01 for Jayapura
 # (Hollandia).  For now, assume all Indonesian locations other than Jayapura
 # switched on 1945-09-23.
 #
@@ -918,11 +928,11 @@ Zone      Asia/Kolkata    5:53:28 -       LMT     1880    
 # summary published by the Time and Frequency Laboratory of the
 # Research Center for Calibration, Instrumentation and Metrology,
 # Indonesia, <http://time.kim.lipi.go.id/time-eng.php> (2006-09-29).
-# The abbreviations are:
+# The time zone abbreviations and UT offsets are:
 #
-# WIB  - UTC+7 - Waktu Indonesia Barat (Indonesia western time)
-# WITA - UTC+8 - Waktu Indonesia Tengah (Indonesia central time)
-# WIT  - UTC+9 - Waktu Indonesia Timur (Indonesia eastern time)
+# WIB  - +07 - Waktu Indonesia Barat (Indonesia western time)
+# WITA - +08 - Waktu Indonesia Tengah (Indonesia central time)
+# WIT  - +09 - Waktu Indonesia Timur (Indonesia eastern time)
 #
 # Zone NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 # Java, Sumatra
@@ -1084,8 +1094,15 @@ Rule     Iran    2032    2033    -       Mar     21      
0:00    1:00    D
 Rule   Iran    2032    2033    -       Sep     21      0:00    0       S
 Rule   Iran    2034    2035    -       Mar     22      0:00    1:00    D
 Rule   Iran    2034    2035    -       Sep     22      0:00    0       S
-Rule   Iran    2036    2037    -       Mar     21      0:00    1:00    D
-Rule   Iran    2036    2037    -       Sep     21      0:00    0       S
+#
+# The following rules are approximations starting in the year 2038.
+# These are the best post-2037 approximations available, given the
+# restrictions of a single rule using a Gregorian-based data format.
+# At some point this table will need to be extended, though quite
+# possibly Iran will change the rules first.
+Rule   Iran    2036    max     -       Mar     21      0:00    1:00    D
+Rule   Iran    2036    max     -       Sep     21      0:00    0       S
+
 # Zone NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 Zone   Asia/Tehran     3:25:44 -       LMT     1916
                        3:25:44 -       TMT     1946     # Tehran Mean Time
@@ -1542,23 +1559,6 @@ Zone     Asia/Amman      2:23:44 -       LMT     1931
 
 # Kazakhstan
 
-# From Paul Eggert (1996-11-22):
-# Andrew Evtichov (1996-04-13) writes that Kazakhstan
-# stayed in sync with Moscow after 1990, and that Aqtobe (formerly Aktyubinsk)
-# and Aqtau (formerly Shevchenko) are the largest cities in their zones.
-# Guess that Aqtau and Aqtobe diverged in 1995, since that's the first time
-# IATA SSIM mentions a third time zone in Kazakhstan.
-
-# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
-# German Iofis, ELSI, Almaty (2001-10-09) reports that Kazakhstan uses
-# RussiaAsia rules, instead of switching at 00:00 as the IATA has it.
-# Go with Shanks & Pottenger, who have them always using RussiaAsia rules.
-# Also go with the following claims of Shanks & Pottenger:
-#
-# - Kazakhstan did not observe DST in 1991.
-# - Qyzylorda switched from +5:00 to +6:00 on 1992-01-19 02:00.
-# - Oral switched from +5:00 to +4:00 in spring 1989.
-
 # From Kazakhstan Embassy's News Bulletin No. 11
 # <http://www.kazsociety.org.uk/news/2005/03/30.htm> (2005-03-21):
 # The Government of Kazakhstan passed a resolution March 15 abolishing
@@ -1575,61 +1575,232 @@ Zone   Asia/Amman      2:23:44 -       LMT     1931
 # everything else....  I guess that would make Kazakhstan time zones
 # de jure UTC+5 and UTC+6 respectively.
 
+# From Stepan Golosunov (2016-03-27) ([*] means see later comments below):
+# Review of the linked documents from http://adilet.zan.kz/
+# produced the following data for post-1991 Kazakhstan:
+#
+# 0. Act of the Cabinet of Ministers of the USSR
+# from 1991-02-04 No. 20
+# http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?docbody=&nd=102010545
+# removed the extra hour ("decree time") on the territory of the USSR
+# starting with the last Sunday of March 1991.
+# It also allowed (but not mandated) Kazakh SSR, Kirghiz SSR, Tajik SSR,
+# Turkmen SSR and Uzbek SSR to not have "summer" time.
+#
+# The 1992-01-13 act also refers to the act of the Cabinet of Ministers
+# of the Kazakh SSR from 1991-03-20 No. 170 "About the act of the Cabinet
+# of Ministers of the USSR from 1991-02-04 No. 20" but I didn't found its
+# text.
+#
+# According to Izvestia newspaper No. 68 (23334) from 1991-03-20
+# (page 6; available at http://libinfo.org/newsr/newsr2574.djvu via
+# http://libinfo.org/index.php?id=58564) on 1991-03-31 at 2:00 during
+# transition to "summer" time:
+# Republic of Georgia, Latvian SSR, Lithuanian SSR, SSR Moldova,
+# Estonian SSR; Komi ASSR; Kaliningrad oblast; Nenets autonomous okrug
+# were to move clocks 1 hour forward.
+# Kazakh SSR (excluding Uralsk oblast); Republic of Kyrgyzstan, Tajik
+# SSR; Andijan, Jizzakh, Namangan, Sirdarya, Tashkent, Fergana oblasts
+# of the Uzbek SSR were to move clocks 1 hour backwards.
+# Other territories were to not move clocks.
+# When the "summer" time would end on 1991-09-29, clocks were to be
+# moved 1 hour backwards on the territory of the USSR excluding
+# Kazakhstan, Kirghizia, Uzbekistan, Turkmenia, Tajikistan.
+#
+# Apparently there were last minute changes. Apparently Kazakh act No. 170
+# was one of such changes.
+#
+# https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Декретное время
+# claims that Sovetskaya Rossiya newspaper on 1991-03-29 published that
+# Nenets autonomous okrug, Komi and Kazakhstan (excluding Uralsk oblast)
+# were to not move clocks and Uralsk oblast was to move clocks
+# forward; on 1991-09-29 Kazakhstan was to move clocks backwards.
+# (Probably there were changes even after that publication. There is an
+# article claiming that Kaliningrad oblast decided on 1991-03-29 to not
+# move clocks.)
+#
+# This implies that on 1991-03-31 Asia/Oral remained on +04/+05 while
+# the rest of Kazakhstan switched from +06/+07 to +05/06 or from +05/06
+# to +04/+05. It's unclear how Kzyl-Orda oblast moved into the fifth
+# time belt. (By switching from +04/+05 to +05/+06 on 1991-09-29?) ...
+#
+# 1. Act of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Kazakhstan
+# from 1992-01-13 No. 28
+# http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/P920000028_
+# (text includes modification from the 1996 act)
+# introduced new rules for calculation of time, mirroring Russian
+# 1992-01-08 act.  It specified that time would be calculated
+# according to time belts plus extra hour ("decree time"), moved clocks
+# on the whole territory of Kazakhstan 1 hour forward on 1992-01-19 at
+# 2:00, specified DST rules.  It acknowledged that Kazakhstan was
+# located in the fourth and the fifth time belts and specified the
+# border between them to be located east of Kustanay and Aktyubinsk
+# oblasts (notably including Turgai and Kzyl-Orda oblasts into the fifth
+# time belt).
+#
+# This means switch on 1992-01-19 at 2:00 from +04/+05 to +05/+06 for
+# Asia/Aqtau, Asia/Aqtobe, Asia/Oral, Atyrau and Kustanay oblasts; from
+# +05/+06 to +06/+07 for Asia/Almaty and Asia/Qyzylorda (and Arkalyk) [*]....
+#
+# 2. Act of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Kazakhstan
+# from 1992-03-27 No. 284
+# http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/P920000284_
+# cancels extra hour ("decree time") for Uralsk and Kzyl-Orda oblasts
+# since the last Sunday of March 1992, while keeping them in the fourth
+# and the fifth time belts respectively.
+#
+# 3. Order of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan
+# from 1994-09-23 No. 384
+# http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/R940000384_
+# cancels the extra hour ("decree time") on the territory of Mangystau
+# oblast since the last Sunday of September 1994 (saying that time on
+# the territory would correspond to the third time belt as a
+# result)....
+#
+# 4. Act of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan
+# from 1996-05-08 No. 575
+# http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/P960000575_
+# amends the 1992-01-13 act to end summer time in October instead
+# of September, mirroring identical Russian change from 1996-04-23 act.
+#
+# 5. Act of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan
+# from 1999-03-26 No. 305
+# http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/P990000305_
+# cancels the extra hour ("decree time") for Atyrau oblast since the
+# last Sunday of March 1999 while retaining the oblast in the fourth
+# time belt.
+#
+# This means change from +05/+06 to +04/+05.
+#
+# There is no zone for Atyrau currently (listed under Asia/Aqtau in
+# zone1970.tab).[*]
+#
+# 6. Act of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan
+# from 2000-11-23 No. 1749
+# http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/archive/docs/P000001749_/23.11.2000
+# replaces the previous five documents.
+#
+# The only changes I noticed are in definition of the border between the
+# fourth and the fifth time belts.  They account for changes in spelling
+# and administrative division (splitting of Turgai oblast in 1997
+# probably changed time in territories incorporated into Kostanay oblast
+# (including Arkalyk) from +06/+07 to +05/+06) and move Kyzylorda oblast
+# from being in the fifth time belt and not using decree time into the
+# fourth time belt (no change in practice).[*]
+#
+# 7. Act of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan
+# from 2003-12-29 No. 1342
+# http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/P030001342_
+# modified the 2000-11-23 act.  No relevant changes, apparently.
+#
+# 8. Act of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan
+# from 2004-07-20 No. 775
+# http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/archive/docs/P040000775_/20.07.2004
+# modified the 2000-11-23 act to move Kostanay and Kyzylorda oblasts into
+# the fifth time belt and add Aktobe oblast to the list of regions not
+# using extra hour ("decree time"), leaving Kazakhstan with only 2 time
+# zones (+04/+05 and +06/+07).  The changes were to be implemented
+# during DST transitions in 2004 and 2005 but the acts got radically
+# amended before implementation happened.
+#
+# 9. Act of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan
+# from 2004-09-15 No. 1059
+# http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/P040001059_
+# modified the 2000-11-23 act to remove exceptions from the "decree time"
+# (leaving Kazakhstan in +05/+06 and +06/+07 zones), amended the
+# 2004-07-20 act to implement changes for Atyrau, West Kazakhstan,
+# Kostanay, Kyzylorda and Mangystau oblasts by not moving clocks
+# during the 2014 transition to "winter" time.
+#
+# This means transition from +04/+05 to +05/+06 for Atyrau oblast (no
+# zone currently), Asia/Oral, Asia/Aqtau and transition from +05/+06 to
+# +06/+07 for Kostanay oblast (Kostanay and Arkalyk, no zones currently)
+# and Asia/Qyzylorda on 2004-10-31 at 3:00....[*]
+#
+# 10. Act of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan
+# from 2005-03-15 No. 231
+# http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/P050000231_
+# removes DST provisions from the 2000-11-23 act, removes most of the
+# (already implemented) provisions from the 2004-07-20 and 2004-09-15
+# acts, comes into effect 10 days after official publication.
+# The only practical effect seems to be the abolition of the summer
+# time.
+#
+# Unamended version of the act of the Government of the Russian Federation
+# No. 23 from 1992-01-08 [See 'europe' file for details].
+# Kazakh 1992-01-13 act appears to provide the same rules and 1992-03-27
+# act was to be enacted on the last Sunday of March 1992.
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-04-15):
+# The tables below should reflect Stepan Golosunov's remarks above,
+# except for the items marked "[*]" which I haven't gotten to yet.
+# It looks like we will need new zones Asia/Atyrau and Asia/Qostanay
+# to handle changes from 1992 through 2004 that we did not previously
+# know about.
+
 #
 # Zone NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 #
 # Almaty (formerly Alma-Ata), representing most locations in Kazakhstan
+# This includes KZ-AKM, KZ-ALA, KZ-ALM, KZ-AST, KZ-BAY, KZ-VOS, KZ-ZHA,
+# KZ-KAR, KZ-SEV, KZ-PAV, and KZ-YUZ.
 Zone   Asia/Almaty     5:07:48 -       LMT     1924 May  2 # or Alma-Ata
-                       5:00    -       ALMT    1930 Jun 21 # Alma-Ata Time
-                       6:00 RussiaAsia ALM%sT  1991
-                       6:00    -       ALMT    1992
-                       6:00 RussiaAsia ALM%sT  2005 Mar 15
-                       6:00    -       ALMT
-# Qyzylorda (aka Kyzylorda, Kizilorda, Kzyl-Orda, etc.)
+                       5:00    -       +05     1930 Jun 21
+                       6:00 RussiaAsia +06/+07 1991 Mar 31  2:00s
+                       5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1992 Jan 19  2:00s
+                       6:00 RussiaAsia +06/+07 2004 Oct 31  2:00s
+                       6:00    -       +06
+# Qyzylorda (aka Kyzylorda, Kizilorda, Kzyl-Orda, etc.) (KZ-KZY)
 Zone   Asia/Qyzylorda  4:21:52 -       LMT     1924 May  2
-                       4:00    -       KIZT    1930 Jun 21 # Kizilorda Time
-                       5:00    -       KIZT    1981 Apr  1
-                       5:00    1:00    KIZST   1981 Oct  1
-                       6:00    -       KIZT    1982 Apr  1
-                       5:00 RussiaAsia KIZ%sT  1991
-                       5:00    -       KIZT    1991 Dec 16 # independence
-                       5:00    -       QYZT    1992 Jan 19  2:00
-                       6:00 RussiaAsia QYZ%sT  2005 Mar 15
-                       6:00    -       QYZT
-# Aqtobe (aka Aktobe, formerly Aktyubinsk)
+                       4:00    -       +04     1930 Jun 21
+                       5:00    -       +05     1981 Apr  1
+                       5:00    1:00    +06     1981 Oct  1
+                       6:00    -       +06     1982 Apr  1
+                       5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1991 Mar 31  2:00s
+                       4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1991 Sep 29  2:00s
+                       5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1992 Jan 19  2:00s
+                       6:00 RussiaAsia +06/+07 1992 Mar 29  2:00s
+                       5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 2004 Oct 31  2:00s
+                       6:00    -       +06
+# Aqtobe (aka Aktobe, formerly Aktyubinsk) (KZ-AKT)
 Zone   Asia/Aqtobe     3:48:40 -       LMT     1924 May  2
-                       4:00    -       AKTT    1930 Jun 21 # Aktyubinsk Time
-                       5:00    -       AKTT    1981 Apr  1
-                       5:00    1:00    AKTST   1981 Oct  1
-                       6:00    -       AKTT    1982 Apr  1
-                       5:00 RussiaAsia AKT%sT  1991
-                       5:00    -       AKTT    1991 Dec 16 # independence
-                       5:00 RussiaAsia AQT%sT  2005 Mar 15 # Aqtobe Time
-                       5:00    -       AQTT
-# Mangghystau
+                       4:00    -       +04     1930 Jun 21
+                       5:00    -       +05     1981 Apr  1
+                       5:00    1:00    +06     1981 Oct  1
+                       6:00    -       +06     1982 Apr  1
+                       5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1991 Mar 31  2:00s
+                       4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1992 Jan 19  2:00s
+                       5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 2004 Oct 31  2:00s
+                       5:00    -       +05
+# Qostanay (KZ-KUS)
+
+# Mangghystau (KZ-MAN)
 # Aqtau was not founded until 1963, but it represents an inhabited region,
 # so include time stamps before 1963.
 Zone   Asia/Aqtau      3:21:04 -       LMT     1924 May  2
-                       4:00    -       FORT    1930 Jun 21 # Fort Shevchenko T
-                       5:00    -       FORT    1963
-                       5:00    -       SHET    1981 Oct  1 # Shevchenko Time
-                       6:00    -       SHET    1982 Apr  1
-                       5:00 RussiaAsia SHE%sT  1991
-                       5:00    -       SHET    1991 Dec 16 # independence
-                       5:00 RussiaAsia AQT%sT  1995 Mar lastSun  2:00 # Aqtau 
Time
-                       4:00 RussiaAsia AQT%sT  2005 Mar 15
-                       5:00    -       AQTT
-# West Kazakhstan
+                       4:00    -       +04     1930 Jun 21
+                       5:00    -       +05     1963
+                       5:00    -       +05     1981 Oct  1
+                       6:00    -       +06     1982 Apr  1
+                       5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1991 Mar 31  2:00s
+                       4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1992 Jan 19  2:00s
+                       5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1994 Sep 25  2:00s
+                       4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 2004 Oct 31  2:00s
+                       5:00    -       +05
+
+# West Kazakhstan (KZ-ZAP)
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):
+# The 1989 transition is from USSR act No. 227 (1989-03-14).
 Zone   Asia/Oral       3:25:24 -       LMT     1924 May  2 # or Ural'sk
-                       4:00    -       URAT    1930 Jun 21 # Ural'sk time
-                       5:00    -       URAT    1981 Apr  1
-                       5:00    1:00    URAST   1981 Oct  1
-                       6:00    -       URAT    1982 Apr  1
-                       5:00 RussiaAsia URA%sT  1989 Mar 26  2:00
-                       4:00 RussiaAsia URA%sT  1991
-                       4:00    -       URAT    1991 Dec 16 # independence
-                       4:00 RussiaAsia ORA%sT  2005 Mar 15 # Oral Time
-                       5:00    -       ORAT
+                       4:00    -       +04     1930 Jun 21
+                       5:00    -       +05     1981 Apr  1
+                       5:00    1:00    +06     1981 Oct  1
+                       6:00    -       +06     1982 Apr  1
+                       5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1989 Mar 26  2:00s
+                       4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1992 Jan 19  2:00s
+                       5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1992 Mar 29  2:00s
+                       4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 2004 Oct 31  2:00s
+                       5:00    -       +05
 
 # Kyrgyzstan (Kirgizstan)
 # Transitions through 1991 are from Shanks & Pottenger.
@@ -1650,11 +1821,11 @@ Rule    Kyrgyz  1997    2005    -       Mar     lastSun 
2:30
 Rule   Kyrgyz  1997    2004    -       Oct     lastSun 2:30    0       -
 # Zone NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 Zone   Asia/Bishkek    4:58:24 -       LMT     1924 May  2
-                       5:00    -       FRUT    1930 Jun 21 # Frunze Time
-                       6:00 RussiaAsia FRU%sT  1991 Mar 31  2:00s
-                       5:00    1:00    FRUST   1991 Aug 31  2:00 # independence
-                       5:00    Kyrgyz  KG%sT   2005 Aug 12 # Kyrgyzstan Time
-                       6:00    -       KGT
+                       5:00    -       +05     1930 Jun 21
+                       6:00 RussiaAsia +06/+07 1991 Mar 31  2:00s
+                       5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1991 Aug 31  2:00
+                       5:00    Kyrgyz  +05/+06 2005 Aug 12
+                       6:00    -       +06
 
 ###############################################################################
 
@@ -1693,25 +1864,24 @@ Rule    ROK     1957    1960    -       Sep     Sun>=18 
0:00    0       
 Rule   ROK     1987    1988    -       May     Sun>=8  2:00    1:00    D
 Rule   ROK     1987    1988    -       Oct     Sun>=8  3:00    0       S
 
-# From Paul Eggert (2014-10-30):
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-08-23):
 # The Korean Wikipedia entry gives the following sources for UT offsets:
 #
-# 1908: Official Journal Article No. 3994 (Edict No. 5)
+# 1908: Official Journal Article No. 3994 (decree No. 5)
 # 1912: Governor-General of Korea Official Gazette Issue No. 367
 #       (Announcement No. 338)
 # 1954: Presidential Decree No. 876 (1954-03-17)
 # 1961: Law No. 676 (1961-08-07)
-# 1987: Law No. 3919 (1986-12-31)
 #
-# The Wikipedia entry also has confusing information about a change
-# to UT+9 in April 1910, but then what would be the point of the later change
-# to UT+9 on 1912-01-01?  Omit the 1910 change for now.
+# (Another source "1987: Law No. 3919 (1986-12-31)" was in the 2014-10-30
+# edition of the Korean Wikipedia entry.)
 #
 # I guessed that time zone abbreviations through 1945 followed the same
 # rules as discussed under Taiwan, with nominal switches from JST to KST
 # when the respective cities were taken over by the Allies after WWII.
 #
-# For Pyongyang we have no information; guess no changes since World War II.
+# For Pyongyang, guess no changes from World War II until 2015, as we
+# have no information otherwise.
 
 # From Steffen Thorsen (2015-08-07):
 # According to many news sources, North Korea is going to change to
@@ -1871,7 +2041,7 @@ Zone      Indian/Maldives 4:54:00 -       LMT     1880 
 # Bill Bonnet (2005-05-19) reports that the US Embassy in Ulaanbaatar says
 # there is only one time zone and that DST is observed, citing Microsoft
 # Windows XP as the source.  Risto Nykänen (2005-05-16) reports that
-# travelmongolia.org says there are two time zones (UTC+7, UTC+8) with no DST.
+# travelmongolia.org says there are two time zones (UT +07, +08) with no DST.
 # Oscar van Vlijmen (2005-05-20) reports that the Mongolian Embassy in
 # Washington, DC says there are two time zones, with DST observed.
 # He also found
@@ -2111,8 +2281,8 @@ Zone      Asia/Kathmandu  5:41:16 -       LMT     1920
 # 
http://www.app.com.pk/en_/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=99374&Itemid=2
 
 # Rule NAME    FROM    TO      TYPE    IN      ON      AT      SAVE    LETTER/S
-Rule Pakistan  2002    only    -       Apr     Sun>=2  0:01    1:00    S
-Rule Pakistan  2002    only    -       Oct     Sun>=2  0:01    0       -
+Rule Pakistan  2002    only    -       Apr     Sun>=2  0:00    1:00    S
+Rule Pakistan  2002    only    -       Oct     Sun>=2  0:00    0       -
 Rule Pakistan  2008    only    -       Jun     1       0:00    1:00    S
 Rule Pakistan  2008    2009    -       Nov     1       0:00    0       -
 Rule Pakistan  2009    only    -       Apr     15      0:00    1:00    S
@@ -2380,6 +2550,16 @@ Zone     Asia/Karachi    4:28:12 -       LMT     1907
 # http://www.timeanddate.com/time/change/gaza-strip/gaza
 # http://www.timeanddate.com/time/change/west-bank/hebron
 
+# From Hannah Kreitem (2016-03-09):
+# http://www.palestinecabinet.gov.ps/WebSite/ar/ViewDetails?ID=31728
+# [Google translation]: "The Council also decided to start daylight
+# saving in Palestine as of one o'clock on Saturday morning,
+# 2016-03-26, to provide the clock 60 minutes ahead."
+#
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-03-12):
+# Predict spring transitions on March's last Saturday at 01:00 from now on.
+# Leave fall predictions alone for now.
+
 # Rule NAME    FROM    TO      TYPE    IN      ON      AT      SAVE    LETTER/S
 Rule EgyptAsia 1957    only    -       May     10      0:00    1:00    S
 Rule EgyptAsia 1957    1958    -       Oct      1      0:00    0       -
@@ -2408,7 +2588,8 @@ Rule Palestine    2012    2014    -       Mar     lastThu 
2
 Rule Palestine 2012    only    -       Sep     21      1:00    0       -
 Rule Palestine 2013    only    -       Sep     Fri>=21 0:00    0       -
 Rule Palestine 2014    max     -       Oct     Fri>=21 0:00    0       -
-Rule Palestine 2015    max     -       Mar     lastFri 24:00   1:00    S
+Rule Palestine 2015    only    -       Mar     lastFri 24:00   1:00    S
+Rule Palestine 2016    max     -       Mar     lastSat 1:00    1:00    S
 
 # Zone NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 Zone   Asia/Gaza       2:17:52 -       LMT     1900 Oct
@@ -2496,7 +2677,7 @@ Link Asia/Qatar Asia/Bahrain
 # earlier date.
 #
 # Shanks & Pottenger also state that until 1968-05-01 Saudi Arabia had two
-# time zones; the other zone, at UTC+4, was in the far eastern part of
+# time zones; the other zone, at UT +04, was in the far eastern part of
 # the country.  Ignore this, as it's before our 1970 cutoff.
 #
 # Zone NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
@@ -2765,10 +2946,10 @@ Zone    Asia/Damascus   2:25:12 -       LMT     1920 # 
 # From Shanks & Pottenger.
 # Zone NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 Zone   Asia/Dushanbe   4:35:12 -       LMT     1924 May  2
-                       5:00    -       DUST    1930 Jun 21 # Dushanbe Time
-                       6:00 RussiaAsia DUS%sT  1991 Mar 31  2:00s
-                       5:00    1:00    DUSST   1991 Sep  9  2:00s
-                       5:00    -       TJT     # Tajikistan Time
+                       5:00    -       +05     1930 Jun 21
+                       6:00 RussiaAsia +06/+07 1991 Mar 31  2:00s
+                       5:00    1:00    +05/+06 1991 Sep  9  2:00s
+                       5:00    -       +05
 
 # Thailand
 # Zone NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
@@ -2782,11 +2963,10 @@ Link Asia/Bangkok Asia/Vientiane        # Laos
 # From Shanks & Pottenger.
 # Zone NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 Zone   Asia/Ashgabat   3:53:32 -       LMT     1924 May  2 # or Ashkhabad
-                       4:00    -       ASHT    1930 Jun 21 # Ashkhabad Time
-                       5:00 RussiaAsia ASH%sT  1991 Mar 31  2:00
-                       4:00 RussiaAsia ASH%sT  1991 Oct 27 # independence
-                       4:00 RussiaAsia TM%sT   1992 Jan 19  2:00
-                       5:00    -       TMT
+                       4:00    -       +04     1930 Jun 21
+                       5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1991 Mar 31  2:00
+                       4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1992 Jan 19  2:00
+                       5:00    -       +05
 
 # United Arab Emirates
 # Zone NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
@@ -2798,20 +2978,18 @@ Link Asia/Dubai Asia/Muscat     # Oman
 # Byalokoz 1919 says Uzbekistan was 4:27:53.
 # Zone NAME            GMTOFF  RULES   FORMAT  [UNTIL]
 Zone   Asia/Samarkand  4:27:53 -       LMT     1924 May  2
-                       4:00    -       SAMT    1930 Jun 21 # Samarkand Time
-                       5:00    -       SAMT    1981 Apr  1
-                       5:00    1:00    SAMST   1981 Oct  1
-                       6:00    -       TAST    1982 Apr  1 # Tashkent Time
-                       5:00 RussiaAsia SAM%sT  1991 Sep  1 # independence
-                       5:00 RussiaAsia UZ%sT   1992
-                       5:00    -       UZT
+                       4:00    -       +04     1930 Jun 21
+                       5:00    -       +05     1981 Apr  1
+                       5:00    1:00    +06     1981 Oct  1
+                       6:00    -       +06     1982 Apr  1
+                       5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1992
+                       5:00    -       +05
 # Milne says Tashkent was 4:37:10.8; round to nearest.
 Zone   Asia/Tashkent   4:37:11 -       LMT     1924 May  2
-                       5:00    -       TAST    1930 Jun 21 # Tashkent Time
-                       6:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT  1991 Mar 31  2:00
-                       5:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT  1991 Sep  1 # independence
-                       5:00 RussiaAsia UZ%sT   1992
-                       5:00    -       UZT
+                       5:00    -       +05     1930 Jun 21
+                       6:00 RussiaAsia +06/+07 1991 Mar 31  2:00
+                       5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1992
+                       5:00    -       +05
 
 # Vietnam
 

Modified: stable/11/contrib/tzdata/australasia
==============================================================================
--- stable/11/contrib/tzdata/australasia        Sat Oct 15 12:38:50 2016        
(r307360)
+++ stable/11/contrib/tzdata/australasia        Sat Oct 15 12:41:11 2016        
(r307361)
@@ -60,6 +60,14 @@ Zone Australia/Eucla  8:35:28 -      LMT     1895
 # Hamilton is the largest, but there is also a Hamilton in Victoria,
 # so use Lindeman.
 #
+# From J William Piggott (2016-02-20):
+# There is no location named Holiday Islands in Queensland Australia; holiday
+# islands is a colloquial term used globally.  Hayman and Lindeman are at the
+# north and south extremes of the Whitsunday Islands archipelago, and
+# Hamilton is in between; it is reasonable to believe that this time zone
+# applies to all of the Whitsundays.
+# http://www.australia.gov.au/about-australia/australian-story/austn-islands
+#
 # Rule NAME    FROM    TO      TYPE    IN      ON      AT      SAVE    LETTER/S
 Rule   AQ      1971    only    -       Oct     lastSun 2:00s   1:00    D
 Rule   AQ      1972    only    -       Feb     lastSun 2:00s   0       S
@@ -235,11 +243,11 @@ Zone Australia/Lord_Howe 10:36:20 -       LMT     
 # will produce a binary file with an [A]EST-type as the first 32-bit type;
 # this is required for correct handling of times before 1916 by
 # pre-2013 versions of localtime.
-Zone Antarctica/Macquarie 0    -       zzz     1899 Nov
+Zone Antarctica/Macquarie 0    -       -00     1899 Nov
                        10:00   -       AEST    1916 Oct  1  2:00
                        10:00   1:00    AEDT    1917 Feb
                        10:00   Aus     AE%sT   1919 Apr  1  0:00s
-                       0       -       zzz     1948 Mar 25
+                       0       -       -00     1948 Mar 25
                        10:00   Aus     AE%sT   1967
                        10:00   AT      AE%sT   2010 Apr  4  3:00
                        11:00   -       MIST    # Macquarie I Standard Time
@@ -537,7 +545,7 @@ Zone Pacific/Port_Moresby 9:48:40 - LMT     
 # Base the Bougainville entry on the Arawa-Kieta region, which appears to have
 # the most people even though it was devastated in the Bougainville Civil War.
 #
-# Although Shanks gives 1942-03-15 / 1943-11-01 for JST, these dates
+# Although Shanks gives 1942-03-15 / 1943-11-01 for UT +09, these dates
 # are apparently rough guesswork from the starts of military campaigns.
 # The World War II entries below are instead based on Arawa-Kieta.
 # The Japanese occupied Kieta in July 1942,
@@ -545,8 +553,8 @@ Zone Pacific/Port_Moresby 9:48:40 - LMT     
 # http://pwencycl.kgbudge.com/B/o/Bougainville.htm
 # and seem to have controlled it until their 1945-08-21 surrender.
 #
-# The Autonomous Region of Bougainville plans to switch from UTC+10 to UTC+11
-# on 2014-12-28 at 02:00.  They call UTC+11 "Bougainville Standard Time";
+# The Autonomous Region of Bougainville switched from UT +10 to +11
+# on 2014-12-28 at 02:00.  They call +11 "Bougainville Standard Time";
 # abbreviate this as BST.  See:
 # 
http://www.bougainville24.com/bougainville-issues/bougainville-gets-own-timezone/
 #
@@ -612,7 +620,7 @@ Link Pacific/Pago_Pago Pacific/Midway # 
 # From Paul Eggert (2014-06-27):
 # The International Date Line Act 2011
 # 
http://www.parliament.gov.ws/images/ACTS/International_Date_Line_Act__2011_-_Eng.pdf
-# changed Samoa from UTC-11 to UTC+13, effective "12 o'clock midnight, on
+# changed Samoa from UT -11 to +13, effective "12 o'clock midnight, on
 # Thursday 29th December 2011".  The International Date Line was adjusted
 # accordingly.
 
@@ -707,7 +715,7 @@ Zone Pacific/Funafuti       11:56:52 -      LMT     190
 # 1886-1891; Baker was similar but exact dates are not known.
 # Inhabited by civilians 1935-1942; U.S. military bases 1943-1944;
 # uninhabited thereafter.
-# Howland observed Hawaii Standard Time (UT-10:30) in 1937;
+# Howland observed Hawaii Standard Time (UT -10:30) in 1937;
 # see page 206 of Elgen M. Long and Marie K. Long,
 # Amelia Earhart: the Mystery Solved, Simon & Schuster (2000).
 # So most likely Howland and Baker observed Hawaii Time from 1935
@@ -1465,7 +1473,7 @@ Zone      Pacific/Wallis  12:15:20 -      LMT     1901
 # Zealand time.  I understand that is the time they keep locally, anyhow."
 # For now, assume this practice goes back to the introduction of standard time
 # in New Zealand, as this would make Chatham Islands time almost exactly match
-# LMT back when New Zealand was at UTC+11:30; also, assume Chatham Islands did
+# LMT back when New Zealand was at UT +11:30; also, assume Chatham Islands did
 # not observe New Zealand's prewar DST.

*** DIFF OUTPUT TRUNCATED AT 1000 LINES ***
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