Author: kib
Date: Sat Aug  5 07:52:15 2017
New Revision: 322077
URL: https://svnweb.freebsd.org/changeset/base/322077

Log:
  Provide more detailed specification for major(), minor() and makedev().
  
  Remove some statements which are no longer correct after ino64, and
  clarify other.
  
  The rewording is not in fact specific to ino64 and improvements are
  useful on the stable branches.
  
  Noted and reviewed by:        bde
  Sponsored by: The FreeBSD Foundation
  MFC after:    1 week

Modified:
  head/share/man/man3/makedev.3

Modified: head/share/man/man3/makedev.3
==============================================================================
--- head/share/man/man3/makedev.3       Sat Aug  5 06:56:46 2017        
(r322076)
+++ head/share/man/man3/makedev.3       Sat Aug  5 07:52:15 2017        
(r322077)
@@ -24,7 +24,7 @@
 .\"
 .\" $FreeBSD$
 .\"
-.Dd September 28, 2008
+.Dd August 3, 2017
 .Dt MAKEDEV 3
 .Os
 .Sh NAME
@@ -43,7 +43,7 @@
 .Sh DESCRIPTION
 The
 .Fn makedev
-macro allows a unique device number to be generated based on its
+macro returns a device number created from the provided
 .Fa major
 and
 .Fa minor
@@ -52,13 +52,26 @@ The
 .Fn major
 and
 .Fn minor
-macros can be used to obtain the original numbers from the device number
+macros return the original numbers from the device number
 .Fa dev .
+In other words, for a value
+.Va dev
+of the type
+.Vt dev_t ,
+and values
+.Va ma , mi
+of the type
+.Vt int ,
+the assertions
+.Dl dev == makedev(major(dev), minor(dev))
+.Dl ma == major(makedev(ma, mi))
+.Dl mi == minor(makedev(ma, mi))
+are valid.
 .Pp
 In previous implementations of
 .Fx
 all block and character devices were uniquely identified by a pair of
-major and minor numbers.
+stable major and minor numbers.
 The major number referred to a certain device class (e.g. disks, TTYs)
 while the minor number identified an instance within the device class.
 Later versions of
@@ -66,7 +79,8 @@ Later versions of
 automatically generate a unique device number for each character device
 visible in
 .Pa /dev/ .
-These numbers are not divided in device classes.
+These numbers are not divided in device classes and are not guaranteed
+to be stable upon reboot or driver reload.
 .Pp
 On
 .Fx
@@ -78,11 +92,9 @@ conventional way.
 .Sh RETURN VALUES
 The
 .Fn major
-macro returns a device major number that has a value between 0 and 255.
-The
+and
 .Fn minor
-macro returns a device minor number whose value can span the complete
-range of an
+macros return numbers whose value can span the complete range of an
 .Vt int .
 .Sh SEE ALSO
 .Xr mknod 2 ,
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