On Sun, Sep 18, 2016 at 9:19 PM, Erica Sadun via swift-evolution <
swift-evolution@swift.org> wrote:

> Let me tl;dr'er this even more: ☹️ is an operator, but 🙂 is an identifier.
>
> -- E, succinct, who thinks there's room for improvement
>

Ha, yes. Let's see if I can be as succinct in my contribution to the
discussion:

1) Agree that current situation not ideal, for reasons above

2) The solution might best be not one but several proposals:

  2a) Unicode normalization: invisible characters, Greek tonos, etc. (cf.
previous message about previously proposed solution, which reflects Unicode
recommendations in UTR #31)--low hanging fruit: there's an established
Unicode recommendation with clear wins for security and consistency

  2b) Legal and illegal characters for identifiers *or* operators: UTR #31
makes recommendations regarding rarely used scripts; probably best to
follow the letter and spirit of these recommendations (which would probably
mean ancient Greek musical symbols and Egyptian hieroglyphics shouldn't be
identifier or operator characters)

  2c) Decisions as to which characters are identifier characters or
operator characters: for instance, emoji should probably never be operator
characters; if an emoji has a non-emoji counterpart that is an operator
(❗️❓➕➖➗✖️, etc.) it might be best simply to make these illegal rather than
operator characters

  2d) Confusables: I think the last time we had this discussion, it was
apparent that it'd be difficult to decide which confusables to allow or
disallow after some of the low-hanging fruit is taken care of by Unicode
normalization (see item 2a); the Unicode Consortium-provided list seems too
quick to call two things "confusable" for our purposes (with criteria that
might be relevant for URLs or other use cases, but casting too wide a net
perhaps for Swift identifiers)


On Sep 18, 2016, at 1:33 PM, Jacob Bandes-Storch via swift-evolution <
> swift-evolution@swift.org> wrote:
>
> *TL;DR:*
>
> Swift 4 Stage 1 seeks to prioritize "Source stability features". Most
> source-breaking changes were done with in Swift 3; however, the
> categorization of Unicode characters into identifiers & operators was never
> thoroughly discussed on swift-evolution. This seems like it might be our
> last chance, and I think there are some big improvements to be had.
>
> I've gathered some information+thoughts into an early-stage pitch /
> pre-proposal. It doesn't really have a conclusion, so I'm hoping we can
> discuss these issues and come up with good (pragmatic) solutions here. I
> imagine this can morph into a proposal later.
>
> You can read the following in nicer HTML form at https://gist.github.com/
> jtbandes/c0b0c072181dcd22c3147802025d0b59
>
> I look forward to the discussion!
>
> -Jacob
>
> *# Background and motivation*
>
> To ease lexing/parsing and avoid user confusion, the names of custom
> identifiers (type names, variable names, etc.) and operators in Swift can
> be composed of (mostly) separate sets of characters.
>
> Using terminology from TSPL:
>
> `identifier-head`/`operator-head` are characters which can *begin *an
> identifier or operator.
>
> `identifier-character`/`operator-character` are characters which can
> appear anywhere in an identifier or operator (these are supersets of the
> `-head` sets).
>
> <https://developer.apple.com/library/content/documentation/
> Swift/Conceptual/Swift_Programming_Language/LexicalStructure.html>
>
> (Note also that some particular arrangements of characters are reserved;
> for instance, `$` followed by digits for an implicit closure parameter, and
> "If an operator doesn’t begin with a dot, it can’t contain a dot
> elsewhere." There are also special characters in the language which are
> neither identifiers nor operators, such as: `()[]{},:@#`)
>
>
> *## Prior discussion on swift-evolution*
>
> *"Request to add middle dot (U+00B7) as operator character?"*
> <https://lists.swift.org/pipermail/swift-evolution/
> Week-of-Mon-20151214/003176.html>
>
> *"Free the '$' Symbol!"*
> <https://lists.swift.org/pipermail/swift-evolution/
> Week-of-Mon-20151228/005133.html>
>
> *"Proposal: Allow Single Dollar Sign as Valid Identifier"*
> <https://github.com/apple/swift-evolution/pull/354>
>
>
> Chris Lattner has said:
>
> > "...our current operator space (particularly the unicode segments
> covered) is not super well considered.  It would be great for someone to
> take a more systematic pass over them to rationalize things."
>
> > "We need a token to be unambiguously an operator or identifier - we can
> have different rules for the leading and subsequent characters though."
>
>
> *# Current state of affairs*
>
> Swift's `identifier-head` and `identifier-character` mostly conform to the
> recommendations in <http://www.open-std.org/jtc1/
> sc22/wg21/docs/papers/2010/n3146.html>
> <https://github.com/apple/swift/blob/08e7963/lib/Parse/Lexer.cpp#L421-L489
> >
>
> The allowed operator characters include "Unicode math, symbol, arrow,
> dingbat, and line/box drawing chars", however I don't believe this aligns
> with any particular spec:
> <https://github.com/apple/swift/blob/08e7963/include/
> swift/AST/Identifier.h#L87-L121>
> <https://github.com/apple/swift/commit/a2341a4>
>
>
>
> *## Identifiers/operators elsewhere*
>
> There is an Unicode Standard Annex "identifier and pattern syntax" <
> http://unicode.org/reports/tr31/> which defines the categories
> `ID_Start`/`ID_Continue`.
>
> <http://unicode.org/cldr/utility/list-unicodeset.jsp?a=
> %5B%3AID_Continue%3A%5D>
>
> *### ECMAScript 2015 "ES6"*
>
> Uses `ID_Start` and `ID_Continue`, as well as `Other_ID_Start` /
> `Other_ID_Continue`.
> <http://www.ecma-international.org/ecma-262/6.0/#sec-names-and-keywords>
>
> *### Haskell*
>
> Distinguishes identifiers/operators by their general category (such as
> "any Unicode lowercase letter", "any Unicode symbol or punctuation", etc.).
>
> <http://www.fileformat.info/info/unicode/category/index.htm>
>
> In particular, identifiers can start with any lowercase letter or _, and
> may contain any letter/digit/'/_. This would seem to include letters like δ
> and Я, and digits like ٢.
>
> <https://www.haskell.org/onlinereport/syntax-iso.html>
> <https://github.com/ghc/ghc/blob/714bebff44076061d0a719c4eda2cf
> d213b7ac3d/compiler/parser/Lexer.x#L1949-L1973>
>
>
>
> *# Current problems*
>
> *## Weird identifier code points*
>
> The current `identifier-character` set contains many characters which
> wouldn't make good identifiers:
>
> - 11 entire planes of characters (U+20000–U+2FFFD, etc.) which are
> currently unassigned.
> - The middle dot · which looks like an operator.
> - Many non-combining "modifiers" and accent marks, such as ´ and ¨ and ꓻ
> which don't really make sense on their own.
> - "Tone marks" from various languages, including ˫ (similar to a
> box-drawing character ├ which is an operator).
> - The "Greek question mark" ;
> - Symbols which are simply not linguistic, such as ۞ and ༒.
>
> short url: <https://goo.gl/tyn0Cz>
>
> <http://unicode.org/cldr/utility/list-unicodeset.jsp?a=
> %5Ba-zA-Z%0D%0A_%0D%0A%5Cu00A8%0D%0A%5Cu00AA%0D%0A%
> 5Cu00AD%0D%0A%5Cu00AF%0D%0A%5Cu00B2-%5Cu00B5%0D%0A%5Cu00B7-%5Cu00BA%0D%0A%
> 5Cu00BC-%5Cu00BE%0D%0A%5Cu00C0-%5Cu00D6%0D%0A%5Cu00D8-%5Cu00F6%0D%0A%
> 5Cu00F8-%5Cu00FF%0D%0A%5Cu0100-%5Cu02FF%0D%0A%5Cu0370-%5Cu167F%0D%0A%
> 5Cu1681-%5Cu180D%0D%0A%5Cu180F-%5Cu1DBF%0D%0A%5Cu1E00-%5Cu1FFF%0D%0A%
> 5Cu200B-%5Cu200D%0D%0A%5Cu202A-%5Cu202E%0D%0A%5Cu203F-%5Cu2040%0D%0A%
> 5Cu2054%0D%0A%5Cu2060-%5Cu206F%0D%0A%5Cu2070-%5Cu20CF%0D%0A%5Cu2100-%
> 5Cu218F%0D%0A%5Cu2460-%5Cu24FF%0D%0A%5Cu2776-%5Cu2793%0D%0A%5Cu2C00-%
> 5Cu2DFF%0D%0A%5Cu2E80-%5Cu2FFF%0D%0A%5Cu3004-%5Cu3007%0D%0A%5Cu3021-%
> 5Cu302F%0D%0A%5Cu3031-%5Cu303F%0D%0A%5Cu3040-%5CuD7FF%0D%0A%5CuF900-%
> 5CuFD3D%0D%0A%5CuFD40-%5CuFDCF%0D%0A%5CuFDF0-%5CuFE1F%0D%0A%5CuFE30-%
> 5CuFE44%0D%0A%5CuFE47-%5CuFFFD%0D%0A%5CU00010000-%
> 5CU0001FFFD%0D%0A%5CU00020000-%5CU0002FFFD%0D%0A%
> 5CU00030000-%5CU0003FFFD%0D%0A%5CU00040000-%5CU0004FFFD%
> 0D%0A%5CU00050000-%5CU0005FFFD%0D%0A%5CU00060000-%5CU0006FFFD%0D%0A%
> 5CU00070000-%5CU0007FFFD%0D%0A%5CU00080000-%5CU0008FFFD%
> 0D%0A%5CU00090000-%5CU0009FFFD%0D%0A%5CU000A0000-%5CU000AFFFD%0D%0A%
> 5CU000B0000-%5CU000BFFFD%0D%0A%5CU000C0000-%5CU000CFFFD%
> 0D%0A%5CU000D0000-%5CU000DFFFD%0D%0A%5CU000E0000-
> %5CU000EFFFD%5D%0D%0A%5B0-9%0D%0A%5Cu0300-%5Cu036F%0D%0A%
> 5Cu1DC0-%5Cu1DFF%0D%0A%5Cu20D0-%5Cu20FF%0D%0A%5CuFE20-%5CuFE2F%5D>
>
> *## Weird operator code points*
>
> The current `operator-character` set has a lot of characters that are
> clearly operator-esque (≈ ∈ ⊕ ⊅), but some things are not so obviously
> desirable:
>
> - Box-drawing characters
> - Combining accents and other characters
> - Various symbols, e.g. ⚄ and ♄ (this category also overlaps with emoji)
> - Braille patterns such as ⠟ — should they not be treated as letter-like
> (thus identifiers)?
> - A plethora of arrows
>
> short url: <https://goo.gl/s136Nh>
>
> <http://unicode.org/cldr/utility/list-unicodeset.jsp?a=
> %5B%2F%3D%5C-%2B%21*%25%3C%3E%5C%26%7C%5C%5E~%3F%0D%0A%
> 5Cu00A1-%5Cu00A7%0D%0A%5Cu00A9%5Cu00AB%0D%0A%5Cu00AC%
> 0D%0A%5Cu00AE%0D%0A%5Cu00B0-%5Cu00B1%0D%0A%5Cu00B6%0D%0A%
> 5Cu00BB%0D%0A%5Cu00BF%0D%0A%5Cu00D7%0D%0A%5Cu00F7%0D%0A%
> 5Cu2016-%5Cu2017%0D%0A%5Cu2020-%5Cu2027%0D%0A%5Cu2030-%5Cu203E%0D%0A%
> 5Cu2041-%5Cu2053%0D%0A%5Cu2055-%5Cu205E%0D%0A%5Cu2190-%5Cu23FF%0D%0A%
> 5Cu2500-%5Cu2775%0D%0A%5Cu2794-%5Cu2BFF%0D%0A%5Cu2E00-%5Cu2E7F%0D%0A%
> 5Cu3001-%5Cu3003%0D%0A%5Cu3008-%5Cu3030%5D%0D%0A%5B%
> 5Cu0300-%5Cu036F%0D%0A%5Cu1DC0-%5Cu1DFF%0D%0A%5Cu20D0-%5Cu20FF%0D%0A%
> 5CuFE00-%5CuFE0F%0D%0A%5CuFE20-%5CuFE2F%0D%0A%5CU000E0100-%5CU000E01EF%5D>
>
>
> *## Code points which are both*
>
> A handful of characters are accepted *both* as `identifier-head` and
> `operator-head` (which seems pointless and might have been unintentional):
>
> U+3021–U+3029, Suzhou numerals  〡〢〣〤〥〦〧〨〩 <https://en.wikipedia.org/
> wiki/Suzhou_numerals>
>
> U+302A–U+302F, ideographic & hangul tone marks   〪  〫  〬  〭  〮  〯
>
>     let 〨 = 2
>     infix operator <〨>
>
> (Note that `infix operator 〨` doesn't work because the lexer greedily
> treats this as an identifier. Also, interestingly, the corresponding
> ideographic zero 〇 is only an identifier char.)
>
> short url: <https://goo.gl/lZcMqO>
>
> <http://unicode.org/cldr/utility/list-unicodeset.jsp?a=
> [%5ba-zA-Z%0d%0a_%0d%0a%5cu00A8%0d%0a%5cu00AA%0d%0a%
> 5cu00AD%0d%0a%5cu00AF%0d%0a%5cu00B2-%5cu00B5%0d%0a%5cu00B7-%5cu00BA%0d%0a%
> 5cu00BC-%5cu00BE%0d%0a%5cu00C0-%5cu00D6%0d%0a%5cu00D8-%5cu00F6%0d%0a%
> 5cu00F8-%5cu00FF%0d%0a%5cu0100-%5cu02FF%0d%0a%5cu0370-%5cu167F%0d%0a%
> 5cu1681-%5cu180D%0d%0a%5cu180F-%5cu1DBF%0d%0a%5cu1E00-%5cu1FFF%0d%0a%
> 5cu200B-%5cu200D%0d%0a%5cu202A-%5cu202E%0d%0a%5cu203F-%5cu2040%0d%0a%
> 5cu2054%0d%0a%5cu2060-%5cu206F%0d%0a%5cu2070-%5cu20CF%0d%0a%5cu2100-%
> 5cu218F%0d%0a%5cu2460-%5cu24FF%0d%0a%5cu2776-%5cu2793%0d%0a%5cu2C00-%
> 5cu2DFF%0d%0a%5cu2E80-%5cu2FFF%0d%0a%5cu3004-%5cu3007%0d%0a%5cu3021-%
> 5cu302F%0d%0a%5cu3031-%5cu303F%0d%0a%5cu3040-%5cuD7FF%0d%0a%5cuF900-%
> 5cuFD3D%0d%0a%5cuFD40-%5cuFDCF%0d%0a%5cuFDF0-%5cuFE1F%0d%0a%5cuFE30-%
> 5cuFE44%0d%0a%5cuFE47-%5cuFFFD%0d%0a%5cU00010000-%
> 5cU0001FFFD%0d%0a%5cU00020000-%5cU0002FFFD%0d%0a%
> 5cU00030000-%5cU0003FFFD%0d%0a%5cU00040000-%5cU0004FFFD%
> 0d%0a%5cU00050000-%5cU0005FFFD%0d%0a%5cU00060000-%5cU0006FFFD%0d%0a%
> 5cU00070000-%5cU0007FFFD%0d%0a%5cU00080000-%5cU0008FFFD%
> 0d%0a%5cU00090000-%5cU0009FFFD%0d%0a%5cU000A0000-%5cU000AFFFD%0d%0a%
> 5cU000B0000-%5cU000BFFFD%0d%0a%5cU000C0000-%5cU000CFFFD%
> 0d%0a%5cU000D0000-%5cU000DFFFD%0d%0a%5cU000E0000-
> %5cU000EFFFD%5d%26%5b%2f%3d%5c-%2b%21%2a%25%3C%3E%5c%26%
> 7c%5c%5e~%3f%0d%0a%5cu00A1-%5cu00A7%0d%0a%5cu00A9%5cu00AB%
> 0d%0a%5cu00AC%0d%0a%5cu00AE%0d%0a%5cu00B0-%5cu00B1%0d%0a%
> 5cu00B6%0d%0a%5cu00BB%0d%0a%5cu00BF%0d%0a%5cu00D7%0d%0a%
> 5cu00F7%0d%0a%5cu2016-%5cu2017%0d%0a%5cu2020-%5cu2027%0d%0a%5cu2030-%
> 5cu203E%0d%0a%5cu2041-%5cu2053%0d%0a%5cu2055-%5cu205E%0d%0a%5cu2190-%
> 5cu23FF%0d%0a%5cu2500-%5cu2775%0d%0a%5cu2794-%5cu2BFF%0d%0a%5cu2E00-%
> 5cu2E7F%0d%0a%5cu3001-%5cu3003%0d%0a%5cu3008-%5cu3030%5d]>
>
> In addition to the numerals and tone marks above, many (all?) *combining
> marks* are accepted as `identifier-character` and `operator-character`.
> These may be necessary for natural-looking words in some languages, but
> they don't seem necessary for operators.
>
> Also present in both sets are the *variation selectors* 1 through 256
> (U+FE00–U+FE0F, U+E0100–U+E01EF). It seems they are of limited use for the
> operator characters, unless you count the emoji: <http://www.unicode.org/
> Public/UCD/latest/ucd/StandardizedVariants.txt>
>
> short url: <https://goo.gl/VKrisf>
>
> <http://unicode.org/cldr/utility/list-unicodeset.jsp?a=
> [%5ba-zA-Z%0d%0a_%0d%0a%5cu00A8%0d%0a%5cu00AA%0d%0a%
> 5cu00AD%0d%0a%5cu00AF%0d%0a%5cu00B2-%5cu00B5%0d%0a%5cu00B7-%5cu00BA%0d%0a%
> 5cu00BC-%5cu00BE%0d%0a%5cu00C0-%5cu00D6%0d%0a%5cu00D8-%5cu00F6%0d%0a%
> 5cu00F8-%5cu00FF%0d%0a%5cu0100-%5cu02FF%0d%0a%5cu0370-%5cu167F%0d%0a%
> 5cu1681-%5cu180D%0d%0a%5cu180F-%5cu1DBF%0d%0a%5cu1E00-%5cu1FFF%0d%0a%
> 5cu200B-%5cu200D%0d%0a%5cu202A-%5cu202E%0d%0a%5cu203F-%5cu2040%0d%0a%
> 5cu2054%0d%0a%5cu2060-%5cu206F%0d%0a%5cu2070-%5cu20CF%0d%0a%5cu2100-%
> 5cu218F%0d%0a%5cu2460-%5cu24FF%0d%0a%5cu2776-%5cu2793%0d%0a%5cu2C00-%
> 5cu2DFF%0d%0a%5cu2E80-%5cu2FFF%0d%0a%5cu3004-%5cu3007%0d%0a%5cu3021-%
> 5cu302F%0d%0a%5cu3031-%5cu303F%0d%0a%5cu3040-%5cuD7FF%0d%0a%5cuF900-%
> 5cuFD3D%0d%0a%5cuFD40-%5cuFDCF%0d%0a%5cuFDF0-%5cuFE1F%0d%0a%5cuFE30-%
> 5cuFE44%0d%0a%5cuFE47-%5cuFFFD%0d%0a%5cU00010000-%
> 5cU0001FFFD%0d%0a%5cU00020000-%5cU0002FFFD%0d%0a%
> 5cU00030000-%5cU0003FFFD%0d%0a%5cU00040000-%5cU0004FFFD%
> 0d%0a%5cU00050000-%5cU0005FFFD%0d%0a%5cU00060000-%5cU0006FFFD%0d%0a%
> 5cU00070000-%5cU0007FFFD%0d%0a%5cU00080000-%5cU0008FFFD%
> 0d%0a%5cU00090000-%5cU0009FFFD%0d%0a%5cU000A0000-%5cU000AFFFD%0d%0a%
> 5cU000B0000-%5cU000BFFFD%0d%0a%5cU000C0000-%5cU000CFFFD%
> 0d%0a%5cU000D0000-%5cU000DFFFD%0d%0a%5cU000E0000-
> %5cU000EFFFD%5d%0d%0a%5b0-9%0d%0a%5cu0300-%5cu036F%0d%0a%
> 5cu1DC0-%5cu1DFF%0d%0a%5cu20D0-%5cu20FF%0d%0a%
> 5cuFE20-%5cuFE2F%5d%26%5b%2f%3d%5c-%2b%21%2a%25%3C%3E%5c%
> 26%7c%5c%5e~%3f%0d%0a%5cu00A1-%5cu00A7%0d%0a%5cu00A9%
> 5cu00AB%0d%0a%5cu00AC%0d%0a%5cu00AE%0d%0a%5cu00B0-%
> 5cu00B1%0d%0a%5cu00B6%0d%0a%5cu00BB%0d%0a%5cu00BF%0d%0a%
> 5cu00D7%0d%0a%5cu00F7%0d%0a%5cu2016-%5cu2017%0d%0a%5cu2020-%5cu2027%0d%0a%
> 5cu2030-%5cu203E%0d%0a%5cu2041-%5cu2053%0d%0a%5cu2055-%5cu205E%0d%0a%
> 5cu2190-%5cu23FF%0d%0a%5cu2500-%5cu2775%0d%0a%5cu2794-%5cu2BFF%0d%0a%
> 5cu2E00-%5cu2E7F%0d%0a%5cu3001-%5cu3003%0d%0a%
> 5cu3008-%5cu3030%5d%0d%0a%5b%5cu0300-%5cu036F%0d%0a%
> 5cu1DC0-%5cu1DFF%0d%0a%5cu20D0-%5cu20FF%0d%0a%5cuFE00-%5cuFE0F%0d%0a%
> 5cuFE20-%5cuFE2F%0d%0a%5cU000E0100-%5cU000E01EF%5d]>
>
>
> *## Code points which should be illegal*
>
> There are several surprising non-printing characters, including:
>
> - U+2064 INVISIBLE PLUS is currently an identifier
> - U+200B ZERO WIDTH SPACE is currently an identifier
>
> No good will come of these. Invisible characters should probably be
> disallowed (although some may be necessary for properly joining/splitting
> characters in some other languages).
>
>
> *## Categories which are split between identifiers and operators*
>
> - Emoji and symbols: most of the newer emoji are identifiers, but many
> emoji/pictographs are operators, especially those from "Miscellaneous
> Symbols". The results are hilariously illogical:
>
>   - ☹️ is an operator, but 🙂 is an identifier.
>   - ✌️ is an operator, but 🤘 is an identifier.
>   - 🔼 is an operator, but ▶️ is an identifier.
>   - ✳️ is an operator, but 🔯 is an identifier.
>   - ✈️ is an operator, but 🛩 is an identifier.
>   - ♠️ is an operator, but 🂡 is an identifier. (Presumably, 🂡 = A ♠️ 🂠!)
>
>   (But the counterintuitive examples extend outside the emoji too: + is an
> operator, while ₊ and ⁺ are identifiers.)
>
> - Currency symbols: ¢ £ ¤ ¥ are operators, but ₪ € ₱ ₹ ฿ and many others
> are identifiers, and $ is allowed in an identifier.
>
>
> *## Missing characters*
>
> A handful of characters are neither operators nor identifiers. This list
> mostly makes sense (reserved characters and whitespace), but I wonder about
> a few which seem like they could easily be operators: ⑊ ⑀ ﹅ etc.
>
> short url: <https://goo.gl/U0GVNn>
>
> <http://unicode.org/cldr/utility/list-unicodeset.jsp?a=
> %5B%5B%5Cu0001-%5CU0010FFFF%5D-%5B%5B%2F%3D%5C-%2B!*%25%
> 3C%3E%5C%26%7C%5C%5E~%3F%0D%0A%5Cu00A1-%5Cu00A7%0D%0A%
> 5Cu00A9%5Cu00AB%0D%0A%5Cu00AC%0D%0A%5Cu00AE%0D%0A%5Cu00B0-%
> 5Cu00B1%0D%0A%5Cu00B6%0D%0A%5Cu00BB%0D%0A%5Cu00BF%0D%0A%
> 5Cu00D7%0D%0A%5Cu00F7%0D%0A%5Cu2016-%5Cu2017%0D%0A%5Cu2020-%5Cu2027%0D%0A%
> 5Cu2030-%5Cu203E%0D%0A%5Cu2041-%5Cu2053%0D%0A%5Cu2055-%5Cu205E%0D%0A%
> 5Cu2190-%5Cu23FF%0D%0A%5Cu2500-%5Cu2775%0D%0A%5Cu2794-%5Cu2BFF%0D%0A%
> 5Cu2E00-%5Cu2E7F%0D%0A%5Cu3001-%5Cu3003%0D%0A%
> 5Cu3008-%5Cu3030%5D%0D%0A%5B%5Cu0300-%5Cu036F%0D%0A%
> 5Cu1DC0-%5Cu1DFF%0D%0A%5Cu20D0-%5Cu20FF%0D%0A%5CuFE00-%5CuFE0F%0D%0A%
> 5CuFE20-%5CuFE2F%0D%0A%5CU000E0100-%5CU000E01EF%5D%
> 5Ba-zA-Z%0D%0A_%0D%0A%5Cu00A8%0D%0A%5Cu00AA%0D%0A%5Cu00AD%
> 0D%0A%5Cu00AF%0D%0A%5Cu00B2-%5Cu00B5%0D%0A%5Cu00B7-%
> 5Cu00BA%0D%0A%5Cu00BC-%5Cu00BE%0D%0A%5Cu00C0-%5Cu00D6%0D%0A%5Cu00D8-%
> 5Cu00F6%0D%0A%5Cu00F8-%5Cu00FF%0D%0A%5Cu0100-%5Cu02FF%0D%0A%5Cu0370-%
> 5Cu167F%0D%0A%5Cu1681-%5Cu180D%0D%0A%5Cu180F-%5Cu1DBF%0D%0A%5Cu1E00-%
> 5Cu1FFF%0D%0A%5Cu200B-%5Cu200D%0D%0A%5Cu202A-%5Cu202E%0D%0A%5Cu203F-%
> 5Cu2040%0D%0A%5Cu2054%0D%0A%5Cu2060-%5Cu206F%0D%0A%5Cu2070-%5Cu20CF%0D%0A%
> 5Cu2100-%5Cu218F%0D%0A%5Cu2460-%5Cu24FF%0D%0A%5Cu2776-%5Cu2793%0D%0A%
> 5Cu2C00-%5Cu2DFF%0D%0A%5Cu2E80-%5Cu2FFF%0D%0A%5Cu3004-%5Cu3007%0D%0A%
> 5Cu3021-%5Cu302F%0D%0A%5Cu3031-%5Cu303F%0D%0A%5Cu3040-%5CuD7FF%0D%0A%
> 5CuF900-%5CuFD3D%0D%0A%5CuFD40-%5CuFDCF%0D%0A%5CuFDF0-%5CuFE1F%0D%0A%
> 5CuFE30-%5CuFE44%0D%0A%5CuFE47-%5CuFFFD%0D%0A%5CU00010000-%5CU0001FFFD%0D%
> 0A%5CU00020000-%5CU0002FFFD%0D%0A%5CU00030000-%
> 5CU0003FFFD%0D%0A%5CU00040000-%5CU0004FFFD%0D%0A%
> 5CU00050000-%5CU0005FFFD%0D%0A%5CU00060000-%5CU0006FFFD%
> 0D%0A%5CU00070000-%5CU0007FFFD%0D%0A%5CU00080000-%5CU0008FFFD%0D%0A%
> 5CU00090000-%5CU0009FFFD%0D%0A%5CU000A0000-%5CU000AFFFD%
> 0D%0A%5CU000B0000-%5CU000BFFFD%0D%0A%5CU000C0000-%5CU000CFFFD%0D%0A%
> 5CU000D0000-%5CU000DFFFD%0D%0A%5CU000E0000-%5CU000EFFFD%
> 5D%0D%0A%5B0-9%0D%0A%5Cu0300-%5Cu036F%0D%0A%5Cu1DC0-%
> 5Cu1DFF%0D%0A%5Cu20D0-%5Cu20FF%0D%0A%5CuFE20-%5CuFE2F%5D%5D%5D>
>
>
> *# Solutions*
>
> Still up for discussion — please reply to this thread!
>
> Adopting (X)ID_Start/Continue for identifiers, or a simpler solution like
> Haskell's use of "letter" categories, might work well.
>
> (I've given up hope of finding some kind of "perfect" solution — how can
> it be possible, when ᛏ is a letter, yet ↑ is not?)
>
> Making the choice of operator characters more logical/standards-based
> would be nice (not just a set of ranges). However, Haskell's approach of
> using all punctuation & symbols is probably not right for Swift:
>
> short url: <https://goo.gl/Ud4KqY>
>
> <http://unicode.org/cldr/utility/unicodeset.jsp?a=%5B%
> 5B-%2F%3D%2B!*%25%3C%3E%5C%26%7C%5C%5E~?%5Cu00A1-%5Cu00A7%
> 5Cu00A9%5Cu00AB%5Cu00AC%5Cu00AE%5Cu00B0-%5Cu00B1%5Cu00B6%5Cu00BB%5Cu00BF%
> 5Cu00D7%5Cu00F7%5Cu2016-%5Cu2017%5Cu2020-%5Cu2027%
> 5Cu2030-%5Cu203E%5Cu2041-%5Cu2053%5Cu2055-%5Cu205E%
> 5Cu2190-%5Cu23FF%5Cu2500-%5Cu2775%5Cu2794-%5Cu2BFF%
> 5Cu2E00-%5Cu2E7F%5Cu3001-%5Cu3003%5Cu3008-%5Cu3030%
> 5Cu0300-%5Cu036F%5Cu1DC0-%5Cu1DFF%5Cu20D0-%5Cu20FF%
> 5CuFE00-%5CuFE0F%5CuFE20-%5CuFE2F%5CU000E0100-%5CU000E01EF%5D%5D&b=%5B%5B:
> Currency_Symbol:%5D%5B:Modifier_Symbol:%5D%5B:Math_
> Symbol:%5D%5B:Other_Symbol:%5D%5B:Connector_Punctuation:%
> 5D%5B:Dash_Punctuation:%5D%5B:Close_Punctuation:%5D%5B:
> Final_Punctuation:%5D%5B:Initial_Punctuation:%5D%5B:
> Other_Punctuation:%5D%5B:Open_Punctuation:%5D%5D>
>
> I'm not really sure what to do with emoji — they're a very cute novelty
> feature, but I don't know what the motivation is for including these as
> valid operators/identifiers.
>
> At the least, we should try to gather them all into one of the two
> categories. My inclination would be to keep them as identifiers, which
> would mean moving the following out of the operator category:
>
> short url: <https://goo.gl/CBJEKX>
>
> <http://unicode.org/cldr/utility/list-unicodeset.jsp?a=
> %5B%5B%3AEmoji%3A%5D%26%5B%5B%2F%3D%5C-%2B%21*%25%3C%3E%5C%
> 26%7C%5C%5E~%3F%0D%0A%5Cu00A1-%5Cu00A7%0D%0A%5Cu00A9%
> 5Cu00AB%0D%0A%5Cu00AC%0D%0A%5Cu00AE%0D%0A%5Cu00B0-%
> 5Cu00B1%0D%0A%5Cu00B6%0D%0A%5Cu00BB%0D%0A%5Cu00BF%0D%0A%
> 5Cu00D7%0D%0A%5Cu00F7%0D%0A%5Cu2016-%5Cu2017%0D%0A%5Cu2020-%5Cu2027%0D%0A%
> 5Cu2030-%5Cu203E%0D%0A%5Cu2041-%5Cu2053%0D%0A%5Cu2055-%5Cu205E%0D%0A%
> 5Cu2190-%5Cu23FF%0D%0A%5Cu2500-%5Cu2775%0D%0A%5Cu2794-%5Cu2BFF%0D%0A%
> 5Cu2E00-%5Cu2E7F%0D%0A%5Cu3001-%5Cu3003%0D%0A%
> 5Cu3008-%5Cu3030%5D%0D%0A%5B%5Cu0300-%5Cu036F%0D%0A%
> 5Cu1DC0-%5Cu1DFF%0D%0A%5Cu20D0-%5Cu20FF%0D%0A%5CuFE00-%5CuFE0F%0D%0A%
> 5CuFE20-%5CuFE2F%0D%0A%5CU000E0100-%5CU000E01EF%5D%5D%5D>
>
>
> *# Concurrently-discussable topics*
>
> There are a few relevant topics that came to mind, which I think are worth
> discussing around the same time.
>
> *## Dollar signs ($)*
>
> $ is currently allowed in identifiers, but it can't begin an identifier
> except for the magic implicit closure params ($0, $1, ...) and
> LLDB/REPL-related uses.
>
> It's arguable, but I feel that $ would be more effective as an operator
> character than an identifier character. There's precedent in Haskell for
> operators like `<$>` and being able to replicate these in Swift would be
> nice.
>
>
> *## Diagnostics improvements*
>
> Regardless of what ends up being the ultimate solution, it would be great
> to improve diagnostics for cases when the wrong types of characters are
> used.
>
> `infix operator abc` produces `'abc' is considered to be an identifier,
> not an operator`. That's not too bad.
>
> `let +++ = 3` produces `expected pattern`.
>
> `let $foo = 3` produces `expected numeric value following '$'`.
>
>
> *## Security and сοnfuѕаbIе characters*
>
> Confusable characters (e vs. е, o vs. ο, ; vs. ;) are an issue not taken
> lightly in the world of web security (cf. domain names). I haven't found
> much information about whether this has been considered a major security
> issue in programming languages, but I would think so (one can imagine such
> characters being introduced to a codebase subtly over time, hiding
> malicious functionality).
>
> It'd be pretty cool if Swift could detect whether two identifiers might be
> confusable, and produce a warning.
>
> <http://www.unicode.org/reports/tr36/#Recommendations_General>
> <http://unicode.org/reports/tr39/#Confusable_Detection>
>
> _______________________________________________
> swift-evolution mailing list
> swift-evolution@swift.org
> https://lists.swift.org/mailman/listinfo/swift-evolution
>
>
>
> _______________________________________________
> swift-evolution mailing list
> swift-evolution@swift.org
> https://lists.swift.org/mailman/listinfo/swift-evolution
>
>
_______________________________________________
swift-evolution mailing list
swift-evolution@swift.org
https://lists.swift.org/mailman/listinfo/swift-evolution

Reply via email to