Re: [swift-evolution] [Pitch] Angle Type

```
> On 14. Jan 2018, at 09:51, Taylor Swift via swift-evolution
> <swift-evolution@swift.org> wrote:
>
> I do a lot of geometry and spherical-related work and i have never found an
> Angle type to be worth having. Always use radians. It’s what sin() and cos()
> take, it’s what graphics APIs like Cairo expect, it’s what graphics formats
> like SVG use. plus,, do you *really* want to be case-branching on every angle
> value? that really adds up when you’re converting 100,000s of lat-long pairs
> to cartesian.```
```
You can do it without case-branching. I too have an Angle type; this is what I
use:

public struct Angle<T: FloatingPoint> {
public var degrees: T {
return (radians / .pi) * 180
}

}
public static func degrees(_ degs: T) -> Angle {
return Angle(radians: (degs / 180) * .pi)
}
}

If you ask for “radians” (like most low-level trig code will), you just get the
stored property. The conversion “overhead” is only done at construction time,
so it makes a convenient parameter/return value.

- Karl

>
> On Jan 14, 2018, at 12:04 AM, BJ Homer via swift-evolution
> <swift-evolution@swift.org <mailto:swift-evolution@swift.org>> wrote:
>
>> An Angle type already exists in Foundation; see Measurement<UnitAngle>. You
>> could add some convenience methods in an extension pretty easily.
>>
>> import Foundation
>>
>> typealias Angle = Measurement<UnitAngle>
>>
>> extension Measurement where UnitType == UnitAngle {
>>     var sine: Double {
>>     }
>>
>>     static var threeQuarterTurn: Angle {
>>         return Angle(value: 0.75, unit: .revolutions)
>>     }
>> }
>>
>> let x = Angle.threeQuarterTurn
>> x.sine // -1
>>
>> -BJ
>>
>>
>>> On Jan 13, 2018, at 9:31 PM, Erica Sadun via swift-evolution
>>> <swift-evolution@swift.org <mailto:swift-evolution@swift.org>> wrote:
>>>
>>> I would like to see a full Geometry implementation but I don't think it
>>> should be part of the standard library.
>>>
>>> I've kicked around some ideas here:
>>>
>>> * https://gist.github.com/erica/ee06008202c9fed699bfa6254c42c721
>>> <https://gist.github.com/erica/ee06008202c9fed699bfa6254c42c721>
>>>
>>> and
>>>
>>> * https://github.com/erica/SwiftGeometry
>>> <https://github.com/erica/SwiftGeometry>
>>>
>>>> On Jan 13, 2018, at 7:49 PM, Jonathan Hull via swift-evolution
>>>> <swift-evolution@swift.org <mailto:swift-evolution@swift.org>> wrote:
>>>>
>>>> Hi Evolution,
>>>>
>>>> I would really like to see Swift gain an Angle type in the standard
>>>> library.  Every time I have to deal with an angle in an api, I have to go
>>>> figure out the conventions for that call.  Is it in degrees? Is it in
>>>> degrees?
>>>>
>>>> I ended up writing an Angle type for my own code a few years back, and I
>>>> have to say it is really wonderful.  It has greatly simplified my graphics
>>>> work.  It takes a lot of mental load off of my brain when dealing with
>>>> Angles.
>>>>
>>>> I can of course initialize it either as degrees or radians (or
>>>> revolutions), but I can also just say things like ‘.threeQuarterTurn’, and
>>>> then I can get the value back out in whatever format I like.  There are
>>>> also useful additions that let me normalize the angle to different ranges
>>>> and which let me snap to the nearest multiple of an angle. Both of these
>>>> are enormously useful for user facing features.  I can also do math on
>>>> angles in a way that makes geometric sense for angles.  It is also really
>>>> useful for interacting with CGVectors in intelligent ways.
>>>>
>>>> Using Doubles or CGFloats to represent angles everywhere is just
>>>> semantically wrong IMHO, and it stops us from adding all of these
>>>> angle-specific niceties.
>>>>
>>>> Happy to provide code if there is interest…
>>>>
>>>> Thanks,
>>>> Jon
>>>> _______________________________________________
>>>> swift-evolution mailing list
>>>> swift-evolution@swift.org <mailto:swift-evolution@swift.org>
>>>> https://lists.swift.org/mailman/listinfo/swift-evolution
>>>> <https://lists.swift.org/mailman/listinfo/swift-evolution>
>>>
>>> _______________________________________________
>>> swift-evolution mailing list
>>> swift-evolution@swift.org <mailto:swift-evolution@swift.org>
>>> https://lists.swift.org/mailman/listinfo/swift-evolution
>>> <https://lists.swift.org/mailman/listinfo/swift-evolution>
>>
>> _______________________________________________
>> swift-evolution mailing list
>> swift-evolution@swift.org <mailto:swift-evolution@swift.org>
>> https://lists.swift.org/mailman/listinfo/swift-evolution
>> <https://lists.swift.org/mailman/listinfo/swift-evolution>
> _______________________________________________
> swift-evolution mailing list
> swift-evolution@swift.org
> https://lists.swift.org/mailman/listinfo/swift-evolution

```
```_______________________________________________
swift-evolution mailing list
swift-evolution@swift.org
https://lists.swift.org/mailman/listinfo/swift-evolution
```