commit 612532d025c083ee7be793c5d34851138c929d32
Author: Georg Koppen <g...@torproject.org>
Date:   Fri Feb 9 09:40:54 2018 +0000

    Addressing Mike's review notes
---
 design-doc/design.xml | 92 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------
 1 file changed, 67 insertions(+), 25 deletions(-)

diff --git a/design-doc/design.xml b/design-doc/design.xml
index 43c4cb9..a58d906 100644
--- a/design-doc/design.xml
+++ b/design-doc/design.xml
@@ -1301,10 +1301,17 @@ We isolate the content and image cache to the URL bar 
domain by setting
 
       </para>
       <para>
-Furthermore there is the Cache API (CacheStorage). That one is currently not
-available in Tor Browser as we do not allow third party cookies and are in
-Private Browsing Mode by default. <!-- XXX: Link to Cache API and briefly
-mention why it is disabled in PBM? What about memory-only cache? -->
+Furthermore there is the <ulink 
url="https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/CacheStorage";>
+CacheStorage API</ulink>. That one is currently not available in Tor Browser as
+we do not allow third party cookies and are in Private Browsing Mode by 
default.
+As the cache entries are written to disk the CacheStorage API
+<ulink url="https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=1173467";>got 
disabled</ulink>
+in that mode in Firefox, similar to how IndexedDB is handled. There are
+<ulink 
url="https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=1117808";>thoughts</ulink>
+about enabling it by providing a memory-only database but that is still work
+in progress. But even if users are leaving the Private Browsing Mode and are
+enabling third party cookies the storage is isolated to the URL bar domain by
+<command>privacy.firstparty.isolate</command> set to <command>true</command>.
       </para>
       <para>
 Finally, we have the asm.js cache. The cache entry of the script is (among
@@ -1337,6 +1344,22 @@ to prevent linkability between sites. We achieve this by 
setting
 
       </para>
     </listitem>
+    <listitem><command>IndexedDB Storage</command>
+      <para>
+
+IndexedDB storage for third party domains MUST be isolated to the URL bar
+domain, to prevent linkability between sites. By default
+<ulink url="https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/IndexedDB_API";>
+IndexedDB storage</ulink> is disabled as Tor Browser is using Firefox's Private
+Browsing Mode and does not allow third party cookies. There are
+<ulink 
url="https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=781982";>thoughts</ulink>
+about enabling this API in Private Browsing Mode as well but that is still work
+in progress. However, if users are leaving this mode and are enabling third
+party cookies, isolation to the URL bar is achieved, though, by
+<command>privacy.firstparty.isolate</command> set to <command>true</command>.
+
+      </para>
+    </listitem>
     <listitem><command>Flash cookies</command>
       <para><command>Design Goal:</command>
 
@@ -1831,9 +1854,14 @@ and version differences into its analysis of the 
fingerprintability of a
 population is largely useless for evaluating either attacks or defenses.
 Unfortunately, this includes popular large-scale studies such as <ulink
 url="https://panopticlick.eff.org/";>Panopticlick</ulink> and <ulink
-url="https://amiunique.org/";>Am I Unique</ulink>.
-<!-- XXX: What about our fpcentral implementation? Is it ready to be mentioned
-here? -->
+url="https://amiunique.org/";>Am I Unique</ulink>. To gather usable data about
+Tor Browser's fingerprinting defenses we launched a Google Summer of Code
+project in 2016, called <ulink url="https://github.com/plaperdr/fp-central";>
+FPCentral</ulink>, with the aim to provide us an own testbed. We set this up
+during 2017 and <ulink url="https://fpcentral.tbb.torproject.org/";>have it
+available now</ulink> for further integration into our quality assurance 
efforts
+and possible research into improving our fingerprinting defenses and measuring
+their effectiveness.
 
       </para>
      </listitem>
@@ -1954,9 +1982,9 @@ url="https://panopticlick.eff.org/";>Panopticlick</ulink> 
or <ulink
 url="https://amiunique.org/";>Am I Unique</ulink> could report the entropy and
 uniqueness rates for all users of a single user agent version, without the
 need for complicated statistics about the variance of the measured behaviors.
-<!-- XXX: What about our fpcentral implementation? Is it ready to be mentioned
-here? -->
-
+<ulink url="https://fpcentral.tbb.torproject.org/fp";>FPCentral</ulink> is 
trying
+to achieve that for Tor Browser by providing feedback on acceptable browser
+properties and giving guidance on possible improvements.
       </para>
       <para>
 
@@ -2471,10 +2499,14 @@ those possible issues with disabling the Battery Status 
API by setting
 
 It is possible to get the system uptime of a Tor Browser user by querying the
 <command>Event.timestamp</command> property. We avoid this by setting <command>
-dom.event.highrestimestamp.enabled</command> to <command>true</command>.
-<!-- XXX: wait, true?? Weren't there other reasons to disable highres
-timestamps? highres DOM timing information was believed to be fingerprintable,
-IIRC. -->
+dom.event.highrestimestamp.enabled</command> to <command>true</command>. This
+might seem to be counterintuitive at first glance but the effect of setting
+that preference to <code>true</code> is a
+<ulink url="https://trac.torproject.org/projects/tor/ticket/17046#comment:8";>
+normalization</ulink> of <code>evt.timestamp</code> and
+<code>new Event('').timeStamp</code>. Together with clamping the timer
+resolution to 100ms this provides an effective means against system uptime
+fingerprinting.
 
       </para>
     </listitem>
@@ -2491,10 +2523,6 @@ changed by the keyboard layout nor by the modifier 
state. On the other hand the
 generated by that key. This is dependent on things like keyboard layout, locale
 and modifier keys.
 
-<!-- XXX: We should make some statement about what this does to intl users.
-Also, stuff like this used to be hooked to extensions.torbutton.spoof_english
-if it had user-facing effects -->
-
       </para>
       <para><command>Design Goal:</command>
 
@@ -2514,6 +2542,19 @@ are currently returning an empty 
<command>KeyboardEvent.code</command> and a
 <command>KeyboardEvent.keyCode</command> of <command>0</command>. Moreover,
 neither <command>Alt</command> or <command>Shift</command>, or
 <command>AltGr</command> keyboard events are reported to content.
+
+      </para>
+      <para>
+
+We are currently not taking the actually deployed browser locale or the locale
+indicated by a loaded document into account when spoofing the keyboard layout.
+We think that would be the right thing to do in the longer run, to mitigate
+possible usability issues and broken functionality on websites. Similarily to
+how users of non-english Tor Browser bundles right now can choose between
+keeping the Accept header spoofed or not they would then be able to keep a
+spoofed english keyboard or a spoofed one depending on the actual Tor Browser
+locale or language of the document.
+
       </para>
     </listitem>
     <listitem><command>User Agent and HTTP Headers</command>
@@ -2588,7 +2629,7 @@ and <command>document.timeline.currentTime</command>.
       </para>
       <para>
 
-While clamping the clock resolution to 100ms is a step towards mitigating 
+While clamping the clock resolution to 100ms is a step towards mitigating
 timing-based side channel fingerprinting, it is by no means sufficient. It 
turns
 out that it is possible to subvert our clamping of explicit clocks by using
 <ulink 
url="https://www.usenix.org/system/files/conference/usenixsecurity16/sec16_paper_kohlbrenner.pdf";>
@@ -2838,8 +2879,9 @@ is a Firefox feature to view web pages clutter-free and 
easily adjusted to
 own needs and preferences. To avoid fingerprintability risks we make Tor 
Browser
 users uniform by setting <command>reader.parse-on-load.enabled</command> to
 <command>false</command> and 
<command>browser.reader.detectedFirstArticle</command>
-to <command>true</command>.
-<!-- XXX: Explain how this is fingerprintable -->
+to <command>true</command>. This makes sure that documents are not parsed on
+load as this is disabled on some devices due to memory consumption and we
+pretend that everybody has already been using that feature in the past.
 
      </para>
     </listitem>
@@ -3010,10 +3052,10 @@ After closing all tabs, we then clear the searchbox and 
findbox text and emit
 state). Then we manually clear the following state: HTTP auth, SSL state,
 crypto tokens, OCSP state, site-specific content preferences (including HSTS
 state), the undo tab history, content and image cache, offline and memory 
cache,
-offline storage, IndexedDB storage, asm.js cache, cookies, DOM storage, the
-safe browsing key, the Google wifi geolocation token (if it exists), and the
-domain isolator state. We also clear NoScript's site and temporary permissions,
-and all other browser site permissions.
+offline storage, Cache storage, IndexedDB storage, asm.js cache, cookies,
+DOM storage, the safe browsing key, the Google wifi geolocation token (if it
+exists), and the domain isolator state. We also clear NoScript's site and
+temporary permissions, and all other browser site permissions.
 
      </para>
      <para>

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