commit ff116b780896bb735f887a669d87694bb6d8a964
Author: Nick Mathewson <ni...@torproject.org>
Date:   Fri Sep 16 10:12:30 2016 -0400

    Simplify the crypto_cipher_t interface and structure
    
    Previously, the IV and key were stored in the structure, even though
    they mostly weren't needed.  The only purpose they had was to
    support a seldom-used API where you could pass NULL when creating
    a cipher in order to get a random key/IV, and then pull that key/IV
    back out.
    
    This saves 32 bytes per AES instance, and makes it easier to support
    different key lengths.
---
 src/common/crypto.c    | 45 +++++++++++++++++----------------------------
 src/test/bench.c       | 16 +++++++++++-----
 src/test/test_crypto.c |  9 +++++----
 3 files changed, 33 insertions(+), 37 deletions(-)

diff --git a/src/common/crypto.c b/src/common/crypto.c
index 7be43d7..f6ee6b0 100644
--- a/src/common/crypto.c
+++ b/src/common/crypto.c
@@ -123,8 +123,6 @@ struct crypto_pk_t
 /** Key and stream information for a stream cipher. */
 struct crypto_cipher_t
 {
-  uint8_t key[CIPHER_KEY_LEN]; /**< The raw key. */
-  uint8_t iv[CIPHER_IV_LEN]; /**< The initial IV. */
   aes_cnt_cipher_t *cipher; /**< The key in format usable for counter-mode AES
                              * encryption */
 };
@@ -551,26 +549,18 @@ crypto_pk_free(crypto_pk_t *env)
 }
 
 /** Allocate and return a new symmetric cipher using the provided key and iv.
- * The key is CIPHER_KEY_LEN bytes; the IV is CIPHER_IV_LEN bytes.  If you
- * provide NULL in place of either one, it is generated at random.
+ * The key is CIPHER_KEY_LEN bytes; the IV is CIPHER_IV_LEN bytes.  Both
+ * must be provided.
  */
 crypto_cipher_t *
 crypto_cipher_new_with_iv(const char *key, const char *iv)
 {
   crypto_cipher_t *env;
+  tor_assert(key);
+  tor_assert(iv);
 
-  env = tor_malloc_zero(sizeof(crypto_cipher_t));
-
-  if (key == NULL)
-    crypto_rand((char*)env->key, CIPHER_KEY_LEN);
-  else
-    memcpy(env->key, key, CIPHER_KEY_LEN);
-  if (iv == NULL)
-    crypto_rand((char*)env->iv, CIPHER_IV_LEN);
-  else
-    memcpy(env->iv, iv, CIPHER_IV_LEN);
-
-  env->cipher = aes_new_cipher(env->key, env->iv, 128);
+  env = tor_malloc(sizeof(crypto_cipher_t));
+  env->cipher = aes_new_cipher((const uint8_t*)key, (const uint8_t*)iv, 128);
 
   return env;
 }
@@ -1267,10 +1257,12 @@ crypto_pk_public_hybrid_encrypt(crypto_pk_t *env,
   tor_assert(tolen >= fromlen + overhead + CIPHER_KEY_LEN);
   tor_assert(tolen >= pkeylen);
 
-  cipher = crypto_cipher_new(NULL); /* generate a new key. */
+  char key[CIPHER_KEY_LEN];
+  crypto_rand(key, sizeof(key)); /* generate a new key. */
+  cipher = crypto_cipher_new(key);
 
   buf = tor_malloc(pkeylen+1);
-  memcpy(buf, cipher->key, CIPHER_KEY_LEN);
+  memcpy(buf, key, CIPHER_KEY_LEN);
   memcpy(buf+CIPHER_KEY_LEN, from, pkeylen-overhead-CIPHER_KEY_LEN);
 
   /* Length of symmetrically encrypted data. */
@@ -1285,6 +1277,7 @@ crypto_pk_public_hybrid_encrypt(crypto_pk_t *env,
 
   if (r<0) goto err;
   memwipe(buf, 0, pkeylen);
+  memwipe(key, 0, sizeof(key));
   tor_free(buf);
   crypto_cipher_free(cipher);
   tor_assert(outlen+symlen < INT_MAX);
@@ -1292,6 +1285,7 @@ crypto_pk_public_hybrid_encrypt(crypto_pk_t *env,
  err:
 
   memwipe(buf, 0, pkeylen);
+  memwipe(key, 0, sizeof(key));
   tor_free(buf);
   crypto_cipher_free(cipher);
   return -1;
@@ -1583,14 +1577,6 @@ crypto_pk_base64_decode(const char *str, size_t len)
 
 /* symmetric crypto */
 
-/** Return a pointer to the key set for the cipher in <b>env</b>.
- */
-const char *
-crypto_cipher_get_key(crypto_cipher_t *env)
-{
-  return (const char *)env->key;
-}
-
 /** Encrypt <b>fromlen</b> bytes from <b>from</b> using the cipher
  * <b>env</b>; on success, store the result to <b>to</b> and return 0.
  * Does not check for failure.
@@ -1660,11 +1646,14 @@ crypto_cipher_encrypt_with_iv(const char *key,
   if (tolen < fromlen + CIPHER_IV_LEN)
     return -1;
 
-  cipher = crypto_cipher_new_with_iv(key, NULL);
+  char iv[CIPHER_IV_LEN];
+  crypto_rand(iv, sizeof(iv));
+  cipher = crypto_cipher_new_with_iv(key, iv);
 
-  memcpy(to, cipher->iv, CIPHER_IV_LEN);
+  memcpy(to, iv, CIPHER_IV_LEN);
   crypto_cipher_encrypt(cipher, to+CIPHER_IV_LEN, from, fromlen);
   crypto_cipher_free(cipher);
+  memwipe(iv, 0, sizeof(iv));
   return (int)(fromlen + CIPHER_IV_LEN);
 }
 
diff --git a/src/test/bench.c b/src/test/bench.c
index f373019..30984fd 100644
--- a/src/test/bench.c
+++ b/src/test/bench.c
@@ -90,7 +90,9 @@ bench_aes(void)
   uint64_t start, end;
   const int bytes_per_iter = (1<<24);
   reset_perftime();
-  c = crypto_cipher_new(NULL);
+  char key[CIPHER_KEY_LEN];
+  crypto_rand(key, sizeof(key));
+  c = crypto_cipher_new(key);
 
   for (len = 1; len <= 8192; len *= 2) {
     int iters = bytes_per_iter / len;
@@ -328,8 +330,9 @@ bench_cell_aes(void)
   char *b = tor_malloc(len+max_misalign);
   crypto_cipher_t *c;
   int i, misalign;
-
-  c = crypto_cipher_new(NULL);
+  char key[CIPHER_KEY_LEN];
+  crypto_rand(key, sizeof(key));
+  c = crypto_cipher_new(key);
 
   reset_perftime();
   for (misalign = 0; misalign <= max_misalign; ++misalign) {
@@ -501,8 +504,11 @@ bench_cell_ops(void)
   or_circ->base_.purpose = CIRCUIT_PURPOSE_OR;
 
   /* Initialize crypto */
-  or_circ->p_crypto = crypto_cipher_new(NULL);
-  or_circ->n_crypto = crypto_cipher_new(NULL);
+  char key1[CIPHER_KEY_LEN], key2[CIPHER_KEY_LEN];
+  crypto_rand(key1, sizeof(key1));
+  crypto_rand(key2, sizeof(key2));
+  or_circ->p_crypto = crypto_cipher_new(key1);
+  or_circ->n_crypto = crypto_cipher_new(key2);
   or_circ->p_digest = crypto_digest_new();
   or_circ->n_digest = crypto_digest_new();
 
diff --git a/src/test/test_crypto.c b/src/test/test_crypto.c
index d83b93b..6586c06 100644
--- a/src/test/test_crypto.c
+++ b/src/test/test_crypto.c
@@ -371,7 +371,7 @@ test_crypto_aes(void *arg)
   crypto_cipher_t *env1 = NULL, *env2 = NULL;
   int i, j;
   char *mem_op_hex_tmp=NULL;
-
+  char key[CIPHER_KEY_LEN];
   int use_evp = !strcmp(arg,"evp");
   evaluate_evp_for_aes(use_evp);
   evaluate_ctr_for_aes();
@@ -387,9 +387,10 @@ test_crypto_aes(void *arg)
 
   memset(data2, 0, 1024);
   memset(data3, 0, 1024);
-  env1 = crypto_cipher_new(NULL);
+  crypto_rand(key, sizeof(key));
+  env1 = crypto_cipher_new(key);
   tt_ptr_op(env1, OP_NE, NULL);
-  env2 = crypto_cipher_new(crypto_cipher_get_key(env1));
+  env2 = crypto_cipher_new(key);
   tt_ptr_op(env2, OP_NE, NULL);
 
   /* Try encrypting 512 chars. */
@@ -420,7 +421,7 @@ test_crypto_aes(void *arg)
   env2 = NULL;
 
   memset(data3, 0, 1024);
-  env2 = crypto_cipher_new(crypto_cipher_get_key(env1));
+  env2 = crypto_cipher_new(key);
   tt_ptr_op(env2, OP_NE, NULL);
   for (j = 0; j < 1024-16; j += 17) {
     crypto_cipher_encrypt(env2, data3+j, data1+j, 17);



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