Update: After a hint by Peter Palfrader, I now set the Address option as
well:

root@tor2 ~ # grep Address /etc/tor/torrc
Address 193.171.202.146
OutboundBindAddress 193.171.202.150

This seems to work with 0.2.8.7-1, so we should be up and running with a
recent version now. However, we did not set Address before, exactly
because we have two addresses assigned for the Tor exit node on this
host (as opposed to being behind a NAT gateway with port forwarding with
different internal and externally visible addresses, which might be the
more common case). Is a setup like ours supported with explicitly
setting Address?

Thanks,
Rene

On 2016-09-19 15:14, René Mayrhofer wrote:
> Dear Tor developers,
>
> [Please CC me in replies, I am not currently subscribed to tor-dev.]
>
> Context: At the Institute of Networks and Security at Johannes Kepler
> University Linz, we have been hosting Austria's fastest exit node for
> the last ca. 9 months. It used to be listed as
> https://atlas.torproject.org/#details/01A9258A46E97FF8B2CAC7910577862C14F2C524
> until very recently, and we tried to find out what went wrong when we
> saw traffic drop sharply a bit over a week ago. Unfortunately, two out
> of three people responsible for running this node were on holidays, so
> we could only start investigating today.
>
> Setup: Please note that our setup is a bit particular for reasons that
> we will explain in more detail in a later message (including a proposed
> patch to the current source which has been pending also because of the
> holiday situation...). Briefly summarizing, we use a different network
> interface for "incoming" (Tor encrypted traffic) than for "outgoing"
> (mostly clearnet traffic from the exit node, but currently still
> includes outgoing Tor relay traffic to other nodes). The outgoing
> interface has the default route associated, while the incoming interface
> will only originate traffic in response to those incoming connections.
> Consequently, we let our Tor node only bind to the IP address assigned
> to the incoming interface 193.171.202.146, while it will initiate new
> outgoing connections with IP 193.171.202.150.
>
> Problem: This worked nicely with Tor 0.2.5.12-1 on Debian Jessie. We
> upgraded about two weeks ago to 0.2.8.7-1 from the Tor apt repositories
> (mostly in response to
> https://blog.torproject.org/blog/tor-0287-released-important-fixes as a
> wakeup call that we were using old versions from Debian main). At first,
> it seemed to work well enough, but then the holidays came and we didn't
> actively watch it for the next week....
> Now with 0.2.8.7-1, the traffic sent to our node started declining until
> it vanished completely. After a bit of debugging and rolling back to
> 0.2.5.12-1 (which is now active on our node as of a few hours ago,
> slowly approaching the 200MBit/s again), it seems that we discovered a
> regression concerning the handling of sockets. I can best summarize it
> with the relevant torrc config options and startup log lines from both
> versions:
>
> root@tor2 ~ # grep 193.171.202 /etc/tor/torrc
> ORPort 193.171.202.146:9001
> ORPort 193.171.202.146:443
> OutboundBindAddress 193.171.202.150
> DirPort 193.171.202.146:9030
>
> Sep 19 11:37:41.000 [notice] Tor 0.2.8.7 (git-cc2f02ef17899f86) opening
> log file.
> Sep 19 11:37:41.194 [notice] Tor v0.2.8.7 (git-cc2f02ef17899f86) running
> on Linux with Libevent 2.0.21-stable, OpenSSL 1.0.1t and Zlib 1.2.8.
> Sep 19 11:37:41.194 [notice] Tor can't help you if you use it wrong!
> Learn how to be safe at https://www.torproject.org/download/download#warning
> Sep 19 11:37:41.194 [notice] Read configuration file
> "/usr/share/tor/tor-service-defaults-torrc".
> Sep 19 11:37:41.194 [notice] Read configuration file "/etc/tor/torrc".
> Sep 19 11:37:41.197 [warn] You specified a public address '0.0.0.0:9050'
> for SocksPort. Other people on the Internet might find your computer and
> use it as an open proxy. Please don't allow this unless you have a good
> reason.
> Sep 19 11:37:41.198 [notice] Based on detected system memory,
> MaxMemInQueues is set to 2961 MB. You can override this by setting
> MaxMemInQueues by hand.
> Sep 19 11:37:41.198 [warn] Tor is running as an exit relay. If you did
> not want this behavior, please set the ExitRelay option to 0. If you do
> want to run an exit Relay, please set the ExitRelay option to 1 to
> disable this warning, and for forward compatibility.
> Sep 19 11:37:41.198 [warn] You specified a public address '0.0.0.0:9050'
> for SocksPort. Other people on the Internet might find your computer and
> use it as an open proxy. Please don't allow this unless you have a good
> reason.
> Sep 19 11:37:41.199 [notice] Opening Socks listener on 0.0.0.0:9050
> Sep 19 11:37:41.199 [notice] Opening Control listener on 127.0.0.1:9051
> Sep 19 11:37:41.199 [notice] Opening OR listener on 193.171.202.146:9001
> Sep 19 11:37:41.199 [notice] Opening OR listener on 193.171.202.146:443
> Sep 19 11:37:41.199 [notice] Opening Directory listener on
> 193.171.202.146:9030
> Sep 19 11:37:41.000 [notice] Parsing GEOIP IPv4 file /usr/share/tor/geoip.
> Sep 19 11:37:41.000 [notice] Parsing GEOIP IPv6 file /usr/share/tor/geoip6.
> Sep 19 11:37:41.000 [notice] Configured to measure statistics. Look for
> the *-stats files that will first be written to the data directory in 24
> hours from now.
> Sep 19 11:37:41.000 [warn] I have no descriptor for the router named
> "ins1" in my declared family; I'll use the nickname as is, but this may
> confuse clients.
> Sep 19 11:37:41.000 [warn] I have no descriptor for the router named
> "ins2" in my declared family; I'll use the nickname as is, but this may
> confuse clients.
> Sep 19 11:37:41.000 [notice] Your Tor server's identity key fingerprint
> is 'ins0 01A9258A46E97FF8B2CAC7910577862C14F2C524'
> Sep 19 11:37:41.000 [notice] Bootstrapped 0%: Starting
> Sep 19 11:37:49.000 [notice] Bootstrapped 80%: Connecting to the Tor network
> Sep 19 11:37:49.000 [notice] Signaled readiness to systemd
> Sep 19 11:37:50.000 [notice] Opening Control listener on
> /var/run/tor/control
> Sep 19 11:37:51.000 [notice] Bootstrapped 85%: Finishing handshake with
> first hop
> Sep 19 11:37:51.000 [notice] Bootstrapped 90%: Establishing a Tor circuit
> Sep 19 11:37:51.000 [notice] Tor has successfully opened a circuit.
> Looks like client functionality is working.
> Sep 19 11:37:51.000 [notice] Bootstrapped 100%: Done
> Sep 19 11:37:51.000 [notice] Now checking whether ORPort
> 193.171.202.150:9001 and DirPort 193.171.202.150:9030 are reachable...
> (this may take up to 20 minutes -- look for log messages indicating success)
> Sep 19 11:38:30.000 [notice] Self-testing indicates your ORPort is
> reachable from the outside. Excellent.
> Sep 19 11:38:34.000 [warn] You specified a server "ins1" by name, but
> the directory authorities do not have any key registered for this
> nickname -- so it could be used by any server, not just the one you
> meant. To make sure you get the same server in the future, refer to it
> by key, as "$CD9FD887A4572D46938640BA65F258851F1E418B".
> Sep 19 11:38:34.000 [warn] You specified a server "ins2" by name, but
> the directory authorities do not have any key registered for this
> nickname -- so it could be used by any server, not just the one you
> meant. To make sure you get the same server in the future, refer to it
> by key, as "$7C3AF46F77445A0B1E903A5AF5B730A05F127BFC".
> Sep 19 11:40:18.000 [notice] Performing bandwidth self-test...done.
> Sep 19 11:57:50.000 [warn] Your server (193.171.202.150:9030) has not
> managed to confirm that its DirPort is reachable. Relays do not publish
> descriptors until their ORPort and DirPort are reachable. Please check
> your firewalls, ports, address, /etc/hosts file, etc.
> Sep 19 12:00:27.000 [notice] Interrupt: we have stopped accepting new
> connections, and will shut down in 30 seconds. Interrupt again to exit now.
> Sep 19 12:00:57.000 [notice] Clean shutdown finished. Exiting.
> Sep 19 12:01:48.000 [notice] Tor 0.2.5.12 (git-3731dd5c3071dcba) opening
> log file.
> Sep 19 12:01:48.000 [notice] Configured to measure directory request
> statistics, but no GeoIP database found. Please specify a GeoIP database
> using the GeoIPFile option.
> Sep 19 12:01:48.000 [notice] Caching new entry debian-tor for debian-tor
> Sep 19 12:01:48.000 [notice] Caching new entry debian-tor for debian-tor
> Sep 19 12:01:48.000 [warn] I have no descriptor for the router named
> "ins1" in my declared family; I'll use the nickname as is, but this may
> confuse clients.
> Sep 19 12:01:48.000 [warn] I have no descriptor for the router named
> "ins2" in my declared family; I'll use the nickname as is, but this may
> confuse clients.
> Sep 19 12:01:48.000 [notice] Your Tor server's identity key fingerprint
> is 'ins0 01A9258A46E97FF8B2CAC7910577862C14F2C524'
> Sep 19 12:01:48.000 [notice] Bootstrapped 0%: Starting
> Sep 19 12:01:48.000 [notice] Bootstrapped 5%: Connecting to directory server
> Sep 19 12:01:51.000 [notice] We now have enough directory information to
> build circuits.
> Sep 19 12:01:51.000 [notice] Bootstrapped 80%: Connecting to the Tor network
> Sep 19 12:01:51.000 [notice] Bootstrapped 85%: Finishing handshake with
> first hop
> Sep 19 12:01:52.000 [notice] Bootstrapped 90%: Establishing a Tor circuit
> Sep 19 12:01:52.000 [notice] Tor has successfully opened a circuit.
> Looks like client functionality is working.
> Sep 19 12:01:52.000 [notice] Bootstrapped 100%: Done
> Sep 19 12:01:52.000 [notice] Now checking whether ORPort
> 193.171.202.146:9001 and DirPort 193.171.202.146:9030 are reachable...
> (this may take up to 20 minutes -- look for log messages indicating success)
> Sep 19 12:01:53.000 [notice] Self-testing indicates your DirPort is
> reachable from the outside. Excellent.
> Sep 19 12:01:53.000 [notice] Self-testing indicates your ORPort is
> reachable from the outside. Excellent. Publishing server descriptor.
> Sep 19 12:01:55.000 [notice] Performing bandwidth self-test...done.
>
> Please note the difference (0.2.8.7):
>     Sep 19 11:37:51.000 [notice] Now checking whether ORPort
> 193.171.202.150:9001 and DirPort 193.171.202.150:9030 are reachable...
> (this may take up to 20 minutes -- look for log messages indicating success)
> vs. (0.2.5.12):
>     Sep 19 12:01:52.000 [notice] Now checking whether ORPort
> 193.171.202.146:9001 and DirPort 193.171.202.146:9030 are reachable...
> (this may take up to 20 minutes -- look for log messages indicating success)
>
> I.e. 0.2.8.7 does not seem to honor the address the socket is bound to
> when starting the reachability checks from the outside (it seems to use
> the address that either the default route is associated with or the
> OutboundBindAddress) - although the socket binding itself is done
> correctly (i.e. the netstat output is exactly the same for both
> versions, with tor binding to the specific IP address only for the Dir
> and both OR ports). Consequently, the node is declared as non-reachable
> and drops off the globe/atlas...
>
> Has this change been intentional? I have to admit we have not yet
> checked the source code for further debugging, as we wanted to get the
> node back up as quickly as possible (after our unfortunately timed
> holidays, sorry for that).
>
> with best regards,
> Rene
>
>
>
>
>
>
> _______________________________________________
> tor-dev mailing list
> tor-dev@lists.torproject.org
> https://lists.torproject.org/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo/tor-dev




-- 
Univ.-Prof. Priv.-Doz. Dr. *René Mayrhofer*
Head of the Institute for Networks and Security

*JOHANNES KEPLER
UNIVERSITY LINZ*
Altenberger Straße 69
Computer Science Building, Room 230
4040 Linz, Austria
P +43 732 2468 4121
F +43 732 2468 4125
r...@ins.jku.at
https://ins.jku.at

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