bionic regressions: systemd on all archs have failed for months. tests should be ignored.
snapd on all archs have failed intermittently for very long time. tests are flaky and should be ignored. remaining tests being retried: linux-gcp-edge (system problem - oom while testing) linux (flaky tests - intermittently fails for a long time) linux-oracle (system problem - out of disk space while testing) cosmic regressions: hddemux on all archs started failing recently; the version in -proposed appears to be fixed, so the failure of this pkg can be ignored as it's not caused by this sru. remaining tests being retried: apt (flaky test - fails intermittently in the same way for a while) linux (flaky tests - intermittently fails for a long time) snapd/amd64 (flaky test, test watchdog has 1 second timeout, and timed out) systemd (test output hard to read - seems to be timeout, likely overloaded test system) -- You received this bug notification because you are a member of Ubuntu Touch seeded packages, which is subscribed to systemd in Ubuntu. https://bugs.launchpad.net/bugs/1811471 Title: local resolver stub fails to handle multiple TCP dns queries Status in systemd: New Status in systemd package in Ubuntu: Fix Committed Status in systemd source package in Trusty: Invalid Status in systemd source package in Xenial: Invalid Status in systemd source package in Bionic: Fix Committed Status in systemd source package in Cosmic: Fix Committed Status in systemd source package in Disco: Fix Committed Bug description: [Impact] The systemd local 'stub' resolver handles all local DNS queries (by default configuration used in Ubuntu), and essentially proxies all requests to its configured upstream DNS resolvers. Most local DNS resolution by applications uses glibc's getaddrinfo() function. This function is configured in various ways by the /etc/resolv.conf file, which tells glibc what nameserver/resolver to contact as well as how to talk to the name server. By default, glibc performs UDP DNS queries, with a single DNS query per UDP packet. The UDP packet size is limited per DNS spec to 512 bytes. For some DNS lookups, a 512 byte UDP packet is not large enough to contain the entire response - for example, an A record lookup with a large number (e.g. 30) of A record addresses. This number of A record entries is possible in some cases of load balancing. When the DNS UDP response size is larger than 512 bytes, the server puts as much response as it can into the DNS UDP response, and marks the "trunacted" flag. This lets glibc know that the DNS UDP packet did not contain the entire response for all the A records. When glibc sees a UDP response that is "trunacted", by default it ignores the contents of that response and issues a new DNS query, using TCP instead of UDP. The TCP packet size has a higher size limit (though see bug 1804487 which is a bug in systemd's max-sizing of TCP DNS packets), and so *should* allow glibc to receive the entire DNS response. However, glibc issues DNS queries for both A and AAAA records. When it uses UDP, those DNS queries are separate (i.e. one UDP DNS packet with a single A query, and one UDP DNS packet with a single AAAA query). When glibc uses TCP, it puts both DNS queries into a single TCP DNS packet - the RFC refers to this as "pipelining" (https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7766#section-126.96.36.199) and states that clients SHOULD do this, and that servers MUST expect to receive pipelined queries and SHOULD respond to all of them. (Technically pipelining can be separate DNS queries, one per TCP packet, but both using the same TCP connection - but the clear intention of pipelining is to improve TCP performance, and putting both DNS queries into a single TCP packet is clearly more performant than using separate TCP packets). Unfortunately, systemd's local stub resolver has only very basic support for TCP DNS, and it handles TCP DNS queries almost identically to UDP DNS queries - it reads the DNS query 2-byte header (containing the length of the query data), reads in the single DNS query data, performs lookup and sends a response to that DNS query, and closes the TCP connection. It does not check for "pipelined" queries in the TCP connection. That would be bad enough, as glibc is (rightly) expecting a response to both its A and AAAA queries; however what glibc gets is a TCP connection-reset error. That is because the local systemd stub resolver has closed its TCP socket while input data was still pending (i.e. it never even read the second pipelined DNS query). When the kernel sees unread input bytes in a TCP connection that is closed, it sends a TCP RST to the peer (i.e. glibc) and when the kernel sees the RST, it dumps all data in its socket buffer and passes the ECONNRESET error up to the application. So glibc gets nothing besides a connection reset error. Note also that even if the systemd local stub resolver's socket flushes its input buffer before closing the TCP connection (which will avoid the TCP RST), glibc still expects responses to both its A and AAAA queries before systemd closes the TCP connection, and so a simple change to systemd to flush the input buffer is not enough to fix the bug (and would also not actually fix the bug since glibc would never get the AAAA response). [Test Case] This can be reproduced on any system using a local systemd stub resolver, when using an application that uses getaddrinfo() - such as ssh, telnet, ping, etc - or with a simple C program that uses getaddrinfo(). The dns name looked up must have enough A records to overflow the 512 byte maximum for a UDP DNS packet; e.g.: $ ping testing.irongiantdesign.com ping: testing.irongiantdesign.com: Temporary failure in name resolution Alternately, and trivially, glibc can be forced to always use TCP DNS queries by editing the /etc/resolv.conf file and adding: options use-vc With that option, glibc will fail to lookup 100% of DNS names, since all lookups will use TCP to talk to the local systemd stub resolver, which as explained above fails to ever correctly answer glibc's pipelined TCP DNS queries. Note that in default Ubuntu installs, /etc/resolv.conf is a symlink to ../run/systemd/resolve/stub-resolv.conf, which systemd thinks it owns 100% - so any manual changes to the file may be overwritten at any time. There is no way (that I can find) to tell systemd to add any resolv.conf options (like 'use-vc') to its managed stub-resolv.conf file, so this test case requires re-editing the /etc/resolv.conf file intermittently, each time systemd overwrites it. Note also that the patch used to work around this (see Other Info below) will fix the case of lookup failures for very long A records; but the workaround will not help at all with the test case of using 'option use-vc'. That test case will continue to fail for 100% of dns lookups. [Regression Potential] To workaround this, the patch enables edns0 in systemd's stub resolver resolv.conf file. This could cause problems for any system code that does not expect the resolv.conf file to include a new line/option, or could introduce problems with edns0 lookups, since glibc was not previously using edns0. [Other Info] This bug exists upstream, with proposed patches to add dns tcp pipeline support: https://github.com/systemd/systemd/pull/11512 The specific bug of TCP DNS fallback not working for DNS responses larger than 512 bytes can be worked around by editing the /etc/resolv.conf file to add: options edns0 The EDNS0 option causes glibc to fall back to attempting UDP EDNS0 query (which has a higher max packet size than the default 512 byte UDP DNS). The systemd stub resolver does support EDNS0. However, this workaround only temporarily works - as explained above, by default /etc/resolv.conf is a symlink to a file that systemd overwrites intermittently, which will remove the EDNS0 option. The upstream patch that will be used to work around this bug in exactly that way (i.e. adding option edns0 to resolv.conf) is: https://github.com/systemd/systemd/commit/93158c77bc69fde7cf5cff733617631c1e566fe8 That patch is already included in Debian and so no Debian bug is required for this bug (since the only fix for this specific bug will be sru'ing the edns0 workaround) Since Xenial and Trusty do not use the systemd stub resolver (by default) I marked this Invalid for those releases. To manage notifications about this bug go to: https://bugs.launchpad.net/systemd/+bug/1811471/+subscriptions -- Mailing list: https://launchpad.net/~touch-packages Post to : firstname.lastname@example.org Unsubscribe : https://launchpad.net/~touch-packages More help : https://help.launchpad.net/ListHelp