Open GNOME Control Center's sound tab:
- USB Speaker is picked by default.
- USB Headphone and USB Mic was automatically picked as soon as headset is 
plugged.
- Automatically switch back to USB Speaker when headset is unplugged.
- No useless S/PDIF profile listed.
- Jack detection works on both front panel and rear panel.


** Tags removed: verification-needed verification-needed-focal
** Tags added: verification-done verification-done-focal

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https://bugs.launchpad.net/bugs/1891461

Title:
  Add proper USB audio support for Lenovo ThinkStation P620

Status in alsa-lib package in Ubuntu:
  Fix Released
Status in alsa-ucm-conf package in Ubuntu:
  Fix Released
Status in pulseaudio package in Ubuntu:
  Fix Released
Status in alsa-lib source package in Focal:
  Fix Committed
Status in alsa-ucm-conf source package in Focal:
  Fix Committed
Status in pulseaudio source package in Focal:
  Fix Committed
Status in alsa-lib source package in Groovy:
  Fix Released
Status in alsa-ucm-conf source package in Groovy:
  Fix Released
Status in pulseaudio source package in Groovy:
  Fix Released

Bug description:
  [Impact]
  Lenovo ThinkStation P620 uses TRX4 board, which doesn't have PCI audio in its 
chipset. Instead, it's equipped with two USB audio devices, "Main", which is 
for internal speaker and front headset, and "Rear", which is for rear panel 
I/Os.

  However, both USB audio don't really work out of the box. Issues and
  fixes will be described together below.

  [Fix for alsa-lib]
  1) Both USB audio devices don't have S/PDIF port, so we need to disable them:
  
https://git.alsa-project.org/?p=alsa-lib.git;a=commit;h=464c2f8b61855cb22d61c4b232f74d6767fac5fb

  [Fix for alsa-ucm-conf]
  2) PulseAudio doesn't assign the correct stream for "Main" device, audio 
output stays at "Speaker" after "Headset" is selected. So we need UCM to let 
PulseAudio understand correct stream assignment.
  In addition to that, in order to not let headset port availability invalidate 
speaker profile, we need two UCM profiles to separate "Speaker" and "Headset" 
logically:
  https://github.com/alsa-project/alsa-ucm-conf/pull/42

  [Fix for PulseAudio]
  3) USB audio devices, UAC v2 and v3, support jack detection (insertion 
control). However, PulseAudio doesn't monitor USB jack mixer controls, so jack 
detection doesn't work at userspace level. We need to let PulseAudio be aware 
those jacks:
  
https://gitlab.freedesktop.org/pulseaudio/pulseaudio/-/commit/e153fb870618b1dcf65f6fce1667ea76acc5a28b

  4) When a headset gets plugged, PulseAudio switches the profile from 
"Speaker" to "Headset" automatically. However, when headset gets unplugged, 
PulseAudio switch the profile from "Headset" to "HDMI", skipping the "Speaker" 
profile. We need to fix priorities for profiles that are created from UCM to 
avoid the problem:
  
https://gitlab.freedesktop.org/pulseaudio/pulseaudio/-/commit/dd70c3c5890ce27b9ba4bd041dea4a01c3e1fc0f

  [Test]
  Under g-c-c's Sound tab, "Speaker", "Headphone", "S/PDIF", etc. profiles are 
all selectable. Sound comes out from speaker even if "Headphone" is chosen. 
Microphone is already selected though there's no microphone plugged.

  With the above fix all applied, open Gnome Control Center -> Sound tab.
  Sink "Speaker" is selected. Only "Speaker" and "HDMI" are in the drop down 
menu.
  Plug a headset to front port, "Headphone" and "Microphone" appears and 
automatically becomes default. Unplug the headset, sink switches back to 
"Speaker", and source switches to none.
  Plug line-in, line-out and microphone to the rear panel, jack detection works 
for all three ports, and they all work correctly. Unplug rear line-in, line-out 
or microphone makes the option in dropdown menu disappears.

  On other systems, nothing changed.

  [Regression Potential]
  For fix 1) and 2), The UCM in alsa-lib and alsa-ucm-conf strictly match 
kernel provided profile name, so no other device will be affected.

  For fix 3), if there are UAC v2/v3 devices claim to support jack detection 
but don't really support it, this will make the PulseAudio consider its 
availability to "no".
  AFAIK, the USB audios that have jack ports are mostly docking stations, which 
already have their own UCM profiles or PulseAudio profile-sets, so they are 
unaffected by this change.
  If we ever see this kind of regression, the proper fix is to disable jack 
detection from kernel side.

  For fix 4), if user depends on the old behavior (i.e. switch to
  another card while other profiles are still available), this will
  bring a behavioral change. However, all available profiles will still
  be available after the fix, so users can still be chose the preferred
  profile from the g-c-c dropdown menu.

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