-------- Forwarded Message --------
Subject: [PATCH] [RFC] tpm_tis: tpm_tcg_flush() after iowrite*()s
Date: Fri, 4 Aug 2017 16:56:51 -0500
From: Haris Okanovic <haris.okano...@ni.com>
To: linux-rt-us...@vger.kernel.org, linux-ker...@vger.kernel.org
CC: haris.okano...@ni.com, haris...@gmail.com, julia.cartwri...@ni.com, gratian.cri...@ni.com, scott.hart...@ni.com, chris.g...@ni.com, brad.mour...@ni.com, jonathan.da...@ni.com

I have a latency issue using a SPI-based TPM chip with tpm_tis driver
from non-rt usermode application, which induces ~400 us latency spikes
in cyclictest (Intel Atom E3940 system, PREEMPT_RT_FULL kernel).

The spikes are caused by a stalling ioread8() operation, following a
sequence of 30+ iowrite8()s to the same address. I believe this happens
because the writes are cached (in cpu or somewhere along the bus), which
gets flushed on the first LOAD instruction (ioread*()) that follows.

The enclosed change appears to fix this issue: read the TPM chip's
access register (status code) after every iowrite*() operation.

I believe this works because it amortize the cost of flushing data to
chip across multiple instructions. However, I don't have any direct
evidence to support this theory.

Does this seem like a reasonable theory?

Any feedback on the change (a better way to do it, perhaps)?

Haris Okanovic

 drivers/char/tpm/tpm_tis.c | 18 +++++++++++++++++-
 1 file changed, 17 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/char/tpm/tpm_tis.c b/drivers/char/tpm/tpm_tis.c
index c7e1384f1b08..5cdbfec0ad67 100644
--- a/drivers/char/tpm/tpm_tis.c
+++ b/drivers/char/tpm/tpm_tis.c
@@ -89,6 +89,19 @@ static inline int is_itpm(struct acpi_device *dev)
+ * Flushes previous iowrite*() operations to chip so that a subsequent
+ * ioread*() won't stall a cpu.
+ */
+static void tpm_tcg_flush(struct tpm_tis_tcg_phy *phy)
+       ioread8(phy->iobase + TPM_ACCESS(0));
+#define tpm_tcg_flush do { } while(0)
static int tpm_tcg_read_bytes(struct tpm_tis_data *data, u32 addr, u16 len,
                              u8 *result)
@@ -104,8 +117,10 @@ static int tpm_tcg_write_bytes(struct tpm_tis_data *data, u32 addr, u16 len,
        struct tpm_tis_tcg_phy *phy = to_tpm_tis_tcg_phy(data);
 -      while (len--)
+       while (len--) {
                iowrite8(*value++, phy->iobase + addr);
+               tpm_tcg_flush(phy);
+       }
        return 0;
@@ -130,6 +145,7 @@ static int tpm_tcg_write32(struct tpm_tis_data *data, u32 addr, u32 value)
        struct tpm_tis_tcg_phy *phy = to_tpm_tis_tcg_phy(data);
        iowrite32(value, phy->iobase + addr);
+       tpm_tcg_flush(phy);
        return 0;
 -- 2.13.2

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