On 10/18/2016 02:01 PM, Stephen Warren wrote:
> On 10/18/2016 12:40 PM, york sun wrote:
>> On 10/18/2016 11:14 AM, Stephen Warren wrote:
>>> On 10/18/2016 09:28 AM, york sun wrote:
>>>> On 10/17/2016 04:35 PM, Stephen Warren wrote:
>>>>> From: Stephen Warren <swar...@nvidia.com>
>>>>> SoC-specific logic may be required for all forms of cache-wide
>>>>> operations; invalidate and flush of both dcache and icache (note that
>>>>> only 3 of the 4 possible combinations make sense, since the icache never
>>>>> contains dirty lines). This patch adds an optional hook for all
>>>>> implemented cache-wide operations, and renames the one existing hook to
>>>>> better represent exactly which operation it is implementing. A dummy
>>>>> no-op implementation of each hook is provided. These dummy
>>>>> implementations are moved into C code, since there's no need to
>>>>> implement them in assembly.
>>>> Stephen,
>>>> Moving this function to C may pose an issue. I had a debug a couple of
>>>> years ago that calling a C function put the stack into cache after
>>>> flushing L1/L2. That's why I used asm function to flush L3.
>>> Assuming the stack is located in cachable memory, the CPU is free (per
>>> the definition of the ARM architecture) to pull it into the cache at any
>>> time the cache is enabled (and perhaps even when it isn't enabled, at
>>> the very least for the icache on ARMv8 if not other cases too).
>>> Implementation in C vs. assembly has absolutely no effect here. I guess
>>> your statement assumes that C functions will write data to the stack and
>>> assembly functions never will. There's no strict 1:1 correlation between
>>> those two things; assembly code can touch the stack just like C code. If
>>> there's an assumption it won't, it needs to be documented in the header
>>> defining these hook functions.
>>> I assume you're specifically talking about dirtying the dcache between
>>> the point when dcache flushing starts and the point when the dcache is
>>> disabled? If so, flush_dcache_all() itself would have to be manually
>>> coded in assembly to avoid using the stack, as would dcache_disable()
>>> and set_sctlr(). I think this is why dcache_disable() currently disables
>>> the dcache first (thus preventing it acquiring new dirty data) and then
>>> flushes the dcache afterwards (thus guaranteeing that all dirty data is
>>> flushed with no race condition). This implies that your change to swap
>>> the order of those two functions isn't correct. I'm pretty sure I'm
>> I wonder if David can shed some light on the original order of calls to
>> disable dcache.
>>> correct in saying that the dcache can hit even if it's disabled, hence
>>> disabling the dcache while it contains dirty data won't lead to issues?
>> My earlier debug was based on the original order of calls. I found I had
>> to avoid using the stack before flushing L3. Now with the changed order,
>> I haven't tested. But I can image the stack will be dirty and flushing
>> L3 may or may not push the data into main memory (depending on the L3
>> implementation whether inclusive or not).
>> You said you are sure dcache can hit even if it is disabled. Can you
>> explain more? My test shows as soon as the d-cache is disabled, the core
>> cannot get the data in dirty cache.
> By "hit" here, I mean that even with the dcache disabled, when the CPU
> performs a read access, if the dcache contains a copy of that data, it
> can return it rather than requiring it to be fetched from DRAM.
> Yes, with the dcache disabled, I would not expect any writes to allocate
> new lines in the cache (although presumably writes would update any
> lines already there, in a write-though sense).
> At least, I'm pretty sure this is all true. It seems the only way to
> allow switching from cache-on to cache-off state without losing dirty data.

I believe my test showed otherwise. As soon as the dcache is disabled, 
the core cannot get the dirty cached data if the dcache was flushed by 
way/set for L1 and L2 (L3 wasn't flushed). That's why I proposed to 
change the order to flush first.

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