Here below is a document about atrocities caused in the Acholi sub region. If 
that was so, can we get a good Samaritan to compile for us details of what 
transpired in the Luwero five years bush war? 


Fellow Ugandans,we should all get concerned as Ugandans,not for a particular 
ethnic group. I remember, during the 1979 Amin war, when people from Masaka 
region were running seeking for refugee, people in other areas especially in 
Kampala and elsewhere, were laughig at them and nicknamed them ;Empuunzi;but 
when the Luwero war took place,those who were nicknamed others Empuunzi,turned 
to be themselves.


 People in the North and East had not tested that, but Alice Lakwena and the so 
called Kony`/NRM government waged a war in those region, the situation turned 
against them.We should avoid the saying * Tebinkatako* To whom it may concern. 
Now the entire three regions are suffering, and a point is sported to the 
Westerners, which is not true. Not all Westerners are involved but a small 
minority group putting all Westerners at risk when a regime change will occur. 



President General Yoweri Museveni is now well into the third decade as ruler of 
Uganda. In the first twenty of those twenty-five years since he took power in 
January 1986 through violence, wiliness and guile, Northern and Eastern Uganda, 
in particular Acholi sub-region, suffered from one of the most brutal, bloody 
and savage armed conflicts in modern African history.

Museveni’s army - the National Resistance Army (NRA, 1981-1996), renamed Uganda 
People’s Defense Forces (UPDF) in October 1996 - and his other security 
agencies committed innumerable grave acts of atrocities and abuses of human 
rights that constitute genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity in 
northern Uganda. These included torture and ill-treatment of captives, mass 
killings, rape, sodomy and other sexual assaults, summary executions, 
recruiting children as soldiers, large scale forcible displacement of civilians 
and detention under inhuman conditions. 

Others included brutal maiming and mutilation of the human body such as cutting 
off lips and ears, use of displaced civilians in IDP camps as human shields 
against rebel attacks, burying people alive, deliberate campaign to spread HIV 
AIDS by infected soldiers, use of weapons of mass destruction (WMD), in 
particular, chemical weapons, and landmines against civilian populations, 
setting villages and farms on fire, and wanton destruction of properties and 
infrastructure, among them the stealing of millions of heads of cattle and 
other livestock.

Amnesty International in one of its reports on Uganda reported that the 
inhumanity and the humanitarian catastrophe that unfolded in northern Uganda 
was a manifestation of a vicious and systematic violations of human rights on 
the greatest scale, sustained in a campaign of state-sponsored terror. (Amnesty 
International Report on Uganda (1992). The Human Rights Record 1986-1989. AI 
Index AFR 59/01/89. Amnesty International, London.)

I. Summary of Grave Atrocities by Museveni’s Army in Northern Uganda

1. Ethnic targeting and cleansing of Acholi by Museveni’s government and army

Even after seizing power and removing northerners, Museveni and his supporters 
and the policy of his NRM government was right from the block virulently 
hostile to the northerners, Acholi in particular, identifying them as enemies. 
The policy of hatred and power to act fueled the discrimination and 
marginalization of northerners in public and private domain and was the basis 
on which he prosecuted the war.

At the very the heart of the NRA High Command was Major General Tinyefunza who 
held the view that ‘Acholi were the enemies, that he would not handle them even 
with velvet gloves.’ Another person at the NRM/A High Command was Commander 
Karushoke who likened the Northerners to biological substances to be eliminated 
to provide living space for the Tutsi of Rwanda. Museveni himself in his choice 
of words also encouraged the NRA to become brutal and wipe out all the 
northerners who opposed the government and publicly vowed to shoot and kill. 
This set the stage for eventual destruction of the people and land of northern 
Uganda. General Tinyefunza began it by commanding the troops that went on to 
commit atrocities, molesting women and children, arresting men and tying them 
bound up like suitcases (kandoya) resulting in permanent disability and 
paralysis, and destruction and looting of property under the guise of searching 
for guns. 

This tragedy was summed up by one scholar, "The decimation of the Acholi 
population is the result of lethal cocktail of deceit, demonization and 
ethno-xenophobic hate, in which western governments and the United Nations 
became complicit.” (Stop the Genocide in Northern Uganda, STGINU, The Politics 
of Mass Death, Onek Adyanga, PhD,  <>

2. Massive displacement of people into concentration camps

Museveni’s regime planned and carried out the agenda to systematically and 
massively expel the Acholi from their homes and villages and to get them to the 
so-called ‘protected villages’. The villages were bombarded with heavy weapons, 
strafed with helicopter gunships and burnt down. Granaries for food storage and 
crops were destroyed. People were forcibly moved to towns and nearby trading 
centers which were ill-equipped to receive an influx of people. 

In September 1986 Museveni’s NRA set up the first IDP camp in Uganda at a place 
called Kiburara in Mbarara district, within 15 km from Museveni’s Rwakitura 
home. Since then, between 1.8 to 2 million people were displaced into over 200 
camps in the Acholi sub-region alone. Living condition in the camps was 
absolutely appalling and intolerable. There were no shelters, sanitation, water 
and food. Violent deaths were very frequent, three times higher than in 
occupied Iraq, rape by soldiers, children died of diseases, exhaustion, lack of 
sleep, hunger and starvation. For years, people endured suffering in the camps, 
starvation and malnutrition, diseases, unsanitary conditions and exposure to 
violent death.

The result is that the people of northern Uganda suffered unspeakable misery in 
the camps and a total disruption to means of livelihood, and the destruction of 
their social, cultural and economic support systems fundamental to their 

3. Children’s death toll in the concentration camps: 100,000

One of the worst stigma of the northern Uganda war prosecuted by Museveni 
against the insurgency was the awful children’s death toll in the concentration 
camps. At least 2,000 children died every month from hunger and starvation, 
exhaustion, violence, poor sanitation and preventable diseases. The overall 
children’s death toll in the war is at least 100,000. The tragedy is a blot on 
the conscience of the world, which stood on the sidelines as it unfolded.

4. Use of rape and sodomy to spread HIV AIDS as a weapon of war

The NRA/UPDF became infamous for burning civilians alive in huts, killings, 
and the rapes of both women and men in what the Acholi called tek gungu. Tek 
Gungu referred to rape of men and women by Museveni's soldiers who would force 
a man or woman to kneel down (gungu) before the rape is committed against the 
male or female victim. These rape incidents have been documented by Human 
Rights Watch and yet remains ignored by most so-called Western mainstream 
media. ( <>

Later in the war, Museveni’s soldiers used rape and sodomy in the concentration 
camps in northern Uganda as a weapon of war meant to humiliate, permanently 
scar and instill the greatest fear on the local population. These inhuman 
practices were part of a deliberate campaign to spread HIV AIDS as a tool of 
genocide. In a practice that was planned, concealed and promoted by the 
government’s political and military leadership and and command as a social and 
psychological weapon against IDP camp population, government soldiers 
(NRA/UPDF) were screened, and those tested HIV-positive were deployed to 
northern Uganda with the mission of spreading the AIDS infection through raping 
women and girls and sodomizing men. (Dr. Olara Otunnu, The Secret Genocide, p. 
2 July/August 2006). The result of this is that Northern Uganda now has the 
highest prevalence of HIV AIDS in the world.

5. Cynical manipulation of atrocities against adversaries as political and 
military policy

During the 22-year war, Museveni’s army killed, maimed and mutilated thousands 
of civilians while blaming it on rebels. This counter-insurgency as a tool of 
conflict building was used by Museveni’s forces in Central Uganda (Luwero), 
Northern Uganda, South Sudan and DRC.

In northern Uganda, instead of defending and protecting civilians against rebel 
attacks, Museveni’s army would masquerade as rebels and commit gross 
atrocities, including maiming and mutilation, only to return and pretend to be 
saviors of the affected people. These atrocities were in the latter years of 
the war carried out by a pseudo-rebel counter-insurgency brigade called 
Battalion 105.

In Lango and Teso sub-region, the army masqueraded as cattle rustlers, and they 
stole cattle and killed people, while blaming it on Karamojong livestock 
The defunct Shariat newspaper reported in the 1990s that the UPDF soldiers 
were caught masquerading as the LRA rebels and planting landmines to blow up 
civilian vehicles. 

One of the most brutal killing carried out by the government army under the 
false image of rebels was the Barlonyo massacre in Lira district on 21st 
February 2004 in which more than 300 unarmed civilians died.

6. Using the civilian population in IDP camps as human shields against rebel 

Once the civilian population had been moved from their homes and villages to 
the concentration (IDP) camps, Museveni’s army turned them into human shields 
against rebels who came into the camps to attack the army and take supplies. 
The positioning of the the civilians’ mud huts in the camps relative to the 
army barracks was such that the civilians’ huts and makeshift shelters ringed 
the barracks - instead of the other way round.This physical configuration meant 
that the camp dwellers were always caught in crossfire during rebel attacks on 
the army. Civilians had nowhere to run for their life. This deliberate policy 
of using civilians in the camps as human shields resulted in the death of 
thousands of them.

7. Use of chemical weapons in the northern Uganda theater of war

Museveni’s army used chemical weapons and other prohibited weapons such as land 
mines against both rebel forces and civilian population in the northern Uganda 
war zones. Government forces bombarded battlefields and villages with the 
deadly weapons using helicopter gunships on several diverse occasions, fifteen 
(15) of them recorded here below.

Details and places in which Museveni’s government army used chemical weapons in 
northern Uganda:
(Places and district are based on the administrative units at the time) 

i. 1st July 2002 - Amuru Sub-county, Gulu District
ii. 6th July 2002 - Alero Opok, Gulu District
iii. 12th July 2002 - Pamot Lukili, Lamwo County, Kitgum District
iv. 4th August 2002 - Labongo Ogali, Amuru Sub-County Gulu District
v. 28th August 2002 - Bar, Agoro Sub-County, Kitgum District
vi. Okung Gedi, Amuru Sub-County, Gulu District
vii. 28th August 2002 - Orum, Kamdini, Apac District
viii. 30th August 2002 - Puranga, Pader District
ix. 4th September 2002 - Palenga, Gulu District
x. 6th September 2002 - Bobi Nyek, Gulu District
xi. 10th September 2002 - Aleb Tong, Lira District
xii. 18th September 2002 - Bobi Nyek, Gulu District
xiii. 22nd September 2002 - Acholibur, Kitgum District
xiv. 22nd January 2003 - Awac, Gulu District
xv. 5th February 2003 - Ogom, Atiak, Kitgum District

8. Abduction of children and their forced recruitment into military service

The abduction of children who were then forced into military service and sexual 
servitude was another prevalent practice by both Museveni army and rebel groups 
opposed to the NRM rule. This practice was started in Uganda in the early 1980s 
by Museveni and his guerrilla force (NRA) in central Uganda (Luwero). It later 
spread to northern Uganda and the wider Great Lakes region, especially DRC. 
During the 22-year war in northern Uganda, more than 30,000 Acholi youths 
disappeared, most of them abducted and killed by Museveni’s army.

II. Dates, Places and Descriptions of Some of the Mass Killings, Torture and 
Sexual Assaults by Museveni’s Army in Northern Uganda

i. Namokora massacre, Kitgum District, Acholi, August 1986: 45 killed

The Namokora massacre - among the first by Museveni’s army - was an act of 
reprisal against civilians following the army’s defeat in the hands of Uganda 
People’s Democratic Army (UPDA) rebels. The army arrested 44 men and one woman 
and forced them into the back of a military truck. Soldiers armed with 
automatic weapons in the back of a pick-up seized from Namokora Catholic Church 
parish followed the truck as it departed west on the road to Kitgum town. 
Fearing the worst, some of the detainees in the army truck attempted to escape 
from it. The NRA soldiers fired on them and killed all the 45 civilians.

ii. Mukura train wagon massacre, Soroti District, Teso, 11th July 1989: 55 

On this day, Museveni’s army rounded up 55 civilians and locked them up crammed 
in a disused train wagon. They were all brutally suffocated to death in the 
wagon after being accused by NRA (now UPDF) of supporting the then Uganda 
Peoples Army (UPA) rebels.

iii. Bur Coro massacre, Paicoo Sub-County, Gulu District, Acholi: 1990 : more 
than 200 killed

The period 1987-1988 was one of the worst in the history of the Acholi. It was 
at that time that Museveni's army intensified atrocities on the civilians. This 
was the period that Museveni declared a state of emergency. He entrusted his 
commanders like his brother General Salim Saleh and Major General David 
Tinyefunza to help him carry out the job. Their atrocities included the 
terrible forcing of Acholi civilians in a pit dug into the earth in a place 
called Bur Coro. The top of the pit was then covered with soil and grass which 
was then set ablaze. The civilians slowly suffocated from the smoke. Many 
others were killed by having their throats slit while others were shot and then 
thrown into the pit. More than 200 civilians were killed in the place. Such 
sadistic killers have never been punished. Later, the army exported such 
atrocities into Teso in Eastern Uganda. ( <> 

iv. 1st Atiak massacre, Gulu District, Acholi, 18 December 1993: 9 killed

In the first Atiak massacre, the NRA killed nine civilians in Atiak market. 
People had come from various parts of Gulu for an auction in Atiak trading 
centre. The army wanted to use the occasion to make various statements and 
speeches but there was a lot of noise. The commanding officer of the 7th 
battalion, a Lt. Bbosa, gave an order to shoot. Nine people died instantly with 
sixteen others sustaining bullet wounds.

v. 2nd Atiak massacre, Gulu District, Acholi, 20 April 1995: 170-220 killed

On April 20th 1995, the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) entered the trading centre 
of Atiak and after an intense offensive, defeated the National Resistance Army 
(NRA) troops stationed there. At the end one of the opposing forces rounded up 
about 300 civilians, separated the men and boys from the women and children, 
and then opened fire on the men and boys, killing between 170-200 of them. 
While some people blame the LRA for the massacre, others blame the government 
army and their collaborators. 

vi. Lokung and Palabek massacre, Kitgum District, Acholi, 7-12 January 1997: 
412 killed

Between 7 and 12 January 1997, up to 412 civilians (men, women and children) 
were killed by armed attackers in the northwest Kitgum sub-counties of Lokung 
and Palabek and in nearby areas. The attackers swept through an area in which 
there were no opposing forces, armed persons or resistance from the victims. 
They killed the victims mainly with manual weapons (clubbing, hacking, knifing) 
during the five-day period. Eye-witnesses and lists of those killed may be 
consulted directly in Lokung and Palabek Trading Centers and at displaced 
persons camps in Kitgum town and elsewhere. (The Anguish of Northern Uganda - 
Annex, ReliefWeb report -  <> 

vii. Helicopter gunship massacre, Lokung, Kitgum District, Acholi, 31 August 
1997: 29 killed

On 31 August 1995, a Ugandan army helicopter gunship attacked a column of armed 
insurgents which was reportedly moving toward the Sudan border in the Lokung 
area of northwest Kitgum. Approximately 29 persons were killed in the attack. 
Later reports suggested that sixteen of those killed had been insurgents. But 
the remaining thirteen were said to be abductees dressed in civilian clothes, 
some of whose hands were tied behind their backs. Some critics charge that the 
gunship attacked the column with reckless disregard for the lives of the 
abductees. (The Anguish of Northern Uganda - Annex, ReliefWeb report -  

viii. Cooking bodies of massacred civilians in pots, Omot, Pader District, 28 
October 2002 

On 28 October 2002 in possibly the most bizarre and gory incident in the 
22-year war in Northern Uganda, government soldiers disguised as rebels 
massacred 28 civilians and cooked their bodies in pots in Gang pa Aculu in Omot 
Division, Pader, Northern Uganda. (See, Dr. James Rwanyarare, New Vision, 
October 28, 2002; The Monitor, November 14, 2002, The Politics of Mass Death, 
Onek Adyanga, PhD,  <>

ix. Omot massacre, Pader District, Acholi, August 2003: 25 children killed by 

In August 2003, twenty-five children were killed by the UPDF in Omot Division, 
Pader District. The children were a group set free by the LRA rebels. The UPDF, 
frustrated and angry at its lack of success against LRA, ordered armored Mamba 
vehicles to turn fire on the children, who were completely unarmed and posed no 
threat whatsoever to the government army. The Ugandan press were later told 
that the 25 children died in crossfire with the LRA. Witnesses however tell of 
a cold-blooded massacre.

x. Rape and murder of a blind woman, Kitgum town, Acholi, 7 October 2003

One of the most hideous acts of rape and murder was committed on October 7, 
2003 when six armed government soldiers raped and murdered Ms Betty Alum, a 
blind teacher at St Theresa School in Kitgum town, northern Uganda. After 
raping her the soldiers bayoneted her chest, forced her underclothes and bra 
through her mouth with a stick towards her stomach and then smashed her head 
with a grinding stone. The incident took place less than 50 metres from an army 
detachment. Later the soldiers who committed the heinous act were merely 
transferred to other army posts. In effect they had accomplished their mission 
of an officially sanctioned policy of brutalizing the local Acholi people.

xi. Abia massacre, Lira District, Lango, 6th February 2004: 71 camp IDPs killed 

After an attack by the LRA rebels on an army (UPDF) detachment near Abia IDP 
camp in Lira, the UPDF on February 4, 2004 retaliated for their defeat and 
attacked the camp killing 71 people.

xii. Barlonyo massacre, Lira District, 21 February 2004: over 300 camp IDPs 

In the space of less than three hours on the late afternoon of 21 February 
2004, over 300 people in an IDP camp were brutally murdered by armed men and an 
unknown number abducted. Camp residents were burned alive inside their huts, 
hacked to death with machetes, stabbed with bayonets, clubbed with sticks and 
shot as they fled. The bellies of pregnant women were slit open, their not-yet 
formed babies thrown into the fires. (Human Security Report Project, Human 
Security Gateway,  
<> The 
government of Museveni blamed the LRA rebels for the killing, but many of the 
survivors privately state that the massacre was carried out by the government 
army disguised as rebels.

The above are just a few of the many grave atrocities committed by Museveni’s 
army against the people of northern Uganda. The catastrophic impact of the 
conflict on civilians has been repeatedly documented in a range of academic, 
human rights and policy studies.

The genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity perpetrated by Museveni 
and his army in northern Uganda should be best visualized in the perspective of 
the gross violation of human and people’s rights on the scale of those that 
have occurred in Rwanda, Yugoslavia and Sudan’s Darfur region.

"It is not out of fear but out of a feeling for what is right that we should 
abstain from doing wrong." "Doing right is based most of all on respecting the 
other person." "We ought to do our best to help those who have suffered 
injustice." "The wise man belongs to all countries, for the whole world is a 
homeland to a great heart." "Poverty in a democracy is as much to be preferred 
to so-called prosperity under despots as freedom is to slavery" "I would rather 
discover a single causal law than be king of Persia!"

 <> Stop The Genocide In Northern Uganda (StGiNU) 

StGiNU( is a human rights activists group formed by Human 
Beings concerned about the genocide that has been taking place in Northern 
Uganda for the last 19 years. StGiNU seeks to achieve its objectives by getting 
Uganda Government to: 1. declare the north a disaster zone. This ...

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*       he was hit and he died before us his eyes and the brain where out.. I 
remember it happen 

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