Generally speaking, disable readahead.  After that it's very likely the issue 
isn’t in the settings you’re using the disk settings, but is actually in your 
Cassandra config or the data model.  How are you measuring things?  Are you 
saturating your disks?  What resource is your bottleneck?

*Every* single time I’ve handled a question like this, without exception, it 
ends up being a mix of incorrect compression settings (use 4K at most), some 
crazy readahead setting like 1MB, and terrible JVM settings that are the bulk 
of the problem.  

Without knowing how you are testing things or *any* metrics whatsoever whether 
it be C* or OS it’s going to be hard to help you out.


> On Jan 5, 2018, at 5:41 PM, Justin Sanciangco <> 
> wrote:
> Hello,
> I am currently benchmarking NVMe SSDs with Cassandra and am getting very bad 
> performance when my workload exceeds the memory size. What mount settings for 
> NVMe should be used? Right now the SSD is formatted as XFS using noop 
> scheduler. Are there any additional mount options that should be used? Any 
> specific kernel parameters that should set in order to make best use of the 
> PCIe NVMe SSD? Your insight would be well appreciated.
> Thank you,
> Justin Sanciangco

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