If we are talking about billions of records and depending on your network
and RDBMs with parallel connections, from my experience it works OK for
Dimension tables of moderate size, in that you can have parallel
connections to RDBMS (assuming the RDBMS has a primary key/unique column)
to parallelise the process and read data  "as is" in Spark using JDBC

However the other alternative is to get data into HDFS using Sqoop or even

The third option is to use bulk copy to get the data out of RDBMS table
into a directory (csv type), scp it into HDFS host and put it into HDFS and
then you can access it though Hive external tables etc.

A real time load of data using Spark JDBC makes sense if the RDBMS table
itself is pretty small. For most dimension tables should satisfy this. This
approach is not advisable for FACT tables.


Dr Mich Talebzadeh

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On 18 October 2016 at 10:35, Teng Qiu <teng...@gmail.com> wrote:

> Hi Ninad, i believe the purpose of jdbcRDD is to use RDBMS as an addtional
> data source during the data processing, main goal of spark is still
> analyzing data from HDFS-like file system.
> to use spark as a data integration tool to transfer billions of records
> from RDBMS to HDFS etc. could work, but may not be the best tool... Sqoop
> with --direct sounds better, but the configuration costs, sqoop should be
> used for regular data integration tasks.
> not sure if your client need transfer billions of records periodically, if
> it is only an initial load, for such an one-off task, maybe a bash script
> with COPY command is more easier and faster :)
> Best,
> Teng
> 2016-10-18 4:24 GMT+02:00 Ninad Shringarpure <ni...@cloudera.com>:
>> Hi Team,
>> One of my client teams is trying to see if they can use Spark to source
>> data from RDBMS instead of Sqoop.  Data would be substantially large in the
>> order of billions of records.
>> I am not sure reading the documentations whether jdbcRDD by design is
>> going to be able to scale well for this amount of data. Plus some in-built
>> features provided in Sqoop like --direct might give better performance than
>> straight up jdbc.
>> My primary question to this group is if it is advisable to use jdbcRDD
>> for data sourcing and can we expect it to scale. Also performance wise how
>> would it compare to Sqoop.
>> Please let me know your thoughts and any pointers if anyone in the group
>> has already implemented it.
>> Thanks,
>> Ninad

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