Moacir, I beleive for using the 3 servers directly connected to each others without switch you have to have a Bridge on each server for every 2 physical interfaces to allow the traffic passthrough in layer2 (Is it possible to create this from the oVirt Engine Web Interface?). If your ovirtmgmt network is separate from other (should really be) that should be fine to do.


On 07/08/2017 07:13, Moacir Ferreira wrote:

Hi, in-line responses.



*From:* Yaniv Kaul <>
*Sent:* Monday, August 7, 2017 7:42 AM
*To:* Moacir Ferreira
*Subject:* Re: [ovirt-users] Good practices

On Sun, Aug 6, 2017 at 5:49 PM, Moacir Ferreira < <>> wrote:

    I am willing to assemble a oVirt "pod", made of 3 servers, each
    with 2 CPU sockets of 12 cores, 256GB RAM, 7 HDD 10K, 1 SSD. The
    idea is to use GlusterFS to provide HA for the VMs. The 3 servers
    have a dual 40Gb NIC and a dual 10Gb NIC. So my intention is to
    create a loop like a server triangle using the 40Gb NICs for
    virtualization files (VMs .qcow2) access and to move VMs around
    the pod (east /west traffic) while using the 10Gb interfaces for
    giving services to the outside world (north/south traffic).

Very nice gear. How are you planning the network exactly? Without a switch, back-to-back? (sounds OK to me, just wanted to ensure this is what the 'dual' is used for). However, I'm unsure if you have the correct balance between the interface speeds (40g) and the disks (too many HDDs?).

Moacir:The idea is to have a very high performance network for the distributed file system and to prevent bottlenecks when we move one VM from a node to another. Using 40Gb NICs I can just connect the servers back-to-back. In this case I don't need the expensive 40Gb switch, I get very high speed and no contention between north/south traffic with east/west.

    This said, my first question is: How should I deploy GlusterFS in
    such oVirt scenario? My questions are:

    1 - Should I create 3 RAID (i.e.: RAID 5), one on each oVirt node,
    and then create a GlusterFS using them?

I would assume RAID 1 for the operating system (you don't want a single point of failure there?) and the rest JBODs. The SSD will be used for caching, I reckon? (I personally would add more SSDs instead of HDDs, but it does depend on the disk sizes and your space requirements.

Moacir: Yes, I agree that I need a RAID-1 for the OS. Now, generic JBOD or a JBOD assembled using RAID-5 "disks" createdby the server's disk controller?

    2 - Instead, should I create a JBOD array made of all server's disks?

    3 - What is the best Gluster configuration to provide for HA while
    not consuming too much disk space?

Replica 2 + Arbiter sounds good to me.
Moacir:I agree, and that is what I am using.

    4 - Does a oVirt hypervisor pod like I am planning to build, and
    the virtualization environment, benefits from tiering when using a
    SSD disk? And yes, will Gluster do it by default or I have to
    configure it to do so?

Yes, I believe using lvmcache is the best way to go.

    Moacir: Are you sure? I say that because the qcow2 files will be
    quite big. So if tiering is "file based" the SSD would have to be
    very, very big unless Gluster tiering do it by "chunks of data".

    At the bottom line, what is the good practice for using GlusterFS
    in small pods for enterprises?

Don't forget jumbo frames. libgfapi (coming hopefully in 4.1.5). Sharding (enabled out of the box if you use a hyper-converged setup via gdeploy). *Moacir:* Yes! This is another reason to have separate networks for north/south and east/west. In that way I can use the standard MTU on the 10Gb NICs and jumbo frames on the file/move 40Gb NICs.


    You opinion/feedback will be really appreciated!


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