Thanks for the detailed answer Erekle.

I conclude that it is worth in any scenario to have a arbiter node in order to avoid wasting more disk space to RAID X + Gluster Replication on the top of it. The cost seems much lower if you consider running costs of the whole storage and compare it with the cost to build the arbiter node. Even having a fully redundant arbiter service with 2 nodes would make it wort on a larger deployment.


On 07/08/2017 17:07, Erekle Magradze wrote:

Hi Fernando (sorry for misspelling your name, I used a different keyboard),

So let's go with the following scenarios:

1. Let's say you have two servers (replication factor is 2), i.e. two bricks per volume, in this case it is strongly recommended to have the arbiter node, the metadata storage that will guarantee avoiding the split brain situation, in this case for arbiter you don't even need a disk with lots of space, it's enough to have a tiny ssd but hosted on a separate server. Advantage of such setup is that you don't need the RAID 1 for each brick, you have the metadata information stored in arbiter node and brick replacement is easy.

2. If you have odd number of bricks (let's say 3, i.e. replication factor is 3) in your volume and you didn't create the arbiter node as well as you didn't configure the quorum, in this case the entire load for keeping the consistency of the volume resides on all 3 servers, each of them is important and each brick contains key information, they need to cross-check each other (that's what people usually do with the first try of gluster :) ), in this case replacing a brick is a big pain and in this case RAID 1 is a good option to have (that's the disadvantage, i.e. loosing the space and not having the JBOD option) advantage is that you don't have the to have additional arbiter node.

3. You have odd number of bricks and configured arbiter node, in this case you can easily go with JBOD, however a good practice would be to have a RAID 1 for arbiter disks (tiny 128GB SSD-s ar perfectly sufficient for volumes with 10s of TB-s in size.)

That's basically it

The rest about the reliability and setup scenarios you can find in gluster documentation, especially look for quorum and arbiter node configs+options.



P.S. What I was mentioning, regarding a good practice is mostly related to the operations of gluster not installation or deployment, i.e. not the conceptual understanding of gluster (conceptually it's a JBOD system).

On 08/07/2017 05:41 PM, FERNANDO FREDIANI wrote:

Thanks for the clarification Erekle.

However I get surprised with this way of operating from GlusterFS as it adds another layer of complexity to the system (either a hardware or software RAID) before the gluster config and increase the system's overall costs.

An important point to consider is: In RAID configuration you already have space 'wasted' in order to build redundancy (either RAID 1, 5, or 6). Then when you have GlusterFS on the top of several RAIDs you have again more data replicated so you end up with the same data consuming more space in a group of disks and again on the top of several RAIDs depending on the Gluster configuration you have (in a RAID 1 config the same data is replicated 4 times).

Yet another downside of having a RAID (specially RAID 5 or 6) is that it reduces considerably the write speeds as each group of disks will end up having the write speed of a single disk as all other disks of that group have to wait for each other to write as well.

Therefore if Gluster already replicates data why does it create this big pain you mentioned if the data is replicated somewhere else, can still be retrieved to both serve clients and reconstruct the equivalent disk when it is replaced ?


On 07/08/2017 10:26, Erekle Magradze wrote:

Hi Frenando,

Here is my experience, if you consider a particular hard drive as a brick for gluster volume and it dies, i.e. it becomes not accessible it's a huge hassle to discard that brick and exchange with another one, since gluster some tries to access that broken brick and it's causing (at least it cause for me) a big pain, therefore it's better to have a RAID as brick, i.e. have RAID 1 (mirroring) for each brick, in this case if the disk is down you can easily exchange it and rebuild the RAID without going offline, i.e switching off the volume doing brick manipulations and switching it back on.



On 08/07/2017 03:04 PM, FERNANDO FREDIANI wrote:

For any RAID 5 or 6 configuration I normally follow a simple gold rule which gave good results so far:
- up to 4 disks RAID 5
- 5 or more disks RAID 6

However I didn't really understand well the recommendation to use any RAID with GlusterFS. I always thought that GlusteFS likes to work in JBOD mode and control the disks (bricks) directlly so you can create whatever distribution rule you wish, and if a single disk fails you just replace it and which obviously have the data replicated from another. The only downside of using in this way is that the replication data will be flow accross all servers but that is not much a big issue.

Anyone can elaborate about Using RAID + GlusterFS and JBOD + GlusterFS.


On 07/08/2017 03:46, Devin Acosta wrote:


I have recently installed multiple Red Hat Virtualization hosts for several different companies, and have dealt with the Red Hat Support Team in depth about optimal configuration in regards to setting up GlusterFS most efficiently and I wanted to share with you what I learned.

In general Red Hat Virtualization team frowns upon using each DISK of the system as just a JBOD, sure there is some protection by having the data replicated, however, the recommendation is to use RAID 6 (preferred) or RAID-5, or at least RAID-1 at the very least.

Here is the direct quote from Red Hat when I asked about RAID and Bricks:
/"A typical Gluster configuration would use RAID underneath the bricks. RAID 6 is most typical as it gives you 2 disk failure protection, but RAID 5 could be used too. Once you have the RAIDed bricks, you'd then apply the desired replication on top of that. The most popular way of doing this would be distributed replicated with 2x replication. In general you'll get better performance with larger bricks. 12 drives is often a sweet spot. Another option would be to create a separate tier using all SSD’s.” /

/In order to SSD tiering from my understanding you would need 1 x NVMe drive in each server, or 4 x SSD hot tier (it needs to be distributed, replicated for the hot tier if not using NVME). So with you only having 1 SSD drive in each server, I’d suggest maybe looking into the NVME option. /
/Since your using only 3-servers, what I’d probably suggest is to do (2 Replicas + Arbiter Node), this setup actually doesn’t require the 3rd server to have big drives at all as it only stores meta-data about the files and not actually a full copy. /
/Please see the attached document that was given to me by Red Hat to get more information on this. Hope this information helps you./


Devin Acosta, RHCA, RHVCA
Red Hat Certified Architect

On August 6, 2017 at 7:29:29 PM, Moacir Ferreira ( <>) wrote:

I am willing to assemble a oVirt "pod", made of 3 servers, each with 2 CPU sockets of 12 cores, 256GB RAM, 7 HDD 10K, 1 SSD. The idea is to use GlusterFS to provide HA for the VMs. The 3 servers have a dual 40Gb NIC and a dual 10Gb NIC. So my intention is to create a loop like a server triangle using the 40Gb NICs for virtualization files (VMs .qcow2) access and to move VMs around the pod (east /west traffic) while using the 10Gb interfaces for giving services to the outside world (north/south traffic).

This said, my first question is: How should I deploy GlusterFS in such oVirt scenario? My questions are:

1 - Should I create 3 RAID (i.e.: RAID 5), one on each oVirt node, and then create a GlusterFS using them?

2 - Instead, should I create a JBOD array made of all server's disks?

3 - What is the best Gluster configuration to provide for HA while not consuming too much disk space?

4 - Does a oVirt hypervisor pod like I am planning to build, and the virtualization environment, benefits from tiering when using a SSD disk? And yes, will Gluster do it by default or I have to configure it to do so?

At the bottom line, what is the good practice for using GlusterFS in small pods for enterprises?

You opinion/feedback will be really appreciated!


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