On Wed, Nov 4, 2009 at 3:18 PM, Marcel Keller <mkel...@cs.au.dk> wrote: > Claudio Orlandi schrieb: >> >> On Wed, Nov 4, 2009 at 10:15 AM, Marcel Keller <mkel...@cs.au.dk> wrote: >>> >>> Claudio Orlandi wrote: >>>> >>>> On Wed, Nov 4, 2009 at 5:46 AM, Marcel Keller <mkel...@cs.au.dk> wrote: >>>>> >>>>> Hi Claudio and Jesper, >>>>> >>>>> In the code review of the OrlandiRuntime we found two points, we want >>>>> to >>>>> discuss with you. >>>>> >>>>> Step 3 of the triple generation protocol says: Coin-flip a subset >>>>> \fancy_T >>>>> \subset \fancy_M of size \lambda(2d + 1)M. The current implementation >>>>> loops >>>>> over the elements in \fancy_M and decides fifty-fifty for every element >>>>> whether it should by in \fancy_T until there are enough elements in >>>>> \fancy_T. I however think that this choice should be biased according >>>>> to >>>>> the >>>>> size of \fancy_M and \fancy_T, i.e. every element of \fancy_M should be >>>>> put >>>>> in \fancy_T with probability \lambda(2d + 1)M / (1 + \lambda)(2d + 1)M >>>>> = >>>>> \lambda / (1 + \lambda). Furthermore, I think the probability should be >>>>> updated whenever \fancy_M is processed completely and \fancy_T still is >>>>> not >>>>> big enough. Maybe it would be easier to choose \lambda(2d + 1)M times >>>>> a >>>>> random element of the remaining ones in \fancy_M instead. >>>> >>>> So you could loop the elements of M and include them in T with >>>> probability \lambda/(1+\lambda), but then you're not guaranteed that >>>> you have enough triplets left in M. >>> >>> Exactly, that's why I suggested the solution which in that case would >>> restart with an adapted probability. >>> >>>> Choosing the right number of >>>> >>>> random elements from M and include them in T is the right choice (or >>>> any solution that guarantees the size of M \ T to be 2(2d+1)M --- I >>>> don't know if the typo is in your email or in Step 3, but the size of >>>> the set M should be (1+\lambda)2(2d+1)M --- you miss a 2. >>> >>> I think the 2 is missing in your report and the code. >>> >> >> Wow. Then it really shouldn't work! >> The factors are: >> 1+lambda : because in the test we check a fraction lambda/1+lambda of >> the triplets >> 2 : because there is a test to check the correctness of the triplets >> that burns one triplet to ensure the other one is good >> 2d+1: because we do the shamir secret sharing multiplication > > Isn't the burning already done in TripleTest, so you really have just > (lambda+1)(2d+1)M triples when doing coin-flipping for the test set? >

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Oh that's fine. It would also be fine to do the test set first and the TripleTest after. Sorry for the confusion. >> I guess at some point I should also give a look at the code... >> >>>>> In step 6, the implementation generates a distributed random number in >>>>> Z_p >>>>> to determine a partition where one element should be put if there is >>>>> still >>>>> space there. I suggest to use the randomness more efficiently to save >>>>> communication. E.g., if a random number in Z_p is smaller than M^l with >>>>> l >>>>> \le log_M(p), one can extract l random numbers in Z_M. The same method >>>>> probably could be used in step 3 as well. >>>> >>>> Right. Actually if you want to save communication here you can also >>>> use a PRG using the distributed random number as the seed. >>>> >>>>> Best regards, >>>>> Marcel >>>>> >>>> If you have time, there are a lot of things that need to be done here. >>>> I already told Janus knows some of them, but said he can't work on >>>> them. Here is something nice we should do to reduce the online time of >>>> a factor (at least) 3: >>>> >>>> In the protocol there are Pedersen commitemnts with three base element >>>> g,h_1,h_2. To commit to x using randomness r_1,r_2 one computes >>>> g^xh_1^r_1h_2^r_2. The protocol now does it in the following way: >>>> 1) compute a=g^x >>>> 2) compute b=h_1^r_1 >>>> 3) compute c=h_2^r_2 >>>> 4) compute d=a*b*c >>>> >>>> The complexity is dominated by the three exponentiation, that one >>>> implements using some ladder (square and multiply) >>>> >>>> There is no need to do three exponentiation if one does something a bit >>>> smarter: >>>> - precompute >>>> g001=g^0h_1^0h_2^1 >>>> g010=g^0h_1^1h_2^0 >>>> ... >>>> g010=g^1h_1^1h_2^1 >>>> >>>> Now, to compute g^xh_1^r_1h_2^r_2 one does the ladder by looking >>>> comtemporarily at the i-th bit of x, r_1, r_2. The complexity of this >>>> is just one ladder, so virtually the same as just one of the above >>>> exponentiation. >>>> >>>> One can go further and precompute more elements, for instance >>>> g000 >>>> ... >>>> g333 >>>> And now you look at 2 bits of x,r_1,r_2 for every square in the >>>> square-and-multiply. This saves another factor 2 in time but you need >>>> to store a bigger table of size 8^2. >>>> >>>> What is the best strategy given our architecture? How many powers >>>> should we precompute? >>> >>> The commitments are computed by an external elliptic curve library, so I >>> can't answer anything here. Janus should know more about it. >>> >> >> Actually i think that the elliptic curve library offers method for >> square, multiply, and a multiplication, not for the commitments as an >> object... I seem to remember that Janus implemented them. > > In any case, the commitments are completely implemented in C and I didn't > have a look at that code. > > _______________________________________________ viff-devel mailing list (http://viff.dk/) viff-devel@viff.dk http://lists.viff.dk/listinfo.cgi/viff-devel-viff.dk