I am afraid Google has got most of it wrong. The term guitarra/quinterne etc, in medieval sources does not necessarily refer to the figure of eight shaped instrument at all but to a type of small lute.
I can't go into all the details but Tinctoris describes the guitar as follows -a small tortoise shaped instrument invented by the Catalans which some call ghiterra, others ghiterna The ghiterra is used most rarely, because of the thinness of its sound. When I heard it in Catalonia, it was being used much more often by women, to accompany their love songs, than by men. In other words the instrument is a small lute or mandora. The vihuela is described as -an instrument invented by the Spanish, which both they and the Italians call the viola, but the French the demi-luth. -this viola differs from the lute in that the lute is much larger and tortoise-shaped, while the viola is flat, and in most cases curved inwards on each side. The relevant article to read is still Lawrence Wright - The medieval gittern and citole : a case of mistaken identity in Galpin Society Journal, Vol. 30, 1977, p.8-42. Mudarra is indeed the first person known to have published music for the 4-course guitar. Only five of the books printed between 1550-1555 are by Leroy & Ballard. The rest are by Morlaye/Gorlier. They do not include any 5-course music. There is a lot missing from the rest of it but I haven't time to write a book on the subject at present.. Don't believe everything you find on the Internet. Monica ----- Original Message ----- From: "bill kilpatrick" <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> To: <email@example.com> Sent: Monday, May 21, 2007 2:23 PM Subject: [VIHUELA] who invented the guitar > gleaned the following from a "5c. vihuela" alert on > google in response to the question of "who invented > the guitar?" ... anything missing?: > > 1265 Juan Gil of Zamora mentions the early guitar in > "Ars Musica." > > 1283-1350 Guitarra Latina & Guitar Moresca are > mentioned multiple times in the poems of the > Archpriest of Hita > > 1306 A "gitarer" was played at the Feast of > Westminster in England > > 1404 "Der mynnen regein" by Eberhard Von Cersne makes > reference to a "quinterne." > > 1487 Johannes Tinctoris described the guitarra as > being invented by the Catalans. This refers to the > four course guitar. Each course represents one pair of > double strings. > > 1546 "Tres Libros de Musica en Cifras para Vihuela" by > Alonso Mudarra is the first publication to include > music for guitar. > > 1551-1555 Nine books of tablature were published by > Adrian Le Roy. These include the first pieces for 5 > course guitar. The addition of the fifth course was > attributed to Vicente Espinel > > 1600-1650 Many publications of tablature for the > guitar. It's popularity begins to rival the lute. > > 1674 Publication of "Guitarre Royal" by F. Corbetta > increased the guitar's popularity. It was dedicated to > Louis XIV. > > 1770-1800 A sixth string was added to the guitar and > the courses were replaced by single strings. > > 1800-1850 Guitar enjoyed a large popularity both in > performances and publishing. Fernando Sor, Mauro > Guiliani, Matteo Carcassi and Dioniso Aguado all > performed, taught, wrote and had published their > compositions. > > 1850-1892 Guitar maker Antonio de Torres develops the > larger more resonant instrument we know today. > > 1916 Segovia performs at Ateneo, the most important > concert hall in Madrid. Before this it was thought > that the guitar did not have the volume for this type > of venue. > > 1946 Nylon replaces gut as a string material > > http://earlymusiccharango.blogspot.com/ > > > ___________________________________________________________ > Yahoo! Answers - Got a question? Someone out there knows the answer. Try > it > now. > http://uk.answers.yahoo.com/ > > > > To get on or off this list see list information at > http://www.cs.dartmouth.edu/~wbc/lute-admin/index.html