On Fri, Jan 13, 2017 at 09:25:22AM +0000, Will Deacon wrote:
> On Fri, Jan 13, 2017 at 12:12:56AM +0200, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> > On Wed, Jan 11, 2017 at 10:01:39AM +0000, Will Deacon wrote:
> > > On Wed, Jan 11, 2017 at 01:33:31AM +0200, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> > > > On Tue, Jan 10, 2017 at 05:51:18PM +0000, Robin Murphy wrote:
> > > > > From: Will Deacon <will.dea...@arm.com>
> > > > > 
> > > > > Booting Linux on an ARM fastmodel containing an SMMU emulation results
> > > > > in an unexpected I/O page fault from the legacy virtio-blk PCI device:
> > > > > 
> > > > > [    1.211721] arm-smmu-v3 2b400000.smmu: event 0x10 received:
> > > > > [    1.211800] arm-smmu-v3 2b400000.smmu:     0x00000000fffff010
> > > > > [    1.211880] arm-smmu-v3 2b400000.smmu:     0x0000020800000000
> > > > > [    1.211959] arm-smmu-v3 2b400000.smmu:     0x00000008fa081002
> > > > > [    1.212075] arm-smmu-v3 2b400000.smmu:     0x0000000000000000
> > > > > [    1.212155] arm-smmu-v3 2b400000.smmu: event 0x10 received:
> > > > > [    1.212234] arm-smmu-v3 2b400000.smmu:     0x00000000fffff010
> > > > > [    1.212314] arm-smmu-v3 2b400000.smmu:     0x0000020800000000
> > > > > [    1.212394] arm-smmu-v3 2b400000.smmu:     0x00000008fa081000
> > > > > [    1.212471] arm-smmu-v3 2b400000.smmu:     0x0000000000000000
> > > > > 
> > > > > <system hangs failing to read partition table>
> > > > > 
> > > > > This is because the virtio-blk is behind an SMMU, so we have 
> > > > > consequently
> > > > > swizzled its DMA ops and configured the SMMU to translate accesses. 
> > > > > This
> > > > > then requires the vring code to use the DMA API to establish 
> > > > > translations,
> > > > > otherwise all transactions will result in fatal faults and 
> > > > > termination.
> > > > > 
> > > > > Given that ARM-based systems only see an SMMU if one is really present
> > > > > (the topology is all described by firmware tables such as device-tree 
> > > > > or
> > > > > IORT), then we can safely use the DMA API for all virtio devices.
> > > > > 
> > > > > Cc: Andy Lutomirski <l...@kernel.org>
> > > > > Cc: Michael S. Tsirkin <m...@redhat.com>
> > > > > Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.dea...@arm.com>
> > > > 
> > > > I'd like to better understand then need for this one.
> > > > Can't the device in question just set VIRTIO_F_IOMMU_PLATFORM ?
> > > > 
> > > > I'd rather we avoided need for more hacks and just
> > > > have everyone switch to that.
> > > 
> > > There are a couple of problems with VIRTIO_F_IOMMU_PLATFORM:
> > > 
> > > 1. It doesn't exist for legacy devices, which are all we have on the
> > >    platform in question.
> > > 
> > > 2. It's not documented in the virtio sp^H^HSTOP PRESS. I see you applied
> > >    my patch ;). Thanks.
> > > 
> > > In which case, for non-legacy devices we should definitely be using
> > > VIRTIO_F_IOMMU_PLATFORM, but since this platform hasn't yet moved to the
> > > world of flying cars, could we unconditionally set the DMA ops on ARM
> > > for legacy devices? The alternative is disabling the SMMU altogether,
> > > but that's less than ideal because there are non-virtio devices on the
> > > same PCI bus.
> > > 
> > 
> > I'd rather people didn't use SMMU with legacy devices.
> 
> I'm afraid we've been doing that for two years and the model already
> exists in a mature state, being actively used for development and
> validation by ARM and our partners. One of the big things its used for
> is to develop SMMU and GIC (our interrupt controller) code with PCI, so
> dropping the SMMU from the picture isn't an option.

Oh so this fixes a regression?  This is something I didn't realize.
A "Fixes:" tag can't hurt here.  I then wonder
might DMA ops ever use a DMA address which isn't a physical address
from QEMU point of view? If that happens, this hack breaks
because in legacy mode QEMU still uses the GPA.

> > Can't you guys just code up the virtio 1 layout in QEMU?
> > I took a look and it's not a big deal now that two other
> > transports converted, except mmio code in QEMU doesn't
> > use linux header to it's a bit messy.
> > I'll send a patch to clean that up.
> 
> If the model ever changes in this area (which isn't planned atm), the
> right thing to do would be to move to modern virtio. However, we're stuck
> with what we have for the forseeable future and it works just fine if we
> use the DMA API. If we don't use it, Linux no longer boots because it
> installs the SMMU-backed DMA ops for the virtio devices and everything
> faults.
> 
> I really don't understand why this is controversial.
> 
> Will

I agree we need to keep working things working. I just don't yet
understand what change broke things and how did it happen - legacy
devices used to just poke at guest PA from QEMU, what does it matter
that there are changes in DMA ops if neither host nor guest use them for
legacy setups?

I guess that's just me now knowing about how DMA ops work on SMMU
or missing some other basic point about SMMU.

I take your word that it's the right thing to do, but I'd like to figure
it out before merging this.  I'll read up in the coming days to make
sure I understand what the patch does, any pointers welcome.

-- 
MST
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