> Subject: Re: [PATCH] xen: introduce xen_vring_use_dma
> 
> On Wed, 24 Jun 2020, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> > On Wed, Jun 24, 2020 at 02:53:54PM -0700, Stefano Stabellini wrote:
> > > On Wed, 24 Jun 2020, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> > > > On Wed, Jun 24, 2020 at 10:59:47AM -0700, Stefano Stabellini wrote:
> > > > > On Wed, 24 Jun 2020, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> > > > > > On Wed, Jun 24, 2020 at 05:17:32PM +0800, Peng Fan wrote:
> > > > > > > Export xen_swiotlb for all platforms using xen swiotlb
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > Use xen_swiotlb to determine when vring should use dma APIs
> > > > > > > to map the
> > > > > > > ring: when xen_swiotlb is enabled the dma API is required.
> > > > > > > When it is disabled, it is not required.
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > Signed-off-by: Peng Fan <peng....@nxp.com>
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Isn't there some way to use VIRTIO_F_IOMMU_PLATFORM for this?
> > > > > > Xen was there first, but everyone else is using that now.
> > > > >
> > > > > Unfortunately it is complicated and it is not related to
> > > > > VIRTIO_F_IOMMU_PLATFORM :-(
> > > > >
> > > > >
> > > > > The Xen subsystem in Linux uses dma_ops via swiotlb_xen to
> > > > > translate foreign mappings (memory coming from other VMs) to
> physical addresses.
> > > > > On x86, it also uses dma_ops to translate Linux's idea of a
> > > > > physical address into a real physical address (this is unneeded
> > > > > on ARM.)
> > > > >
> > > > >
> > > > > So regardless of VIRTIO_F_IOMMU_PLATFORM, dma_ops should be
> used
> > > > > on Xen/x86 always and on Xen/ARM if Linux is Dom0 (because it
> > > > > has foreign
> > > > > mappings.) That is why we have the if (xen_domain) return true;
> > > > > in vring_use_dma_api.
> > > >
> > > > VIRTIO_F_IOMMU_PLATFORM makes guest always use DMA ops.
> > > >
> > > > Xen hack predates VIRTIO_F_IOMMU_PLATFORM so it *also* forces
> DMA
> > > > ops even if VIRTIO_F_IOMMU_PLATFORM is clear.
> > > >
> > > > Unfortunately as a result Xen never got around to properly setting
> > > > VIRTIO_F_IOMMU_PLATFORM.
> > >
> > > I don't think VIRTIO_F_IOMMU_PLATFORM would be correct for this
> > > because the usage of swiotlb_xen is not a property of virtio,
> >
> >
> > Basically any device without VIRTIO_F_ACCESS_PLATFORM (that is it's
> > name in latest virtio spec, VIRTIO_F_IOMMU_PLATFORM is what linux
> > calls it) is declared as "special, don't follow normal rules for
> > access".
> >
> > So yes swiotlb_xen is not a property of virtio, but what *is* a
> > property of virtio is that it's not special, just a regular device from DMA 
> > POV.
> 
> I am trying to understand what you meant but I think I am missing something.
> 
> Are you saying that modern virtio should always have
> VIRTIO_F_ACCESS_PLATFORM, hence use normal dma_ops as any other
> devices?
> 
> If that is the case, how is it possible that virtio breaks on ARM using the
> default dma_ops? The breakage is not Xen related (except that Xen turns
> dma_ops on). The original message from Peng was:
> 
>   vring_map_one_sg -> vring_use_dma_api
>                    -> dma_map_page
>                      -> __swiotlb_map_page
>                               ->swiotlb_map_page
>                               ->__dma_map_area(phys_to_virt(dma_to_phys(dev,
> dev_addr)), size, dir);
>   However we are using per device dma area for rpmsg, phys_to_virt
>   could not return a correct virtual address for virtual address in
>   vmalloc area. Then kernel panic.
> 
> I must be missing something. Maybe it is because it has to do with RPMesg?

I am not going to fix the rpmsg issue with this patch. It is when ARM DomU
Android os communicate with secure world trusty os using virtio, the
vring_use_dma_api will return true for xen domu, but I no need it return
true and fall into swiotlb.

Thanks,
Peng.

> 
> 
> > > > > You might have noticed that I missed one possible case above:
> > > > > Xen/ARM DomU :-)
> > > > >
> > > > > Xen/ARM domUs don't need swiotlb_xen, it is not even
> > > > > initialized. So if
> > > > > (xen_domain) return true; would give the wrong answer in that case.
> > > > > Linux would end up calling the "normal" dma_ops, not
> > > > > swiotlb-xen, and the "normal" dma_ops fail.
> > > > >
> > > > >
> > > > > The solution I suggested was to make the check in
> > > > > vring_use_dma_api more flexible by returning true if the
> > > > > swiotlb_xen is supposed to be used, not in general for all Xen
> > > > > domains, because that is what the check was really meant to do.
> > > >
> > > > Why not fix DMA ops so they DTRT (nop) on Xen/ARM DomU? What is
> wrong with that?
> > >
> > > swiotlb-xen is not used on Xen/ARM DomU, the default dma_ops are the
> > > ones that are used. So you are saying, why don't we fix the default
> > > dma_ops to work with virtio?
> > >
> > > It is bad that the default dma_ops crash with virtio, so yes I think
> > > it would be good to fix that. However, even if we fixed that, the if
> > > (xen_domain()) check in vring_use_dma_api is still a problem.
> >
> > Why is it a problem? It just makes virtio use DMA API.
> > If that in turn works, problem solved.
> 
> You are correct in the sense that it would work. However I do think it is 
> wrong
> for vring_use_dma_api to enable dma_ops/swiotlb-xen for Xen/ARM DomUs
> that don't need it. There are many different types of Xen guests, Xen x86 is
> drastically different from Xen ARM, it seems wrong to treat them the same
> way.
> 
> 
> 
> Anyway, re-reading the last messages of the original thread [1], it looks like
> Peng had a clear idea on how to fix the general issue. Peng, what happened
> with that?
> 
> 
> [1]
> https://eur01.safelinks.protection.outlook.com/?url=https%3A%2F%2Flore.ke
> rnel.org%2Fpatchwork%2Fpatch%2F1033801%2F%231222404&amp;data=02
> %7C01%7Cpeng.fan%40nxp.com%7C27edb29c11da49a2249008d8192d98cc
> %7C686ea1d3bc2b4c6fa92cd99c5c301635%7C0%7C0%7C637287030912707
> 092&amp;sdata=MsF%2FLmBmJ1V%2BoOQ%2FmdhEJ3PFzH55DaSNvorRUU
> QvBvQ%3D&amp;reserved=0
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