from my book
THE FINE STRUCTURE CONSTANT
Coulomb’s equations (1&2) describe theelectromagnetic force. The factors,
ofthese equations, were used by Maxwell and the speed of light c was produced.
This speed is that of a freely propagatingelectromagnetic wave.
Znidarsic’s equations (3&4) also describe theelectromagnetic force. The
factors, ofthese equations, produced the nuclear speed Sn. The domain,of this
speed, was extended to non-baryonic systems in (30). Energy moves between the
harmonics, of a boundmatter wave, at Sn. The speed of the ground state
electron in thehydrogen atom is 2Sn. The factor of two appeared as the
nuclearspeed coupled with the atomic orbits. Theratio the speed 2Sn tothat of
light c was expressedbelow.
alpha = 2Sn/c
The origin and meaning of the fine structureconstant has been a long standing
mystery. Richard Feynman stated, “Physicistsput this number up on their wall
and worry about it.” The fine structure constant a emerged as the ratio was
reduced. The fine structure constant emerged, fromspeed, within a framework
of Newtonian mechanics.