In the category of "astrophysical phenomenon which may involve LERN"
consider the recent announcement of x-rays detected from Pluto. All of the
proposed explanations for these x-rays are pretty lame, so we have no
regrets about adding another one which is LERN related. Main story:
"The Puzzling Detection of Pluto in the X-Ray by Chandra"
Worth noting is that the authors recognize that Pluto has a dusty surface,
composed on nanometer sized dust particles of unknown composition. The
atmosphere is thin, and consequently plasma would form easily. There is
methane in the thin atmosphere which is a source of hydrogen. "Dusty
magnetic plasmas" have been used for both hot and cold fusion, so there is
no doubt that this process is feasible in some circumstances. Here is a
A dusty plasma which would support both hot and cold fusion would be the key
to understanding Pluto's x-rays, along with a magnetic field (which has not
been document yet, but the situation is similar to Uranus form which Pluto
was probably formed). On the two neighbor planets the magnetic axis does not
go through the center of the planet. Yet the field is strong, off-center and
off-axis and about 50 times stronger than the Earth's. If Pluto has a
similar field, then magnetism would be strong enough to hold nanoparticles
of iron-nickel following meteorite impact.
Thus the stage is set for densification of hydrogen into a species (UDH)
which then reacts in some way. The x-rays result from the fast products of
the reaction. BTW - Pluto is smaller than our Moon but could have a magnetic
field (based on Uranus) which is thousands of times stronger and it can hold
an atmosphere - thus the difference.
If this suggestion has merit, then it is conceivable that UDH could be
harvested off of Pluto by an expedition which is trying to reach a planet
around another star . such as Proxima Centari .
Red Dwarf stars like our closest neighbor, Proxima Centari, are provocative
. especially if they heat a habitable planet and are close enough to travel
to (using the EMdrive ?).
This conjecture comes up today due to input from SciFi and SciAm concerning
a recent fictional tale that turned out to be nearly true. You can read
about that in the cite below, but there is further possibility that they
don't go into. No surprise. After all this is SciAm, what did you expect?
The least massive red dwarf has a few % the mass of the Sun but the
temperature and pressures to support hot nuclear fusion is still there.
However, if cold fusion of the type involving "ultradense hydrogen" is real
(Holmlid effect) there is the outside chance that we will find a warmer
Jupiter out there to fill in the gap between red dwarf and cold gas giant.
Maybe this is already found, since there is a little known class of large
planets called "roasters".
Back to Proxima Centauri, which is located just 4.2 light-years away and is
only a little larger than Jupiter in diameter but more massive. Its planet
is the about the size of Earth and is likely to be habitable. The smallest
known dwarf star is a bit smaller. But if we dispose of the requirement of
hot fusion as being the only heat source, then there could be another
category between gas giant and red dwarf, which is the "roaster" category,
yet without a nearby star to keep it hot.
In fact, although the cloud temperature of Jupiter is a chilly -145 degrees
C, the temperature near the planet's core is a rather toasty 24,000 degrees
C . which ironically is far hotter than the surface of the sun. Go figure.
If a Jupiter-like planet had a larger iron-nickel core so that the hot zone
is moved closer to the surface, then the cloud temperature could become
balmy, due to more internal heat. The moons of such a Hot Jupiter would then
be where to look for life.
Since Jupiter probably has a solid hydrogen core, it is indeed possible that
unbeknownst to most cosmologists - one contributory heat source already is
due to LENR. But if not, there still could be a more massive planet, or a
less massive red dwarf, which is heated by the Holmlid effect (defined as
ultra-dense hydrogen exposed to semi-coherent radiation on a catalyst).
By Jove, you heard it first on vortex.