I have been trying to understate how the Papp engine works for years. It is
a mystery. This is no information available on how it works.

A clue to the production of a plasma based explosion is now coming from
Holmlid's experiments. Holmlid has just discovered that a spark can be used
to activate that plasma explosion just as well as a laser pulse.

On Sun, Jul 23, 2017 at 5:42 PM, Che <comandantegri...@gmail.com> wrote:

> Where's the best online source to go to for information on this?
> On Sun, Jul 23, 2017 at 5:27 PM, Axil Axil <janap...@gmail.com> wrote:
>> I am beginning to understand that the Papp engine was a cavitation based
>> device.
>> In the 1960's Papp used water for his fuel. Papp must have produced water
>> crystals in the compression part of the cylinder cycle where the volume of
>> the cylinder was decreasing. During this increasing pressure environment
>> inside the cylinder, cavitation bubbles must have formed thereby producing
>> ultra dense water crystals.
>> For example, some larger diesel engines suffer from cavitation due to
>> high compression and undersized cylinder walls. Vibrations of the
>> cylinder wall induce alternating low and high pressure in the coolant against
>> the cylinder wall. The result is pitting of the cylinder wall, which will
>> eventually let cooling fluid leak into the cylinder and combustion gases
>> to leak into the coolant.
>> To stop the cavitation based erosion of the cylinder walls and the
>> subsequent loss of compression over time, Papp went to noble gases which
>> produce ultra dense noble gas crystals during the compression stage of the
>> cylinder cycle but the formation of ultra dense noble gas crystals did not
>> damage the cylinder walls.
>> When Papp fired a spark, the ultra dense noble gas crystals exploded as
>> happens in the Holmlid experiment when the ultra dense hydrogen cycltals
>> produce atomic particle fragments that move outward at 3/4 the speed of
>> light. Currently, Holmlid does not capture that huge amount of energy
>> inherent to his expanding plasma.
>> To utilize the energy in the expanding plasma, Holmlid might capture that
>> nuclear powered expanding plasma as Papp once did in an engine design using
>> ultra dense hydrogen as fuel.

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