Another method that might be used in the exploration of string theory comes out of optics associated with the Bose Condensation of light.
Calorimetry of a Bose–Einstein-condensed photon gas https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms11340 Also see this article https://phys.org/news/2016-04-capacity-condensed.html "the temperature of a gas of light can not be measured with a thermometer; but that is also not necessary. "In order to determine the temperature of the gas, it is only necessary to know the different wavelengths of the light particles – the distribution of its colors", says Klärs. And this can be determined with extreme precision with the methods available today." This level of extreme precision is just what the string theorist needs to test his ideas. On Tue, Aug 8, 2017 at 5:48 PM, Brian Ahern <ahern_br...@msn.com> wrote: > Unfortunately, Ken Shoulders never succeeded in providing a recipe for his > claims. He died without revealing anything.Perhaps he had nothing new. > > I think he had nothing. > ------------------------------ > *From:* Axil Axil <janap...@gmail.com> > *Sent:* Tuesday, August 8, 2017 5:34 PM > > *To:* vortex-l > *Subject:* Re: [Vo]:Discontinuous fractal based specific heat spectrum of > SPP > > > http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_quasiparticles > > > We can understand from this list of quasiparticles that a quasiparticle > can be simple in that it is comprised by only fundamental particles, or > complex in that it can be made up of a mixture of fundamental and/or any > number of less complicated quasiparticles. > > > In my opinion, there is a unrecognized complex quasiparticle that produces > the LENR reaction. This quasiparticle has been identified in the tracks > that it leaves in photo emulsions from LENR ash as a monopole by some LENR > researchers or a tachyon monopole by other LENR researchers. > > > The generic term that is in common use by these LENR researchers for this > type of LENR active quasiparticle is the "Exotic Neutral Particle". > > > One very important instance of this quasiparticle is the EVO coined by Ken > Shoulders. Ken said that this particle was both a monopole and a micro > black hole. > > > What I beleive that this LENR active quasiparticle consists of is a metal > nanoparticle with a covering of a Bose condinsate of polaritons. The Ultra > Dense Hydrogen nanoparticle is one instance of this type of quasiparticle. > Other kinds of the like particles are comprised of any transition metal > nanoparticle excited by light and/or heat based EMF. > > > Ken Shoulders did not imagine that electrons cannot aggregate into a dense > cluster because they are fermions. But when electrons on the surface of a > transition metal nanoparticle are confined along with photons, electrons > become bosons and they can aggregate and condense in uncountable numbers. > > > Ken built these quasiparticles by first vaporizing metal with a spark then > when the metal vapor solidified into a nanoparticle and its surface was > coated with polaritons generated by the energy from the spark, the LENR > active particle (LAP) was born. > > > Holmlid, Shoulders, Rossi, Mills, Pons and Fleischmann, all of them... > together with many others LENR experimenters have all built the LAP and got > the LENR reaction to come alive. Like UDH, once created the LAP can persist > for days, they are self sustaining as long as they can feed off the energy > that they extract from the matter around them. They store energy in the > polariton condensate coating and because they are superconducting there is > almost no energy loss from diffusion and their energy stores lasts for a > very long time. > > > Shoulders states: > > > “They can be just about anywhere, it is handy for me because I can analyse > them in a vacuum - they can exist in a solid, literally in some of John’s > [John Hutchinson] work, in the middle of the middle I’ve seen a paper that > showed things like that and many other cold fusion guys. I’ve created them > and kept them overnight and when I come in next morning they blow to > smithereens - but I think they did some wrong things to make them do those > things.” > > > “They are extremely ubiquitous things, you can shuffle across this road > and you will have created them those marks - little marks on that door knob > are the witness marks - they are just everywhere, you get out of your car, > rub across your seat and snap… you just made one." > > > "Their physically large enough to see but they are in the diameter of a > hair” > > … > > “I have seen a 5 and 20 um one and my present job is to get them bigger > and bigger and bigger” > > > “I have been able to use these little biddy machines I make to get them up > to 100um so far.” > > > “they are stable unless I intentionally blow them up” > > On Tue, Aug 8, 2017 at 2:59 PM, bobcook39...@hotmail.com < > bobcook39...@hotmail.com> wrote: > >> Axil— >> >> >> >> I reviewed the item in Infinite Energy in 2010 of the interview with John >> Fisher about his polyneutron theory and experimental work with the late >> Richard Oriani, the experimentalist in LENR: >> >> >> >> http://www.infinite-energy.com/images/pdfs/OrianiFisherCollab.pdf >> >> >> >> The testing Fisher reports seems wile the “LENR” happened in the gases >> around the electrodes, not unlike what has been reported as LENR in a >> dusty plasma. >> >> >> >> The reported production of charged particles reflects Rossi’s apparent >> reported direct electrical energy production in his Quark-X reactor. >> >> >> >> Bob Cook >> >> >> >> >> >> *From: *Axil Axil <janap...@gmail.com> >> *Sent: *Friday, August 4, 2017 11:17 AM >> >> *To: *vortex-l <firstname.lastname@example.org> >> *Subject: *Re: [Vo]:Discontinuous fractal based specific heat spectrum >> of SPP >> >> >> >> In response to the requirement for data supporting theoretical >> predictions of discontinuity in the specific heat of polariton/plasmonic >> based Bose condensates, please consider this example of specific heat >> discontinuity in a family of solid state systems showing the associated >> onset of unconventional superconductivity. >> >> >> >> http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0953-8984/23/22/222201 >> >> >> >> Specific heat discontinuity, ΔC, at Tc in BaFe2(As0.7P0.3)2—consistent >> with unconventional superconductivity >> >> >> >> Bose condensation is solid state systems might fill the need for use as a >> research tool to show string theory productions. >> >> >> >> >> >> On Thu, Aug 3, 2017 at 12:45 PM, Axil Axil <janap...@gmail.com> wrote: >> >> Sorry, try this one >> >> >> >> arquivos.info.ufrn.br/arquivos/2009125149a1081961856e8a74678 >> fd2/PhysicaA04.pdf >> >> >> >> >> >> >> >> On Thu, Aug 3, 2017 at 11:26 AM, bobcook39...@hotmail.com < >> bobcook39...@hotmail.com> wrote: >> >> Axil— >> >> >> >> The following link has no figures and >> >> >> >> 1707.07757 [gr-qc] <https://arxiv.org/abs/1707.07757> >> >> >> >> Are you sure it is the document you say has the figure with the fractal >> energy spectrum? >> >> >> >> Bob Cook >> >> >> >> >> >> *From: *Axil Axil <janap...@gmail.com> >> *Sent: *Wednesday, August 2, 2017 5:36 PM >> *To: *vortex-l <email@example.com> >> *Subject: *Re: [Vo]:Discontinuous fractal based specific heat spectrum >> of SPP >> >> >> >> Figure 1 in arXiv:1707.07757 [gr-qc] <https://arxiv.org/abs/1707.07757> shows >> what a fractal energy spectrum would look like. >> >> >> >> On page 367 and 368 it is explained, as energy is added to the system, >> that additional energy goes into filling the 11 energy levels from low >> orfer to higher order. For example, e1 to e2 then on the next level e4 to >> e4 then on the next level e5 to e6 and so on. >> >> >> >> When a given energy level is completely filled, there is a discontinuous >> jump in specific heat to the next energy level which makes more room for >> more energy storage space. >> >> >> >> As more energy is loaded into the SPP BEC, more energy storage space is >> created to accommodate that added energy. The specific heat of the BEC >> increases as energy is added but with quantum like discontinuities up >> through 11 levels. These 11 levels correspond to the 11 dimensions required >> by string theory. >> >> >> >> According to the Mexican paper, >> >> >> >> arquivos.info.ufrn.br/arquivos/2009125149a1081961856e8a74678 >> fd2/PhysicaA04.pdf >> >> >> >> this energy filing mechanism represents how the hidden dimensions of >> string theory are utilized to handle the increasing amplitude of a >> particle's wave function as additional energy is added to that wave >> function. >> >> >> >> When the energy of the wave function of the particle increases, the >> fundamental forces begin to converge as per grand unification. >> >> >> >> In terms of LENR, the SPP BEC and a high energy particle both with >> increasing energy have the same Grand unification functionality as energy >> is added to each system. >> >> >> >> >> >> >> >> On Wed, Aug 2, 2017 at 8:08 PM, bobcook39...@hotmail.com < >> bobcook39...@hotmail.com> wrote: >> >> Axil— >> >> >> >> Do you know of any examples of a “ complex fractal energy spectrum”. >> That would help explain what such a spectrum is. >> >> >> >> Bob Cook >> >> >> >> >> >> *From: *Axil Axil <janap...@gmail.com> >> *Sent: *Wednesday, August 2, 2017 8:42 AM >> *To: *vortex-l <firstname.lastname@example.org> >> *Subject: *[Vo]:Discontinuous fractal based specific heat spectrum of SPP >> >> >> >> http://physicsworld.com/cws/article/news/2017/aug/01/could- >> extra-dimensions-be-detected-by-a-bose-einstein-condensate >> >> >> >> The paper referenced in this article could be drawing another duel >> between string theory and condensed matter physics. >> >> >> >> *String theory phenomenology and quantum many–body systems* >> >> Sergio Gutiérrez, Abel Camacho, Héctor Hernández >> >> >> >> arXiv:1707.07757 [gr-qc] <https://arxiv.org/abs/1707.07757> >> >> >> >> In the paper, the authors calculate how additional space-like dimensions >> affect a condensate of ultracold atoms, known as Bose-Einstein-Condensate. >> At such low temperatures, the atoms transition to a state where their >> quantum wave-function acts as one and the system begins to display quantum >> effects, such as interference, throughout. >> >> >> In the presence of extra-dimensions, every particle’s wave-function has >> higher harmonics because the extra-dimensions have to close up, in the >> simplest case like circles. The particle’s wave-functions have to fit into >> the extra dimensions, meaning their wave-length must be an integer fraction >> of the radius. >> >> It seems to me that all the conditions required to show the hidden >> dimensions expected by string theory are meet in condensed matter physics >> using the bosonic quasiparticle called the Surface Plasmon Polariton (SPP). >> This boson can form non-equilibrium Bose-Einstein condensates at room >> temperature and beyond. >> >> >> >> In “Oscillatory behavior of the specific heat at low temperature in >> quasiperiodic structures” E.L. Albuquerquea;*∗*, C.G. Bezerraa, P.W. >> Maurizb, M.S. Vasconcelos, a structure featuring 11 level discontinuity in >> specific heat as predicted by the Mexican paper is shown to exist. >> >> >> >> The behavior of a variety of particles or quasi-particles (electrons, >> phonons, photons, polaritons, magnons, etc.) has been and is currently >> being studied in quasi-periodic systems. A fascinating feature of these >> quasi-periodic structures is that they exhibit collective properties not >> shared by their constituent parts. >> >> >> >> Furthermore, the long-range correlations induced by the construction of >> these systems are expected to be reflected to some degree in their various >> spectra, designing a novel description of disorder. A common factor shared >> by all these excitations is a complex fractal energy spectrum. >> >> >> >> Could this discontinuous fractal based specific heat spectrum of SPPs be >> exposing the higher dimensions of reality as predicted by the Mexicans? >> >> >> >> >> >> >> >> >> >> >> >> >> > >