To clarify:

➢ …But why not run pure hydrogen against pure deuterium, since there is less 
chance of fouling the D2 side, by using the other reactor?  The results would 
be most informative since we know that nickel alone does not work with 
deuterium. A natural suspicion is that nickel is taking the place of silver (in 
electrolysis cells where Pd-Ag is used). If excess is seen with protium – then 
perhaps Mizuno can get beyond the idea that this is the same kind of reaction 
as P&F pioneered. Actually glow discharge has been replicated many times but 
without great fanfare – see Naudin’s fine effort:

Going back 20 years (to the previous century) the original form of plasma 
electrolysis was called the "Ohmori-Mizuno Effect" and generally used a 
tungsten cathode in a liquid electrolyte with no vacuum. In this effect, 
thermal gain was demonstrated at high power and low COP in a plasma with both 
light water and heavy water. Mizuno then did many refinements, mostly using 
heavy water and then moving onto gas phase but he has or had patents 
(applications) for almost every permutation.

Liquid-phase plasma electrolysis is simpler to do but extremely hard on the 
electrodes and the runs are short. This is due to oxide ions and high current 
electrochemistry. Gas phase and glow discharge is more likely to be 
commercialized. Glow discharge is lower current which can operate for years - 
with the common examples being fluorescent lamps.

As for operating parameters, one can find support for many of these 
combinations being gainful in a plasma regime of around a few hundred volts.
1) Tungsten cathode – light water or heavy water – not glow
2) Palladium cathode – light or heavy water – not glow
3) Palladium/nickel cathode – gas-phase deuterium in glow discharge regime.

The last one is of most interest, especially if the gas is H2 not D2. But - the 
one combination that Mizuno mentions as failing – deuterium gas phase with only 
nickel as the electrode – no palladium is curious. 

PLUS - If D2 is used, as Claytor is noted for doing – tritium is expected. 
Mizuno makes no mention of that.

This experiment may be the start of something very important, as mentioned - 
even if there is a long history of overlooked positive reports in plasma 
electrolysis. The high power level is almost demanded these days – several 
hundred watts minimum. There is ample evidence of gain in many different forms 
going back to the original Ohmori-Mizuno Effect (liquid phase) which is far 
simpler to pull off but probably not commercializable due to electrode 

It would seem possible that the simplest way to move forward for those who want 
to approach high power glow discharge is gas phase H2 - so as to avoid tritium. 
Sooner or later – if Claytor is to be believed, Mizuno will look for tritium 
and find it.


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