In the neglected but provocative paper entitled “Anomalous Heat Generation 
during Hydrogenation of Carbon (Phenanthrene)” by T. Mizuno  - he states:

“When phenanthrene (a heavy oil fraction) is subjected to high pressure and 
heat in a reactor with a metal catalyzer, it produces a markedly anomalous 
reaction. It produces excess heat and weak radiation... Furthermore, after the 
reaction finishes, mass spectroscopy reveals what appears to be 13-C. It is 
very difficult to explain the total energy generation as a conventional 
chemical reaction.” END

The paper was presented 10 years ago, and promptly dismissed as impossible… but 
Holmlid may have already discovered the correct interpretation of the results 
even if no one took notice back then (or now). When hydrogen is densified 
catalytically – which would be expected under the Mizuno parameters, (or and in 
the million year process of coal formation) - it becomes dense enough so that a 
tiny amount will bind to carbon inside the normal valence orbit. Thus, the 
combination would present a tight molecule of supposed AMU 13 which would not 
be broken by normal ionization in a mass spectrometer (although other electrons 
would ionize). Thus, the molecule would appear as an atom of 13C when it was 
really 12C plus UDH, tightly bound. 

Lattice Energy (Widom/Larsen) made a big deal out of a (mis)interpretation of 
Mizuno, and produced many nice slides trying to explain how this effect could 
lead to “clean coal” LOL. They call their coal tech “CLENRs” … and maybe Rick 
Perry will buy into it, as it certainly is politically expedient these days to 
try to revive the coal industry. Rick seems to always get the last laugh at the 
expense of Libs.

Carbon is known to undergo “sp3 Hybridization” in  its valence electrons which 
answers the mystery of the surprisingly strong bonding of hydrogen in Methane; 
but a different and related type of 3p orbital hybridization could essentially 
“hide” an atom of UDH … which is bound deeply at hundreds of eV – plus, this 
alternative explanation extends to the identity of so-called “magnetic carbon”. 
It is the same “13C” of Mizuno.

In fact, if coal did not contain and over abundance of iron oxide already it 
might be possible to harvest the small amount of natural UDH from crushed coal 
using magnetic separation. Actually it could be possible anyway. The UDH would 
have been created by the iron oxide itself – which is Holmlid’s catalyst.

It may be premature to give up on the goal of clean coal… especially if in the 
process of cleaning it - we could harvest natural UDH in the form of 13C, which 
would have a high enough value as a rocket propellant, for instance, to pay for 
the cleaning…  😊

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