Here is a premise which may be worth consideration, even if the evidence for it 
is not yet certain and the details are fluid. After all, this is vortex – not 
Fusion Technology… plus… the proposition is falsifiable, should it gather any 

The premise involves the isotope carbon-13 and its abundance/identity. Standard 
physics says that 13C is 1.1% of all carbon. However, in fossils the ratio can 
range from as high as 5% to almost neglible. This shouldn’t happen with a true 
isotope. Likewise many plants either exclude it via fractionation or else 
exploit it (as they have vastly different signatures). Anomalies of 13C are 
also huge in meteorites –larger than other common elements such as iron. This 
variability of isotope ratios is problematic but has been “kept in the closet” 
so to speak - since one technique for dating of fossils depends on the 
assumption of a steady ratio.

The present premise - which attempts to explain the isotope anomalies and other 
oddities of carbon (esp magnetic) is that some of the apparent 13C in nature is 
not really an isotope at all - but instead is normal 12C plus UDH tightly bound 
as a unit – to be explained. If even a few ppm were not isotopic, then among 
other things, the economics of coal and coal cleaning become favorable.

The work of Leif Holmlid and others has suggested the possibility of a very 
dense form of hydrogen labeled as UDH or ultradense hydrogen. The hydrogen 
isomer could act more like a neutron in properties than atomic hydrogen and has 
been called a “virtual neutron.” In a departure from Holmlid, Miley has 
suggested that a version of this species is inverted and mobile as a single 
neutron-like unit instead of as a cluster. Then… there is Mills who has a 
charged version with an extra electron. All of these views can be merged.

The lifetime of this species could be very long. The compact spatial dimension 
would indicate that UDH could “nest” in the inner orbital of a few host low Z 
atoms of the proper IP resonance. UDH- (aka hydrino hydride) when bound as 13C 
would increase by only one part in 100,000 the dimensions of a carbon atom, and 
would not drastically affect the redox chemistry of the host. The host atoms 
would have a measured mass increase of 1 AMU. 

Thus a measureable mass difference (deficit) exists between this faux-13C and 
true 13C to provide a way to validate or falsify this suggestion. 
Falsifiability is most important if this is to gain traction.

When hydrogen is densified catalytically into UDH – which would be expected 
under the parameters of coal formation for instance… decaying vegetation 
provides all the ingredients, even the iron oxide catalyst. A new type of 
compressed molecular species becomes what is measured as 13C. Thus, we have a 
natural process, aided by a catalyst (iron oxide)which would present a tight 
molecule of supposed AMU 13 which would not be broken by normal ionization in a 
mass spectrometer (although other electrons would ionize). The UDH- would be 
bound at ~490 eV. 

It might be possible to harvest the "faux-13C” (f13C) from crushed coal using 
magnetic (diamagnetic) separation of coal nano-powder. The f13C could have very 
valuable properties due to the potential energy of the UDH. 

One aim of this – if you haven’t guessed it, is to find a both a additional 
source of LENR energy and also a way to justify the cost of extreme 
nano-cleaning of coal… rather the BS we hear from the coal industry about 
“clean coal”. 

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