First of all cold fusion is not fusion, it is a nuclear reaction that
modifies the nucleus at low energies.
LENR is engineering, more likely system engineering more than anything else
and not science. A LENR system is comprised of dozens of disparate
sciences. LENR is comprised of hundreds of disparate systems.
The LENR concept is analogous to the concept of an automobile. There are
hundreds of car models and each model is comprised of some subset of dozens
LENR is like a tree and to find the fundamental cause of LENR, analysis
must tract each branch of the LENR tree to its root. When all such roots of
LENR are traced to its unambiguous and singular Root, then LENR will be
identified in science.
On Wed, Sep 27, 2017 at 5:34 PM, Jed Rothwell <jedrothw...@gmail.com> wrote:
> Henry Bauer published a new book, "Science Is Not What You Think." This
> covers cold fusion and many other subjects. I read the Kindle edition:
> You can read reviews and the opening pages at Amazon.
> I was disappointed by this book. I think Bauer overstates his case in
> several instances. I think he is muddled. I will describe only two
> problems, to keep this message short.
> Chapter 2 is titled Science Is Not Methodical. It begins:
> "The scientific method is taught to school children and featured in social
> science textbooks as the way science works: Set up an hypothesis; test it;
> then accept or reject it, depending on whether the test supported it.
> Hypotheses that have passed such a test become the basis for established
> scientific theories. Several things are wrong with this. Conceiving and
> testing hypotheses is not what most scientists do most of the time. More
> likely they are doing what others have asked them to do: develop a better
> food coloring, or a paint, or a drug, or a pesticide; or analyze a
> competitor’s product . . . But even when research scientists are trying to
> expand the scope of scientific understanding, they don’t do as the
> scientific method would have it, they are more likely to follow a hunch:
> 'If I do this, something interesting will turn up' . . ."
> I would describe the latter method, "if I do this . . ." as intuitive. Or
> as art, rather than science. I think it is true that many experiments are a
> combination of science and art, but I think Bauer overstates this. Even
> when scientists are "doing what others have asked them to do," and even
> when they themselves do not conceive of a hypothesis, they make use of
> hypotheses conceived by other people. They make use of general theory.
> Bauer says that the scientific method is not taught. That is true to some
> extent, and it is shame. I think it should be taught. But most researchers
> use it even when they are not taught it. Otherwise they would flounder
> around trying one thing after another with no direction. Edison supposedly
> did that in what is now called the Edisonian method. Reading Edison's
> biography and his notebooks I get a sense that he knew more theory than he
> let on. He was exaggerating his aw-shucks down-home ignorance. Although
> Tesla and others said he wasted a great deal of time because he did not
> understand theory well enough.
> As an example of a muddled discussion, Bauer rejects Popper's rule that a
> scientific theory must be falsifiable. Bauer says that Popper himself soon
> rejected that idea. I do not think he did.
> I will grant that a researcher might make progress in a theory or an
> experimental method even when that researcher cannot think of a way to
> falsify it. However, the researcher would be skating on thin ice. It may
> not be essential that you can readily think of a way to falsify your claim,
> but you probably do not understand the issues if you cannot. Bauer muddles
> this discussion when he says that scientists sometimes believe claims that
> have been falsified. I take it he thinks this to demonstrate that
> falsification is not the be-all end-all test of validity. Then he says that
> these scientists do not agree the claims have been falsified. Yes, and that
> defeats his argument. If those hold-out scientists agreed the claims were
> falsified, they would cease to believe them.
> I also got a sense that he thinks falsifying means you actually show there
> is something wrong, rather than showing you know what factor would
> invalidate your claim even if it is extremely unlikely that factor will
> arise. A famous example is what J.B.S. Haldane said would disprove
> Darwinian evolution: "rabbits in the Precambrian." Haldane was not
> suggesting that fossilized rabbits are likely to be found in Precambrian
> layers; he meant that if they *were* found this would disprove the theory.
> Along the same lines, because cold fusion is an experimental finding
> rather than a theory, a person could disprove it by showing experimental
> errors in all of the major studies, such as the ones conducted by McKubre,
> Miles, Fleischman and Storms. Since these groups used different calorimeter
> types, you would have to show a wide range of experimental errors. I do not
> think anyone could do this, but if they could they would disprove cold
> fusion. I cannot think of any other way to falsify cold fusion. The claims
> are predicated on the Laws of Thermodynamics, and it is not likely these
> will be disproved.
> - Jed