Brian— I am beginning to consider that all nuclear forces are electromagnetic and that the pairing of electrons with electrons and positrons with positrons at a dimension associated with the Planck scale (10 E-34 meters) is involved in nucleon bonding. Electrons are assumed to be closely paired in atomic electronic structure, although the distance between paired electrons has not been measured—various theories predict the separation however.
The following link is an interesting paper regarding the short distance E-M field caused by charges. http://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/html/10.11648.j.ajmp.20150403.11.html The following link http://thedyers.org.uk/nigel/alfred-claude-jessup/ describes an electron at the Planck scale. Bob Cook ________________________________ From: Brian Ahern <ahern_br...@msn.com> Sent: Saturday, June 16, 2018 6:49:24 AM To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Re: [Vo]:All ICCF-21 Abstracts in one document I favor magnetic field interactions that support both LENR and Manelas. ________________________________ From: bobcook39...@hotmail.com <bobcook39...@hotmail.com> Sent: Friday, June 15, 2018 4:34 PM To: email@example.com Subject: RE: [Vo]:All ICCF-21 Abstracts in one document Sounds like spin and magnetic fields are important. Eureka. I talked with Biberian at ICCF-21 and asked about spin and magnetic fields and about how magnetic fields change nuclear resonances and spin energy states. I think Biberian agrees with the importance of spin coupling—nuclear to lattice electrons, potentially via a connecting oscillating magnetic field. I hope to visit Biberian’s lab in the Fall per invitation. Bob Cook From: Jones Beene Sent: Wednesday, June 13, 2018 7:07 PM To: firstname.lastname@example.org<mailto:email@example.com> Subject: RE: [Vo]:All ICCF-21 Abstracts in one document From: Jed Rothwell<mailto:jedrothw...@gmail.com> http://lenr-canr.org/acrobat/ICCFabstracts.pdf<https://nam03.safelinks.protection.outlook.com/?url=http%3A%2F%2Flenr-canr.org%2Facrobat%2FICCFabstracts.pdf&data=02%7C01%7C%7Ca132dbe500c846e42d6c08d5d2ff57b4%7C84df9e7fe9f640afb435aaaaaaaaaaaa%7C1%7C0%7C636646916479292335&sdata=tXDaEGKrgJ0%2FbhYmONO3bRdGssEhgo5rA4qRr6RDzpg%3D&reserved=0> There is a most interesting paper by Biberian on page 10 which begins with this background info: “In 2001, Stanley Pons gave me a palladium cathode that had produced a lot of excess heat. The electrode was 10cm long and 2mm in diameter. It was pure palladium and was used in an ICARUS 9 calorimeter. The electrode stayed in my drawer for years, until I found a laboratory that could do dynamic SIMS (Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy). The equipment was a Cameca 4f machine that can detect masses of elements with high sensitivity.” The curious thing is that active areas of the cathode labeled as “hot spots” contained silver isotopes and furthermore, the silver must have transmuted from palladium over the course of the gainful runs since the cathode was pure palladium before “lots of excess heat” was seen. Most of the transmuted silver was the isotope 107 by a very large margin. The ratio between Ag-107/Ag-109 was close to 10, whereas in natural silver this ratio is 1.06. This could mean with fairly high certainty that the single isotope of palladium, 105Pd (which is over 22 percent of natural palladium) absorbed or fused with deuterons to become 107Ag but without subsequent beta decay. Therefore if we assume for the moment that 105Pd is the active isotope of cold fusion (there are other possible conclusions but let’s start with this one) then several things stand out. First, this is a high spin isotope. Second it has a nuclear magnetic moment. In fact, this isotope is the ONLY palladium isotope to have a nuclear magnetic moment and the only high spin isotope and the Larmor frequency seems to be similar to D. Thus the excess heat and the fusion could have been a product of spin coupling without subsequent beta decay (so no x-ray signature or residual radioactivity would be seen). This is interesting information which - had it come out in 2001 could have made a difference in the way the field matured.