I am beginning to consider that all nuclear forces are electromagnetic and that 
the pairing of electrons with electrons and positrons with positrons at a 
dimension associated with the Planck scale (10 E-34 meters) is involved in 
nucleon bonding.  Electrons are assumed to be closely paired in atomic 
electronic structure, although the distance between paired electrons has not 
been measured—various theories predict the separation however.

The following link is an interesting paper regarding the short distance E-M 
field caused by charges.

The  following link  
describes an electron at the Planck scale.

Bob Cook

From: Brian Ahern <>
Sent: Saturday, June 16, 2018 6:49:24 AM
Subject: Re: [Vo]:All ICCF-21 Abstracts in one document

I favor magnetic field interactions that support both LENR and Manelas.
From: <>
Sent: Friday, June 15, 2018 4:34 PM
Subject: RE: [Vo]:All ICCF-21 Abstracts in one document

Sounds like spin and magnetic fields are important.  Eureka.

I talked with Biberian at ICCF-21 and asked about spin and magnetic fields and 
about how magnetic fields change

nuclear resonances and spin energy states.   I think Biberian agrees with the 
importance of spin coupling—nuclear to lattice electrons, potentially via a 
connecting oscillating magnetic field.

I hope to visit Biberian’s lab in the Fall per invitation.

Bob Cook

From: Jones Beene
Sent: Wednesday, June 13, 2018 7:07 PM
Subject: RE: [Vo]:All ICCF-21 Abstracts in one document

From: Jed Rothwell<><>

There is a most interesting paper by Biberian on page 10 which begins with this 
background info:

“In 2001, Stanley Pons gave me a palladium cathode that had produced a lot of 
excess heat. The

electrode was 10cm long and 2mm in diameter. It was pure palladium and was used 
in an ICARUS 9

calorimeter. The electrode stayed in my drawer for years, until I found a 
laboratory that could do

dynamic SIMS (Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy). The equipment was a Cameca 4f 
machine that

can detect masses of elements with high sensitivity.”

The curious thing is that active areas of the cathode labeled as “hot spots” 
contained silver isotopes and furthermore, the silver must have transmuted from 
palladium over the course of the gainful runs since the cathode was pure 
palladium before “lots of excess heat” was seen.

Most of the transmuted silver was the isotope 107 by a very large margin. The 
ratio between Ag-107/Ag-109 was close to 10, whereas in natural silver this 
ratio is 1.06.

This could mean with fairly high certainty that the single isotope of 
palladium, 105Pd (which is over 22 percent of natural palladium) absorbed or 
fused with deuterons to become 107Ag but without subsequent beta decay.

Therefore if we assume for the moment that 105Pd is the active isotope of cold 
fusion (there are other possible conclusions but let’s start with this one) 
then several things stand out.

First, this is a high spin isotope. Second it has a nuclear magnetic moment. In 
fact, this isotope is the ONLY palladium isotope to have a nuclear magnetic 
moment and the only high spin isotope and the Larmor frequency seems to be 
similar to D. Thus the excess heat and the fusion could have been a product of 
spin coupling without subsequent beta decay (so no x-ray signature or residual 
radioactivity would be seen).

This is interesting information which - had it come out in 2001 could have made 
a difference in the way the field matured.

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