Before I think.
Nine years ago I was on a walk organised by our Church and got chatting
to an elderly gentleman who I had not spoken to before. We got to
talking about LENR as I had just started getting involved. He told me
that during the second world war he was involved in developing
containers for hydrogen. Their team became aware that in one very
specific circumstance they were seeing what appeared to be excess heat.
They brought this to the attention of their superiors and were told that
they could not afford the time to investigate it (To coin a phrase,
there was a war on). He told me that when he heard the Pons and
Fleishmann news many years later, it came as no surprise.
On 12/07/2018 15:28, JonesBeene wrote:
And this wasn’t “fracto-fusion” which has been disputed, nor was it
the Farnsworth Fusor (1964) which was labeled as “warm fusion” (ICE).
As we now know, LENR driven by a chemical reaction (combustion shock
wave) was invented around 1980, probably in several places including
the USA, for military uses. (tritium-free bomb trigger).
In fairness to our friends from the North – it is time to acknowledge
that LENR was invented, produced and well-document in Canada 35 years
ago, well before it turned up in Utah. In fact, the Canucks might not
have been the first to do it, but so far as the online record is
concerned, they have the belated honor of presenting the first report.
Problem was, the experimental work back then (during the depth of the
Cold War with Russia) was for done for weapons research - and our
Pentagon effectively silenced the similar work in the USA. Of course,
filing a patent was out of the question. This work (due to its
application as a bomb trigger) was and still is – a huge proliferation
A typewritten report available online is entitled “EXPLOSIVE-DRIVEN
HEMISPHERICAL IMPLOSIONS FOR GENERATING FUSION PLASMAS” By D. Sagie
and I. 1. Glass at the University of Toronto, Institute for Aerospace.
There is no doubt about the importance of this work, or the high
quality of the experiment - but it is seldom mentioned and does not
appear on the LENR-CANR library.
Google Scholar did publish the paper online some 30+ years later, but
not many took notice of its significance. For one thing, this
information upsets the common misperception that Pons and Fleischmann
invented cold fusion. They did not, unless one wishes to redefine it
in such a way that eliminates simple chemical reactions.
That credit, which is nothing less than the discovery of LENR (using
any reasonable definition of “low energy”) - should in a perfect
world – be attributed to Glass and Sagie. However, other researchers
whose work was squelched by the Pentagon are probably out there. You
can track down the large file (42 megs) through this link.
The University of Toronto (Aerospace) had at that time a dedicated
“explosive-driven-implosion facility” and it was used by Glass et al
to produce stabIe, centered and focused hemispherical implosions to
generate neutrons from D-D reactions using only the energy of
combustion. This was a CHEMICAL REACTION only. The reaction was
actually simply the result of a self-generated shock wave from
self-detonation of the pure deuterium gas in oxygen.
A high resolution scintillator-detection system measured the neutrons
and y-rays resulting from the fusion of deuterium. “Several approaches
were used to initiate fusion in deuterium.
The simplest and most direct proved to be in a stoichiometric mixture
QUTOE: “this is the only known work where fusion neutrons were
produced by chemical energy in a direct manner.”