Before I think.

Nine years ago I was on a walk organised by our Church and got chatting to an elderly gentleman who I had not spoken to before. We got to talking about LENR as I had just started getting involved.  He told me that during the second world war he was involved in developing containers for hydrogen.  Their team became aware that in one very specific circumstance they were seeing what appeared to be excess heat.  They brought this to the attention of their superiors and were told that they could not afford the time to investigate it (To coin a phrase, there was a war on).  He told me that when he heard the Pons and Fleishmann news many years later, it came as no surprise.


On 12/07/2018 15:28, JonesBeene wrote:

And this wasn’t “fracto-fusion” which has been disputed, nor was it the Farnsworth Fusor (1964) which was labeled as “warm fusion”  (ICE).

As we now know, LENR driven by a chemical reaction (combustion shock wave) was invented around 1980, probably in several places including the USA, for military uses. (tritium-free bomb trigger).

In fairness to our friends from the North – it is time to acknowledge that LENR was invented, produced and well-document in Canada 35 years ago, well before it turned up in Utah. In fact, the Canucks  might not have been the first to do it, but so far as the online record is concerned, they have the belated honor of presenting the first report.

Problem was, the experimental work back then (during the depth of the Cold War with Russia) was for done for weapons research - and our Pentagon effectively silenced the similar work in the USA. Of course, filing a patent was out of the question. This work (due to its application as a bomb trigger) was and still is – a huge proliferation risk.

A typewritten report available online is entitled “EXPLOSIVE-DRIVEN HEMISPHERICAL IMPLOSIONS FOR GENERATING FUSION PLASMAS” By D. Sagie and I. 1. Glass at the University of Toronto, Institute for Aerospace. There is no doubt about the importance of this work, or the high quality of the experiment - but it is seldom mentioned and does not appear on the LENR-CANR library.

Google Scholar did publish the paper online some 30+ years later, but not many took notice of its significance. For one thing, this information upsets the common misperception that Pons and Fleischmann invented cold fusion. They did not, unless one wishes to redefine it in such a way that eliminates simple chemical reactions.

That credit, which is nothing less than the discovery of LENR (using any reasonable definition of “low energy”) - should  in a perfect world – be attributed to Glass and Sagie. However, other researchers whose work was squelched by the Pentagon are probably out there. You can track down the large file (42 megs)  through this link.

The University of Toronto (Aerospace) had at that time  a dedicated  “explosive-driven-implosion facility” and it  was used by Glass et al  to produce stabIe, centered and focused hemispherical implosions to generate neutrons from D-D reactions using only the energy of combustion.  This was a CHEMICAL REACTION only. The reaction was actually simply the result of a  self-generated shock wave from self-detonation of the pure deuterium gas in oxygen.

A high resolution scintillator-detection system measured the neutrons and y-rays resulting from the fusion of deuterium. “Several approaches were used to initiate fusion in deuterium.

The simplest and most direct proved to be in a stoichiometric mixture of deuterium-oxygen…”

QUTOE: “this is the only known work where fusion neutrons were produced by chemical energy in a direct manner.”

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