This gives you an idea what a deep thinker Faraday was. Do you know if he 
posited this idea before Maxwell published his equations? I thought I had read 
everything Faraday wrote. Somehow I missed this one.

On Monday, April 15th, 2024 at 12:08 PM, H L V <> wrote:

> This is a quote from a letter written by Michael Faraday to Richard Philips 
> on April 15, 1846 (bold letters were added by me)
> "The view which I am so bold to put forth considers, therefore, radiation as 
> a kind of species of vibration in the lines of force which are known to 
> connect particles and also masses of matter together. It endeavors to dismiss 
> the aether, but not the vibration. The kind of vibration which, I believe, 
> can alone account for the wonderful, varied, and beautiful phaenomena of 
> polarization, is not the same as that which occurs on the surface of 
> disturbed water, or the waves of sound in gases or liquids, for the 
> vibrations in these cases are direct, or to and from the centre of action, 
> whereas the former are lateral. It seems to me, that the resultant of two or 
> more lines of force is in an apt condition for that action which may be 
> considered as equivalent to a lateral vibration; whereas a uniform medium, 
> like the aether, does not appear apt, or more apt than air or water."
> The idea of an aether which exists independently of matter and fills the 
> vacuum is what the Michelson-Morely experiment was designed to detect. 
> However, if I am reading Faraday correctly he is saying that the transmission 
> of light depends on the source and the receiver being linked together by 
> "lines of force". Unlike the hypothesized aether, Faraday's lines of force 
> have _no_ existence independent of charged particles. While the MM apparatus 
> is being built the lines of force would be constantly morphing but once the 
> apparatus was complete they would quickly settle down into static lines. When 
> the experiment begins the lines of force between the mirrors can be likened 
> to straight fibre optic cables between the mirrors. At this stage since the 
> lines of force would be moving in tandem with the entire apparatus Faraday's 
> qualitative theory predicts the observed null result of the Michelson-Morely 
> experiment.
> Harry
> Harry

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