Here is a message from Melvin Miles about recombination. Subject: Shanahan's misunderstandings of recombination . . . If Shanahan's statements about my NHE co-deposition measurements are typical of his lack of understanding of cold fusion experiments, then I would not give credence to anything he says. For example, I did not convert the outflowing gases to water as Shanahan states.
For my three NHE co-deposition experiments, I simply measured the initial and final volumes of electrolyte to obtain the volume of D2O consumed. For the cell in question (Cell A-2), the initial volume was 91 +/- 1 cc, the final volume was 83.3 cc, thus 7.7 +/- 1 cc was consumed versus 7.2 cc calculated by Faraday's Law. A quick approximate calculation indicates that the volume of D2O consumed would have to be smaller by about 5 cc if the excess heat in this experiment were due to recombination. This was NOT observed. The amount of D2O consumed by electrolysis is within experimental error (+/- 1 cc) of Faraday's Law. A slightly higher D2O consumption is expected experimentally because the D2and O 2 gases bubbling out of D2O are always saturated with D2O vapor. This is an evaporation effect and not Shanahan's entrainment. Fleischmann's calorimetric equations have always included this evaporative effect. Full details of all three co-deposition studies are in my NHE Report, pp. 22-25 (see LENR-CANR.org). There was no correlation of the excess heat to recombination in any of these three cells. [This refers to http://www.lenr-canr.org/acrobat/MilesMnedofinalr.pdf to which I should add page numbers. - JR] I hope this helps to discredit Shanahan's false statements about my experiments as well as his statements about cold fusion in general. Mel