*Kolom IBRAHIM ISA – **19 April 2010 **
<Bandung, 1955) **<File 5>*


*18 April, 1955, the historical epochmaking Afro-Asian Conference was 
held at Bandung, Indonesia.*

*To freshen up our readers on the importance of the Bandung Conference, 
4 documents on the conference have been published here. Among others the 
speech of President Sukarno of the Republic of Indonesia at the opening 
session of the conference (File-3), and the speech of PM Pandit 
Jawaharlal Nehru of the Republic of India, at the political committee of 
the conference (File 4 ) –.*

*Follows below an Editorial of the Chinese People's Daily (18 April 
2005) marking the 50*^*th* *anniversary of the Bandung Conference.*

** * **

*Peole's Daily Editorial - (China):*

*Editor's notes*

People's Daily today publishes on the front page an editorial marking 
the 50th anniversary of the Bandung Conference. Full text of the 
editorial reads as follows:

Today marks the 50th anniversary of the convocation of the well-known 
Bandung Conference.

The Afro-Asian Conference held in Bandung, Indonesia from April 18 to 
24, 1955 was an international meeting, the convocation of which was 
initiated by Asian and African countries themselves for the first time 
in history to discuss major issues related to various Asian and African 

At the week-long conference, the 304 delegates from 29 countries and 
regions scored many important achievements by breaking through 
imperialist obstructions and sabotages. The "Final Communique of the 
Afro-Asian Conference" unanimously adopted by the conference covers 
seven aspects including the participating countries' economic 
cooperation, cultural cooperation, human rights and self-determination, 
the question concerning people of dependencies, and promotion of world 
peace and cooperation, consensus was reached in these aspects. In the 
communiqu��,"The Declaration on Promoting World Peace and 
Cooperation" puts forward 10 famous principles, which extend and develop 
the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence (mutual respect for 
territorial integrity and sovereignty; mutual non-aggression; 
non-interference in each other's internal affairs; equality and mutual 
benefit; and peaceful coexistence), and which represent Asian-African 
countries' important contributions to the norms of international 
relations. On the basis of in-depth discussions on various topics, the 
conference formed the spirit of the Bandung Conference which features 
the monolithic solidarity of the people of various Asian and African 
countries, opposition to imperialism and colonialism, fight for and 
safeguard of national independence, defense of world peace and 
enhancement of friendships between people of various countries.

Convocation of the Bandung Conference was seen as an indication of the 
awakening of the people in the extensive regions of Asia and Africa, and 
as an important turning point in the history of Asian-African national 
liberation movements. Since then, Asian and African countries have 
mounted as an important rising force on to the international arena.

In the 50 years after the Bandung Conference, the Asian-African region 
has experienced great changes. The system of colonial rule and racial 
segregation has become a thing of the past, the vast numbers of Asian 
and African countries are playing an increasingly great role in 
international affairs and have scored world-attracting achievements in 
economic development. Many Asian countries are heading for economic 
revitalization, and numerous African countries are exploring ways of 
independent development. Although there may still be many difficulties, 
people are convinced that the 21st century will certainly be a century 
in which the numerous Asian and African countries will further advance 
toward development and prosperity.

China was an active participant in the Bandung Conference. Premier Zhou 
Enlai led the Chinese Delegation to the conference, putting forward and 
always persisting in the principle of seeking common ground while 
reserving differences, thus making important contribution to the success 
of the conference. Premier Zhou Enlai helped dispel doubts, defuse 
puzzles and quiet down disputes with his charisma of personality, 
political wisdom and an attitude of equality, thus promoting the cause 
of Asian-African solidarity and winning respect and admiration from 
various quarters. The illustrious manifestations of the Chinese 
Delegation at the Bandung Conference can be regarded as a monumental 
work in New China's diplomatic history. The brilliant achievements China 
has gained on its road of peace and development over the past half 
century all the more represents a successful practice of the Bandung 
spirit. Today, China continues to firmly persist in the Bandung spirit 
featuring "solidarity, equality and cooperation"to strengthen relations 
with Asian-African countries, develop cooperation with various countries 
around the world and are actively making unremitting efforts for 
humanity's common cause of peace and development.

Although profound changes have taken place in the world situation over 
the past 50 years, and international relations are experiencing new 
adjustments, the principles and spirit advocated by the Bandung 
Conference, however, are still full of vitality and are of important 
practical guidance significance. The 10 principle set forth by the 
conference are an important creation by Asian-African countries in the 
theory of international relations, as well as an important guiding tenet 
universally recognized and observed in today's world. The Asian-African 
cooperation initiated by the conference has been developed and deepened 
into "South-South cooperation". Inspired by the Bandung spirit, numerous 
developing countries are strengthening solidarity and cooperation, 
propelling the establishment of a just and reasonable international new 
order, and promoting the realization of peace and development, the two 
main themes of the times.

Today, after 50 years, leaders of Asian and African countries will once 
again gather together in Bandung to review the Bandung spirit and 
explore ways for strengthening Asian-African solidarity and cooperation 
under new historical conditions. This will again undoubtedly be an event 
of important historic significance. It will inject fresh vigor into the 
future in-depth cooperation among Asian-African countries, and will 
bring glad tidings to Asian-African people and people of the whole 
world. The world needs the voice of peace and sincerity in cooperation, 
and requires that the decision-makers of various countries, like the 
great thinkers attending the Bandung Conference in 1955, show their 
courage before difficulties and wisdom before differences and 
energetically push forward the development of friendly and cooperative 
relations with the idea of seeking common ground while putting aside 
differences, and of peaceful coexistence. This is the fundamental reason 
for the Bandung spirit to remain fresh as time goes by, here also lies 
the reason why people lay their great hope on the upcoming Asian-African 
leaders' conference and the activities marking the 50th anniversary of 
the Bandung Conference.

The Bandung Conference will remain a splendid event in the annals of 
history; the Bandung spirit will shine forever!

By People's Daily Online

* * *


[Non-text portions of this message have been removed]


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