Refleksi : Diberitakan bahwa Belgia juga akan melarang wanita memakai tutup 
muka di tempat umum.  Larangan seperti ini bukan baru, sebab waktu Mustafa 
Kemal Ataturk melakukan reformasi  di Turki pada tahun 1920-an, yaitu setelah 
runtuhnya kekuasaan Sultan Otoman,  wanita dibebaskan dari kewajiban pemakain 
cador, burkha, jilbab, teristimewa pada instansi negara termasuk militer dan 
lembanga pendidikan. Peraturan di Turki tetap berlaku hingga kini.

Di Iran pun demikian halnya pada tahun 1930 raja Pahlevi  membolehkan wanita 
tidak memakai cador, jilbab dan burka etc. Tetapi, kemudian setelah Imam 
Khomeini kembali dari tempat pengasihannya di Paris, Prerancis, sesuai apa yang 
dinamakan revolusi islamiah maka diwajibkan kembali wanita memakai  jilbab, 
nikap etc  bila keluar rumah, dan kalau wanita keluar rumah harus dikawali 
orang laki dari keluraga (tukan tunangan atau calon suami). Sekarang peraturan 
ini agak dilonggarkan.

Di Afghanistan kewajiban pemakaian burkha, jilbab etc di luar rumah lebih 
intensif diberlakukan setelah Taliban berkuasa.  

 Anda tentu mengetahui  sejarah  dan proses jilbab, cador etc diberlakukan di  

France to ban niqab from public spaces
Published Date: April 22, 2010 

PARIS: The French government will ban Muslim women from wearing a full-face 
veil in public, despite a warning from experts that such a law could be 
unconstitutional, it announced yesterday. The spokesman for President Nicolas 
Sarkozy's government said a bill would be presented to ministers in May and 
would seek to ban the niqab and the burqa from streets, shops and markets and 
not just from public buildings. "We're legislating for the future. Wearing a 
full veil is a sign of a community closing in on itsel
f and of a rejection of our values," Luc Chatel told reporters, on leaving a 
cabinet meeting chaired by Sarkozy.

It's a transgression, an aggression even, on the level of personal liberty," 
said Abdellatif Lemsibak, a member of the National Federation of Muslims of 
France. "The Muslims have the right to an orthodox expression of their religion 
... it shocks me." Last month, the State Council - France's top administrative 
authority - warned Sarkozy against a full ban on the veil, suggesting instead 
an order that women uncover their faces for security checks or meetings with 
officials. "It appears to the State Council
that a general and absolute ban on the full veil as such can have no 
incontestable judicial basis," it said, suggesting a full ban could be declared 
unconstitutional and overturned in court.

Prime Minister Francois Fillon insisted the government would go ahead anyway, 
taking the risk that the eventual text would be struck down by the 
constitutional court, because of the importance of the issue. "If we are 
convinced that it's a question of human dignity we can't let ourselves be 
over-cautious about respecting laws that are no longer appropriate for today's 
society," he said. "We have to develop the jurisprudence of the constitutional 
court and of the European Court of Human Rights in order to c
onfront a new question that no-one was asking 20 years ago.

There is strong support in parliament for such a ban and the government is 
determined to press on with a law, which it says would affect only around 2,000 
Muslim French women who currently cover their faces. According to Chatel, 
Sarkozy told his cabinet the veil was an "assault on women's dignity". Most 
Muslim women, in France's immigrant communities and around the world, do not 
wear a full veil, but the niqab, which covers the face apart from the eyes, is 
widely worn on the Arabian peninsula and in the Gu
lf states. The burqa, a shapeless full-body cloak that covers the face with a 
fabric grille, is worn in some areas of Pakistan and Afghanistan.

Muslim scholars differ in their interpretation of the Quran's rules on what 
constitutes modest dress, and many argue veils are a cultural tradition rather 
than a religious obligation. In France, the garments are widely identified with 
fundamentalist strains of Islam and with the repression of women in some 
communities, and politicians accuse radical clerics of promoting their use. 
"We're not going to let this phenomenon drift," Chatel said. France's neighbour 
Belgium is also preparing legislation, and coul
d become the first European country to ban the full veil when a bill goes 
before parliament during a plenary session from today.

In France the idea of banning the veil has won support from across the 
political spectrum. Members of Sarkozy's right-wing UMP party have been pushing 
him to enact tough legislation, but left-wing lawmakers were also among those 
who welcomed the decision to draft the law. An association set up to defend the 
rights of women in France's immigrant ghettos - "Neither Whores Nor 
Submissives" - hailed Sarkozy's decision as a "victory for women".

I ask lawmakers to have the courage to back a law to protect and free women. 
Let's hear the voices of those who are fighting green fascism," said chairwoman 
Sihem Habchi, referring to the traditional colour of Islam. Outside France, 
North African militants with ties to Al-Qaeda have threatened attacks on French 
interests if the law is passed and US President Barack Obama has made it clear 
he does not support Europe's moves. - Agencies

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