Muslims Contribution To Science
Muslims <>  have always had
a special interest in astronomy. The moon and the sun are of vital
importance in the daily life of every Muslim. By the moon, Muslims
determine the beginning and the end of the months in their lunar
calendar. By the sun the Muslims calculate
<>  the times for prayer
and fasting (sawm) <> . It
is also by means of astronomy that Muslims can determine the precise
direction of the Qiblah, to face the Ka'bah in Makkah, during prayer
<> . The most precise
solar calendar, superior to the Julian, is the Jilali, devised under the
supervision of Umar Khayyam.

The Qur'an contains many references to astronomy.

"The heavens and the earth were ordered rightly, and were made
subservient to man, including the sun, the moon, the stars, and day and
night. Every heavenly body moves in an orbit assigned to it by God
<>  and never digresses,
making the universe an orderly cosmos whose life and existence,
diminution and expansion, are totally determined by the Creator."
[Qur'an 30:22] ……

More about Islam <>

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