Refeleksi : Bagaimana dengan para pendukung teror yang adalah anggota rezim 
berkuasa NKRI?
May 31, 2010 
Farouk Arnaz

Abu Bakar Bashir, who was alleged to have once headed the regional militant 
network Jemaah Islamiah (JI), preaches at a mosque in Bekasi last year. The 
government is drafting new laws that could make expressing enmity toward the 
government a crime. The radical cleric was cited as an example. (Reuters 
Photo/Crack Palinggi)

Terrorists Face Reform School Under New Plan

The government is establishing an agency that will focus on rehabilitating 
terrorist detainees and preventing future attacks. 

The move comes after it was discovered that many terrorists had returned to 
their old ways after being freed. 

More than a dozen terrorists released from detention joined a militant group 
that conducted training in the forests of Aceh and clashed with security forces 
earlier this year. The group has since been outlawed. 

"The body will be called the National Board on Antiterrorism," Brig. Gen. Tito 
Karnavian, head of the Densus 88 counterterrorism unit, told the Jakarta Globe 
over the weekend. 

Tito said the body, which is expected to be formed this year, would focus on 
rehabilitation and heading off attacks. 

Ansyad Mbai, the head of the antiterror desk at the Coordinating Ministry for 
Political, Legal and Security Affairs, told the Globe that the new body also 
would coordinate counterterrorism work between agencies such as the police, 
military and the State Intelligence Agency (BIN). 

"This body will work directly under the president and hopefully it will start 
to work this year," Ansyad said. 

Tito and Ansyad declined to give further details. 

But Ansyad said the government was also working to amend the 2003 Anti-Terror 
Law this year as changes were needed if the country wanted to fight terrorism 

Among the changes sought are a longer detention period for suspects without 
charging them, the ability to charge people who support terror networks and the 
use of telephone conversations and e-mail as evidence in court. 

"At present, we cannot charge people involved in military training because our 
laws do not permit this," Ansyad said. 

"That is why several terror suspects who were arrested had to be released. We 
need to upgrade our law after what has been going on in Aceh." 

He said another amendment being sought was to enable the authorities to charge 
any party showing dissatisfaction with, and enmity against, the government. 

Ansyad cited the case of hardline Muslim cleric Abu Bakar Bahsir, who continues 
to criticize the government in his sermons and advocates the implementation of 
Shariah law throughout the country. 

"Bashir has always shown his dislike and hostility towards our government, 
saying the Indonesian government is infidel," Ansyad said. 

"With the new law, hopefully he could be charged over such statements," he 

Bashir, founded Jemaah Anshoru Tauhid in Solo in 2008 after resigning from the 
Indonesian Mujahideen Council, an umbrella group pushing for Shariah law. 

Many members were found to be involved with the armed group in Aceh, but Bashir 
denies he or JAT have anything to do with them. 

Tito also said that to be better equipped to fight terror it was time Indonesia 
had special prosecutors and judges who understood the terror networks. 

"If they understand what is going on, it will be much easier to combat terror," 
he said. 

Haris Azhar, deputy chairman of the Commission for Missing Persons and Victims 
of Violence (Kontras), agreed society had to crack down on terrorism, but said 
people should not be singled out just because they were different. 

"As long as you do not ask people to violate others' rights and do not force 
your dissenting views on others, you should not be charged," he said.

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